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Chapter 11

INVOLVING ANOTHER JOURNEY, AND ANANTIQUARIAN DISCOVERY; RECORDING1 Mr.PICKWICK’S DETERMINATION TO BEPRESENT AT AN ELECTION; ANDCONTAINING A MANUSCRIPT OF THE OLDCLERGYMAN’Snight of quiet and repose2 in the profound silence ofDingley Dell, and an hour’s breathing of its fresh andfragrant air on the ensuing morning, completelyrecovered Mr. Pickwick from the effects of his late fatigue3 of bodyand anxiety of mind. That illustrious man had been separatedfrom his friends and followers4 for two whole days; and it was witha degree of pleasure and delight, which no common imaginationcan adequately conceive, that he stepped forward to greet Mr.

  Winkle and Mr. Snodgrass, as he encountered those gentlemen onhis return from his early walk. The pleasure was mutual5; for whocould ever gaze on Mr. Pickwick’s beaming face withoutexperiencing the sensation? But still a cloud seemed to hang overhis companions which that great man could not but be sensible of,and was wholly at a loss to account for. There was a mysterious airabout them both, as unusual as it was alarming.

  ‘And how,’ said Mr. Pickwick, when he had grasped hisfollowers by the hand, and exchanged warm salutations ofwelcome―‘how is Tupman?’

  A Mr. Winkle, to whom the question was more peculiarlyaddressed, made no reply. He turned away his head, and appearedabsorbed in melancholy6 reflection.

  ‘Snodgrass,’ said Mr. Pickwick earnestly, ‘how is our friend―heis not ill?’

  ‘No,’ replied Mr. Snodgrass; and a tear trembled on hissentimental eyelid7, like a rain-drop on a window-frame-’no; he isnot ill.’

  Mr. Pickwick stopped, and gazed on each of his friends in turn.

  ‘Winkle―Snodgrass,’ said Mr. Pickwick; ‘what does this mean?

  Where is our friend? What has happened? Speak―I conjure8, Ientreat―nay, I command you, speak.’

  There was a solemnity―a dignity―in Mr. Pickwick’s manner,not to be withstood.

  ‘He is gone,’ said Mr. Snodgrass.

  ‘Gone!’ exclaimed Mr. Pickwick. ‘Gone!’

  ‘Gone,’ repeated Mr. Snodgrass.

  ‘Where!’ ejaculated Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘We can only guess, from that communication,’ replied Mr.

  Snodgrass, taking a letter from his pocket, and placing it in hisfriend’s hand. ‘Yesterday morning, when a letter was receivedfrom Mr. Wardle, stating that you would be home with his sister atnight, the melancholy which had hung over our friend during thewhole of the previous day, was observed to increase. He shortlyafterwards disappeared: he was missing during the whole day, andin the evening this letter was brought by the hostler from theCrown, at Muggleton. It had been left in his charge in themorning, with a strict injunction that it should not be delivereduntil night.’

  Mr. Pickwick opened the epistle. It was in his friend’s hand-writing, and these were its contents:―‘My Dear Pickwick,You, my dear friend, are placed far beyond the reach of manymortal frailties9 and weaknesses which ordinary people cannotovercome. You do not know what it is, at one blow, to be desertedby a lovely and fascinating creature, and to fall a victim to theartifices of a villain11, who had the grin of cunning beneath the maskof friendship. I hope you never may.

  ‘Any letter addressed to me at the Leather Bottle, Cobham,Kent, will be forwarded―supposing I still exist. I hasten from thesight of that world, which has become odious12 to me. Should Ihasten from it altogether, pity―forgive me. Life, my dearPickwick, has become insupportable to me. The spirit which burnswithin us, is a porter’s knot, on which to rest the heavy load ofworldly cares and troubles; and when that spirit fails us, theburden is too heavy to be borne. We sink beneath it. You may tellRachael―Ah, that name!―‘TRACY TUPMAN.’

  ‘We must leave this place directly,’ said Mr. Pickwick, as herefolded the note. ‘It would not have been decent for us to remainhere, under any circumstances, after what has happened; and nowwe are bound to follow in search of our friend.’ And so saying, heled the way to the house.

  His intention was rapidly communicated. The entreaties13 toremain were pressing, but Mr. Pickwick was inflexible14. Business,he said, required his immediate15 attendance.

  The old clergyman was present.

  ‘You are not really going?’ said he, taking Mr. Pickwick aside.

  Mr. Pickwick reiterated16 his former determination.

  ‘Then here,’ said the old gentleman, ‘is a little manuscript,which I had hoped to have the pleasure of reading to you myself. Ifound it on the death of a friend of mine―a medical man, engagedin our county lunatic asylum―among a variety of papers, which Ihad the option of destroying or preserving, as I thought proper. Ican hardly believe that the manuscript is genuine, though itcertainly is not in my friend’s hand. However, whether it be thegenuine production of a maniac17, or founded upon the ravings ofsome unhappy being (which I think more probable), read it, andjudge for yourself.’

  Mr. Pickwick received the manuscript, and parted from thebenevolent old gentleman with many expressions of good-will andesteem.

  It was a more difficult task to take leave of the inmates19 ofManor Farm, from whom they had received so much hospitalityand kindness. Mr. Pickwick kissed the young ladies―we weregoing to say, as if they were his own daughters, only, as he mightpossibly have infused a little more warmth into the salutation, thecomparison would not be quite appropriate―hugged the old ladywith filial cordiality; and patted the rosy20 cheeks of the femaleservants in a most patriarchal manner, as he slipped into thehands of each some more substantial expression of his approval.

  The exchange of cordialities with their fine old host and Mr.

  Trundle was even more hearty21 and prolonged; and it was not untilMr. Snodgrass had been several times called for, and at lastemerged from a dark passage followed soon after by Emily (whosebright eyes looked unusually dim), that the three friends wereenabled to tear themselves from their friendly entertainers. Manya backward look they gave at the farm, as they walked slowlyaway; and many a kiss did Mr. Snodgrass waft23 in the air, inacknowledgment of something very like a lady’s handkerchief,which was waved from one of the upper windows, until a turn ofthe lane hid the old house from their sight.

  At Muggleton they procured24 a conveyance25 to Rochester. By thetime they reached the last-named place, the violence of their griefhad sufficiently26 abated27 to admit of their making a very excellentearly dinner; and having procured the necessary informationrelative to the road, the three friends set forward again in theafternoon to walk to Cobham. A delightful28 walk it was; for it was a pleasant afternoon in June,and their way lay through a deep and shady wood, cooled by thelight wind which gently rustled29 the thick foliage30, and enlivened bythe songs of the birds that perched upon the boughs31. The ivy32 andthe moss33 crept in thick clusters over the old trees, and the softgreen turf overspread the ground like a silken mat. They emergedupon an open park, with an ancient hall, displaying the quaint34 andpicturesque architecture of Elizabeth’s time. Long vistas35 of statelyoaks and elm trees appeared on every side; large herds36 of deerwere cropping the fresh grass; and occasionally a startled harescoured along the ground, with the speed of the shadows thrownby the light clouds which swept across a sunny landscape like apassing breath of summer.

  ‘If this,’ said Mr. Pickwick, looking about him―‘if this were theplace to which all who are troubled with our friend’s complaintcame, I fancy their old attachment37 to this world would very soonreturn.’

  ‘I think so too,’ said Mr. Winkle.

  ‘And really,’ added Mr. Pickwick, after half an hour’s walkinghad brought them to the village, ‘really, for a misanthrope’schoice, this is one of the prettiest and most desirable places ofresidence I ever met with.’

  In this opinion also, both Mr. Winkle and Mr. Snodgrassexpressed their concurrence38; and having been directed to theLeather Bottle, a clean and commodious39 village ale-house, thethree travellers entered, and at once inquired for a gentleman ofthe name of Tupman.

  ‘Show the gentlemen into the parlour, Tom,’ said the landlady40.

  A stout41 country lad opened a door at the end of the passage,and the three friends entered a long, low-roofed room, furnishedwith a large number of high-backed leather-cushioned chairs, offantastic shapes, and embellished42 with a great variety of oldportraits and roughly-coloured prints of some antiquity43. At theupper end of the room was a table, with a white cloth upon it, wellcovered with a roast fowl44, bacon, ale, and et ceteras; and at thetable sat Mr. Tupman, looking as unlike a man who had taken hisleave of the world, as possible.

  On the entrance of his friends, that gentleman laid down hisknife and fork, and with a mournful air advanced to meet them.

  ‘I did not expect to see you here,’ he said, as he grasped Mr.

  Pickwick’s hand. ‘It’s very kind.’

  ‘Ah!’ said Mr. Pickwick, sitting down, and wiping from hisforehead the perspiration45 which the walk had engendered46. ‘Finishyour dinner, and walk out with me. I wish to speak to you alone.’

  Mr. Tupman did as he was desired; and Mr. Pickwick havingrefreshed himself with a copious47 draught48 of ale, waited his friend’sleisure. The dinner was quickly despatched, and they walked outtogether.

  For half an hour, their forms might have been seen pacing thechurchyard to and fro, while Mr. Pickwick was engaged incombating his companion’s resolution. Any repetition of hisarguments would be useless; for what language could convey tothem that energy and force which their great originator’s mannercommunicated? Whether Mr. Tupman was already tired ofretirement, or whether he was wholly unable to resist the eloquentappeal which was made to him, matters not, he did not resist it atlast.

  ‘It mattered little to him,’ he said, ‘where he dragged out themiserable remainder of his days; and since his friend laid so muchstress upon his humble49 companionship, he was willing to share hisadventures.’

