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Book 3 Chapter 19
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The next day, the 8th day of January, after a day and night passed at the corral, where they left all in order, Cyrus Harding and Ayrton arrived at Granite1 House.

The engineer immediately called his companions together, and informed them of the imminent2 danger which threatened Lincoln Island, and from which no human power could deliver them.

"My friends," he said, and his voice betrayed the depth of his emotion, "our island is not among those which will endure while this earth endures. It is doomed3 to more or less speedy destruction, the cause of which it bears within itself, and from which nothing can save it."

The colonists4 looked at each other, then at the engineer. They did not clearly comprehend him.

"Explain yourself, Cyrus!" said Gideon Spilett.

"I will do so," replied Cyrus Harding, "or rather I will simply afford you the explanation which, during our few minutes of private conversation, was given me by Captain Nemo."

"Captain Nemo!" exclaimed the colonists.

"Yes, and it was the last service he desired to render us before his death!"

"The last service!" exclaimed Pencroft, "the last service! You will see that though he is dead he will render us others yet!"

"But what did the captain say?" inquired the reporter.

"I will tell you, my friends," said the engineer. "Lincoln Island does not resemble the other islands of the Pacific, and a fact of which Captain Nemo has made me cognizant must sooner or later bring about the subversion5 of its foundation."

"Nonsense! Lincoln Island, it can't be!" cried Pencroft, who, in spite of the respect he felt for Cyrus Harding, could not prevent a gesture of incredulity.

"Listen, Pencroft," resumed the engineer, "I will tell you what Captain Nemo communicated to me, and which I myself confirmed yesterday, during the exploration of Dakkar Grotto6.

"This cavern7 stretches under the island as far as the volcano, and is only separated from its central shaft8 by the wall which terminates it. Now, this wall is seamed with fissures9 and clefts10 which already allow the sulphurous gases generated in the interior of the volcano to escape."

"Well?" said Pencroft, his brow suddenly contracting.

"Well, then, I saw that these fissures widen under the internal pressure from within, that the wall of basalt is gradually giving way and that after a longer or shorter period it will afford a passage to the waters of the lake which fill the cavern."

"Good!" replied Pencroft, with an attempt at pleasantry. "The sea will extinguish the volcano, and there will be an end of the matter!"

"Not so!" said Cyrus Harding, "should a day arrive when the sea, rushing through the wall of the cavern, penetrates11 by the central shaft into the interior of the island to the boiling lava12, Lincoln Island will that day be blown into the air--just as would happen to the island of Sicily were the Mediterranean13 to precipitate14 itself into Mount Etna."

The colonists made no answer to these significant words of the engineer. They now understood the danger by which they were menaced.

It may be added that Cyrus Harding had in no way exaggerated the danger to be apprehended15. Many persons have formed an idea that it would be possible to extinguish volcanoes, which are almost always situated16 on the shores of a sea or lake, by opening a passage for the admission of the water. But they are not aware that this would be to incur17 the risk of blowing up a portion of the globe, like a boiler18 whose steam is suddenly expanded by intense heat. The water, rushing into a cavity whose temperature might be estimated at thousands of degrees, would be converted into steam with a sudden energy which no enclosure could resist.

It was not therefore doubtful that the island, menaced by a frightful19 and approaching convulsion, would endure only so long as the wall of Dakkar Grotto itself should endure. It was not even a question of months, nor of weeks, but of days; it might be of hours.

The first sentiment which the colonists felt was that of profound sorrow. They thought not so much of the peril20 which menaced themselves personally, but of the destruction of the island which had sheltered them, which they had cultivated, which they loved so well, and had hoped to render so flourishing. So much effort ineffectually expended21, so much labor22 lost.

Pencroft could not prevent a large tear from rolling down his cheek, nor did he attempt to conceal23 it.

Some further conversation now took place. The chances yet in favor of the colonists were discussed; but finally it was agreed that there was not an hour to be lost, that the building and fitting of the vessel24 should be pushed forward with their utmost energy, and that this was the sole chance of safety for the inhabitants of Lincoln Island.

All hands, therefore, set to work on the vessel. What could it avail to sow, to reap, to hunt, to increase the stores of Granite House? The contents of the storehouse and outbuildings contained more than sufficient to provide the ship for a voyage, however long might be its duration. But it was imperative25 that the ship should be ready to receive them before the inevitable26 catastrophe27 should arrive.

Their labors28 were now carried on with feverish29 ardor30. By the 23rd of January the vessel was half-decked over. Up to this time no change had taken place on the summit of the volcano. Vapor31 and smoke mingled32 with flames and incandescent33 stones were thrown up from the crater34. But during the night of the 23rd, in consequence of the lava attaining35 the level of the first stratum36 of the volcano, the hat-shaped cone37 which formed over the latter disappeared. A frightful sound was heard. The colonists at first thought the island was rent asunder38, and rushed out of Granite House.

This occurred about two o'clock in the morning.

The sky appeared on fire. The superior cone, a mass of rock a thousand feet in height, and weighing thousands of millions of pounds, had been thrown down upon the island, making it tremble to its foundation. Fortunately, this cone inclined to the north, and had fallen upon the plain of sand and tufa stretching between the volcano and the sea. The aperture39 of the crater being thus enlarged projected towards the sky a glare so intense that by the simple effect of reflection the atmosphere appeared red-hot. At the same time a torrent40 of lava, bursting from the new summit, poured out in long cascades41, like water escaping from a vase too full, and a thousand tongues of fire crept over the sides of the volcano.

"The corral! the corral!" exclaimed Ayrton.

It was, in fact, towards the corral that the lava was rushing as the new crater faced the east, and consequently the fertile portions of the island, the springs of Red Creek42 and Jacamar Wood, were menaced with instant destruction.

At Ayrton's cry the colonists rushed to the onagers' stables. The cart was at once harnessed. All were possessed43 by the same thought--to hasten to the corral and set at liberty the animals it enclosed.

Before three in the morning they arrived at the corral. The cries of the terrified musmons and goats indicated the alarm which possessed them. Already a torrent of burning matter and liquefied minerals fell from the side of the mountain upon the meadows as far as the side of the palisade. The gate was burst open by Ayrton, and the animals, bewildered with terror, fled in all directions.

