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Chapter 28

A GOOD-HUMOURED CHRISTMAS CHAPTER,CONTAINING AN ACCOUNT OF A WEDDING,AND SOME OTHER SPORTS BESIDE: WHICHALTHOUGH IN THEIR WAY, EVEN AS GOODCUSTOMS AS MARRIAGE ITSELF, ARE NOTQUITE SO RELIGIOUSLY KEPT UP,IN THESE DEGENERATE1 TIMESs brisk as bees, if not altogether as light as fairies, did thefour Pickwickians assemble on the morning of the twenty-second day of December, in the year of grace in whichthese, their faithfully-recorded adventures, were undertaken andaccomplished. Christmas was close at hand, in all his bluff2 andhearty honesty; it was the season of hospitality, merriment, andopen-heartedness; the old year was preparing, like an ancientphilosopher, to call his friends around him, and amidst the soundof feasting and revelry to pass gently and calmly away. Gay andmerry was the time; and right gay and merry were at least four ofthe numerous hearts that were gladdened by its coming.

  And numerous indeed are the hearts to which Christmas bringsa brief season of happiness and enjoyment4. How many families,whose members have been dispersed5 and scattered6 far and wide,in the restless struggles of life, are then reunited, and meet onceagain in that happy state of companionship and mutual7 goodwill,which is a source of such pure and unalloyed delight; and one soincompatible with the cares and sorrows of the world, that thereligious belief of the most civilised nations, and the rudetraditions of the roughest savages8, alike number it among the firstjoys of a future condition of existence, provided for the blessedand happy! How many old recollections, and how many dormantsympathies, does Christmas time awaken10!

  We write these words now, many miles distant from the spot atwhich, year after year, we met on that day, a merry and joyouscircle. Many of the hearts that throbbed12 so gaily13 then, have ceasedto beat; many of the looks that shone so brightly then, have ceasedto glow; the hands we grasped, have grown cold; the eyes wesought, have hid their lustre14 in the grave; and yet the old house,the room, the merry voices and smiling faces, the jest, the laugh,the most minute and trivial circumstances connected with thosehappy meetings, crowd upon our mind at each recurrence15 of theseason, as if the last assemblage had been but yesterday! Happy,happy Christmas, that can win us back to the delusions16 of ourchildish days; that can recall to the old man the pleasures of hisyouth; that can transport the sailor and the traveller, thousands ofmiles away, back to his own fireside and his quiet home!

  But we are so taken up and occupied with the good qualities ofthis saint Christmas, that we are keeping Mr. Pickwick and hisfriends waiting in the cold on the outside of the Muggleton coach,which they have just attained17, well wrapped up in great-coats,shawls, and comforters. The portmanteaus and carpet-bags havebeen stowed away, and Mr. Weller and the guard areendeavouring to insinuate18 into the fore-boot a huge cod-fishseveral sizes too large for it―which is snugly19 packed up, in a longbrown basket, with a layer of straw over the top, and which hasbeen left to the last, in order that he may repose21 in safety on thehalf-dozen barrels of real native oysters22, all the property of Mr.

  Pickwick, which have been arranged in regular order at thebottom of the receptacle. The interest displayed in Mr. Pickwick’scountenance is most intense, as Mr. Weller and the guard try tosqueeze the cod-fish into the boot, first head first, and then tailfirst, and then top upward, and then bottom upward, and thenside-ways, and then long-ways, all of which artifices24 theimplacable cod-fish sturdily resists, until the guard accidentallyhits him in the very middle of the basket, whereupon he suddenlydisappears into the boot, and with him, the head and shoulders ofthe guard himself, who, not calculating upon so sudden a cessationof the passive resistance of the cod-fish, experiences a veryunexpected shock, to the unsmotherable delight of all the portersand bystanders. Upon this, Mr. Pickwick smiles with great good-humour, and drawing a shilling from his waistcoat pocket, begsthe guard, as he picks himself out of the boot, to drink his health ina glass of hot brandy-and-water; at which the guard smiles too,and Messrs. Snodgrass, Winkle, and Tupman, all smile incompany. The guard and Mr. Weller disappear for five minutes,most probably to get the hot brandy-and-water, for they smell verystrongly of it, when they return, the coachman mounts to the box,Mr. Weller jumps up behind, the Pickwickians pull their coatsround their legs and their shawls over their noses, the helpers pullthe horse-cloths off, the coachman shouts out a cheery ‘All right,’

  and away they go.

  They have rumbled25 through the streets, and jolted26 over thestones, and at length reach the wide and open country. The wheelsskim over the hard and frosty ground; and the horses, burstinginto a canter at a smart crack of the whip, step along the road as ifthe load behind them―coach, passengers, cod-fish, oyster-barrels,and all―were but a feather at their heels. They have descended28 agentle slope, and enter upon a level, as compact and dry as a solidblock of marble, two miles long. Another crack of the whip, and onthey speed, at a smart gallop29, the horses tossing their heads andrattling the harness, as if in exhilaration at the rapidity of themotion; while the coachman, holding whip and reins30 in one hand,takes off his hat with the other, and resting it on his knees, pullsout his handkerchief, and wipes his forehead, partly because hehas a habit of doing it, and partly because it’s as well to show thepassengers how cool he is, and what an easy thing it is to drivefour-in-hand, when you have had as much practice as he has.

  Having done this very leisurely32 (otherwise the effect would bematerially impaired), he replaces his handkerchief, pulls on hishat, adjusts his gloves, squares his elbows, cracks the whip again,and on they speed, more merrily than before. A few small houses,scattered on either side of the road, betoken33 the entrance to sometown or village. The lively notes of the guard’s key-bugle34 vibrate inthe clear cold air, and wake up the old gentleman inside, who,carefully letting down the window-sash half-way, and standingsentry over the air, takes a short peep out, and then carefullypulling it up again, informs the other inside that they’re going tochange directly; on which the other inside wakes himself up, anddetermines to postpone36 his next nap until after the stoppage.

  Again the bugle sounds lustily forth37, and rouses the cottager’s wifeand children, who peep out at the house door, and watch thecoach till it turns the corner, when they once more crouch38 roundthe blazing fire, and throw on another log of wood against fathercomes home; while father himself, a full mile off, has justexchanged a friendly nod with the coachman, and turned round totake a good long stare at the vehicle as it whirls away.

  And now the bugle plays a lively air as the coach rattles39 throughthe ill-paved streets of a country town; and the coachman, undoingthe buckle40 which keeps his ribands together, prepares to throwthem off the moment he stops. Mr. Pickwick emerges from his coatcollar, and looks about him with great curiosity; perceiving which,the coachman informs Mr. Pickwick of the name of the town, andtells him it was market-day yesterday, both of which pieces ofinformation Mr. Pickwick retails41 to his fellow-passengers;whereupon they emerge from their coat collars too, and look aboutthem also. Mr. Winkle, who sits at the extreme edge, with one legdangling in the air, is nearly precipitated42 into the street, as thecoach twists round the sharp corner by the cheesemonger’s shop,and turns into the market-place; and before Mr. Snodgrass, whosits next to him, has recovered from his alarm, they pull up at theinn yard where the fresh horses, with cloths on, are alreadywaiting. The coachman throws down the reins and gets downhimself, and the other outside passengers drop down also; exceptthose who have no great confidence in their ability to get up again;and they remain where they are, and stamp their feet against thecoach to warm them―looking, with longing44 eyes and red noses, atthe bright fire in the inn bar, and the sprigs of holly45 with redberries which ornament46 the window.

  But the guard has delivered at the corn-dealer’s shop, thebrown paper packet he took out of the little pouch47 which hangsover his shoulder by a leathern strap48; and has seen the horsescarefully put to; and has thrown on the pavement the saddle whichwas brought from London on the coach roof; and has assisted inthe conference between the coachman and the hostler about thegray mare49 that hurt her off fore-leg last Tuesday; and he and Mr.

  Weller are all right behind, and the coachman is all right in front,and the old gentleman inside, who has kept the window down fulltwo inches all this time, has pulled it up again, and the cloths areoff, and they are all ready for starting, except the ‘two stoutgentlemen,’ whom the coachman inquires after with someimpatience. Hereupon the coachman, and the guard, and SamWeller, and Mr. Winkle, and Mr. Snodgrass, and all the hostlers,and every one of the idlers, who are more in number than all theothers put together, shout for the missing gentlemen as loud asthey can bawl51. A distant response is heard from the yard, and Mr.

  Pickwick and Mr. Tupman come running down it, quite out ofbreath, for they have been having a glass of ale a-piece, and Mr.

  Pickwick’s fingers are so cold that he has been full five minutesbefore he could find the sixpence to pay for it. The coachmanshouts an admonitory ‘Now then, gen’l’m’n,’ the guard re-echoesit; the old gentleman inside thinks it a very extraordinary thingthat people will get down when they know there isn’t time for it;Mr. Pickwick struggles up on one side, Mr. Tupman on the other;Mr. Winkle cries ‘All right’; and off they start. Shawls are pulledup, coat collars are readjusted, the pavement ceases, the housesdisappear; and they are once again dashing along the open road,with the fresh clear air blowing in their faces, and gladdening theirvery hearts within them.

  Such was the progress of Mr. Pickwick and his friends by theMuggleton Telegraph, on their way to Dingley Dell; and at threeo’clock that afternoon they all stood high and dry, safe and sound,hale and hearty3, upon the steps of the Blue Lion, having taken onthe road quite enough of ale and brandy, to enable them to biddefiance to the frost that was binding52 up the earth in its ironfetters, and weaving its beautiful network upon the trees andhedges. Mr. Pickwick was busily engaged in counting the barrelsof oysters and superintending the disinterment of the cod-fish,when he felt himself gently pulled by the skirts of the coat.

  Looking round, he discovered that the individual who resorted tothis mode of catching53 his attention was no other than Mr. Wardle’sfavourite page, better known to the readers of this unvarnishedhistory, by the distinguishing appellation54 of the fat boy.

  ‘Aha!’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘Aha!’ said the fat boy.

  As he said it, he glanced from the cod-fish to the oyster-barrels,and chuckled55 joyously56. He was fatter than ever.

  ‘Well, you look rosy57 enough, my young friend,’ said Mr.


  ‘I’ve been asleep, right in front of the taproom fire,’ replied thefat boy, who had heated himself to the colour of a new chimney-pot, in the course of an hour’s nap. ‘Master sent me over with theshay-cart, to carry your luggage up to the house. He’d ha’ sentsome saddle-horses, but he thought you’d rather walk, being acold day.’

  ‘Yes, yes,’ said Mr. Pickwick hastily, for he remembered howthey had travelled over nearly the same ground on a previousoccasion. ‘Yes, we would rather walk. Here, Sam!’

  ‘Sir,’ said Mr. Weller.

  ‘Help Mr. Wardle’s servant to put the packages into the cart,and then ride on with him. We will walk forward at once.’

  Having given this direction, and settled with the coachman, Mr.

  Pickwick and his three friends struck into the footpath58 across thefields, and walked briskly away, leaving Mr. Weller and the fat boyconfronted together for the first time. Sam looked at the fat boywith great astonishment59, but without saying a word; and began tostow the luggage rapidly away in the cart, while the fat boy stoodquietly by, and seemed to think it a very interesting sort of thing tosee Mr. Weller working by himself.

  ‘There,’ said Sam, throwing in the last carpet-bag, ‘there theyare!’

  ‘Yes,’ said the fat boy, in a very satisfied tone, ‘there they are.’

  ‘Vell, young twenty stun,’ said Sam, ‘you’re a nice specimen60 of aprize boy, you are!’

  ‘Thank’ee,’ said the fat boy.