  Mr. Pickwick smiled; they shook hands, and walked back torejoin their companions.

  It was at this moment that Mr. Pickwick made that immortaldiscovery, which has been the pride and boast of his friends, andthe envy of every antiquarian in this or any other country. Theyhad passed the door of their inn, and walked a little way down thevillage, before they recollected51 the precise spot in which it stood.

  As they turned back, Mr. Pickwick’s eye fell upon a small brokenstone, partially53 buried in the ground, in front of a cottage door. Hepaused.

  ‘This is very strange,’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘What is strange?’ inquired Mr. Tupman, staring eagerly atevery object near him, but the right one. ‘God bless me, what’s thematter?’

  This last was an ejaculation of irrepressible astonishment54,occasioned by seeing Mr. Pickwick, in his enthusiasm fordiscovery, fall on his knees before the little stone, and commencewiping the dust off it with his pocket-handkerchief.

  ‘There is an inscription55 here,’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘Is it possible?’ said Mr. Tupman.

  ‘I can discern,’ continued Mr. Pickwick, rubbing away with allhis might, and gazing intently through his spectacles―‘I candiscern a cross, and a 13, and then a T. This is important,’

  continued Mr. Pickwick, starting up. ‘This is some very oldinscription, existing perhaps long before the ancient alms-housesin this place. It must not be lost.’

  He tapped at the cottage door. A labouring man opened it.

  ‘Do you know how this stone came here, my friend?’ inquiredthe benevolent18 Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘No, I doan’t, sir,’ replied the man civilly. ‘It was here long aforeI was born, or any on us.’

  Mr. Pickwick glanced triumphantly56 at his companion.

  ‘You―you―are not particularly attached to it, I dare say,’ saidMr. Pickwick, trembling with anxiety. ‘You wouldn’t mind sellingit, now?’

  ‘Ah! but who’d buy it?’ inquired the man, with an expression offace which he probably meant to be very cunning.

  ‘I’ll give you ten shillings for it, at once,’ said Mr. Pickwick, ‘ifyou would take it up for me.’

  The astonishment of the village may be easily imagined, when(the little stone having been raised with one wrench57 of a spade)Mr. Pickwick, by dint58 of great personal exertion59, bore it with hisown hands to the inn, and after having carefully washed it,deposited it on the table.

  The exultation60 and joy of the Pickwickians knew no bounds,when their patience and assiduity, their washing and scraping,were crowned with success. The stone was uneven61 and broken,and the letters were straggling and irregular, but the followingfragment of an inscription was clearly to be deciphered:―Mr. Pickwick’s eyes sparkled with delight, as he sat and gloatedover the treasure he had discovered. He had attained62 one of thegreatest objects of his ambition. In a county known to abound63 inthe remains64 of the early ages; in a village in which there stillexisted some memorials of the olden time, he―he, the chairman ofthe Pickwick Club―had discovered a strange and curiousinscription of unquestionable antiquity, which had wholly escapedthe observation of the many learned men who had preceded him.

  He could hardly trust the evidence of his senses.

  ‘This―this,’ said he, ‘determines me. We return to town to-morrow.’

  ‘To-morrow!’ exclaimed his admiring followers.

  ‘To-morrow,’ said Mr. Pickwick. ‘This treasure must be at oncedeposited where it can be thoroughly65 investigated and properlyunderstood. I have another reason for this step. In a few days, anelection is to take place for the borough66 of Eatanswill, at which Mr.

  Perker, a gentleman whom I lately met, is the agent of one of thecandidates. We will behold67, and minutely examine, a scene sointeresting to every Englishman.’

  ‘We will,’ was the animated68 cry of three voices.

  Mr. Pickwick looked round him. The attachment and fervour ofhis followers lighted up a glow of enthusiasm within him. He wastheir leader, and he felt it.

  ‘Let us celebrate this happy meeting with a convivial69 glass,’ saidhe. This proposition, like the other, was received with unanimousapplause. Having himself deposited the important stone in a smalldeal box, purchased from the landlady for the purpose, he placedhimself in an arm-chair, at the head of the table; and the eveningwas devoted70 to festivity and conversation.

  It was past eleven o’clock―a late hour for the little village ofCobham―when Mr. Pickwick retired71 to the bedroom which hadbeen prepared for his reception. He threw open the latticewindow, and setting his light upon the table, fell into a train ofmeditation on the hurried events of the two preceding days.

  The hour and the place were both favourable72 to contemplation;Mr. Pickwick was roused by the church clock striking twelve. Thefirst stroke of the hour sounded solemnly in his ear, but when thebell ceased the stillness seemed insupportable―he almost felt as ifhe had lost a companion. He was nervous and excited; and hastilyundressing himself and placing his light in the chimney, got intobed.

  Every one has experienced that disagreeable state of mind, inwhich a sensation of bodily weariness in vain contends against aninability to sleep. It was Mr. Pickwick’s condition at this moment:

  he tossed first on one side and then on the other; andperseveringly closed his eyes as if to coax73 himself to slumber74. Itwas of no use. Whether it was the unwonted exertion he hadundergone, or the heat, or the brandy-and-water, or the strangebed―whatever it was, his thoughts kept reverting75 veryuncomfortably to the grim pictures downstairs, and the old storiesto which they had given rise in the course of the evening. Afterhalf an hour’s tumbling about, he came to the unsatisfactoryconclusion, that it was of no use trying to sleep; so he got up andpartially dressed himself. Anything, he thought, was better thanlying there fancying all kinds of horrors. He looked out of thewindow―it was very dark. He walked about the room―it was verylonely.

  He had taken a few turns from the door to the window, andfrom the window to the door, when the clergyman’s manuscriptfor the first time entered his head. It was a good thought. if it failedto interest him, it might send him to sleep. He took it from his coatpocket, and drawing a small table towards his bedside, trimmedthe light, put on his spectacles, and composed himself to read. Itwas a strange handwriting, and the paper was much soiled andblotted. The title gave him a sudden start, too; and he could notavoid casting a wistful glance round the room. Reflecting on theabsurdity of giving way to such feelings, however, he trimmed thelight again, and read as follows:―‘Yes!―a madman’s! How that word would have struck to myheart, many years ago! How it would have roused the terror thatused to come upon me sometimes, sending the blood hissing76 andtingling through my veins77, till the cold dew of fear stood in largedrops upon my skin, and my knees knocked together with fright! Ilike it now though. It’s a fine name. Show me the monarch78 whoseangry frown was ever feared like the glare of a madman’s eye―whose cord and axe79 were ever half so sure as a madman’s gripe.

  Ho! ho! It’s a grand thing to be mad! to be peeped at like a wildlion through the iron bars―to gnash one’s teeth and howl, throughthe long still night, to the merry ring of a heavy chain and to rolland twine80 among the straw, transported with such brave music.

  Hurrah for the madhouse! Oh, it’s a rare place!

  ‘I remember days when I was afraid of being mad; when I usedto start from my sleep, and fall upon my knees, and pray to bespared from the curse of my race; when I rushed from the sight ofmerriment or happiness, to hide myself in some lonely place, andspend the weary hours in watching the progress of the fever thatwas to consume my brain. I knew that madness was mixed up withmy very blood, and the marrow81 of my bones! that one generationhad passed away without the pestilence82 appearing among them,and that I was the first in whom it would revive. I knew it must beso: that so it always had been, and so it ever would be: and when Icowered in some obscure corner of a crowded room, and saw menwhisper, and point, and turn their eyes towards me, I knew theywere telling each other of the doomed83 madman; and I slunk awayagain to mope in solitude84.

  ‘I did this for years; long, long years they were. The nights hereare long sometimes―very long; but they are nothing to therestless nights, and dreadful dreams I had at that time. It makesme cold to remember them. Large dusky forms with sly andjeering faces crouched85 in the corners of the room, and bent86 overmy bed at night, tempting87 me to madness. They told me in lowwhispers, that the floor of the old house in which my father died,was stained with his own blood, shed by his own hand in ragingmadness. I drove my fingers into my ears, but they screamed intomy head till the room rang with it, that in one generation beforehim the madness slumbered88, but that his grandfather had lived foryears with his hands fettered89 to the ground, to prevent his tearinghimself to pieces. I knew they told the truth―I knew it well. I hadfound it out years before, though they had tried to keep it from me.

  Ha! ha! I was too cunning for them, madman as they thought me.

  ‘At last it came upon me, and I wondered how I could ever havefeared it. I could go into the world now, and laugh and shout withthe best among them. I knew I was mad, but they did not evensuspect it. How I used to hug myself with delight, when I thoughtof the fine trick I was playing them after their old pointing andleering, when I was not mad, but only dreading90 that I might oneday become so! And how I used to laugh for joy, when I was alone,and thought how well I kept my secret, and how quickly my kindfriends would have fallen from me, if they had known the truth. Icould have screamed with ecstasy91 when I dined alone with somefine roaring fellow, to think how pale he would have turned, andhow fast he would have run, if he had known that the dear friendwho sat close to him, sharpening a bright, glittering knife, was amadman with all the power, and half the will, to plunge92 it in hisheart. Oh, it was a merry life!

  ‘Riches became mine, wealth poured in upon me, and I riotedin pleasures enhanced a thousandfold to me by the consciousnessof my well-kept secret. I inherited an estate. The law―the eagle-eyed law itself―had been deceived, and had handed over disputedthousands to a madman’s hands. Where was the wit of the sharp-sighted men of sound mind? Where the dexterity93 of the lawyers,eager to discover a flaw? The madman’s cunning had overreachedthem all.