An hour afterwards the boiling lava filled the corral, converting into vapor the water of the little rivulet44 which ran through it, burning up the house like dry grass, and leaving not even a post of the palisade to mark the spot where the corral once stood.

To contend against this disaster would have been folly--nay, madness. In presence of Nature's grand convulsions man is powerless.

It was now daylight--the 24th of January. Cyrus Harding and his companions, before returning to Granite House, desired to ascertain45 the probable direction this inundation46 of lava was about to take. The soil sloped gradually from Mount Franklin to the east coast, and it was to be feared that, in spite of the thick Jacamar Wood, the torrent would reach the plateau of Prospect47 Heights.

"The lake will cover us," said Gideon Spilett.

"I hope so!" was Cyrus Harding's only reply.

The colonists were desirous of reaching the plain upon which the superior cone of Mount Franklin had fallen, but the lava arrested their progress. It had followed, on one side, the valley of Red Creek, and on the other that of Falls River, evaporating those watercourses in its passage. There was no possibility of crossing the torrent of lava; on the contrary, the colonists were obliged to retreat before it. The volcano, without its crown, was no longer recognizable, terminated as it was by a sort of flat table which replaced the ancient crater. From two openings in its southern and eastern sides an unceasing flow of lava poured forth48, thus forming two distinct streams. Above the new crater a cloud of smoke and ashes, mingled with those of the atmosphere, massed over the island. Loud peals49 of thunder broke, and could scarcely be distinguished50 from the rumblings of the mountain, whose mouth vomited51 forth ignited rocks, which, hurled52 to more than a thousand feet, burst in the air like shells. Flashes of lightning rivaled in intensity53 the volcano's eruption54.

Towards seven in the morning the position was no longer tenable by the colonists, who accordingly took shelter in the borders of Jacamar Wood. Not only did the projectiles55 begin to rain around them, but the lava, overflowing57 the bed of Red Creek, threatened to cut off the road to the corral. The nearest rows of trees caught fire, and their sap, suddenly transformed into vapor, caused them to explode with loud reports, while others, less moist, remained unhurt in the midst of the inundation.

The colonists had again taken the road to the corral. They proceeded but slowly, frequently looking back; but, in consequence of the inclination58 of the soil, the lava gained rapidly in the east, and as its lower waves became solidified59 others, at boiling heat, covered them immediately.

Meanwhile, the principal stream of Red Creek Valley became more and more menacing. All this portion of the forest was on fare, and enormous wreaths of smoke rolled over the trees, whore trunks were already consumed by the lava.

The colonists halted near the lake, about half a mile from the mouth of Red Creek. A question of life or death was now to be decided60.

Cyrus Harding, accustomed to the consideration of important crises, and aware that he was addressing men capable of hearing the truth, whatever it might be, then said,--

"Either the lake will arrest the progress of the lava, and a part of the island will be preserved from utter destruction, or the stream will overrun the forests of the Far West, and not a tree or plant will remain on the surface of the soil. We shall have no prospect but that of starvation upon these barren rocks--a death which will probably be anticipated by the explosion of the island."

"In that case," replied Pencroft, folding his arms and stamping his foot, "what's the use of working any longer on the vessel?"

"Pencroft," answered Cyrus Harding, "we must do our duty to the last!"

At this instant the river of lava, after having broken a passage through the noble trees it devoured61 in its course, reached the borders of the lake. At this point there was an elevation62 of the soil which, had it been greater, might have sufficed to arrest the torrent.

"To work!" cried Cyrus Harding.

The engineer's thought was at once understood. it might be possible to dam, as it were, the torrent, and thus compel it to pour itself into the lake.

The colonists hastened to the dockyard. They returned with shovels63, picks, axes, and by means of banking64 the earth with the aid of fallen trees they succeeded in a few hours in raising an embankment three feet high and some hundreds of paces in length. It seemed to them, when they had finished, as if they had scarcely been working more than a few minutes.

It was not a moment too soon. The liquefied substances soon after reached the bottom of the barrier. The stream of lava swelled65 like a river about to overflow56 its banks, and threatened to demolish66 the sole obstacle which could prevent it from overrunning the whole Far West. But the dam held firm, and after a moment of terrible suspense67 the torrent precipitated68 itself into Grant Lake from a height of twenty feet.

The colonists, without moving or uttering a word, breathlessly regarded this strife69 of the two elements.

What a spectacle was this conflict between water and fire! What pen could describe the marvelous horror of this scene--what pencil could depict70 it? The water hissed71 as it evaporated by contact with the boiling lava. The vapor whirled in the air to an immeasurable height, as if the valves of an immense boiler had been suddenly opened. But, however considerable might be the volume of water contained in the lake, it must eventually be absorbed, because it was not replenished72, while the stream of lava, fed from an inexhaustible source, rolled on without ceasing new waves of incandescent matter.

The first waves of lava which fell in the lake immediately solidified and accumulated so as speedily to emerge from it. Upon their surface fell other waves, which in their turn became stone, but a step nearer the center of the lake. In this manner was formed a pier73 which threatened to gradually fill up the lake, which could not overflow, the water displaced by the lava being evaporated. The hissing74 of the water rent the air with a deafening75 sound, and the vapor, blown by the wind, fell in rain upon the sea. The pier became longer and longer, and the blocks of lava piled themselves one on another. Where formerly76 stretched the calm waters of the lake now appeared an enormous mass of smoking rocks, as if an upheaving of the soil had formed immense shoals. Imagine the waters of the lake aroused by a hurricane, then suddenly solidified by an intense frost, and some conception may be formed of the aspect of the lake three hours alter the eruption of this irresistible77 torrent of lava.

This time water would be vanquished78 by fire.

Nevertheless it was a fortunate circumstance for the colonists that the effusion of lava should have been in the direction of Lake Grant. They had before them some days' respite79. The plateau of Prospect Heights, Granite House, and the dockyard were for the moment preserved. And these few days it was necessary to employ in planking and carefully calking the vessel, and launching her. The colonists would then take refuge on board the vessel, content to rig her after she should be afloat on the waters. With the danger of an explosion which threatened to destroy the island there could be no security on shore. The walls of Granite House, once so sure a retreat, might at any moment fall in upon them.