  ‘You ain’t got nothin’ on your mind as makes you fret61 yourself,have you?’ inquired Sam.

  ‘Not as I knows on,’ replied the fat boy.

  ‘I should rayther ha’ thought, to look at you, that you was a-labourin’ under an unrequited attachment62 to some young ’ooman,’

  said Sam.

  The fat boy shook his head.

  ‘Vell,’ said Sam, ‘I am glad to hear it. Do you ever drinkanythin’?’

  ‘I likes eating better,’ replied the boy.

  ‘Ah,’ said Sam, ‘I should ha’ s’posed that; but what I mean is,should you like a drop of anythin’ as’d warm you? but I s’pose younever was cold, with all them elastic63 fixtures64, was you?’

  ‘Sometimes,’ replied the boy; ‘and I likes a drop of something,when it’s good.’

  ‘Oh, you do, do you?’ said Sam, ‘come this way, then!’

  The Blue Lion tap was soon gained, and the fat boy swallowed aglass of liquor without so much as winking―a feat27 whichconsiderably advanced him in Mr. Weller’s good opinion. Mr.

  Weller having transacted65 a similar piece of business on his ownaccount, they got into the cart.

  ‘Can you drive?’ said the fat boy. ‘I should rayther think so,’

  replied Sam.

  ‘There, then,’ said the fat boy, putting the reins in his hand, andpointing up a lane, ‘it’s as straight as you can go; you can’t miss it.’

  With these words, the fat boy laid himself affectionately downby the side of the cod-fish, and, placing an oyster-barrel under hishead for a pillow, fell asleep instantaneously.

  ‘Well,’ said Sam, ‘of all the cool boys ever I set my eyes on, thishere young gen’l’m’n is the coolest. Come, wake up, youngdropsy!’

  But as young dropsy evinced no symptoms of returninganimation, Sam Weller sat himself down in front of the cart, andstarting the old horse with a jerk of the rein31, jogged steadily66 on,towards the Manor67 Farm.

  Meanwhile, Mr. Pickwick and his friends having walked theirblood into active circulation, proceeded cheerfully on. The pathswere hard; the grass was crisp and frosty; the air had a fine, dry,bracing coldness; and the rapid approach of the gray twilight(slate-coloured is a better term in frosty weather) made them lookforward with pleasant anticipation68 to the comforts which awaitedthem at their hospitable69 entertainer’s. It was the sort of afternoonthat might induce a couple of elderly gentlemen, in a lonely field,to take off their greatcoats and play at leap-frog in pure lightnessof heart and gaiety; and we firmly believe that had Mr. Tupman atthat moment proffered70 ‘a back,’ Mr. Pickwick would have acceptedhis offer with the utmost avidity.

  However, Mr. Tupman did not volunteer any suchaccommodation, and the friends walked on, conversing71 merrily. Asthey turned into a lane they had to cross, the sound of many voicesburst upon their ears; and before they had even had time to form aguess to whom they belonged, they walked into the very centre ofthe party who were expecting their arrival―a fact which was firstnotified to the Pickwickians, by the loud ‘Hurrah,’ which burstfrom old Wardle’s lips, when they appeared in sight.

  First, there was Wardle himself, looking, if that were possible,more jolly than ever; then there were Bella and her faithfulTrundle; and, lastly, there were Emily and some eight or tenyoung ladies, who had all come down to the wedding, which was totake place next day, and who were in as happy and important astate as young ladies usually are, on such momentous72 occasions;and they were, one and all, startling the fields and lanes, far andwide, with their frolic and laughter.

  The ceremony of introduction, under such circumstances, wasvery soon performed, or we should rather say that theintroduction was soon over, without any ceremony at all. In twominutes thereafter, Mr. Pickwick was joking with the young ladieswho wouldn’t come over the stile while he looked―or who, havingpretty feet and unexceptionable ankles, preferred standing35 on thetop rail for five minutes or so, declaring that they were toofrightened to move―with as much ease and absence of reserve orconstraint, as if he had known them for life. It is worthy73 of remark,too, that Mr. Snodgrass offered Emily far more assistance than theabsolute terrors of the stile (although it was full three feet high,and had only a couple of stepping-stones) would seem to require;while one black-eyed young lady in a very nice little pair of bootswith fur round the top, was observed to scream very loudly, whenMr. Winkle offered to help her over.

  All this was very snug20 and pleasant. And when the difficulties ofthe stile were at last surmounted74, and they once more entered onthe open field, old Wardle informed Mr. Pickwick how they had allbeen down in a body to inspect the furniture and fittings-up of thehouse, which the young couple were to tenant75, after the Christmasholidays; at which communication Bella and Trundle bothcoloured up, as red as the fat boy after the taproom fire; and theyoung lady with the black eyes and the fur round the boots,whispered something in Emily’s ear, and then glanced archly atMr. Snodgrass; to which Emily responded that she was a foolishgirl, but turned very red, notwithstanding; and Mr. Snodgrass,who was as modest as all great geniuses usually are, felt thecrimson rising to the crown of his head, and devoutly76 wished, inthe inmost recesses77 of his own heart, that the young ladyaforesaid, with her black eyes, and her archness, and her bootswith the fur round the top, were all comfortably deposited in theadjacent county.

  But if they were social and happy outside the house, what wasthe warmth and cordiality of their reception when they reachedthe farm! The very servants grinned with pleasure at sight of Mr.

  Pickwick; and Emma bestowed78 a half-demure, half-impudent, andall-pretty look of recognition, on Mr. Tupman, which was enoughto make the statue of Bonaparte in the passage, unfold his arms,and clasp her within them.

  The old lady was seated with customary state in the frontparlour, but she was rather cross, and, by consequence, mostparticularly deaf. She never went out herself, and like a greatmany other old ladies of the same stamp, she was apt to consider itan act of domestic treason, if anybody else took the liberty of doingwhat she couldn’t. So, bless her old soul, she sat as upright as shecould, in her great chair, and looked as fierce as might be―andthat was benevolent79 after all.

  ‘Mother,’ said Wardle, ‘Mr. Pickwick. You recollect9 him?’

  ‘Never mind,’ replied the old lady, with great dignity. ‘Don’ttrouble Mr. Pickwick about an old creetur like me. Nobody caresabout me now, and it’s very nat’ral they shouldn’t.’ Here the oldlady tossed her head, and smoothed down her lavender-colouredsilk dress with trembling hands. ‘Come, come, ma’am,’ said Mr.

  Pickwick, ‘I can’t let you cut an old friend in this way. I have comedown expressly to have a long talk, and another rubber with you;and we’ll show these boys and girls how to dance a minuet, beforethey’re eight-and-forty hours older.’

  The old lady was rapidly giving way, but she did not like to do itall at once; so she only said, ‘Ah! I can’t hear him!’

  ‘Nonsense, mother,’ said Wardle. ‘Come, come, don’t be cross,there’s a good soul. Recollect Bella; come, you must keep herspirits up, poor girl.’

  The good old lady heard this, for her lip quivered as her sonsaid it. But age has its little infirmities of temper, and she was notquite brought round yet. So, she smoothed down the lavender-coloured dress again, and turning to Mr. Pickwick said, ‘Ah, Mr.

  Pickwick, young people was very different, when I was a girl.’

  ‘No doubt of that, ma’am,’ said Mr. Pickwick, ‘and that’s thereason why I would make much of the few that have any traces ofthe old stock’―and saying this, Mr. Pickwick gently pulled Bellatowards him, and bestowing80 a kiss upon her forehead, bade her sitdown on the little stool at her grandmother’s feet. Whether theexpression of her countenance23, as it was raised towards the oldlady’s face, called up a thought of old times, or whether the oldlady was touched by Mr. Pickwick’s affectionate good-nature, orwhatever was the cause, she was fairly melted; so she threwherself on her granddaughter’s neck, and all the little ill-humourevaporated in a gush81 of silent tears.

  A happy party they were, that night. Sedate82 and solemn werethe score of rubbers in which Mr. Pickwick and the old lady playedtogether; uproarious was the mirth of the round table. Long afterthe ladies had retired83, did the hot elder wine, well qualified84 withbrandy and spice, go round, and round, and round again; andsound was the sleep and pleasant were the dreams that followed.

  It is a remarkable85 fact that those of Mr. Snodgrass bore constantreference to Emily Wardle; and that the principal figure in Mr.

  Winkle’s visions was a young lady with black eyes, and arch smile,and a pair of remarkably86 nice boots with fur round the tops.

  Mr. Pickwick was awakened87 early in the morning, by a hum ofvoices and a pattering of feet, sufficient to rouse even the fat boyfrom his heavy slumbers88. He sat up in bed and listened. Thefemale servants and female visitors were running constantly toand fro; and there were such multitudinous demands for hotwater, such repeated outcries for needles and thread, and so manyhalf-suppressed entreaties89 of ‘Oh, do come and tie me, there’s adear!’ that Mr. Pickwick in his innocence90 began to imagine thatsomething dreadful must have occurred―when he grew moreawake, and remembered the wedding. The occasion being animportant one, he dressed himself with peculiar91 care, anddescended to the breakfast-room.

  There were all the female servants in a brand new uniform ofpink muslin gowns with white bows in their caps, running aboutthe house in a state of excitement and agitation92 which it would beimpossible to describe. The old lady was dressed out in a brocadedgown, which had not seen the light for twenty years, saving andexcepting such truant93 rays as had stolen through the chinks in thebox in which it had been laid by, during the whole time. Mr.

  Trundle was in high feather and spirits, but a little nervous withal.

  The hearty old landlord was trying to look very cheerful andunconcerned, but failing signally in the attempt. All the girls werein tears and white muslin, except a select two or three, who werebeing honoured with a private view of the bride and bridesmaids,upstairs. All the Pickwickians were in most blooming array; andthere was a terrific roaring on the grass in front of the house,occasioned by all the men, boys, and hobbledehoys attached to thefarm, each of whom had got a white bow in his button-hole, and allof whom were cheering with might and main; being incitedthereto, and stimulated94 therein by the precept95 and example of Mr.

  Samuel Weller, who had managed to become mighty96 popularalready, and was as much at home as if he had been born on theland.

  A wedding is a licensed97 subject to joke upon, but there really isno great joke in the matter after all;―we speak merely of theceremony, and beg it to be distinctly understood that we indulgein no hidden sarcasm98 upon a married life. Mixed up with thepleasure and joy of the occasion, are the many regrets at quittinghome, the tears of parting between parent and child, theconsciousness of leaving the dearest and kindest friends of thehappiest portion of human life, to encounter its cares and troubleswith others still untried and little known―natural feelings whichwe would not render this chapter mournful by describing, andwhich we should be still more unwilling99 to be supposed to ridicule100.

  Let us briefly101 say, then, that the ceremony was performed bythe old clergyman, in the parish church of Dingley Dell, and thatMr. Pickwick’s name is attached to the register, still preserved inthe vestry thereof; that the young lady with the black eyes signedher name in a very unsteady and tremulous manner; that Emily’ssignature, as the other bridesmaid, is nearly illegible102; that it allwent off in very admirable style; that the young ladies generallythought it far less shocking than they had expected; and thatalthough the owner of the black eyes and the arch smile informedMr. Wardle that she was sure she could never submit to anythingso dreadful, we have the very best reasons for thinking she wasmistaken. To all this, we may add, that Mr. Pickwick was the firstwho saluted103 the bride, and that in so doing he threw over her necka rich gold watch and chain, which no mortal eyes but thejeweller’s had ever beheld105 before. Then, the old church bell rangas gaily as it could, and they all returned to breakfast. ‘Vere doesthe mince-pies go, young opium-eater?’ said Mr. Weller to the fatboy, as he assisted in laying out such articles of consumption ashad not been duly arranged on the previous night.