  ‘I had money. How I was courted! I spent it profusely94. How Iwas praised! How those three proud, overbearing brothershumbled themselves before me! The old, white-headed father,too―such deference―such respect―such devoted friendship―heworshipped me! The old man had a daughter, and the young mena sister; and all the five were poor. I was rich; and when I marriedthe girl, I saw a smile of triumph play upon the faces of her needyrelatives, as they thought of their well-planned scheme, and theirfine prize. It was for me to smile. To smile! To laugh outright95, andtear my hair, and roll upon the ground with shrieks96 of merriment.

  They little thought they had married her to a madman.

  ‘Stay. If they had known it, would they have saved her? Asister’s happiness against her husband’s gold. The lightest featherI blow into the air, against the gay chain that ornaments98 my body!

  ‘In one thing I was deceived with all my cunning. If I had notbeen mad―for though we madmen are sharp-witted enough, weget bewildered sometimes―I should have known that the girlwould rather have been placed, stiff and cold in a dull leadencoffin, than borne an envied bride to my rich, glittering house. Ishould have known that her heart was with the dark-eyed boywhose name I once heard her breathe in her troubled sleep; andthat she had been sacrificed to me, to relieve the poverty of theold, white-headed man and the haughty99 brothers.

  ‘I don’t remember forms or faces now, but I know the girl wasbeautiful. I know she was; for in the bright moonlight nights, whenI start up from my sleep, and all is quiet about me, I see, standingstill and motionless in one corner of this cell, a slight and wastedfigure with long black hair, which, streaming down her back, stirswith no earthly wind, and eyes that fix their gaze on me, and neverwink or close. Hush100! the blood chills at my heart as I write itdown―that form is hers; the face is very pale, and the eyes areglassy bright; but I know them well. That figure never moves; itnever frowns and mouths as others do, that fill this placesometimes; but it is much more dreadful to me, even than thespirits that tempted101 me many years ago―it comes fresh from thegrave; and is so very death-like.

  ‘For nearly a year I saw that face grow paler; for nearly a year Isaw the tears steal down the mournful cheeks, and never knew thecause. I found it out at last though. They could not keep it from melong. She had never liked me; I had never thought she did: shedespised my wealth, and hated the splendour in which she lived;but I had not expected that. She loved another. This I had neverthought of. Strange feelings came over me, and thoughts, forcedupon me by some secret power, whirled round and round mybrain. I did not hate her, though I hated the boy she still wept for. Ipitied―yes, I pitied―the wretched life to which her cold andselfish relations had doomed her. I knew that she could not livelong; but the thought that before her death she might give birth tosome ill-fated being, destined102 to hand down madness to itsoffspring, determined103 me. I resolved to kill her.

  ‘For many weeks I thought of poison, and then of drowning,and then of fire. A fine sight, the grand house in flames, and themadman’s wife smouldering away to cinders104. Think of the jest of alarge reward, too, and of some sane105 man swinging in the wind fora deed he never did, and all through a madman’s cunning! Ithought often of this, but I gave it up at last. Oh! the pleasure ofstropping the razor day after day, feeling the sharp edge, andthinking of the gash106 one stroke of its thin, bright edge wouldmake!

  ‘At last the old spirits who had been with me so often beforewhispered in my ear that the time was come, and thrust the openrazor into my hand. I grasped it firmly, rose softly from the bed,and leaned over my sleeping wife. Her face was buried in herhands. I withdrew them softly, and they fell listlessly on herbosom. She had been weeping; for the traces of the tears were stillwet upon her cheek. Her face was calm and placid107; and even as Ilooked upon it, a tranquil108 smile lighted up her pale features. I laidmy hand softly on her shoulder. She started―it was only a passingdream. I leaned forward again. She screamed, and woke.

  ‘One motion of my hand, and she would never again haveuttered cry or sound. But I was startled, and drew back. Her eyeswere fixed109 on mine. I knew not how it was, but they cowed andfrightened me; and I quailed110 beneath them. She rose from the bed,still gazing fixedly111 and steadily112 on me. I trembled; the razor was inmy hand, but I could not move. She made towards the door. Asshe neared it, she turned, and withdrew her eyes from my face.

  The spell was broken. I bounded forward, and clutched her by thearm. Uttering shriek97 upon shriek, she sank upon the ground.

  ‘Now I could have killed her without a struggle; but the housewas alarmed. I heard the tread of footsteps on the stairs. I replacedthe razor in its usual drawer, unfastened the door, and calledloudly for assistance.

  ‘They came, and raised her, and placed her on the bed. She laybereft of animation113 for hours; and when life, look, and speechreturned, her senses had deserted10 her, and she raved114 wildly andfuriously.

  ‘Doctors were called in―great men who rolled up to my door ineasy carriages, with fine horses and gaudy115 servants. They were ather bedside for weeks. They had a great meeting and consultedtogether in low and solemn voices in another room. One, thecleverest and most celebrated116 among them, took me aside, andbidding me prepare for the worst, told me―me, the madman!―that my wife was mad. He stood close beside me at an openwindow, his eyes looking in my face, and his hand laid upon myarm. With one effort, I could have hurled117 him into the streetbeneath. It would have been rare sport to have done it; but mysecret was at stake, and I let him go. A few days after, they told meI must place her under some restraint: I must provide a keeper forher. I! I went into the open fields where none could hear me, andlaughed till the air resounded118 with my shouts!

  ‘She died next day. The white-headed old man followed her tothe grave, and the proud brothers dropped a tear over theinsensible corpse119 of her whose sufferings they had regarded in herlifetime with muscles of iron. All this was food for my secret mirth,and I laughed behind the white handkerchief which I held up tomy face, as we rode home, till the tears Came into my eyes.

  ‘But though I had carried my object and killed her, I wasrestless and disturbed, and I felt that before long my secret mustbe known. I could not hide the wild mirth and joy which boiledwithin me, and made me when I was alone, at home, jump up andbeat my hands together, and dance round and round, and roaraloud. When I went out, and saw the busy crowds hurrying aboutthe streets; or to the theatre, and heard the sound of music, andbeheld the people dancing, I felt such glee, that I could haverushed among them, and torn them to pieces limb from limb, andhowled in transport. But I ground my teeth, and struck my feetupon the floor, and drove my sharp nails into my hands. I kept itdown; and no one knew I was a madman yet.

  ‘I remember―though it’s one of the last things I can remember:

  for now I mix up realities with my dreams, and having so much todo, and being always hurried here, have no time to separate thetwo, from some strange confusion in which they get involved―Iremember how I let it out at last. Ha! ha! I think I see theirfrightened looks now, and feel the ease with which I flung themfrom me, and dashed my clenched120 fist into their white faces, andthen flew like the wind, and left them screaming and shouting farbehind. The strength of a giant comes upon me when I think of it.

  There―see how this iron bar bends beneath my furious wrench. Icould snap it like a twig121, only there are long galleries here withmany doors―I don’t think I could find my way along them; andeven if I could, I know there are iron gates below which they keeplocked and barred. hey know what a clever madman I have been,and they are proud to have me here, to show.

  ‘Let me see: yes, I had been out. It was late at night when Ireached home, and found the proudest of the three proud brotherswaiting to see me―urgent business he said: I recollect52 it well. Ihated that man with all a madman’s hate. Many and many a timehad my fingers longed to tear him. They told me he was there. Iran swiftly upstairs. He had a word to say to me. I dismissed theservants. It was late, and we were alone together―for the firsttime.

  ‘I kept my eyes carefully from him at first, for I knew what helittle thought―and I gloried in the knowledge―that the light ofmadness gleamed from them like fire. We sat in silence for a fewminutes. He spoke122 at last. My recent dissipation, and strangeremarks, made so soon after his sister’s death, were an insult toher memory. Coupling together many circumstances which had atfirst escaped his observation, he thought I had not treated herwell. He wished to know whether he was right in inferring that Imeant to cast a reproach upon her memory, and a disrespect uponher family. It was due to the uniform he wore, to demand thisexplanation.

  ‘This man had a commission in the army―a commission,purchased with my money, and his sister’s misery123! This was theman who had been foremost in the plot to ensnare me, and graspmy wealth. This was the man who had been the main instrumentin forcing his sister to wed22 me; well knowing that her heart wasgiven to that puling boy. Due to his uniform! The livery of hisdegradation! I turned my eyes upon him―I could not help it―butI spoke not a word.

  ‘I saw the sudden change that came upon him beneath my gaze.

  He was a bold man, but the colour faded from his face, and hedrew back his chair. I dragged mine nearer to him; and Ilaughed―I was very merry then―I saw him shudder124. I felt themadness rising within me. He was afraid of me.

  ‘“You were very fond of your sister when she was alive,” Isaid.―“Very.”

  ‘He looked uneasily round him, and I saw his hand grasp theback of his chair; but he said nothing.

  ‘“You villain,” said I, “I found you out: I discovered your hellishplots against me; I know her heart was fixed on some one elsebefore you compelled her to marry me. I know it―I know it.”

  ‘He jumped suddenly from his chair, brandished125 it aloft, andbid me stand back―for I took care to be getting closer to him allthe time I spoke.

  ‘I screamed rather than talked, for I felt tumultuous passionseddying through my veins, and the old spirits whispering andtaunting me to tear his heart out.

  ‘“Damn you,” said I, starting up, and rushing upon him; “Ikilled her. I am a madman. Down with you. Blood, blood! I willhave it!”

  ‘I turned aside with one blow the chair he hurled at me in histerror, and closed with him; and with a heavy crash we rolledupon the floor together.