During the six following days, from the 25th to the 30th of January, the colonists accomplished80 as much of the construction of their vessel as twenty men could have done. They hardly allowed themselves a moment's repose81, and the glare of the flames which shot from the crater enabled them to work night and day. The flow of lava continued, but perhaps less abundantly. This was fortunate, for Lake Grant was almost entirely82 choked up, and if more lava should accumulate it would inevitably83 spread over the plateau of Prospect Heights, and thence upon the beach.

But if the island was thus partially84 protected on this side, it was not so with the western part.

In fact, the second stream of lava, which had followed the valley of Falls River, a valley of great extent, the land on both sides of the creek being flat, met with no obstacle. The burning liquid had then spread through the forest of the Far West. At this period of the year, when the trees were dried up by a tropical heat, the forest caught fire instantaneously, in such a manner that the conflagration85 extended itself both by the trunks of the trees and by their higher branches, whose interlacement favored its progress. It even appeared that the current of flame spread more rapidly among the summits of the trees than the current of lava at their bases.

Thus it happened that the wild animals, jaguars86, wild boars, capybaras, koalas, and game of every kind, mad with terror, had fled to the banks of the Mercy and to the Tadorn Marsh87, beyond the road to Port Balloon. But the colonists were too much occupied with their task to pay any attention to even the most formidable of these animals. They had abandoned Granite House, and would not even take shelter at the Chimneys, but encamped under a tent, near the mouth of the Mercy.

Each day Cyrus Harding and Gideon Spilett ascended88 the plateau of Prospect Heights. Sometimes Herbert accompanied them, but never Pencroft, who could not bear to look upon the prospect of the island now so utterly89 devastated90.

It was, in truth, a heart-rending spectacle. All the wooded part of the island was now completely bare. One single clump91 of green trees raised their heads at the extremity92 of Serpentine93 Peninsula. Here and there were a few grotesque94 blackened and branchless stumps95. The side of the devastated forest was even more barren than Tadorn Marsh. The eruption of lava had been complete. Where formerly sprang up that charming verdure, the soil was now nothing but a savage96 mass of volcanic97 tufa. In the valleys of the Falls and Mercy rivers no drop of water now flowed towards the sea, and should Lake Grant be entirely dried up, the colonists would have no means of quenching98 their thirst. But, fortunately the lava had spared the southern corner of the lake, containing all that remained of the drinking water of the island. Towards the northwest stood out the rugged99 and well-defined outlines of the sides of the volcano, like a gigantic claw hovering100 over the island. What a sad and fearful sight, and how painful to the colonists, who, from a fertile domain101 covered with forests, irrigated102 by watercourses, and enriched by the produce of their toils103, found themselves, as it were, transported to a desolate104 rock, upon which, but for their reserves of provisions, they could not even gather the means of subsistence!

"It is enough to break one's heart!" said Gideon Spilett, one day.

"Yes, Spilett," answered the engineer. "May God grant us the time to complete this vessel, now our sole refuge!"

"Do not you think, Cyrus, that the violence of the eruption has somewhat lessened105? The volcano still vomits106 forth lava, but somewhat less abundantly, if I mistake not."

"It matters little," answered Cyrus Harding. "The fire is still burning in the interior of the mountain, and the sea may break in at any moment. We are in the condition of passengers whose ship is devoured by a conflagration which they cannot extinguish, and who know that sooner or later the flames must reach the powder-magazine. To work, Spilett, to work, and let us not lose an hour!"

During eight days more, that is to say until the 7th of February, the lava continued to flow, but the eruption was confined within the previous limits. Cyrus Harding feared above all lest the liquefied matter should overflow the shore, for in that event the dockyard could not escape. Moreover, about this time the colonists felt in the frame of the island vibrations107 which alarmed them to the highest degree.

It was the 20th of February. Yet another month must elapse before the vessel would be ready for sea. Would the island hold together till then? The intention of Pencroft and Cyrus Harding was to launch the vessel as soon as the hull108 should be complete. The deck, the upperworks, the interior woodwork and the rigging might be finished afterwards, but the essential point was that the colonists should have an assured refuge away from the island. Perhaps it might be even better to conduct the vessel to Port Balloon, that is to say, as far as possible from the center of eruption, for at the mouth of the Mercy, between the islet and the wall of granite, it would run the risk of being crushed in the event of any convulsion. All the exertions109 of the voyagers were therefore concentrated upon the completion of the hull.

Thus the 3rd of March arrived, and they might calculate upon launching the vessel in ten days.

Hope revived in the hearts of the colonists, who had, in this fourth year of their sojourn110 on Lincoln island, suffered so many trials. Even Pencroft lost in some measure the somber111 taciturnity occasioned by the devastation112 and ruin of his domain. His hopes, it is true, were concentrated upon his vessel.

"We shall finish it," he said to the engineer, "we shall finish it, captain, and it is time, for the season is advancing and the equinox will soon be here. Well, if necessary, we must put in to Tabor island to spend the winter. But think of Tabor island after Lincoln Island. Ah, how unfortunate! Who could have believed it possible?"

"Let us get on," was the engineer's invariable reply.

And they worked away without losing a moment.

"Master," asked Neb, a few days later, "do you think all this could have happened if Captain Nemo had been still alive?"

"Certainly, Neb," answered Cyrus Harding.

"I, for one, don't believe it!" whispered Pencroft to Neb.

"Nor I!" answered Neb seriously.

During the first week of March appearances again became menacing. Thousands of threads like glass, formed of fluid lava, fell like rain upon the island. The crater was again boiling with lava which overflowed113 the back of the volcano. The torrent flowed along the surface of the hardened tufa, and destroyed the few meager114 skeletons of trees which had withstood the first eruption. The stream, flowing this time towards the southwest shore of Lake Grant, stretched beyond Creek Glycerine, and invaded the plateau of Prospect Heights. This last blow to the work of the colonists was terrible. The mill, the buildings of the inner court, the stables, were all destroyed. The affrighted poultry115 fled in all directions. Top and Jup showed signs of the greatest alarm, as if their instinct warned them of an impending116 catastrophe. A large number of the animals of the island had perished in the first eruption. Those which survived found no refuge but Tadorn Marsh, save a few to which the plateau of Prospect Heights afforded asylum117. But even this last retreat was now closed to them, and the lava- torrent, flowing over the edge of the granite wall, began to pour down upon the beach its cataracts118 of fire. The sublime119 horror of this spectacle passed all description. During the night it could only be compared to a Niagara of molten fluid, with its incandescent vapors120 above and its boiling masses below.