  The fat boy pointed106 to the destination of the pies.

  ‘Wery good,’ said Sam, ‘stick a bit o’ Christmas in ’em. T’otherdish opposite. There; now we look compact and comfortable, asthe father said ven he cut his little boy’s head off, to cure him o’


  As Mr. Weller made the comparison, he fell back a step or two,to give full effect to it, and surveyed the preparations with theutmost satisfaction.

  ‘Wardle,’ said Mr. Pickwick, almost as soon as they were allseated, ‘a glass of wine in honour of this happy occasion!’

  ‘I shall be delighted, my boy,’ said Wardle. ‘Joe―damn that boy,he’s gone to sleep.’

  ‘No, I ain’t, sir,’ replied the fat boy, starting up from a remotecorner, where, like the patron saint of fat boys―the immortalHorner―he had been devouring107 a Christmas pie, though not withthe coolness and deliberation which characterised that younggentleman’s proceedings108.

  ‘Fill Mr. Pickwick’s glass.’

  ‘Yes, sir.’

  The fat boy filled Mr. Pickwick’s glass, and then retired behindhis master’s chair, from whence he watched the play of the knivesand forks, and the progress of the choice morsels109 from the dishesto the mouths of the company, with a kind of dark and gloomy joythat was most impressive.

  ‘God bless you, old fellow!’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘Same to you, my boy,’ replied Wardle; and they pledged eachother, heartily110.

  ‘Mrs. Wardle,’ said Mr. Pickwick, ‘we old folks must have a glassof wine together, in honour of this joyful111 event.’

  The old lady was in a state of great grandeur112 just then, for shewas sitting at the top of the table in the brocaded gown, with hernewly-married granddaughter on one side, and Mr. Pickwick onthe other, to do the carving113. Mr. Pickwick had not spoken in a veryloud tone, but she understood him at once, and drank off a fullglass of wine to his long life and happiness; after which the worthyold soul launched forth into a minute and particular account of herown wedding, with a dissertation114 on the fashion of wearing high-heeled shoes, and some particulars concerning the life andadventures of the beautiful Lady Tollimglower, deceased; at all ofwhich the old lady herself laughed very heartily indeed, and so didthe young ladies too, for they were wondering among themselveswhat on earth grandma was talking about. When they laughed, theold lady laughed ten times more heartily, and said that thesealways had been considered capital stories, which caused them allto laugh again, and put the old lady into the very best of humours.

  Then the cake was cut, and passed through the ring; the youngladies saved pieces to put under their pillows to dream of theirfuture husbands on; and a great deal of blushing and merrimentwas thereby115 occasioned.

  ‘Mr. Miller,’ said Mr. Pickwick to his old acquaintance, thehard-headed gentleman, ‘a glass of wine?’

  ‘With great satisfaction, Mr. Pickwick,’ replied the hard-headedgentleman solemnly.

  ‘You’ll take me in?’ said the benevolent old clergyman.

  ‘And me,’ interposed his wife.

  ‘And me, and me,’ said a couple of poor relations at the bottomof the table, who had eaten and drunk very heartily, and laughedat everything.

  Mr. Pickwick expressed his heartfelt delight at every additionalsuggestion; and his eyes beamed with hilarity116 and cheerfulness.

  ‘Ladies and gentlemen,’ said Mr. Pickwick, suddenly rising.

  ‘Hear, hear! Hear, hear! Hear, hear!’ cried Mr. Weller, in theexcitement of his feelings.

  ‘Call in all the servants,’ cried old Wardle, interposing toprevent the public rebuke117 which Mr. Weller would otherwise mostindubitably have received from his master. ‘Give them a glass ofwine each to drink the toast in. Now, Pickwick.’

  Amidst the silence of the company, the whispering of thewomen-servants, and the awkward embarrassment118 of the men,Mr. Pickwick proceeded―‘Ladies and gentlemen―no, I won’t say ladies and gentlemen,I’ll call you my friends, my dear friends, if the ladies will allow meto take so great a liberty―’

  Here Mr. Pickwick was interrupted by immense applause fromthe ladies, echoed by the gentlemen, during which the owner ofthe eyes was distinctly heard to state that she could kiss that dearMr. Pickwick. Whereupon Mr. Winkle gallantly119 inquired if itcouldn’t be done by deputy: to which the young lady with theblack eyes replied ‘Go away,’ and accompanied the request with alook which said as plainly as a look could do, ‘if you can.’

  ‘My dear friends,’ resumed Mr. Pickwick, ‘I am going topropose the health of the bride and bridegroom―God bless ’em(cheers and tears). My young friend, Trundle, I believe to be a veryexcellent and manly120 fellow; and his wife I know to be a veryamiable and lovely girl, well qualified to transfer to another sphereof action the happiness which for twenty years she has diffusedaround her, in her father’s house. (Here, the fat boy burst forthinto stentorian121 blubberings, and was led forth by the coat collar,by Mr. Weller.) I wish,’ added Mr. Pickwick―‘I wish I was youngenough to be her sister’s husband (cheers), but, failing that, I amhappy to be old enough to be her father; for, being so, I shall notbe suspected of any latent designs when I say, that I admire,esteem, and love them both (cheers and sobs). The bride’s father,our good friend there, is a noble person, and I am proud to knowhim (great uproar). He is a kind, excellent, independent-spirited,fine-hearted, hospitable, liberal man (enthusiastic shouts from thepoor relations, at all the adjectives; and especially at the two last).

  That his daughter may enjoy all the happiness, even he can desire;and that he may derive122 from the contemplation of her felicity allthe gratification of heart and peace of mind which he so welldeserves, is, I am persuaded, our united wish. So, let us drink theirhealths, and wish them prolonged life, and every blessing123!’

  Mr. Pickwick concluded amidst a whirlwind of applause; andonce more were the lungs of the supernumeraries, under Mr.

  Weller’s command, brought into active and efficient operation. Mr.

  Wardle proposed Mr. Pickwick; Mr. Pickwick proposed the oldlady. Mr. Snodgrass proposed Mr. Wardle; Mr. Wardle proposedMr. Snodgrass. One of the poor relations proposed Mr. Tupman,and the other poor relation proposed Mr. Winkle; all washappiness and festivity, until the mysterious disappearance124 ofboth the poor relations beneath the table, warned the party that itwas time to adjourn125.

  At dinner they met again, after a five-and-twenty mile walk,undertaken by the males at Wardle’s recommendation, to get ridof the effects of the wine at breakfast. The poor relations had keptin bed all day, with the view of attaining126 the same happyconsummation, but, as they had been unsuccessful, they stoppedthere. Mr. Weller kept the domestics in a state of perpetualhilarity; and the fat boy divided his time into small alternateallotments of eating and sleeping.

  The dinner was as hearty an affair as the breakfast, and wasquite as noisy, without the tears. Then came the dessert and somemore toasts. Then came the tea and coffee; and then, the ball.

  The best sitting-room127 at Manor Farm was a good, long, dark-panelled room with a high chimney-piece, and a capaciouschimney, up which you could have driven one of the new patentcabs, wheels and all. At the upper end of the room, seated in ashady bower128 of holly and evergreens129 were the two best fiddlers,and the only harp43, in all Muggleton. In all sorts of recesses, and onall kinds of brackets, stood massive old silver candlesticks withfour branches each. The carpet was up, the candles burned bright,the fire blazed and crackled on the hearth130, and merry voices andlight-hearted laughter rang through the room. If any of the oldEnglish yeomen had turned into fairies when they died, it was justthe place in which they would have held their revels131.

  If anything could have added to the interest of this agreeablescene, it would have been the remarkable fact of Mr. Pickwick’sappearing without his gaiters, for the first time within the memoryof his oldest friends.

  ‘You mean to dance?’ said Wardle.

  ‘Of course I do,’ replied Mr. Pickwick. ‘Don’t you see I amdressed for the purpose?’ Mr. Pickwick called attention to hisspeckled silk stockings, and smartly tied pumps.

  ‘You in silk stockings!’ exclaimed Mr. Tupman jocosely132.

  ‘And why not, sir―why not?’ said Mr. Pickwick, turningwarmly upon him. ‘Oh, of course there is no reason why youshouldn’t wear them,’ responded Mr. Tupman.

  ‘I imagine not, sir―I imagine not,’ said Mr. Pickwick, in a veryperemptory tone.

  Mr. Tupman had contemplated133 a laugh, but he found it was aserious matter; so he looked grave, and said they were a prettypattern.

  ‘I hope they are,’ said Mr. Pickwick, fixing his eyes upon hisfriend. ‘You see nothing extraordinary in the stockings, asstockings, I trust, sir?’

  ‘Certainly not. Oh, certainly not,’ replied Mr. Tupman. Hewalked away; and Mr. Pickwick’s countenance resumed itscustomary benign134 expression.

  ‘We are all ready, I believe,’ said Mr. Pickwick, who wasstationed with the old lady at the top of the dance, and had alreadymade four false starts, in his excessive anxiety to commence.

  ‘Then begin at once,’ said Wardle. ‘Now!’

  Up struck the two fiddles135 and the one harp, and off went Mr.

  Pickwick into hands across, when there was a general clapping ofhands, and a cry of ‘Stop, stop!’

  ‘What’s the matter?’ said Mr. Pickwick, who was only broughtto, by the fiddles and harp desisting, and could have been stoppedby no other earthly power, if the house had been on fire. ‘Where’sArabella Allen?’ cried a dozen voices.

  ‘And Winkle?’added Mr. Tupman.

  ‘Here we are!’ exclaimed that gentleman, emerging with hispretty companion from the corner; as he did so, it would havebeen hard to tell which was the redder in the face, he or the younglady with the black eyes.

  ‘What an extraordinary thing it is, Winkle,’ said Mr. Pickwick,rather pettishly136, ‘that you couldn’t have taken your place before.’

  ‘Not at all extraordinary,’ said Mr. Winkle.

  ‘Well,’ said Mr. Pickwick, with a very expressive137 smile, as hiseyes rested on Arabella, ‘well, I don’t know that it wasextraordinary, either, after all.’

  However, there was no time to think more about the matter, forthe fiddles and harp began in real earnest. Away went Mr.

  Pickwick―hands across―down the middle to the very end of theroom, and half-way up the chimney, back again to the door―poussette everywhere―loud stamp on the ground―ready for thenext couple―off again―all the figure over once more―anotherstamp to beat out the time―next couple, and the next, and thenext again―never was such going; at last, after they had reachedthe bottom of the dance, and full fourteen couple after the old ladyhad retired in an exhausted138 state, and the clergyman’s wife hadbeen substituted in her stead, did that gentleman, when there wasno demand whatever on his exertions139, keep perpetually dancing inhis place, to keep time to the music, smiling on his partner all thewhile with a blandness140 of demeanour which baffles all description.

  Long before Mr. Pickwick was weary of dancing, the newly-married couple had retired from the scene. There was a glorioussupper downstairs, notwithstanding, and a good long sitting afterit; and when Mr. Pickwick awoke, late the next morning, he had aconfused recollection of having, severally and confidentially,invited somewhere about five-and-forty people to dine with him atthe George and Vulture, the very first time they came to London;which Mr. Pickwick rightly considered a pretty certain indicationof his having taken something besides exercise, on the previousnight.

  ‘And so your family has games in the kitchen to-night, my dear,has they?’ inquired Sam of Emma.

  ‘Yes, Mr. Weller,’ replied Emma; ‘we always have on ChristmasEve. Master wouldn’t neglect to keep it up on any account.’