  ‘It was a fine struggle that; for he was a tall, strong man,fighting for his life; and I, a powerful madman, thirsting to destroyhim. I knew no strength could equal mine, and I was right. Rightagain, though a madman! His struggles grew fainter. I knelt uponhis chest, and clasped his brawny126 throat firmly with both hands.

  His face grew purple; his eyes were starting from his head, andwith protruded127 tongue, he seemed to mock me. I squeezed thetighter.

  ‘The door was suddenly burst open with a loud noise, and acrowd of people rushed forward, crying aloud to each other tosecure the madman.

  ‘My secret was out; and my only struggle now was for libertyand freedom. I gained my feet before a hand was on me, threwmyself among my assailants, and cleared my way with my strongarm, as if I bore a hatchet128 in my hand, and hewed129 them downbefore me. I gained the door, dropped over the banisters, and inan instant was in the street.

  ‘Straight and swift I ran, and no one dared to stop me. I heardthe noise of the feet behind, and redoubled my speed. It grewfainter and fainter in the distance, and at length died awayaltogether; but on I bounded, through marsh130 and rivulet131, overfence and wall, with a wild shout which was taken up by thestrange beings that flocked around me on every side, and swelledthe sound, till it pierced the air. I was borne upon the arms ofdemons who swept along upon the wind, and bore down bank andhedge before them, and spun132 me round and round with a rustleand a spe ed that made my head swim, until at last they threw mefrom them with a violent shock, and I fell heavily upon the earth.

  When I woke I found myself here―here in this gray cell, where thesunlight seldom comes, and the moon steals in, in rays which onlyserve to show the dark shadows about me, and that silent figure inits old corner. When I lie awake, I can sometimes hear strangeshrieks and cries from distant parts of this large place. What theyare, I know not; but they neither come from that pale form, nordoes it regard them. For from the first shades of dusk till theearliest light of morning, it still stands motionless in the sameplace, listening to the music of my iron chain, and watching mygambols on my straw bed.’

  At the end of the manuscript was written, in another hand, thisnote:―[The unhappy man whose ravings are recorded above, was amelancholy instance of the baneful133 results of energies misdirectedin early life, and excesses prolonged until their consequencescould never be repaired. The thoughtless riot, dissipation, anddebauchery of his younger days produced fever and delirium134. Thefirst effects of the latter was the strange delusion135, founded upon awell-known medical theory, strongly contended for by some, andas strongly contested by others, that an hereditary136 madnessexisted in his family. This produced a settled gloom, which in timedeveloped a morbid137 insanity138, and finally terminated in ravingmadness. There is every reason to believe that the events hedetailed, though distorted in the description by his diseasedimagination, really happened. It is only matter of wonder to thosewho were acquainted with the vices139 of his early career, that hispassions, when no longer controlled by reason, did not lead him tothe commission of still more frightful140 deeds.]

  Mr. Pickwick’s candle was just expiring in the socket141, as heconcluded the perusal142 of the old clergyman’s manuscript; andwhen the light went suddenly out, without any previous flicker143 byway of warning, it communicated a very considerable start to hisexcited frame. Hastily throwing off such articles of clothing as hehad put on when he rose from his uneasy bed, and casting afearful glance around, he once more scrambled144 hastily betweenthe sheets, and soon fell fast asleep.

  The sun was shining brilliantly into his chamber145, when heawoke, and the morning was far advanced. The gloom which hadoppressed him on the previous night had disappeared with thedark shadows which shrouded146 the landscape, and his thoughtsand feelings were as light and gay as the morning itself. After ahearty breakfast, the four gentlemen sallied forth147 to walk toGravesend, followed by a man bearing the stone in its deal box.

  They reached the town about one o’clock (their luggage they haddirected to be forwarded to the city, from Rochester), and beingfortunate enough to secure places on the outside of a coach,arrived in London in sound health and spirits, on that sameafternoon.

  The next three or four days were occupied with thepreparations which were necessary for their journey to theborough of Eatanswill. As any references to that most importantundertaking demands a separate chapter, we may devote the fewlines which remain at the close of this, to narrate148, with greatbrevity, the history of the antiquarian discovery.

  It appears from the Transactions of the Club, then, that Mr.

  Pickwick lectured upon the discovery at a General Club Meeting,convened on the night succeeding their return, and entered into avariety of ingenious and erudite speculations149 on the meaning ofthe inscription. It also appears that a skilful150 artist executed afaithful delineation151 of the curiosity, which was engraven on stone,and presented to the Royal Antiquarian Society, and other learnedbodies: that heart-burnings and jealousies152 without number werecreated by rival controversies153 which were penned upon thesubject; and that Mr. Pickwick himself wrote a pamphlet,containing ninety-six pages of very small print, and twenty-sevendifferent readings of the inscription: that three old gentlemen cutoff their eldest154 sons with a shilling a-piece for presuming to doubtthe antiquity of the fragment; and that one enthusiastic individualcut himself off prematurely155, in despair at being unable to fathomits meaning: that Mr. Pickwick was elected an honorary memberof seventeen native and foreign societies, for making thediscovery: that none of the seventeen could make anything of it;but that all the seventeen agreed it was very extraordinary.

  Mr. Blotton, indeed―and the name will be doomed to theundying contempt of those who cultivate the mysterious and thesublime―Mr. Blotton, we say, with the doubt and cavillingpeculiar to vulgar minds, presumed to state a view of the case, asdegrading as ridiculous. Mr. Blotton, with a mean desire to tarnishthe lustre156 of the immortal50 name of Pickwick, actually undertook ajourney to Cobham in person, and on his return, sarcasticallyobserved in an oration157 at the club, that he had seen the man fromwhom the stone was purchased; that the man presumed the stoneto be ancient, but solemnly denied the antiquity of theinscription―inasmuch as he represented it to have been rudelycarved by himself in an idle mood, and to display letters intendedto bear neither more or less than the simple construction of―‘BILL STUMPS158, HIS MARK’; and that Mr. Stumps, being little inthe habit of original composition, and more accustomed to beguided by the sound of words than by the strict rules oforthography, had omitted the concluding ‘L’ of his Christianname.

  The Pickwick Club (as might have been expected from soenlightened an institution) received this statement with thecontempt it deserved, expelled the presumptuous159 and ill-conditioned Blotton from the society, and voted Mr. Pickwick apair of gold spectacles, in token of their confidence andapprobation: in return for which, Mr. Pickwick caused a portrait ofhimself to be painted, and hung up in the club room.

  Mr. Blotton was ejected but not conquered. He also wrote apamphlet, addressed to the seventeen learned societies, native andforeign, containing a repetition of the statement he had alreadymade, and rather more than half intimating his opinion that theseventeen learned societies were so many ‘humbugs.’ Hereupon,the virtuous160 indignation of the seventeen learned societies beingroused, several fresh pamphlets appeared; the foreign learnedsocieties corresponded with the native learned societies; the nativelearned societies translated the pamphlets of the foreign learnedsocieties into English; the foreign learned societies translated thepamphlets of the native learned societies into all sorts oflanguages; and thus commenced that celebrated scientificdiscussion so well known to all men, as the Pickwick controversy161.

  But this base attempt to injure Mr. Pickwick recoiled162 upon thehead of its calumnious163 author. The seventeen learned societiesunanimously voted the presumptuous Blotton an ignorantmeddler, and forthwith set to work upon more treatises164 than ever.

  And to this day the stone remains, an illegible165 monument of Mr.

  Pickwick’s greatness, and a lasting166 trophy167 to the littleness of hisenemies.