The colonists were driven to their last entrenchment121, and although the upper seams of the vessel were not yet calked, they decided to launch her at once.

Pencroft and Ayrton therefore set about the necessary preparations for the launching, which was to take place the morning of the next day, the 9th of March.

But during the night of the 8th an enormous column of vapor escaping from the crater rose with frightful explosions to a height of more than three thousand feet. The wall of Dakkar Grotto had evidently given way under the pressure of gases, and the sea, rushing through the central shalt into the igneous122 gulf123, was at once converted into vapor. But the crater could not afford a sufficient outlet124 for this vapor. An explosion, which might have been heard at a distance of a hundred miles, shook the air. Fragments of mountains fell into the Pacific, and, in a few minutes, the ocean rolled over the spot where Lincoln island once stood.

赛勒斯·史密斯和艾尔通在畜栏里逗留了一天一夜,把一切都料理完毕,第二天——1月8日——又回到“花岗石宫”里来了。

工程师立刻召集了全体伙伴,告诉大家,林肯岛的危险就在眼前了,谁也没有办法拯救他们脱离这个险境。

“朋友们,”他的声音显得非常激动,“我们的岛并不是能和地球共存的岛。它早晚要毁灭了,毁灭的原因是潜藏在岛的里面,这是没法挽回的。”

移民们你看着我,我看着你,然后又看看工程师。他们还不大明白他的意思。

“你解释一下吧,赛勒斯!”吉丁·史佩莱说。

“我要解释的,”赛勒斯·史密斯说,“换句话说,我要把尼摩船长在和我所作的几分钟单独谈话里告诉我的事情传达给你们。”

“尼摩船长!”居民们叫道。

“是的,这是他在临死以前准备给我们尽的最后一次义务!”

“最后一次义务!”潘克洛夫大声说,“最后一次义务!你们将来会看到,虽然他死了,他还会给我们尽其他义务的!”

“船长究竟说了些什么呢?”通讯记者问道。

“我要告诉你们的,朋友们,”工程师说。“林肯岛和太平洋里的其他岛屿不同,尼摩船长告诉我,它的基础迟早要崩溃的。”

“这是没有的事!林肯岛决不会那样!”潘克洛夫叫道。虽然他很尊敬赛勒斯·史密斯,但是在这一点上,他却不由得耸了一耸肩膀。

“听着,潘克洛夫,”工程师接着说,“我要把尼摩船长告诉我的话讲给你们听。昨天我探索了达卡洞,已经亲自证实了他的话。这个洞窟在荒岛下面一直绵延到火山底下,火山的中央管道和洞窟之间只隔着一层洞底的石壁。这片石壁上有许多裂缝和洞隙,现在火山内部发出来的硫磺气体已经从缝隙里透出来了。”

“怎么?”潘克洛夫突然皱起眉头说。

“后来我发现这些缝隙由于内部压力的影响已经变宽了。玄武岩的石壁逐渐裂开,它早晚会裂成一条大口子,使火山管道与灌满海水的洞窟相沟通的。”

“好哇!”潘克洛夫打趣地说。“让海水把火山淹灭吧,然后就没有事了!”

“完全不是那样!”赛勒斯·史密斯说,“等到海水灌进洞窟,穿过中央管道进入荒岛内部沸腾的岩浆那儿去,那时候林肯岛就要炸到天上去了——要是地中海的海水灌到埃得纳火山里去,西西里岛也会发生这种情形的。”

居民们听了工程师这几句说明事态严重的话之后,都没有回答。他们现在明白自己将要遭到的危险了。

应该附带说明,赛勒斯·史密斯丝毫没有夸大值得担心的危险。火山的位置几乎都是靠海或是傍湖的;许多人都认为只要开一条通道把水灌进去,就可以使火山熄灭了。但是他们却不知道这样会引起地球局部爆炸的危险,正象锅炉里的汽体遇到高热突然膨胀的情形一样。火山内部洞穴里的热度有几千度高,水灌进去以后立刻就会转化为汽体,这样就产生出一种突然的能量,这种能量是任何屏障也阻挡不住的。

因此,即将到来的可怕剧变威胁着荒岛。达卡洞的石壁能保持多长时间,林肯岛也就只能存在多长时间,那是毫无疑义的。这已经不是几个月几个星期的问题,而是几天,甚至可能是几小时之内的问题。

居民们的心情首先是极度的忧伤。他们并没有过多考虑自己将要遇到的危险,他们考虑的是一向依赖它生存的荒岛将要遭到毁灭。他们开拓了这个荒岛,他们热爱这片土地,他们想使它变得无比繁荣。但是,无数的心血都白白消耗了。许多劳动都浪费了。

潘克洛夫忍不住掉下大颗眼泪来,他也不想隐藏他的悲痛。

现在又进一步谈论了其他的情况。移民们研究了还对他们有利的机会。最后大家一致同意一个钟头也不浪费,要拿出全部力量来加速赶造并装配新船,因为这是林肯岛居民唯一能够获得安全的出路。

于是,每个人都参加了造船工作。现在播种、收割、打猎和补充“花岗石宫”的储备物资还有什么用呢?不管要在海上航行多长时间,仓库和外室里现存的物资都足够船上的需要。但是要紧的是:必须把船造好,使它能在不可避免的灾难到来以前供他们使用。

现在他们热烈地进行着工作。l月23日前后,船上的甲板已经铺好一半了。到目前为止,火山顶上还没有发生新的变化。火山口还喷射着水汽、烟火和白热的岩石。但是在23日夜间,岩浆达到了火山第一层的表面,覆盖在另一个火山锥上的帽状火山锥不见了。只听见天崩地裂的一声响,居民们起初以为荒岛炸开了,他们连忙从“花岗石宫”里跑出来。