  ‘Your master’s a wery pretty notion of keeping anythin’ up, mydear,’ said Mr. Weller; ‘I never see such a sensible sort of man ashe is, or such a reg’lar gen’l’m’n.’

  ‘Oh, that he is!’ said the fat boy, joining in the conversation;‘don’t he breed nice pork!’ The fat youth gave a semi-cannibalicleer at Mr. Weller, as he thought of the roast legs and gravy141.

  ‘Oh, you’ve woke up, at last, have you?’ said Sam.

  The fat boy nodded.

  ‘I’ll tell you what it is, young boa-constructer,’ said Mr. Wellerimpressively; ‘if you don’t sleep a little less, and exercise a littlemore, wen you comes to be a man you’ll lay yourself open to thesame sort of personal inconwenience as was inflicted142 on the oldgen’l’m’n as wore the pigtail.’

  ‘What did they do to him?’ inquired the fat boy, in a falteringvoice.

  ‘I’m a-going to tell you,’ replied Mr. Weller; ‘he was one o’ thelargest patterns as was ever turned out―reg’lar fat man, as hadn’tcaught a glimpse of his own shoes for five-and-forty year.’

  ‘Lor!’ exclaimed Emma.

  ‘No, that he hadn’t, my dear,’ said Mr. Weller; ‘and if you’d putan exact model of his own legs on the dinin’-table afore him, hewouldn’t ha’ known ’em. Well, he always walks to his office with awery handsome gold watch-chain hanging out, about a foot and aquarter, and a gold watch in his fob pocket as was worth―I’mafraid to say how much, but as much as a watch can be―a large,heavy, round manufacter, as stout50 for a watch, as he was for aman, and with a big face in proportion. “You’d better not carrythat ’ere watch,” says the old gen’l’m’n’s friends, “you’ll be robbedon it,” says they. “Shall I?” says he. “Yes, you will,” says they.

  “Well,” says he, “I should like to see the thief as could get this herewatch out, for I’m blessed if I ever can, it’s such a tight fit,” sayshe, “and wenever I vants to know what’s o’clock, I’m obliged tostare into the bakers’ shops,” he says. Well, then he laughs ashearty as if he was a-goin’ to pieces, and out he walks agin with hispowdered head and pigtail, and rolls down the Strand143 with thechain hangin’ out furder than ever, and the great round watchalmost bustin’ through his gray kersey smalls. There warn’t apickpocket in all London as didn’t take a pull at that chain, but thechain ’ud never break, and the watch ’ud never come out, so theysoon got tired of dragging such a heavy old gen’l’m’n along thepavement, and he’d go home and laugh till the pigtail wibratedlike the penderlum of a Dutch clock. At last, one day the oldgen’l’m’n was a-rollin’ along, and he sees a pickpocket144 as heknow’d by sight, a-coming up, arm in arm with a little boy with awery large head. “Here’s a game,” says the old gen’l’m’n tohimself, “they’re a-goin’ to have another try, but it won’t do!” Sohe begins a-chucklin’ wery hearty, wen, all of a sudden, the littleboy leaves hold of the pickpocket’s arm, and rushes head foremoststraight into the old gen’l’m’n’s stomach, and for a momentdoubles him right up with the pain. “Murder!” says the oldgen’l’m’n. “All right, sir,” says the pickpocket, a-wisperin’ in hisear. And wen he come straight agin, the watch and chain wasgone, and what’s worse than that, the old gen’l’m’n’s digestion145 wasall wrong ever afterwards, to the wery last day of his life; so justyou look about you, young feller, and take care you don’t get toofat.’

  As Mr. Weller concluded this moral tale, with which the fat boyThe Pickwick Papersappeared much affected146, they all three repaired to the largekitchen, in which the family were by this time assembled,according to annual custom on Christmas Eve, observed by oldWardle’s forefathers147 from time immemorial.

  From the centre of the ceiling of this kitchen, old Wardle hadjust suspended, with his own hands, a huge branch of mistletoe,and this same branch of mistletoe instantaneously gave rise to ascene of general and most delightful148 struggling and confusion; inthe midst of which, Mr. Pickwick, with a gallantry that would havedone honour to a descendant of Lady Tollimglower herself, tookthe old lady by the hand, led her beneath the mystic branch, andsaluted her in all courtesy and decorum. The old lady submitted tothis piece of practical politeness with all the dignity which befittedso important and serious a solemnity, but the younger ladies, notbeing so thoroughly149 imbued150 with a superstitious151 veneration152 forthe custom, or imagining that the value of a salute104 is very muchenhanced if it cost a little trouble to obtain it, screamed andstruggled, and ran into corners, and threatened and remonstrated,and did everything but leave the room, until some of the lessadventurous gentlemen were on the point of desisting, when theyall at once found it useless to resist any longer, and submitted tobe kissed with a good grace. Mr. Winkle kissed the young ladywith the black eyes, and Mr. Snodgrass kissed Emily; and Mr.

  Weller, not being particular about the form of being under themistletoe, kissed Emma and the other female servants, just as hecaught them. As to the poor relations, they kissed everybody, noteven excepting the plainer portions of the young lady visitors,who, in their excessive confusion, ran right under the mistletoe, assoon as it was hung up, without knowing it! Wardle stood with hisback to the fire, surveying the whole scene, with the utmostsatisfaction; and the fat boy took the opportunity of appropriatingto his own use, and summarily devouring, a particularly finemince-pie, that had been carefully put by, for somebody else.

  Now, the screaming had subsided153, and faces were in a glow,and curls in a tangle154, and Mr. Pickwick, after kissing the old ladyas before mentioned, was standing under the mistletoe, lookingwith a very pleased countenance on all that was passing aroundhim, when the young lady with the black eyes, after a littlewhispering with the other young ladies, made a sudden dartforward, and, putting her arm round Mr. Pickwick’s neck, salutedhim affectionately on the left cheek; and before Mr. Pickwickdistinctly knew what was the matter, he was surrounded by thewhole body, and kissed by every one of them.

  It was a pleasant thing to see Mr. Pickwick in the centre of thegroup, now pulled this way, and then that, and first kissed on thechin, and then on the nose, and then on the spectacles, and to hearthe peals155 of laughter which were raised on every side; but it was astill more pleasant thing to see Mr. Pickwick, blinded shortlyafterwards with a silk handkerchief, falling up against the wall,and scrambling156 into corners, and going through all the mysteriesof blind-man’s buff, with the utmost relish157 for the game, until atlast he caught one of the poor relations, and then had to evade158 theblind-man himself, which he did with a nimbleness and agility159 thatelicited the admiration160 and applause of all beholders. The poorrelations caught the people who they thought would like it, and,when the game flagged, got caught themselves. When they all tiredof blind-man’s buff, there was a great game at snap-dragon, andwhen fingers enough were burned with that, and all the raisinswere gone, they sat down by the huge fire of blazing logs to asubstantial supper, and a mighty bowl of wassail, somethingsmaller than an ordinary wash-house copper161, in which the hotapples were hissing162 and bubbling with a rich look, and a jollysound, that were perfectly163 irresistible164.

  ‘This,’ said Mr. Pickwick, looking round him, ‘this is, indeed,comfort.’

  ‘Our invariable custom,’ replied Mr. Wardle. ‘Everybody sitsdown with us on Christmas Eve, as you see them now―servantsand all; and here we wait, until the clock strikes twelve, to usherChristmas in, and beguile166 the time with forfeits167 and old stories.

  Trundle, my boy, rake up the fire.’

  Up flew the bright sparks in myriads168 as the logs were stirred.

  The deep red blaze sent forth a rich glow, that penetrated169 into thefarthest corner of the room, and cast its cheerful tint170 on every face.

  ‘Come,’ said Wardle, ‘a song―a Christmas song! I’ll give youone, in default of a better.’

  ‘Bravo!’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘Fill up,’ cried Wardle. ‘It will be two hours, good, before yousee the bottom of the bowl through the deep rich colour of thewassail; fill up all round, and now for the song.’

  Thus saying, the merry old gentleman, in a good, round, sturdyvoice, commenced without more ado―A CHRISTMAS CAROL‘I care not for Spring; on his fickle171 wingLet the blossoms and buds be borne;He woos them amain with his treacherous172 rain,And he scatters173 them ere the morn.

  An inconstant elf, he knows not himself,Nor his own changing mind an hour,He’ll smile in your face, and, with wry174 grimace,He’ll wither175 your youngest flower.

  ‘Let the Summer sun to his bright home run,He shall never be sought by me;When he’s dimmed by a cloud I can laugh aloudAnd care not how sulky he be!

  For his darling child is the madness wildThat sports in fierce fever’s train;And when love is too strong, it don’t last long,As many have found to their pain.

  ‘A mild harvest night, by the tranquil176 lightOf the modest and gentle moon,Has a far sweeter sheen for me, I ween,Than the broad and unblushing noon.

  But every leaf awakens177 my grief,As it lieth beneath the tree;So let Autumn air be never so fair,It by no means agrees with me.

  ‘But my song I troll out, for Christmas Stout,The hearty, the true, and the bold;A bumper178 I drain, and with might and mainGive three cheers for this Christmas old!

  We’ll usher165 him in with a merry dinThat shall gladden his joyous11 heart,And we’ll keep him up, while there’s bite or sup,And in fellowship good, we’ll part.

  ‘In his fine honest pride, he scorns to hideOne jot179 of his hard-weather scars;They’re no disgrace, for there’s much the same traceOn the cheeks of our bravest tars180.

  Then again I sing till the roof doth ringAnd it echoes from wall to wall―To the stout old wight, fair welcome to-night,As the King of the Seasons all!’

  This song was tumultuously applauded―for friends anddependents make a capital audience―and the poor relations,especially, were in perfect ecstasies181 of rapture182. Again was the firereplenished, and again went the wassail round.

  ‘How it snows!’ said one of the men, in a low tone.

  ‘Snows, does it?’ said Wardle.

  ‘Rough, cold night, sir,’ replied the man; ‘and there’s a wind gotup, that drifts it across the fields, in a thick white cloud.’

  ‘What does Jem say?’ inquired the old lady. ‘There ain’tanything the matter, is there?’

  ‘No, no, mother,’ replied Wardle; ‘he says there’s a snowdrift,and a wind that’s piercing cold. I should know that, by the way itrumbles in the chimney.’

  ‘Ah!’ said the old lady, ‘there was just such a wind, and justsuch a fall of snow, a good many years back, I recollect―just fiveyears before your poor father died. It was a Christmas Eve, too;and I remember that on that very night he told us the story aboutthe goblins that carried away old Gabriel Grub.’

  ‘The story about what?’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘Oh, nothing, nothing,’ replied Wardle. ‘About an old sexton,that the good people down here suppose to have been carriedaway by goblins.’

  ‘Suppose!’ ejaculated the old lady. ‘Is there anybody hardyenough to disbelieve it? Suppose! Haven’t you heard ever sinceyou were a child, that he was carried away by the goblins, anddon’t you know he was?’

  ‘Very well, mother, he was, if you like,’ said Wardle laughing.

  ‘He was carried away by goblins, Pickwick; and there’s an end ofthe matter.’

  ‘No, no,’ said Mr. Pickwick, ‘not an end of it, I assure you; for Imust hear how, and why, and all about it.’

  Wardle smiled, as every head was bent183 forward to hear, andfilling out the wassail with no stinted184 hand, nodded a health to Mr.

  Pickwick, and began as follows―But bless our editorial heart, what a long chapter we have beenbetrayed into! We had quite forgotten all such petty restrictions185 aschapters, we solemnly declare. So here goes, to give the goblin afair start in a new one. A clear stage and no favour for the goblins,ladies and gentlemen, if you please.