1 recording UktzJj     
  • How long will the recording of the song take?录下这首歌得花多少时间?
  • I want to play you a recording of the rehearsal.我想给你放一下彩排的录像。
2 repose KVGxQ     
  • Don't disturb her repose.不要打扰她休息。
  • Her mouth seemed always to be smiling,even in repose.她的嘴角似乎总是挂着微笑,即使在睡眠时也是这样。
3 fatigue PhVzV     
  • The old lady can't bear the fatigue of a long journey.这位老妇人不能忍受长途旅行的疲劳。
  • I have got over my weakness and fatigue.我已从虚弱和疲劳中恢复过来了。
4 followers 5c342ee9ce1bf07932a1f66af2be7652     
追随者( follower的名词复数 ); 用户; 契据的附面; 从动件
  • the followers of Mahatma Gandhi 圣雄甘地的拥护者
  • The reformer soon gathered a band of followers round him. 改革者很快就获得一群追随者支持他。
5 mutual eFOxC     
  • We must pull together for mutual interest.我们必须为相互的利益而通力合作。
  • Mutual interests tied us together.相互的利害关系把我们联系在一起。
6 melancholy t7rz8     
  • All at once he fell into a state of profound melancholy.他立即陷入无尽的忧思之中。
  • He felt melancholy after he failed the exam.这次考试没通过,他感到很郁闷。
7 eyelid zlcxj     
  • She lifted one eyelid to see what he was doing.她抬起一只眼皮看看他在做什么。
  • My eyelid has been tumid since yesterday.从昨天起,我的眼皮就肿了。
8 conjure tnRyN     
  • I conjure you not to betray me.我恳求你不要背弃我。
  • I can't simply conjure up the money out of thin air.我是不能像变魔术似的把钱变来。
9 frailties 28d94bf15a4044cac62ab96a25d3ef62     
n.脆弱( frailty的名词复数 );虚弱;(性格或行为上的)弱点;缺点
  • The fact indicates the economic frailties of this type of farming. 这一事实表明,这种类型的农业在经济上有其脆弱性。 来自辞典例句
  • He failed therein to take account of the frailties of human nature--the difficulties of matrimonial life. 在此,他没有考虑到人性的种种弱点--夫妻生活的种种难处。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
10 deserted GukzoL     
  • The deserted village was filled with a deathly silence.这个荒废的村庄死一般的寂静。
  • The enemy chieftain was opposed and deserted by his followers.敌人头目众叛亲离。
11 villain ZL1zA     
  • He was cast as the villain in the play.他在戏里扮演反面角色。
  • The man who played the villain acted very well.扮演恶棍的那个男演员演得很好。
12 odious l0zy2     
  • The judge described the crime as odious.法官称这一罪行令人发指。
  • His character could best be described as odious.他的人格用可憎来形容最贴切。
13 entreaties d56c170cf2a22c1ecef1ae585b702562     
n.恳求,乞求( entreaty的名词复数 )
  • He began with entreaties and ended with a threat. 他先是恳求,最后是威胁。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The tyrant was deaf to the entreaties of the slaves. 暴君听不到奴隶们的哀鸣。 来自《简明英汉词典》
14 inflexible xbZz7     
  • Charles was a man of settled habits and inflexible routine.查尔斯是一个恪守习惯、生活规律不容打乱的人。
  • The new plastic is completely inflexible.这种新塑料是完全不可弯曲的。
15 immediate aapxh     
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
16 reiterated d9580be532fe69f8451c32061126606b     
反复地说,重申( reiterate的过去式和过去分词 )
  • "Well, I want to know about it,'she reiterated. “嗯,我一定要知道你的休假日期,"她重复说。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • Some twenty-two years later President Polk reiterated and elaborated upon these principles. 大约二十二年之后,波尔克总统重申这些原则并且刻意阐释一番。
17 maniac QBexu     
  • Be careful!That man is driving like a maniac!注意!那个人开车像个疯子一样!
  • You were acting like a maniac,and you threatened her with a bomb!你像一个疯子,你用炸弹恐吓她!
18 benevolent Wtfzx     
  • His benevolent nature prevented him from refusing any beggar who accosted him.他乐善好施的本性使他不会拒绝走上前向他行乞的任何一个乞丐。
  • He was a benevolent old man and he wouldn't hurt a fly.他是一个仁慈的老人,连只苍蝇都不愿伤害。
19 inmates 9f4380ba14152f3e12fbdf1595415606     
n.囚犯( inmate的名词复数 )
  • One of the inmates has escaped. 被收容的人中有一个逃跑了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The inmates were moved to an undisclosed location. 监狱里的囚犯被转移到一个秘密处所。 来自《简明英汉词典》
20 rosy kDAy9     
  • She got a new job and her life looks rosy.她找到一份新工作,生活看上去很美好。
  • She always takes a rosy view of life.她总是对生活持乐观态度。
21 hearty Od1zn     
  • After work they made a hearty meal in the worker's canteen.工作完了,他们在工人食堂饱餐了一顿。
  • We accorded him a hearty welcome.我们给他热忱的欢迎。
22 wed MgFwc     
  • The couple eventually wed after three year engagement.这对夫妇在订婚三年后终于结婚了。
  • The prince was very determined to wed one of the king's daughters.王子下定决心要娶国王的其中一位女儿。
23 waft XUbzV     
  • The bubble maker is like a sword that you waft in the air.吹出泡泡的东西就像你在空中挥舞的一把剑。
  • When she just about fall over,a waft of fragrance makes her stop.在她差点跌倒时,一股幽香让她停下脚步。
24 procured 493ee52a2e975a52c94933bb12ecc52b     
v.(努力)取得, (设法)获得( procure的过去式和过去分词 );拉皮条
  • These cars are to be procured through open tender. 这些汽车要用公开招标的办法购买。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • A friend procured a position in the bank for my big brother. 一位朋友为我哥哥谋得了一个银行的职位。 来自《用法词典》
25 conveyance OoDzv     
  • Bicycles have become the most popular conveyance for Chinese people.自行车已成为中国人最流行的代步工具。
  • Its another,older,usage is a synonym for conveyance.它的另一个更古老的习惯用法是作为财产转让的同义词使用。
26 sufficiently 0htzMB     
  • It turned out he had not insured the house sufficiently.原来他没有给房屋投足保险。
  • The new policy was sufficiently elastic to accommodate both views.新政策充分灵活地适用两种观点。
27 abated ba788157839fe5f816c707e7a7ca9c44     
减少( abate的过去式和过去分词 ); 减去; 降价; 撤消(诉讼)
  • The worker's concern about cuts in the welfare funding has not abated. 工人们对削减福利基金的关心并没有减少。
  • The heat has abated. 温度降低了。
28 delightful 6xzxT     
  • We had a delightful time by the seashore last Sunday.上星期天我们在海滨玩得真痛快。
  • Peter played a delightful melody on his flute.彼得用笛子吹奏了一支欢快的曲子。
29 rustled f68661cf4ba60e94dc1960741a892551     
v.发出沙沙的声音( rustle的过去式和过去分词 )
  • He rustled his papers. 他把试卷弄得沙沙地响。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Leaves rustled gently in the breeze. 树叶迎着微风沙沙作响。 来自《简明英汉词典》
30 foliage QgnzK     
  • The path was completely covered by the dense foliage.小路被树叶厚厚地盖了一层。
  • Dark foliage clothes the hills.浓密的树叶覆盖着群山。
31 boughs 95e9deca9a2fb4bbbe66832caa8e63e0     
大树枝( bough的名词复数 )
  • The green boughs glittered with all their pearls of dew. 绿枝上闪烁着露珠的光彩。
  • A breeze sighed in the higher boughs. 微风在高高的树枝上叹息着。
32 ivy x31ys     
  • Her wedding bouquet consisted of roses and ivy.她的婚礼花篮包括玫瑰和长春藤。
  • The wall is covered all over with ivy.墙上爬满了常春藤。
33 moss X6QzA     
  • Moss grows on a rock.苔藓生在石头上。
  • He was found asleep on a pillow of leaves and moss.有人看见他枕着树叶和苔藓睡着了。
34 quaint 7tqy2     
  • There were many small lanes in the quaint village.在这古香古色的村庄里,有很多小巷。
  • They still keep some quaint old customs.他们仍然保留着一些稀奇古怪的旧风俗。
35 vistas cec5d496e70afb756a935bba3530d3e8     
长条形景色( vista的名词复数 ); 回顾; 展望; (未来可能发生的)一系列情景
  • This new job could open up whole new vistas for her. 这项新工作可能给她开辟全新的前景。
  • The picture is small but It'shows broad vistas. 画幅虽然不大,所表现的天地却十分广阔。
36 herds 0a162615f6eafc3312659a54a8cdac0f     
兽群( herd的名词复数 ); 牧群; 人群; 群众
  • Regularly at daybreak they drive their herds to the pasture. 每天天一亮他们就把牲畜赶到草场上去。
  • There we saw herds of cows grazing on the pasture. 我们在那里看到一群群的牛在草地上吃草。
37 attachment POpy1     
  • She has a great attachment to her sister.她十分依恋她的姐姐。
  • She's on attachment to the Ministry of Defense.她现在隶属于国防部。
38 concurrence InAyF     
  • There is a concurrence of opinion between them.他们的想法一致。
  • The concurrence of their disappearances had to be more than coincidental.他们同时失踪肯定不仅仅是巧合。
39 commodious aXCyr     
  • It was a commodious and a diverting life.这是一种自由自在,令人赏心悦目的生活。
  • Their habitation was not merely respectable and commodious,but even dignified and imposing.他们的居所既宽敞舒适又尊严气派。
40 landlady t2ZxE     
  • I heard my landlady creeping stealthily up to my door.我听到我的女房东偷偷地来到我的门前。
  • The landlady came over to serve me.女店主过来接待我。
41 stout PGuzF     
  • He cut a stout stick to help him walk.他砍了一根结实的枝条用来拄着走路。
  • The stout old man waddled across the road.那肥胖的老人一跩一跩地穿过马路。
42 embellished b284f4aedffe7939154f339dba2d2073     
v.美化( embellish的过去式和过去分词 );装饰;修饰;润色
  • The door of the old church was embellished with decorations. 老教堂的门是用雕饰美化的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The stern was embellished with carvings in red and blue. 船尾饰有红色和蓝色的雕刻图案。 来自辞典例句