这时候大约是清晨两点钟。

天空好象火烧似的。上面的火山锥——它是一堆高达一千英尺的岩石,重约亿万斤——被抛到地面上来,震动了荒岛的整个地基。幸而这个火山锥偏向北边,因此落在大海和火山之间的沙石和凝灰岩的平原上了。火山口扩大以后,喷向天空的火焰更加明亮;反射出来的光线照得满天通红。同时,一股岩浆的洪流从新的山顶涌了出来,象一条长长的瀑布直泻下来,又好象花瓶里的水盛得太满,向外面溢出来似的。随着岩浆,有成干的火舌头沿着山坡直往下滚。

“畜栏!畜栏!”艾尔通叫道。

不错,岩浆正是向畜栏流去的。新的火山口面向着东方,因此,岛上的富饶地区、红河的源头和啄木鸟林马上就要遭到毁灭了。

移民们听见艾尔通的叫喊以后,急忙向野驴的厩房跑去。大车马上就套好了。人人都只抱着一个念头,那就是:赶快到畜栏去,把关在那里的牲口放出来。

将近早上三点钟的时候,他们来到了畜栏。受惊的摩弗仑羊和山羊大声尖叫,说明它们的恐惧。已经有一股燃烧的物质和岩浆从山坡上倾泻到牧场上来,一直流到栅栏旁边。艾尔通打开大门,吓慌了的牲畜向四面八方逃去。

一个钟头以后,畜栏里就充满了沸腾的岩浆,它们使横贯畜栏的河水化成一片蒸气,房子象干草似的烧光了。栅栏的木桩一根也没有剩,完全认不出这里曾经有过畜栏。

要和这种灾害进行顽抗,那简直是开玩笑,甚至可以说是发疯。面临着自然界的巨大变动,人们是毫无办法的。

现在天已经亮了,这一天是1月24日。赛勒斯·史密斯和他的伙伴们想在回“花岗石宫”以前,弄明白泛滥的岩浆大概要往哪一个方向流。从富兰克林山起,地势逐渐在东海岸倾斜下去,虽然有浓密的啄木鸟林隔着,恐怕岩浆的洪流还是会冲到眺望岗的高地上去的。

“格兰特湖会保护我们的。”吉丁·史佩莱说。

“但愿如此!”赛勒斯·史密斯简单地回答了一句。

居民们想到富兰克林山较高的火山锥所坠落的那片平原上去,但是岩浆把他们拦住了。岩浆顺着红河河谷和瀑布河河谷分两路流下来;流过的地方,把河水都蒸发了。要想跨过岩浆的洪流是不可能的,相反地,居民们只好往后撤退。火山去了顶以后,已经不象原来那样了。上面代替古代火山口的是一片平顶,象桌面似的。南边和东边各有一个喷口,岩浆不断从里面涌出来,清清楚楚地形成两股洪流。新火山口上冒起一片夹带灰垢的烟尘,它们和大气里的密云混合在一起,笼罩了整个的荒岛。连成一片的雷鸣轰响着,很难分清这究竟是雷声还是火山的轰隆声。燃烧的石块从火山口里直射到一千多英尺高的上空,然后象开花弹似的爆炸了。一道道的闪电在和火山互相媲美。

早上将近七点钟的时候,居民们的阵地再也守不住了。于是他们就到啄木鸟林的边缘去藏身。不仅是抛射出来的石块象雨点般地落在他们的周围,甚至沿红河河谷流下来的岩浆也要切断畜栏路了。最近的一排树木着了火。树脂突然被蒸发得响亮地爆裂开来。其他比较干燥的树木,在洪流里还没有炸裂。

居民们又走上了畜栏路。他们走得很慢,时常回头张望。由于地面倾斜,岩浆很快地往东流去,下层的岩浆刚刚凝固,跟着流来的沸腾岩浆马上又淹没了它们。

这时候,红河河谷的主要洪流造成的威胁愈来愈大了。这部分森林整个着了火,大股浓烟在树梢上翻滚着,树干已经被岩浆吞没了。

居民们在离红河河口半英里左右的湖边站下脚来。现在要决定生死存亡的问题了。

赛勒斯·史密斯是惯于考虑重要问题的,同时他也知道,不管问题多么严重,他的伙伴们听了以后,也能经受得住。于是他说:

“现在有两种可能:一种是湖水挡得住岩浆前进,这样荒岛上有一部分就可以保留下来,不致完全覆灭;另一种是洪流漫过整个的远西森林,使地上一草一木都不剩;要是这样,我们就没有别的指望,只好在这些光秃秃的石头上等死,如果荒岛爆炸,也许我们的死期还要提前。”

“既是这样,”潘克洛夫叉着两臂跺着脚说,“还要造什么船呢?”

“潘克洛夫,”赛勒斯·史密斯说,“我们一定要尽到最后的努力!”

这时候岩浆的洪流吞没了一部分美丽的树木,从森林里冲出一条道路,一直来到格兰特湖的边缘。这里有一段高岗,要是它的体积再大一些,就可以挡住洪流前进的道路。

“动手!”赛勒斯·史密斯大声说。

大家立刻领会了工程师的意思。他们是可以拦住洪流,让它注到湖里去的。

居民们急忙向造船所跑去,拿了许多铲子、铁锹和斧头回来。他们利用泥土和倒下来的树木,在几个钟头之内筑成一道三英尺高、几百英尺长的堤防。干到完工的时候,他们觉得似乎前后只不过几分钟。

他们完成得恰好是时候。岩浆不久就流到堤防脚下来了。它象洪水要漫过河岸似的泛滥起来。岩浆的来势凶猛,仿佛想冲倒这道唯一可以阻挡它吞食整个远西森林的障碍。但是堤防很牢固,紧张地相持了一会儿以后,洪流泻入了二十英尺以下的格兰特湖。