1 degenerate 795ym     
  • He didn't let riches and luxury make him degenerate.他不因财富和奢华而自甘堕落。
  • Will too much freedom make them degenerate?太多的自由会令他们堕落吗?
2 bluff ftZzB     
  • His threats are merely bluff.他的威胁仅仅是虚张声势。
  • John is a deep card.No one can bluff him easily.约翰是个机灵鬼。谁也不容易欺骗他。
3 hearty Od1zn     
  • After work they made a hearty meal in the worker's canteen.工作完了,他们在工人食堂饱餐了一顿。
  • We accorded him a hearty welcome.我们给他热忱的欢迎。
4 enjoyment opaxV     
  • Your company adds to the enjoyment of our visit. 有您的陪同,我们这次访问更加愉快了。
  • After each joke the old man cackled his enjoyment.每逢讲完一个笑话,这老人就呵呵笑着表示他的高兴。
5 dispersed b24c637ca8e58669bce3496236c839fa     
adj. 被驱散的, 被分散的, 散布的
  • The clouds dispersed themselves. 云散了。
  • After school the children dispersed to their homes. 放学后,孩子们四散回家了。
6 scattered 7jgzKF     
  • Gathering up his scattered papers,he pushed them into his case.他把散乱的文件收拾起来,塞进文件夹里。
7 mutual eFOxC     
  • We must pull together for mutual interest.我们必须为相互的利益而通力合作。
  • Mutual interests tied us together.相互的利害关系把我们联系在一起。
8 savages 2ea43ddb53dad99ea1c80de05d21d1e5     
未开化的人,野蛮人( savage的名词复数 )
  • There're some savages living in the forest. 森林里居住着一些野人。
  • That's an island inhabited by savages. 那是一个野蛮人居住的岛屿。
9 recollect eUOxl     
  • He tried to recollect things and drown himself in them.他极力回想过去的事情而沉浸于回忆之中。
  • She could not recollect being there.她回想不起曾经到过那儿。
10 awaken byMzdD     
  • Old people awaken early in the morning.老年人早晨醒得早。
  • Please awaken me at six.请于六点叫醒我。
11 joyous d3sxB     
  • The lively dance heightened the joyous atmosphere of the scene.轻快的舞蹈给这场戏渲染了欢乐气氛。
  • They conveyed the joyous news to us soon.他们把这一佳音很快地传递给我们。
12 throbbed 14605449969d973d4b21b9356ce6b3ec     
抽痛( throb的过去式和过去分词 ); (心脏、脉搏等)跳动
  • His head throbbed painfully. 他的头一抽一跳地痛。
  • The pulse throbbed steadily. 脉搏跳得平稳。
13 gaily lfPzC     
  • The children sing gaily.孩子们欢唱着。
  • She waved goodbye very gaily.她欢快地挥手告别。
14 lustre hAhxg     
  • The sun was shining with uncommon lustre.太阳放射出异常的光彩。
  • A good name keeps its lustre in the dark.一个好的名誉在黑暗中也保持它的光辉。
15 recurrence ckazKP     
  • More care in the future will prevent recurrence of the mistake.将来的小心可防止错误的重现。
  • He was aware of the possibility of a recurrence of his illness.他知道他的病有可能复发。
16 delusions 2aa783957a753fb9191a38d959fe2c25     
n.欺骗( delusion的名词复数 );谬见;错觉;妄想
  • the delusions of the mentally ill 精神病患者的妄想
  • She wants to travel first-class: she must have delusions of grandeur. 她想坐头等舱旅行,她一定自以为很了不起。 来自辞典例句
17 attained 1f2c1bee274e81555decf78fe9b16b2f     
(通常经过努力)实现( attain的过去式和过去分词 ); 达到; 获得; 达到(某年龄、水平、状况)
  • She has attained the degree of Master of Arts. 她已获得文学硕士学位。
  • Lu Hsun attained a high position in the republic of letters. 鲁迅在文坛上获得崇高的地位。
18 insinuate hbBzH     
  • He tried to insinuate himself into the boss's favor.他设法巧妙地渐渐取得老板的欢心。
  • It seems to me you insinuate things about her.我觉得你讲起她来,总有些弦外之音。
19 snugly e237690036f4089a212c2ecd0943d36e     
  • Jamie was snugly wrapped in a white woolen scarf. 杰米围着一条白色羊毛围巾舒适而暖和。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The farmyard was snugly sheltered with buildings on three sides. 这个农家院三面都有楼房,遮得很严实。 来自《简明英汉词典》
20 snug 3TvzG     
  • He showed us into a snug little sitting room.他领我们走进了一间温暖而舒适的小客厅。
  • She had a small but snug home.她有个小小的但很舒适的家。
21 repose KVGxQ     
  • Don't disturb her repose.不要打扰她休息。
  • Her mouth seemed always to be smiling,even in repose.她的嘴角似乎总是挂着微笑,即使在睡眠时也是这样。
22 oysters 713202a391facaf27aab568d95bdc68f     
牡蛎( oyster的名词复数 )
  • We don't have oysters tonight, but the crayfish are very good. 我们今晚没有牡蛎供应。但小龙虾是非常好。
  • She carried a piping hot grill of oysters and bacon. 她端出一盘滚烫的烤牡蛎和咸肉。
23 countenance iztxc     
  • At the sight of this photograph he changed his countenance.他一看见这张照片脸色就变了。
  • I made a fierce countenance as if I would eat him alive.我脸色恶狠狠地,仿佛要把他活生生地吞下去。
24 artifices 1d233856e176f5aace9bf428296039b9     
n.灵巧( artifice的名词复数 );诡计;巧妙办法;虚伪行为
  • These pure verbal artifices do not change the essence of the matter. 这些纯粹是文词上的花样,并不能改变问题的实质。 来自互联网
  • There are some tools which realise this kind of artifices. 一些工具实现了这些方法。 来自互联网
25 rumbled e155775f10a34eef1cb1235a085c6253     
发出隆隆声,发出辘辘声( rumble的过去式和过去分词 ); 轰鸣着缓慢行进; 发现…的真相; 看穿(阴谋)
  • The machine rumbled as it started up. 机器轰鸣着发动起来。
  • Things rapidly became calm, though beneath the surface the argument rumbled on. 事情迅速平静下来了,然而,在这种平静的表面背后争论如隆隆雷声,持续不断。
26 jolted 80f01236aafe424846e5be1e17f52ec9     
(使)摇动, (使)震惊( jolt的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The truck jolted and rattled over the rough ground. 卡车嘎吱嘎吱地在凹凸不平的地面上颠簸而行。
  • She was jolted out of her reverie as the door opened. 门一开就把她从幻想中惊醒。
27 feat 5kzxp     
  • Man's first landing on the moon was a feat of great daring.人类首次登月是一个勇敢的壮举。
  • He received a medal for his heroic feat.他因其英雄业绩而获得一枚勋章。
28 descended guQzoy     
  • A mood of melancholy descended on us. 一种悲伤的情绪袭上我们的心头。
  • The path descended the hill in a series of zigzags. 小路呈连续的之字形顺着山坡蜿蜒而下。
29 gallop MQdzn     
  • They are coming at a gallop towards us.他们正朝着我们飞跑过来。
  • The horse slowed to a walk after its long gallop.那匹马跑了一大阵后慢下来缓步而行。
30 reins 370afc7786679703b82ccfca58610c98     
感情,激情; 缰( rein的名词复数 ); 控制手段; 掌管; (成人带着幼儿走路以防其走失时用的)保护带
  • She pulled gently on the reins. 她轻轻地拉着缰绳。
  • The government has imposed strict reins on the import of luxury goods. 政府对奢侈品的进口有严格的控制手段。
31 rein xVsxs     
  • The horse answered to the slightest pull on the rein.只要缰绳轻轻一拉,马就作出反应。
  • He never drew rein for a moment till he reached the river.他一刻不停地一直跑到河边。
32 leisurely 51Txb     
  • We walked in a leisurely manner,looking in all the windows.我们慢悠悠地走着,看遍所有的橱窗。
  • He had a leisurely breakfast and drove cheerfully to work.他从容的吃了早餐,高兴的开车去工作。
33 betoken 3QhyL     
  • He gave her a gift to betoken his gratitude.他送她一件礼物表示感谢。
  • Dark clouds betoken a storm.乌云予示着暴风雨的来临。
34 bugle RSFy3     
  • When he heard the bugle call, he caught up his gun and dashed out.他一听到军号声就抓起枪冲了出去。
  • As the bugle sounded we ran to the sports ground and fell in.军号一响,我们就跑到运动场集合站队。
35 standing 2hCzgo     
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
36 postpone rP0xq     
  • I shall postpone making a decision till I learn full particulars.在未获悉详情之前我得从缓作出决定。
  • She decided to postpone the converastion for that evening.她决定当天晚上把谈话搁一搁。
37 forth Hzdz2     
  • The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.风吹得树轻轻地来回摇晃。
  • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
38 crouch Oz4xX     
  • I crouched on the ground.我蹲在地上。
  • He crouched down beside him.他在他的旁边蹲下来。
39 rattles 0cd5b6f81d3b50c9ffb3ddb2eaaa027b     
(使)发出格格的响声, (使)作嘎嘎声( rattle的第三人称单数 ); 喋喋不休地说话; 迅速而嘎嘎作响地移动,堕下或走动; 使紧张,使恐惧
  • It rattles the windowpane and sends the dog scratching to get under the bed. 它把窗玻璃震得格格作响,把狗吓得往床底下钻。
  • How thin it is, and how dainty and frail; and how it rattles. 你看它够多么薄,多么精致,多么不结实;还老那么哗楞哗楞地响。
40 buckle zsRzg     
  • The two ends buckle at the back.带子两端在背后扣起来。
  • She found it hard to buckle down.她很难专心做一件事情。
41 retails 454d6c55021c5a8a9af0b4d24db4bdf8     
n.零售( retail的名词复数 )
  • This book retails at 10 dollars overseas. 这本书的海外零售价是十美元。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • This radio retails for $ 14.95. 这种收音机的零售价是14美元95美分。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
42 precipitated cd4c3f83abff4eafc2a6792d14e3895b     
v.(突如其来地)使发生( precipitate的过去式和过去分词 );促成;猛然摔下;使沉淀
  • His resignation precipitated a leadership crisis. 他的辞职立即引发了领导层的危机。
  • He lost his footing and was precipitated to the ground. 他失足摔倒在地上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
43 harp UlEyQ     
  • She swept her fingers over the strings of the harp.她用手指划过竖琴的琴弦。
  • He played an Irish melody on the harp.他用竖琴演奏了一首爱尔兰曲调。
44 longing 98bzd     
  • Hearing the tune again sent waves of longing through her.再次听到那首曲子使她胸中充满了渴望。
  • His heart burned with longing for revenge.他心中燃烧着急欲复仇的怒火。
45 holly hrdzTt     
  • I recently acquired some wood from a holly tree.最近我从一棵冬青树上弄了些木料。
  • People often decorate their houses with holly at Christmas.人们总是在圣诞节时用冬青来装饰房屋。
46 ornament u4czn     
  • The flowers were put on the table for ornament.花放在桌子上做装饰用。
  • She wears a crystal ornament on her chest.她的前胸戴了一个水晶饰品。
47 pouch Oi1y1     
  • He was going to make a tobacco pouch out of them. 他要用它们缝制一个烟草袋。
  • The old man is always carrying a tobacco pouch with him.这老汉总是随身带着烟袋。
48 strap 5GhzK     
  • She held onto a strap to steady herself.她抓住拉手吊带以便站稳。
  • The nurse will strap up your wound.护士会绑扎你的伤口。
49 mare Y24y3     
  • The mare has just thrown a foal in the stable.那匹母马刚刚在马厩里产下了一只小马驹。
  • The mare foundered under the heavy load and collapsed in the road.那母马因负载过重而倒在路上。
50 stout PGuzF     
  • He cut a stout stick to help him walk.他砍了一根结实的枝条用来拄着走路。