43 antiquity SNuzc     
  • The museum contains the remains of Chinese antiquity.博物馆藏有中国古代的遗物。
  • There are many legends about the heroes of antiquity.有许多关于古代英雄的传说。
44 fowl fljy6     
  • Fowl is not part of a traditional brunch.禽肉不是传统的早午餐的一部分。
  • Since my heart attack,I've eaten more fish and fowl and less red meat.自从我患了心脏病后,我就多吃鱼肉和禽肉,少吃红色肉类。
45 perspiration c3UzD     
  • It is so hot that my clothes are wet with perspiration.天太热了,我的衣服被汗水湿透了。
  • The perspiration was running down my back.汗从我背上淌下来。
46 engendered 9ea62fba28ee7e2bac621ac2c571239e     
v.产生(某形势或状况),造成,引起( engender的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The issue engendered controversy. 这个问题引起了争论。
  • The meeting engendered several quarrels. 这次会议发生了几次争吵。 来自《简明英汉词典》
47 copious koizs     
  • She supports her theory with copious evidences.她以大量的例证来充实自己的理论。
  • Every star is a copious source of neutrinos.每颗恒星都是丰富的中微子源。
48 draught 7uyzIH     
  • He emptied his glass at one draught.他将杯中物一饮而尽。
  • It's a pity the room has no north window and you don't get a draught.可惜这房间没北窗,没有过堂风。
49 humble ddjzU     
  • In my humble opinion,he will win the election.依我拙见,他将在选举中获胜。
  • Defeat and failure make people humble.挫折与失败会使人谦卑。
50 immortal 7kOyr     
  • The wild cocoa tree is effectively immortal.野生可可树实际上是不会死的。
  • The heroes of the people are immortal!人民英雄永垂不朽!
51 recollected 38b448634cd20e21c8e5752d2b820002     
adj.冷静的;镇定的;被回忆起的;沉思默想的v.记起,想起( recollect的过去式和过去分词 )
  • I recollected that she had red hair. 我记得她有一头红发。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • His efforts, the Duke recollected many years later, were distinctly half-hearted. 据公爵许多年之后的回忆,他当时明显只是敷衍了事。 来自辞典例句
52 recollect eUOxl     
  • He tried to recollect things and drown himself in them.他极力回想过去的事情而沉浸于回忆之中。
  • She could not recollect being there.她回想不起曾经到过那儿。
53 partially yL7xm     
  • The door was partially concealed by the drapes.门有一部分被门帘遮住了。
  • The police managed to restore calm and the curfew was partially lifted.警方设法恢复了平静,宵禁部分解除。
54 astonishment VvjzR     
  • They heard him give a loud shout of astonishment.他们听见他惊奇地大叫一声。
  • I was filled with astonishment at her strange action.我对她的奇怪举动不胜惊异。
55 inscription l4ZyO     
  • The inscription has worn away and can no longer be read.铭文已磨损,无法辨认了。
  • He chiselled an inscription on the marble.他在大理石上刻碑文。
56 triumphantly 9fhzuv     
  • The lion was roaring triumphantly. 狮子正在发出胜利的吼叫。
  • Robert was looking at me triumphantly. 罗伯特正得意扬扬地看着我。
57 wrench FMvzF     
  • He gave a wrench to his ankle when he jumped down.他跳下去的时候扭伤了足踝。
  • It was a wrench to leave the old home.离开这个老家非常痛苦。
58 dint plVza     
  • He succeeded by dint of hard work.他靠苦干获得成功。
  • He reached the top by dint of great effort.他费了很大的劲终于爬到了顶。
59 exertion F7Fyi     
  • We were sweating profusely from the exertion of moving the furniture.我们搬动家具大费气力,累得大汗淋漓。
  • She was hot and breathless from the exertion of cycling uphill.由于用力骑车爬坡,她浑身发热。
60 exultation wzeyn     
  • It made him catch his breath, it lit his face with exultation. 听了这个名字,他屏住呼吸,乐得脸上放光。
  • He could get up no exultation that was really worthy the name. 他一点都激动不起来。
61 uneven akwwb     
  • The sidewalk is very uneven—be careful where you walk.这人行道凹凸不平—走路时请小心。
  • The country was noted for its uneven distribution of land resources.这个国家以土地资源分布不均匀出名。
62 attained 1f2c1bee274e81555decf78fe9b16b2f     
(通常经过努力)实现( attain的过去式和过去分词 ); 达到; 获得; 达到(某年龄、水平、状况)
  • She has attained the degree of Master of Arts. 她已获得文学硕士学位。
  • Lu Hsun attained a high position in the republic of letters. 鲁迅在文坛上获得崇高的地位。
63 abound wykz4     
  • Oranges abound here all the year round.这里一年到头都有很多橙子。
  • But problems abound in the management of State-owned companies.但是在国有企业的管理中仍然存在不少问题。
64 remains 1kMzTy     
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
65 thoroughly sgmz0J     
  • The soil must be thoroughly turned over before planting.一定要先把土地深翻一遍再下种。
  • The soldiers have been thoroughly instructed in the care of their weapons.士兵们都系统地接受过保护武器的训练。
66 borough EdRyS     
  • He was slated for borough president.他被提名做自治区主席。
  • That's what happened to Harry Barritt of London's Bromley borough.住在伦敦的布罗姆利自治市的哈里.巴里特就经历了此事。
67 behold jQKy9     
  • The industry of these little ants is wonderful to behold.这些小蚂蚁辛勤劳动的样子看上去真令人惊叹。
  • The sunrise at the seaside was quite a sight to behold.海滨日出真是个奇景。
68 animated Cz7zMa     
  • His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion.他的言论引起了一场气氛热烈而活跃的讨论。
  • We had an animated discussion over current events last evening.昨天晚上我们热烈地讨论时事。
69 convivial OYEz9     
  • The atmosphere was quite convivial.气氛非常轻松愉快。
  • I found it odd to imagine a nation of convivial diners surrendering their birthright.我发现很难想象让这样一个喜欢热热闹闹吃饭的民族放弃他们的习惯。
70 devoted xu9zka     
  • He devoted his life to the educational cause of the motherland.他为祖国的教育事业贡献了一生。
  • We devoted a lengthy and full discussion to this topic.我们对这个题目进行了长时间的充分讨论。
71 retired Njhzyv     
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
72 favourable favourable     
  • The company will lend you money on very favourable terms.这家公司将以非常优惠的条件借钱给你。
  • We found that most people are favourable to the idea.我们发现大多数人同意这个意见。
73 coax Fqmz5     
  • I had to coax the information out of him.我得用好话套出他掌握的情况。
  • He tried to coax the secret from me.他试图哄骗我说出秘方。
74 slumber 8E7zT     
  • All the people in the hotels were wrapped in deep slumber.住在各旅馆里的人都已进入梦乡。
  • Don't wake him from his slumber because he needs the rest.不要把他从睡眠中唤醒,因为他需要休息。
75 reverting f5366d3e7a0be69d0213079d037ba63e     
恢复( revert的现在分词 ); 重提; 回到…上; 归还
  • The boss came back from holiday all relaxed and smiling, but now he's reverting to type. 老板刚度假回来时十分随和,满面笑容,现在又恢复原样了。
  • The conversation kept reverting to the subject of money. 谈话的内容总是离不开钱的事。
76 hissing hissing     
n. 发嘶嘶声, 蔑视 动词hiss的现在分词形式
  • The steam escaped with a loud hissing noise. 蒸汽大声地嘶嘶冒了出来。
  • His ears were still hissing with the rustle of the leaves. 他耳朵里还听得萨萨萨的声音和屑索屑索的怪声。 来自汉英文学 - 春蚕
77 veins 65827206226d9e2d78ea2bfe697c6329     
n.纹理;矿脉( vein的名词复数 );静脉;叶脉;纹理
  • The blood flows from the capillaries back into the veins. 血从毛细血管流回静脉。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I felt a pleasant glow in all my veins from the wine. 喝过酒后我浑身的血都热烘烘的,感到很舒服。 来自《简明英汉词典》
78 monarch l6lzj     
  • The monarch's role is purely ceremonial.君主纯粹是个礼仪职位。
  • I think myself happier now than the greatest monarch upon earth.我觉得这个时候比世界上什么帝王都快乐。
79 axe 2oVyI     
  • Be careful with that sharp axe.那把斧子很锋利,你要当心。
  • The edge of this axe has turned.这把斧子卷了刃了。
80 twine vg6yC     
  • He tied the parcel with twine.他用细绳捆包裹。
  • Their cardboard boxes were wrapped and tied neatly with waxed twine.他们的纸板盒用蜡线扎得整整齐齐。
81 marrow M2myE     
  • It was so cold that he felt frozen to the marrow. 天气太冷了,他感到寒冷刺骨。
  • He was tired to the marrow of his bones.他真是累得筋疲力尽了。
82 pestilence YlGzsG     
  • They were crazed by the famine and pestilence of that bitter winter.他们因那年严冬的饥饿与瘟疫而折磨得发狂。
  • A pestilence was raging in that area. 瘟疫正在那一地区流行。
83 doomed EuuzC1     
  • The court doomed the accused to a long term of imprisonment. 法庭判处被告长期监禁。
  • A country ruled by an iron hand is doomed to suffer. 被铁腕人物统治的国家定会遭受不幸的。
84 solitude xF9yw     
n. 孤独; 独居,荒僻之地,幽静的地方
  • People need a chance to reflect on spiritual matters in solitude. 人们需要独处的机会来反思精神上的事情。
  • They searched for a place where they could live in solitude. 他们寻找一个可以过隐居生活的地方。
85 crouched 62634c7e8c15b8a61068e36aaed563ab     
v.屈膝,蹲伏( crouch的过去式和过去分词 )
  • He crouched down beside her. 他在她的旁边蹲了下来。
  • The lion crouched ready to pounce. 狮子蹲下身,准备猛扑。
86 bent QQ8yD     
  • He was fully bent upon the project.他一心扑在这项计划上。