居民们屏住了气,一句话也不说,呆呆地看着这场水火之战。

这场水火之间的搏斗是多么壮丽的奇观啊!笔墨怎么能形容出这个惊心动魄的场面呢?沸腾的岩浆流进湖里,使湖水蒸发成水汽,发出咝咝的响声。蒸气在空中盘旋直上,升到极高的地方,好象一个大锅炉的汽门突然被打开似的。但是不管湖里的水有多少,最后它总要干涸的,因为湖水已经没法补充了,而岩浆却夹带着白热的物质源源不断地流到湖里来。

第一股岩浆流进湖里以后立刻就凝固了。它们堆积起来很快就高出水面。新的岩浆又泻到它们的表面上,依次化成岩石,但是岩石离湖中心一步比一步近。这样就堆成了一个突堤,看起来它们逐渐要把湖填满了。湖水倒是泛滥不起来的,因为岩浆侵占了它们的地盘,它们就蒸发成水汽了。到处是一片刺耳的咝咝声。水汽被风吹走以后,象雨点般地掉在海里。突堤愈来愈长,凝结的岩块互相堆积在一起。过去平静的湖面上,现在是一大堆热气腾腾的岩石,好象是上升的土地形成的一片宽广的浅滩。要是在脑子里虚构一幅这样的图画:湖水正在被飓风掀起来的时候突然遇到暴寒而冻结起来,那么就可以大致想象出这股不可阻挡的洪流注入湖内三小时以后的情景了。

这一次,水要被火打败了。

不管怎么样,岩浆朝着格兰特湖的方向倾注下来,对居民们还是有利的。他们又可以多活几天了。眺望岗的高地、“花岗石宫”和造船所,暂时都可以保全下来。现在必须利用这几天工夫进行辅板,仔细填塞船缝,赶快使新船下水。然后居民们就可以到船上去避难,等船下水以后再装索具。要是荒岛因为爆炸而被毁灭,那么在岸上是不可能得到安全的。“花岗石宫”这个石洞虽然一向是安全可靠的藏身之地,现在却随时都可能崩溃。

在以后的六天里,从1月25日到1月30日,居民们在造船工作中,做了相当于二十个人的工作。他们几乎片刻也不休息。火山口喷射出来的火光,使他们日夜都可以工作。岩浆继续在往外流,只是也许流得比以前少。幸亏是这样,因为格兰特湖几乎已经填满了,要是有更多的岩浆流过来,那一定会浸到眺望岗的高地上,然后从那里流到海滩上去的。

但是,虽然荒岛的这一边有一部分被挡住,西边的情形却不是这样。

第二股岩浆的洪流是沿着瀑布河的河谷流过来的,这条河谷非常宽阔,再加上两岸地势平坦,因此洪流没有遇到任何障碍。沸腾的岩浆涌进远西森林。在一年的这个时期,由于气候酷热,树木都烤干了。树木立刻起了火,火势非常猛烈,火焰不仅从这个树干蔓延到那个树干,甚至高处的树枝也成了火的媒介;特别是树枝都交叉在一起,蔓延起来更加迅速。树顶的火势似乎比树根岩浆的洪流前进得更快。

美洲豹、野猪、水豚、“考拉”以及各种飞禽走兽都惊惶地往慈悲河沿岸和通向气球港的大路那边的潦凫沼地逃去。居民们正忙着工作,连最凶猛的野兽也不怕了。他们离开了“花岗石宫”,也不住在“石窟”里,只是在慈悲河口搭一个帐篷,在那里露宿。

赛勒斯·史密斯和吉丁·史佩莱每天都到眺望岗的高地上去。有时候赫伯特跟着他们,但是潘克洛夫从来也不去,他不忍心去看目前岛上彻底遭到摧毁的惨象。

这的确是令人痛心的场面。岛上除了盘蛇半岛的尽头还留下一丛苍翠的树木以外,其余的森林地带一点儿也不剩了。到处都是奇形怪状的树桩,烟火把它们熏得漆黑,上面的树枝也都没有了。这一带劫后的森林甚至比潦凫沼地还要荒凉。岩浆的侵袭可以说是无孔不入。一向生气勃勃的青葱原野现在只剩下一片光秃的火山凝灰岩。瀑布河与慈悲河的河谷里,再没有一滴水流往大海了。要是格兰特湖完全干涸了的话,居民们就会没有水喝,幸亏岩浆保留了南边的一角湖水,这就是岛上全部能喝的淡水了。西北方屹立着轮廓鲜明的嶙峋的火山坡,它象一只巨爪从上面抓住荒岛。多么凄凉而可怕的景象啊!居民们一向住的是肥沃的领地,那里覆盖着森林,有水源灌溉,在辛勤的劳动下,还收获了丰富的物产;现在一下子成了荒凉的山石,他们除了保存的食粮以外,连维持生活的必需品都没有了;这是多么令人痛心的事啊!

“真教人心疼死了!”有一天吉丁·史佩莱说。

“是的,史佩莱,”工程师说。“但愿老天爷给我们时间让我们造成这只船,现在它是我们唯一的避难所了!”

“赛勒斯·史密斯,火山不是已经爆发得不那么猛烈了吗?假如我没有搞错的话,那么火山虽然还在喷岩浆,可喷得比以前少了。”

“那倒没有多大关系,”赛勒斯·史密斯说。“问题是火还在山下面燃烧呢,海水随时会灌进去的。我们就好比船上的一群旅客,船失了火,但是我们没法扑灭,同时又知道火一定会烧到火药库里去的。干吧,史佩莱,干吧,一个钟头也不要浪费!”

又过了八天,在这八天里,也就是说,直到2月7日,岩浆还是在不断泛滥,只是火山爆发还仅限在原来的范围以内。赛勒斯·史密斯十分担心岩浆泛滥到海边来,因为这样造船所就保不住了。此外,这时候居民们感到荒岛的结构颤动起来了,这使他们十分惊慌。

这一天是2月20日,还要过一个月,新船才能落成下水。荒岛能维持到那时候吗?按照潘克洛夫和赛勒斯·史密斯的意思,等船身完工以后,立刻就先让它下水。甲板、干舷、内部的木制品和索具都可以等到将来再补做,主要的是要让移民们在荒岛以外有一个可靠的避难所。也许把船带到气球港去——也就是说,尽量使它远离爆炸中心——要好一些,因为一旦发生剧变,他们的船在小岛和花岗石壁之间的慈悲河口,是有被砸碎的危险的。于是航海家们集中全力,赶做船身。

到了3月3日,他们估计在十天之内,可以使新船下水。

居民们在林肯岛上的第四个年头,经受了无数艰苦的考验。这时候他们心里又产生了希望。潘克洛夫一直为他的领地遭到破坏和毁灭而闷闷不乐,这时候也多少开朗一些了。不错,他的希望是寄托在他的船上的。

“我们要把它造成,”他对工程师说,“我们要把它造成,史密斯先生,并且也正是时候,现在正在过渡到秋天,再往后就要到秋分了。到不得已的时候,我们就把船靠在达抱岛,在那儿过冬。可是把达抱岛和林肯岛比较一下吧。啊,真倒楣!谁想得到会发生这样的事呢?”