  • The stout old man waddled across the road.那肥胖的老人一跩一跩地穿过马路。
51 bawl KQJyu     
  • You don't have to bawl out like that. Eeverybody can hear you.你不必这样大声喊叫,大家都能听见你。
  • Your mother will bawl you out when she sees this mess.当你母亲看到这混乱的局面时她会责骂你的。
52 binding 2yEzWb     
  • The contract was not signed and has no binding force. 合同没有签署因而没有约束力。
  • Both sides have agreed that the arbitration will be binding. 双方都赞同仲裁具有约束力。
53 catching cwVztY     
  • There are those who think eczema is catching.有人就是认为湿疹会传染。
  • Enthusiasm is very catching.热情非常富有感染力。
54 appellation lvvzv     
  • The emperor of Russia Peter I was given the appellation " the Great ".俄皇彼得一世被加上了“大帝”的称号。
  • Kinsfolk appellation is the kinfolks system reflection in language.亲属称谓是亲属制度在语言中的反应。
55 chuckled 8ce1383c838073977a08258a1f3e30f8     
轻声地笑( chuckle的过去式和过去分词 )
  • She chuckled at the memory. 想起这件事她就暗自发笑。
  • She chuckled softly to herself as she remembered his astonished look. 想起他那惊讶的表情,她就轻轻地暗自发笑。
56 joyously 1p4zu0     
ad.快乐地, 高兴地
  • She opened the door for me and threw herself in my arms, screaming joyously and demanding that we decorate the tree immediately. 她打开门,直扑我的怀抱,欣喜地喊叫着要马上装饰圣诞树。
  • They came running, crying out joyously in trilling girlish voices. 她们边跑边喊,那少女的颤音好不欢快。 来自名作英译部分
57 rosy kDAy9     
  • She got a new job and her life looks rosy.她找到一份新工作,生活看上去很美好。
  • She always takes a rosy view of life.她总是对生活持乐观态度。
58 footpath 9gzzO     
  • Owners who allow their dogs to foul the footpath will be fined.主人若放任狗弄脏人行道将受处罚。
  • They rambled on the footpath in the woods.他俩漫步在林间蹊径上。
59 astonishment VvjzR     
  • They heard him give a loud shout of astonishment.他们听见他惊奇地大叫一声。
  • I was filled with astonishment at her strange action.我对她的奇怪举动不胜惊异。
60 specimen Xvtwm     
  • You'll need tweezers to hold up the specimen.你要用镊子来夹这标本。
  • This specimen is richly variegated in colour.这件标本上有很多颜色。
61 fret wftzl     
  • Don't fret.We'll get there on time.别着急,我们能准时到那里。
  • She'll fret herself to death one of these days.她总有一天会愁死的.
62 attachment POpy1     
  • She has a great attachment to her sister.她十分依恋她的姐姐。
  • She's on attachment to the Ministry of Defense.她现在隶属于国防部。
63 elastic Tjbzq     
  • Rubber is an elastic material.橡胶是一种弹性材料。
  • These regulations are elastic.这些规定是有弹性的。
64 fixtures 9403e5114acb6bb59791a97291be54b5     
(房屋等的)固定装置( fixture的名词复数 ); 如(浴盆、抽水马桶); 固定在某位置的人或物; (定期定点举行的)体育活动
  • The insurance policy covers the building and any fixtures contained therein. 保险单为这座大楼及其中所有的设施保了险。
  • The fixtures had already been sold and the sum divided. 固定设备已经卖了,钱也分了。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
65 transacted 94d902fd02a93fefd0cc771cd66077bc     
v.办理(业务等)( transact的过去式和过去分词 );交易,谈判
  • We transacted business with the firm. 我们和这家公司交易。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Major Pendennis transacted his benevolence by deputy and by post. 潘登尼斯少校依靠代理人和邮局,实施着他的仁爱之心。 来自辞典例句
66 steadily Qukw6     
  • The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人类利用自然资源的广度将日益扩大。
  • Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我们的教学改革慢慢上轨道了。
67 manor d2Gy4     
  • The builder of the manor house is a direct ancestor of the present owner.建造这幢庄园的人就是它现在主人的一个直系祖先。
  • I am not lord of the manor,but its lady.我并非此地的领主,而是这儿的女主人。
68 anticipation iMTyh     
  • We waited at the station in anticipation of her arrival.我们在车站等着,期待她的到来。
  • The animals grew restless as if in anticipation of an earthquake.各种动物都变得焦躁不安,像是感到了地震即将发生。
69 hospitable CcHxA     
  • The man is very hospitable.He keeps open house for his friends and fellow-workers.那人十分好客,无论是他的朋友还是同事,他都盛情接待。
  • The locals are hospitable and welcoming.当地人热情好客。
70 proffered 30a424e11e8c2d520c7372bd6415ad07     
v.提供,贡献,提出( proffer的过去式和过去分词 )
  • She proffered her cheek to kiss. 她伸过自己的面颊让人亲吻。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He rose and proffered a silver box full of cigarettes. 他站起身,伸手递过一个装满香烟的银盒子。 来自辞典例句
71 conversing 20d0ea6fb9188abfa59f3db682925246     
v.交谈,谈话( converse的现在分词 )
  • I find that conversing with her is quite difficult. 和她交谈实在很困难。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They were conversing in the parlor. 他们正在客厅谈话。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
72 momentous Zjay9     
  • I am deeply honoured to be invited to this momentous occasion.能应邀出席如此重要的场合,我深感荣幸。
  • The momentous news was that war had begun.重大的新闻是战争已经开始。
73 worthy vftwB     
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  • There occurred nothing that was worthy to be mentioned.没有值得一提的事发生。
74 surmounted 74f42bdb73dca8afb25058870043665a     
战胜( surmount的过去式和过去分词 ); 克服(困难); 居于…之上; 在…顶上
  • She was well aware of the difficulties that had to be surmounted. 她很清楚必须克服哪些困难。
  • I think most of these obstacles can be surmounted. 我认为这些障碍大多数都是可以克服的。
75 tenant 0pbwd     
  • The tenant was dispossessed for not paying his rent.那名房客因未付房租而被赶走。
  • The tenant is responsible for all repairs to the building.租户负责对房屋的所有修理。
76 devoutly b33f384e23a3148a94d9de5213bd205f     
  • She was a devoutly Catholic. 她是一个虔诚地天主教徒。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • This was not a boast, but a hope, at once bold and devoutly humble. 这不是夸夸其谈,而是一个即大胆而又诚心、谦虚的希望。 来自辞典例句
77 recesses 617c7fa11fa356bfdf4893777e4e8e62     
n.壁凹( recess的名词复数 );(工作或业务活动的)中止或暂停期间;学校的课间休息;某物内部的凹形空间v.把某物放在墙壁的凹处( recess的第三人称单数 );将(墙)做成凹形,在(墙)上做壁龛;休息,休会,休庭
  • I could see the inmost recesses. 我能看见最深处。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I had continually pushed my doubts to the darker recesses of my mind. 我一直把怀疑深深地隐藏在心中。 来自《简明英汉词典》
78 bestowed 12e1d67c73811aa19bdfe3ae4a8c2c28     
赠给,授予( bestow的过去式和过去分词 )
  • It was a title bestowed upon him by the king. 那是国王赐给他的头衔。
  • He considered himself unworthy of the honour they had bestowed on him. 他认为自己不配得到大家赋予他的荣誉。
79 benevolent Wtfzx     
  • His benevolent nature prevented him from refusing any beggar who accosted him.他乐善好施的本性使他不会拒绝走上前向他行乞的任何一个乞丐。
  • He was a benevolent old man and he wouldn't hurt a fly.他是一个仁慈的老人,连只苍蝇都不愿伤害。
80 bestowing ec153f37767cf4f7ef2c4afd6905b0fb     
  • Apollo, you see, is bestowing the razor on the Triptolemus of our craft. 你瞧,阿波罗正在把剃刀赠给我们这项手艺的特里泼托勒默斯。
  • What thanks do we not owe to Heaven for thus bestowing tranquillity, health and competence! 我们要谢谢上苍,赐我们的安乐、健康和饱暖。
81 gush TeOzO     
  • There was a gush of blood from the wound.血从伤口流出。
  • There was a gush of blood as the arrow was pulled out from the arm.当从手臂上拔出箭来时,一股鲜血涌了出来。
82 sedate dDfzH     
  • After the accident,the doctor gave her some pills to sedate her.事故发生后,医生让她服了些药片使她镇静下来。
  • We spent a sedate evening at home.我们在家里过了一个恬静的夜晚。
83 retired Njhzyv     
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
84 qualified DCPyj     
  • He is qualified as a complete man of letters.他有资格当真正的文学家。
  • We must note that we still lack qualified specialists.我们必须看到我们还缺乏有资质的专家。
85 remarkable 8Vbx6     
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在写作技巧方面有了长足进步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.这些汽车因发动机没有噪音而不同凡响。
86 remarkably EkPzTW     
  • I thought she was remarkably restrained in the circumstances. 我认为她在那种情况下非常克制。
  • He made a remarkably swift recovery. 他康复得相当快。
87 awakened de71059d0b3cd8a1de21151c9166f9f0     
v.(使)醒( awaken的过去式和过去分词 );(使)觉醒;弄醒;(使)意识到
  • She awakened to the sound of birds singing. 她醒来听到鸟的叫声。
  • The public has been awakened to the full horror of the situation. 公众完全意识到了这一状况的可怕程度。 来自《简明英汉词典》
88 slumbers bc73f889820149a9ed406911856c4ce2     
睡眠,安眠( slumber的名词复数 )
  • His image traversed constantly her restless slumbers. 他的形象一再闯进她的脑海,弄得她不能安睡。
  • My Titan brother slumbers deep inside his mountain prison. Go. 我的泰坦兄弟就被囚禁在山脉的深处。
89 entreaties d56c170cf2a22c1ecef1ae585b702562     
n.恳求,乞求( entreaty的名词复数 )
  • He began with entreaties and ended with a threat. 他先是恳求,最后是威胁。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The tyrant was deaf to the entreaties of the slaves. 暴君听不到奴隶们的哀鸣。 来自《简明英汉词典》
90 innocence ZbizC     
  • There was a touching air of innocence about the boy.这个男孩有一种令人感动的天真神情。
  • The accused man proved his innocence of the crime.被告人经证实无罪。
91 peculiar cinyo     
  • He walks in a peculiar fashion.他走路的样子很奇特。
  • He looked at me with a very peculiar expression.他用一种很奇怪的表情看着我。
92 agitation TN0zi     
  • Small shopkeepers carried on a long agitation against the big department stores.小店主们长期以来一直在煽动人们反对大型百货商店。
  • These materials require constant agitation to keep them in suspension.这些药剂要经常搅动以保持悬浮状态。
93 truant zG4yW     
  • I found the truant throwing stones in the river.我发现那个逃课的学生在往河里扔石子。
  • Children who play truant from school are unimaginative.逃学的孩子们都缺乏想像力。
94 stimulated Rhrz78     
  • The exhibition has stimulated interest in her work. 展览增进了人们对她作品的兴趣。
  • The award has stimulated her into working still harder. 奖金促使她更加努力地工作。