  • We bent over backward to help them.我们尽了最大努力帮助他们。
87 tempting wgAzd4     
a.诱人的, 吸引人的
  • It is tempting to idealize the past. 人都爱把过去的日子说得那么美好。
  • It was a tempting offer. 这是个诱人的提议。
88 slumbered 90bc7b1e5a8ccd9fdc68d12edbd1f200     
  • The baby slumbered in his cradle. 婴儿安睡在摇篮中。
  • At that time my virtue slumbered; my evil, kept awake by ambition. 就在那时,我的善的一面睡着了,我的邪恶面因野心勃勃而清醒着。
89 fettered ztYzQ2     
v.给…上脚镣,束缚( fetter的过去式和过去分词 )
  • We reverence tradition but will not be fettered by it. 我们尊重传统,但不被传统所束缚。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Many people are fettered by lack of self-confidence. 许多人都因缺乏自信心而缩手缩脚。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
90 dreading dreading     
v.害怕,恐惧,担心( dread的现在分词 )
  • She was dreading having to broach the subject of money to her father. 她正在为不得不向父亲提出钱的事犯愁。
  • This was the moment he had been dreading. 这是他一直最担心的时刻。
91 ecstasy 9kJzY     
  • He listened to the music with ecstasy.他听音乐听得入了神。
  • Speechless with ecstasy,the little boys gazed at the toys.小孩注视着那些玩具,高兴得说不出话来。
92 plunge 228zO     
  • Test pool's water temperature before you plunge in.在你跳入之前你应该测试水温。
  • That would plunge them in the broil of the two countries.那将会使他们陷入这两国的争斗之中。
93 dexterity hlXzs     
  • You need manual dexterity to be good at video games.玩好电子游戏手要灵巧。
  • I'm your inferior in manual dexterity.论手巧,我不如你。
94 profusely 12a581fe24557b55ae5601d069cb463c     
  • We were sweating profusely from the exertion of moving the furniture. 我们搬动家具大费气力,累得大汗淋漓。
  • He had been working hard and was perspiring profusely. 他一直在努力干活,身上大汗淋漓的。
95 outright Qj7yY     
  • If you have a complaint you should tell me outright.如果你有不满意的事,你应该直率地对我说。
  • You should persuade her to marry you outright.你应该彻底劝服她嫁给你。
96 shrieks e693aa502222a9efbbd76f900b6f5114     
n.尖叫声( shriek的名词复数 )v.尖叫( shriek的第三人称单数 )
  • shrieks of fiendish laughter 恶魔般的尖笑声
  • For years, from newspapers, broadcasts, the stages and at meetings, we had heard nothing but grandiloquent rhetoric delivered with shouts and shrieks that deafened the ears. 多少年来, 报纸上, 广播里, 舞台上, 会场上的声嘶力竭,装腔做态的高调搞得我们震耳欲聋。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
97 shriek fEgya     
  • Suddenly he began to shriek loudly.突然他开始大声尖叫起来。
  • People sometimes shriek because of terror,anger,or pain.人们有时会因为恐惧,气愤或疼痛而尖叫。
98 ornaments 2bf24c2bab75a8ff45e650a1e4388dec     
n.装饰( ornament的名词复数 );点缀;装饰品;首饰v.装饰,点缀,美化( ornament的第三人称单数 )
  • The shelves were chock-a-block with ornaments. 架子上堆满了装饰品。
  • Playing the piano sets up resonance in those glass ornaments. 一弹钢琴那些玻璃饰物就会产生共振。 来自《简明英汉词典》
99 haughty 4dKzq     
  • He gave me a haughty look and walked away.他向我摆出傲慢的表情后走开。
  • They were displeased with her haughty airs.他们讨厌她高傲的派头。
100 hush ecMzv     
  • A hush fell over the onlookers.旁观者们突然静了下来。
  • Do hush up the scandal!不要把这丑事声张出去!
101 tempted b0182e969d369add1b9ce2353d3c6ad6     
  • I was sorely tempted to complain, but I didn't. 我极想发牢骚,但还是没开口。
  • I was tempted by the dessert menu. 甜食菜单馋得我垂涎欲滴。
102 destined Dunznz     
  • It was destined that they would marry.他们结婚是缘分。
  • The shipment is destined for America.这批货物将运往美国。
103 determined duszmP     
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
104 cinders cinders     
n.煤渣( cinder的名词复数 );炭渣;煤渣路;煤渣跑道
  • This material is variously termed ash, clinker, cinders or slag. 这种材料有不同的名称,如灰、炉渣、煤渣或矿渣。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Rake out the cinders before you start a new fire. 在重新点火前先把煤渣耙出来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
105 sane 9YZxB     
  • He was sane at the time of the murder.在凶杀案发生时他的神志是清醒的。
  • He is a very sane person.他是一个很有头脑的人。
106 gash HhCxU     
  • The deep gash in his arm would take weeks to heal over.他胳膊上的割伤很深,需要几个星期的时间才能痊愈。
  • After the collision,the body of the ship had a big gash.船被撞后,船身裂开了一个大口子。
107 placid 7A1yV     
  • He had been leading a placid life for the past eight years.八年来他一直过着平静的生活。
  • You should be in a placid mood and have a heart-to- heart talk with her.你应该心平气和的好好和她谈谈心。
108 tranquil UJGz0     
adj. 安静的, 宁静的, 稳定的, 不变的
  • The boy disturbed the tranquil surface of the pond with a stick. 那男孩用棍子打破了平静的池面。
  • The tranquil beauty of the village scenery is unique. 这乡村景色的宁静是绝无仅有的。
109 fixed JsKzzj     
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
110 quailed 6b883b0b92140de4bde03901043d6acd     
害怕,发抖,畏缩( quail的过去式和过去分词 )
  • I quailed at the danger. 我一遇到危险,心里就发毛。
  • His heart quailed before the enormous pyramidal shape. 面对这金字塔般的庞然大物,他的心不由得一阵畏缩。 来自英汉文学
111 fixedly 71be829f2724164d2521d0b5bee4e2cc     
  • He stared fixedly at the woman in white. 他一直凝视着那穿白衣裳的女人。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The great majority were silent and still, looking fixedly at the ground. 绝大部分的人都不闹不动,呆呆地望着地面。 来自英汉文学 - 双城记
112 steadily Qukw6     
  • The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人类利用自然资源的广度将日益扩大。
  • Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我们的教学改革慢慢上轨道了。
113 animation UMdyv     
  • They are full of animation as they talked about their childhood.当他们谈及童年的往事时都非常兴奋。
  • The animation of China made a great progress.中国的卡通片制作取得很大发展。
114 raved 0cece3dcf1e171c33dc9f8e0bfca3318     
v.胡言乱语( rave的过去式和过去分词 );愤怒地说;咆哮;痴心地说
  • Andrew raved all night in his fever. 安德鲁发烧时整夜地说胡话。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They raved about her beauty. 他们过分称赞她的美。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
115 gaudy QfmzN     
  • She was tricked out in gaudy dress.她穿得华丽而俗气。
  • The gaudy butterfly is sure that the flowers owe thanks to him.浮华的蝴蝶却相信花是应该向它道谢的。
116 celebrated iwLzpz     
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
117 hurled 16e3a6ba35b6465e1376a4335ae25cd2     
v.猛投,用力掷( hurl的过去式和过去分词 );大声叫骂
  • He hurled a brick through the window. 他往窗户里扔了块砖。
  • The strong wind hurled down bits of the roof. 大风把屋顶的瓦片刮了下来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
118 resounded 063087faa0e6dc89fa87a51a1aafc1f9     
v.(指声音等)回荡于某处( resound的过去式和过去分词 );产生回响;(指某处)回荡着声音
  • Laughter resounded through the house. 笑声在屋里回荡。
  • The echo resounded back to us. 回声传回到我们的耳中。 来自《简明英汉词典》
119 corpse JYiz4     
  • What she saw was just an unfeeling corpse.她见到的只是一具全无感觉的尸体。
  • The corpse was preserved from decay by embalming.尸体用香料涂抹以防腐烂。
120 clenched clenched     
v.紧握,抓紧,咬紧( clench的过去式和过去分词 )
  • He clenched his fists in anger. 他愤怒地攥紧了拳头。
  • She clenched her hands in her lap to hide their trembling. 她攥紧双手放在腿上,以掩饰其颤抖。 来自《简明英汉词典》
121 twig VK1zg     
  • He heard the sharp crack of a twig.他听到树枝清脆的断裂声。
  • The sharp sound of a twig snapping scared the badger away.细枝突然折断的刺耳声把獾惊跑了。
122 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
123 misery G10yi     
  • Business depression usually causes misery among the working class.商业不景气常使工薪阶层受苦。
  • He has rescued me from the mire of misery.他把我从苦海里救了出来。
124 shudder JEqy8     
  • The sight of the coffin sent a shudder through him.看到那副棺材,他浑身一阵战栗。
  • We all shudder at the thought of the dreadful dirty place.我们一想到那可怕的肮脏地方就浑身战惊。
125 brandished e0c5676059f17f4623c934389b17c149     
v.挥舞( brandish的过去式和过去分词 );炫耀
  • "Bang!Bang!"the small boy brandished a phoney pistol and shouted. “砰!砰!”那小男孩挥舞着一支假手枪,口中嚷嚷着。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Swords brandished and banners waved. 刀剑挥舞,旌旗飘扬。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
126 brawny id7yY     
  • The blacksmith has a brawny arm.铁匠有强壮的胳膊。
  • That same afternoon the marshal appeared with two brawny assistants.当天下午,警长带着两名身强力壮的助手来了。
127 protruded ebe69790c4eedce2f4fb12105fc9e9ac     
v.(使某物)伸出,(使某物)突出( protrude的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The child protruded his tongue. 那小孩伸出舌头。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The creature's face seemed to be protruded, because of its bent carriage. 那人的脑袋似乎向前突出,那是因为身子佝偻的缘故。 来自英汉文学