“我们继续干吧。”工程师总是这么说。

于是他们抓紧每一分钟的时间,继续工作下去。

“主人,”又过了几天,纳布问道,“要是尼摩船长还活着,你认为这一切也会发生吗?”

“当然会的,纳布。”赛勒斯·史密斯说。

“拿我来说吧,我就不这样想!”潘克洛夫凑着纳布耳边说。

“我也有这个看法!”纳布一本正经地说。

三月份的第一个星期,情况又变得险恶了。上万条玻璃丝似的岩浆,雨点般地落在荒岛上。火山口的岩浆又沸腾起来,流遍山脊一带。洪流沿着凝固了的凝灰岩表面流去,把第一次火山爆发以后残存下来的几棵干枯的树干都摧毁了。这一次洪流向格兰特湖的西南岸没过来,一直流过甘油河,侵入眺望岗的高地。它给移民们的事业的最后一次打击是相当可怕的。磨坊、内院的建筑物和厩房都毁坏了。受惊的家禽向四面八方逃去。托普和杰普露出十分害怕的样子,似乎直觉已经告诉它们,大祸就要临头了。在第一次火山爆发的时候,荒岛上已经死了许多野兽。剩下来一些没有死的找不到别的地方安身,全躲在潦凫沼地上,只有少数的野兽逃到眺望岗的高地上来,把这里当作它们的收容所。但是,现在连最后的收容所也不允许它们避难了。岩浆的洪流顺着花岗石壁的边缘,往海滩倾泻下来,形成一道火光闪闪的瀑布。这一幕惊心动魄的场面是没法形容的。在夜里,只能把它比做岩浆的尼亚加拉大瀑布,它的上面是白热的水蒸气,下面是沸腾的物质。