95 precept VPox5     
  • It occurs to me that example is always more efficacious than precept.我想到身教重于言教。
  • The son had well profited by the precept and example of the father.老太爷的言传身教早已使他儿子获益无穷。
96 mighty YDWxl     
  • A mighty force was about to break loose.一股巨大的力量即将迸发而出。
  • The mighty iceberg came into view.巨大的冰山出现在眼前。
97 licensed ipMzNI     
  • The new drug has not yet been licensed in the US. 这种新药尚未在美国获得许可。
  • Is that gun licensed? 那支枪有持枪执照吗?
98 sarcasm 1CLzI     
n.讥讽,讽刺,嘲弄,反话 (adj.sarcastic)
  • His sarcasm hurt her feelings.他的讽刺伤害了她的感情。
  • She was given to using bitter sarcasm.她惯于用尖酸刻薄语言挖苦人。
99 unwilling CjpwB     
  • The natives were unwilling to be bent by colonial power.土著居民不愿受殖民势力的摆布。
  • His tightfisted employer was unwilling to give him a raise.他那吝啬的雇主不肯给他加薪。
100 ridicule fCwzv     
  • You mustn't ridicule unfortunate people.你不该嘲笑不幸的人。
  • Silly mistakes and queer clothes often arouse ridicule.荒谬的错误和古怪的服装常会引起人们的讪笑。
101 briefly 9Styo     
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
102 illegible tbQxW     
  • It is impossible to deliver this letter because the address is illegible.由于地址字迹不清,致使信件无法投递。
  • Can you see what this note says—his writing is almost illegible!你能看出这个便条上写些什么吗?他的笔迹几乎无法辨认。
103 saluted 1a86aa8dabc06746471537634e1a215f     
v.欢迎,致敬( salute的过去式和过去分词 );赞扬,赞颂
  • The sergeant stood to attention and saluted. 中士立正敬礼。
  • He saluted his friends with a wave of the hand. 他挥手向他的朋友致意。 来自《简明英汉词典》
104 salute rYzx4     
  • Merchant ships salute each other by dipping the flag.商船互相点旗致敬。
  • The Japanese women salute the people with formal bows in welcome.这些日本妇女以正式的鞠躬向人们施礼以示欢迎。
105 beheld beheld     
v.看,注视( behold的过去式和过去分词 );瞧;看呀;(叙述中用于引出某人意外的出现)哎哟
  • His eyes had never beheld such opulence. 他从未见过这样的财富。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The soul beheld its features in the mirror of the passing moment. 灵魂在逝去的瞬间的镜子中看到了自己的模样。 来自英汉文学 - 红字
106 pointed Il8zB4     
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
107 devouring c4424626bb8fc36704aee0e04e904dcf     
吞没( devour的现在分词 ); 耗尽; 津津有味地看; 狼吞虎咽地吃光
  • The hungry boy was devouring his dinner. 那饥饿的孩子狼吞虎咽地吃饭。
  • He is devouring novel after novel. 他一味贪看小说。
108 proceedings Wk2zvX     
  • He was released on bail pending committal proceedings. 他交保获释正在候审。
  • to initiate legal proceedings against sb 对某人提起诉讼
109 morsels ed5ad10d588acb33c8b839328ca6c41c     
n.一口( morsel的名词复数 );(尤指食物)小块,碎屑
  • They are the most delicate morsels. 这些确是最好吃的部分。 来自辞典例句
  • Foxes will scratch up grass to find tasty bug and beetle morsels. 狐狸会挖草地,寻找美味的虫子和甲壳虫。 来自互联网
110 heartily Ld3xp     
  • He ate heartily and went out to look for his horse.他痛快地吃了一顿,就出去找他的马。
  • The host seized my hand and shook it heartily.主人抓住我的手,热情地和我握手。
111 joyful N3Fx0     
  • She was joyful of her good result of the scientific experiments.她为自己的科学实验取得好成果而高兴。
  • They were singing and dancing to celebrate this joyful occasion.他们唱着、跳着庆祝这令人欢乐的时刻。
112 grandeur hejz9     
  • The grandeur of the Great Wall is unmatched.长城的壮观是独一无二的。
  • These ruins sufficiently attest the former grandeur of the place.这些遗迹充分证明此处昔日的宏伟。
113 carving 5wezxw     
  • All the furniture in the room had much carving.房间里所有的家具上都有许多雕刻。
  • He acquired the craft of wood carving in his native town.他在老家学会了木雕手艺。
114 dissertation PlezS     
  • He is currently writing a dissertation on the Somali civil war.他目前正在写一篇关于索马里内战的论文。
  • He was involved in writing his doctoral dissertation.他在聚精会神地写他的博士论文。
115 thereby Sokwv     
  • I have never been to that city,,ereby I don't know much about it.我从未去过那座城市,因此对它不怎么熟悉。
  • He became a British citizen,thereby gaining the right to vote.他成了英国公民,因而得到了投票权。
116 hilarity 3dlxT     
  • The announcement was greeted with much hilarity and mirth.这一项宣布引起了热烈的欢呼声。
  • Wine gives not light hilarity,but noisy merriment.酒不给人以轻松的欢乐,而给人以嚣嚷的狂欢。
117 rebuke 5Akz0     
v.指责,非难,斥责 [反]praise
  • He had to put up with a smart rebuke from the teacher.他不得不忍受老师的严厉指责。
  • Even one minute's lateness would earn a stern rebuke.哪怕迟到一分钟也将受到严厉的斥责。
118 embarrassment fj9z8     
  • She could have died away with embarrassment.她窘迫得要死。
  • Coughing at a concert can be a real embarrassment.在音乐会上咳嗽真会使人难堪。
119 gallantly gallantly     
adv. 漂亮地,勇敢地,献殷勤地
  • He gallantly offered to carry her cases to the car. 他殷勤地要帮她把箱子拎到车子里去。
  • The new fighters behave gallantly under fire. 新战士在炮火下表现得很勇敢。
120 manly fBexr     
  • The boy walked with a confident manly stride.这男孩以自信的男人步伐行走。
  • He set himself manly tasks and expected others to follow his example.他给自己定下了男子汉的任务,并希望别人效之。
121 stentorian 1uCwA     
  • Now all joined in solemn stentorian accord.现在,在这庄严的响彻云霄的和声中大家都联合在一起了。
  • The stentorian tones of auctioneer,calling out to clear,now announced that the sale to commence.拍卖人用洪亮的声音招呼大家闪开一点,然后宣布拍卖即将开始。
122 derive hmLzH     
  • We derive our sustenance from the land.我们从土地获取食物。
  • We shall derive much benefit from reading good novels.我们将从优秀小说中获得很大好处。
123 blessing UxDztJ     
  • The blessing was said in Hebrew.祷告用了希伯来语。
  • A double blessing has descended upon the house.双喜临门。
124 disappearance ouEx5     
  • He was hard put to it to explain her disappearance.他难以说明她为什么不见了。
  • Her disappearance gave rise to the wildest rumours.她失踪一事引起了各种流言蜚语。
125 adjourn goRyc     
  • The motion to adjourn was carried.休会的提议通过了。
  • I am afraid the court may not adjourn until three or even later.我担心法庭要到3点或更晚时才会休庭。
126 attaining da8a99bbb342bc514279651bdbe731cc     
(通常经过努力)实现( attain的现在分词 ); 达到; 获得; 达到(某年龄、水平、状况)
  • Jim is halfway to attaining his pilot's licence. 吉姆就快要拿到飞行员执照了。
  • By that time she was attaining to fifty. 那时她已快到五十岁了。
127 sitting-room sitting-room     
  • The sitting-room is clean.起居室很清洁。
  • Each villa has a separate sitting-room.每栋别墅都有一间独立的起居室。
128 bower xRZyU     
  • They sat under the leafy bower at the end of the garden and watched the sun set.他们坐在花园尽头由叶子搭成的凉棚下观看落日。
  • Mrs. Quilp was pining in her bower.奎尔普太太正在她的闺房里度着愁苦的岁月。
129 evergreens 70f63183fe24f27a2e70b25ab8a14ce5     
n.常青树,常绿植物,万年青( evergreen的名词复数 )
  • The leaves of evergreens are often shaped like needles. 常绿植物的叶常是针形的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The pine, cedar and spruce are evergreens. 松树、雪松、云杉都是常绿的树。 来自辞典例句
130 hearth n5by9     
  • She came and sat in a chair before the hearth.她走过来,在炉子前面的椅子上坐下。
  • She comes to the hearth,and switches on the electric light there.她走到壁炉那里,打开电灯。
131 revels a11b91521eaa5ae9692b19b125143aa9     
n.作乐( revel的名词复数 );狂欢;着迷;陶醉v.作乐( revel的第三人称单数 );狂欢;着迷;陶醉
  • Christmas revels with feasting and dancing were common in England. 圣诞节的狂欢歌舞在英国是很常见的。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Dickens openly revels in the book's rich physical detail and high-hearted conflict. 狄更斯对该书中丰富多彩的具体细节描写和勇敢的争斗公开表示欣赏。 来自辞典例句
132 jocosely f12305aecabe03a8de7b63fb58d6d8b3     
133 contemplated d22c67116b8d5696b30f6705862b0688     
adj. 预期的 动词contemplate的过去分词形式
  • The doctor contemplated the difficult operation he had to perform. 医生仔细地考虑他所要做的棘手的手术。
  • The government has contemplated reforming the entire tax system. 政府打算改革整个税收体制。
134 benign 2t2zw     
  • The benign weather brought North America a bumper crop.温和的气候给北美带来大丰收。
  • Martha is a benign old lady.玛莎是个仁慈的老妇人。
135 fiddles 47dc3b39866d5205ed4aab2cf788cbbf     
n.小提琴( fiddle的名词复数 );欺诈;(需要运用手指功夫的)细巧活动;当第二把手v.伪造( fiddle的第三人称单数 );篡改;骗取;修理或稍作改动
  • He fiddles with his papers on the table. 他抚弄着桌子上那些报纸。 来自辞典例句
  • The annual Smithsonian Festival of American Folk Life celebrates hands-hands plucking guitars and playing fiddles. 一年一度的美国民间的“史密斯索尼安节”是赞美人的双手的节日--弹拔吉他的手,演奏小提琴的手。 来自辞典例句
136 pettishly 7ab4060fbb40eff9237e3fd1df204fb1     
  • \"Oh, no,'she said, almost pettishly, \"I just don't feel very good.\" “哦,不是,\"她说,几乎想发火了,\"我只是觉得不大好受。” 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • Then he tossed the marble away pettishly, and stood cogitating. 于是他一气之下扔掉那个弹子,站在那儿沉思。 来自英汉文学 - 汤姆历险
137 expressive shwz4     
  • Black English can be more expressive than standard English.黑人所使用的英语可能比正式英语更有表现力。
  • He had a mobile,expressive,animated face.他有一张多变的,富于表情的,生动活泼的脸。
138 exhausted 7taz4r     
  • It was a long haul home and we arrived exhausted.搬运回家的这段路程特别长,到家时我们已筋疲力尽。
  • Jenny was exhausted by the hustle of city life.珍妮被城市生活的忙乱弄得筋疲力尽。
139 exertions 2d5ee45020125fc19527a78af5191726     
n.努力( exertion的名词复数 );费力;(能力、权力等的)运用;行使
  • As long as they lived, exertions would not be necessary to her. 只要他们活着,是不需要她吃苦的。 来自辞典例句
  • She failed to unlock the safe in spite of all her exertions. 她虽然费尽力气,仍未能将那保险箱的锁打开。 来自辞典例句
140 blandness daf94019dba9916badfff53f8a741639     
  • Blandness in the basic politics of the media became standard. 传播媒介在基本政治问题上通常采取温和的态度。 来自辞典例句
  • Those people who predicted an exercise in bureaucratic blandness were confounded. 那些认为这一系列政治活动将会冠冕堂皇的走过场的人是糊涂和愚蠢的。 来自互联网