128 hatchet Dd0zr     
  • I shall have to take a hatchet to that stump.我得用一把短柄斧来劈这树桩。
  • Do not remove a fly from your friend's forehead with a hatchet.别用斧头拍打朋友额头上的苍蝇。
129 hewed 6d358626e3bf1f7326a844c5c80772be     
v.(用斧、刀等)砍、劈( hew的过去式和过去分词 );砍成;劈出;开辟
  • He hewed a canoe out of a tree trunk. 他把一根树干凿成独木舟。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He hewed out an important position for himself in the company. 他在公司中为自己闯出了要职。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
130 marsh Y7Rzo     
  • There are a lot of frogs in the marsh.沼泽里有许多青蛙。
  • I made my way slowly out of the marsh.我缓慢地走出这片沼泽地。
131 rivulet bXkxc     
  • The school is located near the rivulet.学校坐落在小河附近。
  • They passed the dry bed of a rivulet.他们跨过了一道干涸的河床。
132 spun kvjwT     
  • His grandmother spun him a yarn at the fire.他奶奶在火炉边给他讲故事。
  • Her skilful fingers spun the wool out to a fine thread.她那灵巧的手指把羊毛纺成了细毛线。
133 baneful EuBzC     
  • His baneful influence was feared by all.人们都担心他所造成的有害影响。
  • Lower share prices have baneful effect for companies too.更低的股价同样会有损各企业。
134 delirium 99jyh     
n. 神智昏迷,说胡话;极度兴奋
  • In her delirium, she had fallen to the floor several times. 她在神志不清的状态下几次摔倒在地上。
  • For the next nine months, Job was in constant delirium.接下来的九个月,约伯处于持续精神错乱的状态。
135 delusion x9uyf     
  • He is under the delusion that he is Napoleon.他患了妄想症,认为自己是拿破仑。
  • I was under the delusion that he intended to marry me.我误认为他要娶我。
136 hereditary fQJzF     
  • The Queen of England is a hereditary ruler.英国女王是世袭的统治者。
  • In men,hair loss is hereditary.男性脱发属于遗传。
137 morbid u6qz3     
  • Some people have a morbid fascination with crime.一些人对犯罪有一种病态的痴迷。
  • It's morbid to dwell on cemeteries and such like.不厌其烦地谈论墓地以及诸如此类的事是一种病态。
138 insanity H6xxf     
  • In his defense he alleged temporary insanity.他伪称一时精神错乱,为自己辩解。
  • He remained in his cell,and this visit only increased the belief in his insanity.他依旧还是住在他的地牢里,这次视察只是更加使人相信他是个疯子了。
139 vices 01aad211a45c120dcd263c6f3d60ce79     
缺陷( vice的名词复数 ); 恶习; 不道德行为; 台钳
  • In spite of his vices, he was loved by all. 尽管他有缺点,还是受到大家的爱戴。
  • He vituperated from the pulpit the vices of the court. 他在教堂的讲坛上责骂宫廷的罪恶。
140 frightful Ghmxw     
  • How frightful to have a husband who snores!有一个发鼾声的丈夫多讨厌啊!
  • We're having frightful weather these days.这几天天气坏极了。
141 socket jw9wm     
  • He put the electric plug into the socket.他把电插头插入插座。
  • The battery charger plugs into any mains socket.这个电池充电器可以插入任何类型的电源插座。
142 perusal mM5xT     
  • Peter Cooke undertook to send each of us a sample contract for perusal.彼得·库克答应给我们每人寄送一份合同样本供阅读。
  • A perusal of the letters which we have published has satisfied him of the reality of our claim.读了我们的公开信后,他终于相信我们的要求的确是真的。
143 flicker Gjxxb     
  • There was a flicker of lights coming from the abandoned house.这所废弃的房屋中有灯光闪烁。
  • At first,the flame may be a small flicker,barely shining.开始时,光辉可能是微弱地忽隐忽现,几乎并不灿烂。
144 scrambled 2e4a1c533c25a82f8e80e696225a73f2     
v.快速爬行( scramble的过去式和过去分词 );攀登;争夺;(军事飞机)紧急起飞
  • Each scrambled for the football at the football ground. 足球场上你争我夺。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • He scrambled awkwardly to his feet. 他笨拙地爬起身来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
145 chamber wnky9     
  • For many,the dentist's surgery remains a torture chamber.对许多人来说,牙医的治疗室一直是间受刑室。
  • The chamber was ablaze with light.会议厅里灯火辉煌。
146 shrouded 6b3958ee6e7b263c722c8b117143345f     
v.隐瞒( shroud的过去式和过去分词 );保密
  • The hills were shrouded in mist . 这些小山被笼罩在薄雾之中。
  • The towers were shrouded in mist. 城楼被蒙上薄雾。 来自《简明英汉词典》
147 forth Hzdz2     
  • The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.风吹得树轻轻地来回摇晃。
  • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
148 narrate DFhxR     
  • They each narrate their own tale but are all inextricably linked together.她们各自讲述自己的故事,却又不可避免地联系在一起。
  • He once holds the tear to narrate a such story to mine.他曾经含着泪给我讲述了这样的一个故事。
149 speculations da17a00acfa088f5ac0adab7a30990eb     
n.投机买卖( speculation的名词复数 );思考;投机活动;推断
  • Your speculations were all quite close to the truth. 你的揣测都很接近于事实。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • This possibility gives rise to interesting speculations. 这种可能性引起了有趣的推测。 来自《用法词典》
150 skilful 8i2zDY     
  • The more you practise,the more skilful you'll become.练习的次数越多,熟练的程度越高。
  • He's not very skilful with his chopsticks.他用筷子不大熟练。
151 delineation wxrxV     
  • Biography must to some extent delineate characters.传记必须在一定程度上描绘人物。
  • Delineation of channels is the first step of geologic evaluation.勾划河道的轮廓是地质解译的第一步。
152 jealousies 6aa2adf449b3e9d3fef22e0763e022a4     
n.妒忌( jealousy的名词复数 );妒羡
  • They were divided by mutual suspicion and jealousies. 他们因为相互猜疑嫉妒而不和。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • I am tired of all these jealousies and quarrels. 我厌恶这些妒忌和吵架的语言。 来自辞典例句
153 controversies 31fd3392f2183396a23567b5207d930c     
  • We offer no comment on these controversies here. 对于这些争议,我们在这里不作任何评论。 来自英汉非文学 - 历史
  • The controversies surrounding population growth are unlikely to subside soon. 围绕着人口增长问题的争论看来不会很快平息。 来自辞典例句
154 eldest bqkx6     
  • The King's eldest son is the heir to the throne.国王的长子是王位的继承人。
  • The castle and the land are entailed on the eldest son.城堡和土地限定由长子继承。
155 prematurely nlMzW4     
  • She was born prematurely with poorly developed lungs. 她早产,肺部未发育健全。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • His hair was prematurely white, but his busy eyebrows were still jet-black. 他的头发已经白了,不过两道浓眉还是乌黑乌黑的。 来自辞典例句
156 lustre hAhxg     
  • The sun was shining with uncommon lustre.太阳放射出异常的光彩。
  • A good name keeps its lustre in the dark.一个好的名誉在黑暗中也保持它的光辉。
157 oration PJixw     
  • He delivered an oration on the decline of family values.他发表了有关家庭价值观的衰退的演说。
  • He was asked to deliver an oration at the meeting.他被邀请在会议上发表演说。
158 stumps 221f9ff23e30fdcc0f64ec738849554c     
(被砍下的树的)树桩( stump的名词复数 ); 残肢; (板球三柱门的)柱; 残余部分
  • Rocks and stumps supplied the place of chairs at the picnic. 野餐时石头和树桩都充当了椅子。
  • If you don't stir your stumps, Tom, you'll be late for school again. 汤姆,如果你不快走,上学又要迟到了。
159 presumptuous 6Q3xk     
  • It would be presumptuous for anybody to offer such a view.任何人提出这种观点都是太放肆了。
  • It was presumptuous of him to take charge.他自拿主张,太放肆了。
160 virtuous upCyI     
  • She was such a virtuous woman that everybody respected her.她是个有道德的女性,人人都尊敬她。
  • My uncle is always proud of having a virtuous wife.叔叔一直为娶到一位贤德的妻子而骄傲。
161 controversy 6Z9y0     
  • That is a fact beyond controversy.那是一个无可争论的事实。
  • We ran the risk of becoming the butt of every controversy.我们要冒使自己在所有的纷争中都成为众矢之的的风险。
162 recoiled 8282f6b353b1fa6f91b917c46152c025     
v.畏缩( recoil的过去式和过去分词 );退缩;报应;返回
  • She recoiled from his touch. 她躲开他的触摸。
  • Howard recoiled a little at the sharpness in my voice. 听到我的尖声,霍华德往后缩了一下。 来自《简明英汉词典》
163 calumnious 78296663c6ceb0a0507783063d66ec26     
  • Ever run into a definition like this one for calumnious: 'of, involving, or using calumny'? 以往遇到过对calumnious(污蔑的)这样一个定义:“涉及或使用诬蔑的”。 来自互联网
164 treatises 9ff9125c93810e8709abcafe0c3289ca     
n.专题著作,专题论文,专著( treatise的名词复数 )
  • Many treatises in different languages have been published on pigeons. 关于鸽类的著作,用各种文字写的很多。 来自辞典例句
  • Many other treatises incorporated the new rigor. 许多其它的专题论文体现了新的严密性。 来自辞典例句
165 illegible tbQxW     
  • It is impossible to deliver this letter because the address is illegible.由于地址字迹不清,致使信件无法投递。
  • Can you see what this note says—his writing is almost illegible!你能看出这个便条上写些什么吗?他的笔迹几乎无法辨认。
166 lasting IpCz02     
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
167 trophy 8UFzI     
  • The cup is a cherished trophy of the company.那只奖杯是该公司很珍惜的奖品。
  • He hung the lion's head as a trophy.他把那狮子头挂起来作为狩猎纪念品。


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