141 gravy Przzt1     
  • You have spilled gravy on the tablecloth.你把肉汁泼到台布上了。
  • The meat was swimming in gravy.肉泡在浓汁之中。
142 inflicted cd6137b3bb7ad543500a72a112c6680f     
把…强加给,使承受,遭受( inflict的过去式和过去分词 )
  • They inflicted a humiliating defeat on the home team. 他们使主队吃了一场很没面子的败仗。
  • Zoya heroically bore the torture that the Fascists inflicted upon her. 卓娅英勇地承受法西斯匪徒加在她身上的酷刑。
143 strand 7GAzH     
  • She tucked a loose strand of hair behind her ears.她把一缕散发夹到了耳后。
  • The climbers had been stranded by a storm.登山者被暴风雨困住了。
144 pickpocket 8lfzfN     
  • The pickpocket pinched her purse and ran away.扒手偷了她的皮夹子跑了。
  • He had his purse stolen by a pickpocket.他的钱包被掏了。
145 digestion il6zj     
  • This kind of tea acts as an aid to digestion.这种茶可助消化。
  • This food is easy of digestion.这食物容易消化。
146 affected TzUzg0     
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
147 forefathers EsTzkE     
n.祖先,先人;祖先,祖宗( forefather的名词复数 );列祖列宗;前人
  • They are the most precious cultural legacy our forefathers left. 它们是我们祖先留下来的最宝贵的文化遗产。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • All of us bristled at the lawyer's speech insulting our forefathers. 听到那个律师在讲演中污蔑我们的祖先,大家都气得怒发冲冠。 来自《简明英汉词典》
148 delightful 6xzxT     
  • We had a delightful time by the seashore last Sunday.上星期天我们在海滨玩得真痛快。
  • Peter played a delightful melody on his flute.彼得用笛子吹奏了一支欢快的曲子。
149 thoroughly sgmz0J     
  • The soil must be thoroughly turned over before planting.一定要先把土地深翻一遍再下种。
  • The soldiers have been thoroughly instructed in the care of their weapons.士兵们都系统地接受过保护武器的训练。
150 imbued 0556a3f182102618d8c04584f11a6872     
v.使(某人/某事)充满或激起(感情等)( imbue的过去式和过去分词 );使充满;灌输;激发(强烈感情或品质等)
  • Her voice was imbued with an unusual seriousness. 她的声音里充满着一种不寻常的严肃语气。
  • These cultivated individuals have been imbued with a sense of social purpose. 这些有教养的人满怀着社会责任感。 来自《简明英汉词典》
151 superstitious BHEzf     
  • They aim to deliver the people who are in bondage to superstitious belief.他们的目的在于解脱那些受迷信束缚的人。
  • These superstitious practices should be abolished as soon as possible.这些迷信做法应尽早取消。
152 veneration 6Lezu     
  • I acquired lasting respect for tradition and veneration for the past.我开始对传统和历史产生了持久的敬慕。
  • My father venerated General Eisenhower.我父亲十分敬仰艾森豪威尔将军。
153 subsided 1bda21cef31764468020a8c83598cc0d     
v.(土地)下陷(因在地下采矿)( subside的过去式和过去分词 );减弱;下降至较低或正常水平;一下子坐在椅子等上
  • After the heavy rains part of the road subsided. 大雨过后,部分公路塌陷了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • By evening the storm had subsided and all was quiet again. 傍晚, 暴风雨已经过去,四周开始沉寂下来。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
154 tangle yIQzn     
  • I shouldn't tangle with Peter.He is bigger than me.我不应该与彼特吵架。他的块头比我大。
  • If I were you, I wouldn't tangle with them.我要是你,我就不跟他们争吵。
155 peals 9acce61cb0d806ac4745738cf225f13b     
n.(声音大而持续或重复的)洪亮的响声( peal的名词复数 );隆隆声;洪亮的钟声;钟乐v.(使)(钟等)鸣响,(雷等)发出隆隆声( peal的第三人称单数 )
  • She burst into peals of laughter. 她忽然哈哈大笑起来。
  • She went into fits/peals of laughter. 她发出阵阵笑声。 来自辞典例句
156 scrambling cfea7454c3a8813b07de2178a1025138     
v.快速爬行( scramble的现在分词 );攀登;争夺;(军事飞机)紧急起飞
  • Scrambling up her hair, she darted out of the house. 她匆忙扎起头发,冲出房去。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • She is scrambling eggs. 她正在炒蛋。 来自《简明英汉词典》
157 relish wBkzs     
  • I have no relish for pop music.我对流行音乐不感兴趣。
  • I relish the challenge of doing jobs that others turn down.我喜欢挑战别人拒绝做的工作。
158 evade evade     
  • He tried to evade the embarrassing question.他企图回避这令人难堪的问题。
  • You are in charge of the job.How could you evade the issue?你是负责人,你怎么能对这个问题不置可否?
159 agility LfTyH     
  • The boy came upstairs with agility.那男孩敏捷地走上楼来。
  • His intellect and mental agility have never been in doubt.他的才智和机敏从未受到怀疑。
160 admiration afpyA     
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他对风景之美赞不绝口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我们对金牌获得者极为敬佩。
161 copper HZXyU     
  • The students are asked to prove the purity of copper.要求学生们检验铜的纯度。
  • Copper is a good medium for the conduction of heat and electricity.铜是热和电的良导体。
162 hissing hissing     
n. 发嘶嘶声, 蔑视 动词hiss的现在分词形式
  • The steam escaped with a loud hissing noise. 蒸汽大声地嘶嘶冒了出来。
  • His ears were still hissing with the rustle of the leaves. 他耳朵里还听得萨萨萨的声音和屑索屑索的怪声。 来自汉英文学 - 春蚕
163 perfectly 8Mzxb     
  • The witnesses were each perfectly certain of what they said.证人们个个对自己所说的话十分肯定。
  • Everything that we're doing is all perfectly above board.我们做的每件事情都是光明正大的。
164 irresistible n4CxX     
  • The wheel of history rolls forward with an irresistible force.历史车轮滚滚向前,势不可挡。
  • She saw an irresistible skirt in the store window.她看见商店的橱窗里有一条叫人着迷的裙子。
165 usher sK2zJ     
  • The usher seated us in the front row.引座员让我们在前排就座。
  • They were quickly ushered away.他们被迅速领开。
166 beguile kouyN     
  • They are playing cards to beguile the time.他们在打牌以消磨时间。
  • He used his newspapers to beguile the readers into buying shares in his company.他利用他的报纸诱骗读者买他公司的股票。
167 forfeits a9e18e7e6232977b763697fa1349c016     
  • She regretted the forfeits she had to pay for selfassistance. 她为自己为了自助而必须付出的代价感到遗憾。
  • They were soon to pay their own forfeits. 他们很快就得交纳他们的罚款了。
168 myriads d4014a179e3e97ebc9e332273dfd32a4     
n.无数,极大数量( myriad的名词复数 )
  • Each galaxy contains myriads of stars. 每一星系都有无数的恒星。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The sky was set with myriads of stars. 无数星星点缀着夜空。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
169 penetrated 61c8e5905df30b8828694a7dc4c3a3e0     
adj. 击穿的,鞭辟入里的 动词penetrate的过去式和过去分词形式
  • The knife had penetrated his chest. 刀子刺入了他的胸膛。
  • They penetrated into territory where no man had ever gone before. 他们已进入先前没人去过的地区。
170 tint ZJSzu     
  • You can't get up that naturalness and artless rosy tint in after days.你今后不再会有这种自然和朴实无华的红润脸色。
  • She gave me instructions on how to apply the tint.她告诉我如何使用染发剂。
171 fickle Lg9zn     
  • Fluctuating prices usually base on a fickle public's demand.物价的波动往往是由于群众需求的不稳定而引起的。
  • The weather is so fickle in summer.夏日的天气如此多变。
172 treacherous eg7y5     
  • The surface water made the road treacherous for drivers.路面的积水对驾车者构成危险。
  • The frozen snow was treacherous to walk on.在冻雪上行走有潜在危险。
173 scatters 803ecee4ca49a54ca72e41929dab799f     
v.(使)散开, (使)分散,驱散( scatter的第三人称单数 );撒
  • He scatters money about as if he were rich. 他四处挥霍,好像很有钱。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Truth raises against itself the storm that scatters its seeds broadcast. 真理引起了反对它自己的狂风骤雨,那场风雨吹散了真理的广播的种子。 来自辞典例句
174 wry hMQzK     
  • He made a wry face and attempted to wash the taste away with coffee.他做了个鬼脸,打算用咖啡把那怪味地冲下去。
  • Bethune released Tung's horse and made a wry mouth.白求恩放开了董的马,噘了噘嘴。
175 wither dMVz1     
  • She grows as a flower does-she will wither without sun.她象鲜花一样成长--没有太阳就会凋谢。
  • In autumn the leaves wither and fall off the trees.秋天,树叶枯萎并从树上落下来。
176 tranquil UJGz0     
adj. 安静的, 宁静的, 稳定的, 不变的
  • The boy disturbed the tranquil surface of the pond with a stick. 那男孩用棍子打破了平静的池面。
  • The tranquil beauty of the village scenery is unique. 这乡村景色的宁静是绝无仅有的。
177 awakens 8f28b6f7db9761a7b3cb138b2d5a123c     
v.(使)醒( awaken的第三人称单数 );(使)觉醒;弄醒;(使)意识到
  • The scene awakens reminiscences of my youth. 这景象唤起我年轻时的往事。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • The child awakens early in the morning. 这个小孩早晨醒得早。 来自辞典例句
178 bumper jssz8     
  • The painting represents the scene of a bumper harvest.这幅画描绘了丰收的景象。
  • This year we have a bumper harvest in grain.今年我们谷物丰收。
179 jot X3Cx3     
  • I'll jot down their address before I forget it.我得赶快把他们的地址写下来,免得忘了。
  • There is not a jot of evidence to say it does them any good.没有丝毫的证据显示这对他们有任何好处。
180 tars 493c51eac801368a6bd65f974b313859     
焦油,沥青,柏油( tar的名词复数 )
  • Around 280 degrees C, Volatile gases and flammable tars are released. 在大约摄氏280度,挥发性的气体和可燃焦被放出。
  • Tars could be seen walking towards the harbor. 可以看到水手正在走向港口。
181 ecstasies 79e8aad1272f899ef497b3a037130d17     
狂喜( ecstasy的名词复数 ); 出神; 入迷; 迷幻药
  • In such ecstasies that he even controlled his tongue and was silent. 但他闭着嘴,一言不发。
  • We were in ecstasies at the thought of going home. 一想到回家,我们高兴极了。
182 rapture 9STzG     
  • His speech was received with rapture by his supporters.他的演说受到支持者们的热烈欢迎。
  • In the midst of his rapture,he was interrupted by his father.他正欢天喜地,被他父亲打断了。
183 bent QQ8yD     
  • He was fully bent upon the project.他一心扑在这项计划上。
  • We bent over backward to help them.我们尽了最大努力帮助他们。
184 stinted 3194dab02629af8c171df281829fe4cb     
  • Penny-pinching landlords stinted their tenants on heat and hot water. 小气的房东在房客的取暖和热水供应上进行克扣。 来自互联网
  • She stinted herself of food in order to let the children have enough. 她自己省着吃,好让孩子们吃饱。 来自互联网
185 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制


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