居民们被驱逐到最后的堡垒里去了。虽然新船的上部缝隙还没有填好,他们还是决定让它立刻下水。

他们决定在第二天——3月9日——早上就让新船下水。潘克洛夫和艾尔通做好了必要的准备。

但是,在3月8日的夜晚,一股水蒸汽从火山口里喷出来,一直升到三千英尺以上的高空,就象一根极大的柱子似的,同时还发出惊天动地的爆炸声。显然发生了这样的情形:达卡洞的石壁受到气体的压力而崩裂了,海水穿过中央管道灌进火坑,立刻蒸发成水汽,但是火山口不能够把全部蒸汽排出来,于是发生了一次激荡空气的大爆炸。这次爆炸的声音,就是在一百英里以外也能听见。山岩的碎片飞进太平洋,几分钟以后,海水就漫过林肯岛原先所在的地方了。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 granite Kyqyu     
adj.花岗岩,花岗石
参考例句:
  • They squared a block of granite.他们把一块花岗岩加工成四方形。
  • The granite overlies the older rocks.花岗岩躺在磨损的岩石上面。
2 imminent zc9z2     
adj.即将发生的,临近的,逼近的
参考例句:
  • The black clounds show that a storm is imminent.乌云预示暴风雨即将来临。
  • The country is in imminent danger.国难当头。
3 doomed EuuzC1     
命定的
参考例句:
  • The court doomed the accused to a long term of imprisonment. 法庭判处被告长期监禁。
  • A country ruled by an iron hand is doomed to suffer. 被铁腕人物统治的国家定会遭受不幸的。
4 colonists 4afd0fece453e55f3721623f335e6c6f     
n.殖民地开拓者,移民,殖民地居民( colonist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Colonists from Europe populated many parts of the Americas. 欧洲的殖民者移居到了美洲的许多地方。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Some of the early colonists were cruel to the native population. 有些早期移居殖民地的人对当地居民很残忍。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 subversion wHOzr     
n.颠覆,破坏
参考例句:
  • He was arrested in parliament on charges of subversion for organizing the demonstration.他因组织示威活动在议会上被以颠覆破坏罪名逮捕。
  • It had a cultural identity relatively immune to subversion from neighboring countries.它的文化同一性使它相对地不易被邻国所颠覆。
6 grotto h5Byz     
n.洞穴
参考例句:
  • We reached a beautiful grotto,whose entrance was almost hiden by the vine.我们到达了一个美丽的洞穴,洞的进口几乎被藤蔓遮掩著。
  • Water trickles through an underground grotto.水沿着地下岩洞流淌。
7 cavern Ec2yO     
n.洞穴,大山洞
参考例句:
  • The cavern walls echoed his cries.大山洞的四壁回响着他的喊声。
  • It suddenly began to shower,and we took refuge in the cavern.天突然下起雨来,我们在一个山洞里避雨。
8 shaft YEtzp     
n.(工具的)柄,杆状物
参考例句:
  • He was wounded by a shaft.他被箭击中受伤。
  • This is the shaft of a steam engine.这是一个蒸汽机主轴。
9 fissures 7c89089a0ec5a3628fd80fb80bf349b6     
n.狭长裂缝或裂隙( fissure的名词复数 );裂伤;分歧;分裂v.裂开( fissure的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • Rising molten rock flows out on the ocean floor and caps the fissures, trapping the water. 上升熔岩流到海底并堵住了裂隙,结果把海水封在里面。 来自辞典例句
  • The French have held two colloquia and an international symposium on rock fissures. 法国已经开了两次岩石裂缝方面的报告会和一个国际会议。 来自辞典例句
10 clefts 68f729730ad72c2deefa7f66bf04d11b     
n.裂缝( cleft的名词复数 );裂口;cleave的过去式和过去分词;进退维谷
参考例句:
  • Clefts are often associated with other more serious congenital defects. 裂口常与其他更严重的先天性异常并发。 来自辞典例句
  • Correction of palate clefts is much more difficult and usually not as satisfactory. 硬腭裂的矫正更为困难,且常不理想。 来自辞典例句
11 penetrates 6e705c7f6e3a55a0a85919c8773759e9     
v.穿过( penetrate的第三人称单数 );刺入;了解;渗透
参考例句:
  • This is a telescope that penetrates to the remote parts of the universe. 这是一架能看到宇宙中遥远地方的望远镜。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The dust is so fine that it easily penetrates all the buildings. 尘土极细,能极轻易地钻入一切建筑物。 来自辞典例句
12 lava v9Zz5     
n.熔岩,火山岩
参考例句:
  • The lava flowed down the sides of the volcano.熔岩沿火山坡面涌流而下。
  • His anger spilled out like lava.他的愤怒像火山爆发似的迸发出来。
13 Mediterranean ezuzT     
adj.地中海的;地中海沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The houses are Mediterranean in character.这些房子都属地中海风格。
  • Gibraltar is the key to the Mediterranean.直布罗陀是地中海的要冲。
14 precipitate 1Sfz6     
adj.突如其来的;vt.使突然发生;n.沉淀物
参考例句:
  • I don't think we should make precipitate decisions.我认为我们不应该贸然作出决定。
  • The king was too precipitate in declaring war.国王在宣战一事上过于轻率。
15 apprehended a58714d8af72af24c9ef953885c38a66     
逮捕,拘押( apprehend的过去式和过去分词 ); 理解
参考例句:
  • She apprehended the complicated law very quickly. 她很快理解了复杂的法律。
  • The police apprehended the criminal. 警察逮捕了罪犯。
16 situated JiYzBH     
adj.坐落在...的,处于某种境地的
参考例句:
  • The village is situated at the margin of a forest.村子位于森林的边缘。
  • She is awkwardly situated.她的处境困难。
17 incur 5bgzy     
vt.招致,蒙受,遭遇
参考例句:
  • Any costs that you incur will be reimbursed in full.你的所有花费都将全额付还。
  • An enterprise has to incur certain costs and expenses in order to stay in business.一个企业为了维持营业,就不得不承担一定的费用和开支。
18 boiler OtNzI     
n.锅炉;煮器(壶,锅等)
参考例句:
  • That boiler will not hold up under pressure.那种锅炉受不住压力。
  • This new boiler generates more heat than the old one.这个新锅炉产生的热量比旧锅炉多。
19 frightful Ghmxw     
adj.可怕的;讨厌的
参考例句:
  • How frightful to have a husband who snores!有一个发鼾声的丈夫多讨厌啊!
  • We're having frightful weather these days.这几天天气坏极了。
20 peril l3Dz6     
n.(严重的)危险;危险的事物
参考例句:
  • The refugees were in peril of death from hunger.难民有饿死的危险。
  • The embankment is in great peril.河堤岌岌可危。
21 expended 39b2ea06557590ef53e0148a487bc107     
v.花费( expend的过去式和过去分词 );使用(钱等)做某事;用光;耗尽
参考例句:
  • She expended all her efforts on the care of home and children. 她把所有精力都花在料理家务和照顾孩子上。
  • The enemy had expended all their ammunition. 敌人已耗尽所有的弹药。 来自《简明英汉词典》
22 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
23 conceal DpYzt     
v.隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽
参考例句:
  • He had to conceal his identity to escape the police.为了躲避警方,他只好隐瞒身份。
  • He could hardly conceal his joy at his departure.他几乎掩饰不住临行时的喜悦。
24 vessel 4L1zi     
n.船舶;容器,器皿;管,导管,血管
参考例句:
  • The vessel is fully loaded with cargo for Shanghai.这艘船满载货物驶往上海。
  • You should put the water into a vessel.你应该把水装入容器中。
25 imperative BcdzC     
n.命令,需要;规则;祈使语气;adj.强制的;紧急的
参考例句:
  • He always speaks in an imperative tone of voice.他老是用命令的口吻讲话。
  • The events of the past few days make it imperative for her to act.过去这几天发生的事迫使她不得不立即行动。
26 inevitable 5xcyq     
adj.不可避免的,必然发生的
参考例句:
  • Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat.玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  • The defeat had inevitable consequences for British policy.战败对英国政策不可避免地产生了影响。
27 catastrophe WXHzr     
n.大灾难,大祸
参考例句:
  • I owe it to you that I survived the catastrophe.亏得你我才大难不死。
  • This is a catastrophe beyond human control.这是一场人类无法控制的灾难。
28 labors 8e0b4ddc7de5679605be19f4398395e1     
v.努力争取(for)( labor的第三人称单数 );苦干;详细分析;(指引擎)缓慢而困难地运转
参考例句:
  • He was tiresome in contending for the value of his own labors. 他老为他自己劳动的价值而争强斗胜,令人生厌。 来自辞典例句
  • Farm labors used to hire themselves out for the summer. 农业劳动者夏季常去当雇工。 来自辞典例句
29 feverish gzsye     
adj.发烧的,狂热的,兴奋的
参考例句:
  • He is too feverish to rest.他兴奋得安静不下来。
  • They worked with feverish haste to finish the job.为了完成此事他们以狂热的速度工作着。
30 ardor 5NQy8     
n.热情,狂热
参考例句:
  • His political ardor led him into many arguments.他的政治狂热使他多次卷入争论中。
  • He took up his pursuit with ardor.他满腔热忱地从事工作。
31 vapor DHJy2     
n.蒸汽,雾气
参考例句:
  • The cold wind condenses vapor into rain.冷风使水蒸气凝结成雨。
  • This new machine sometimes transpires a lot of hot vapor.这部机器有时排出大量的热气。
32 mingled fdf34efd22095ed7e00f43ccc823abdf     
混合,混入( mingle的过去式和过去分词 ); 混进,与…交往[联系]
参考例句:
  • The sounds of laughter and singing mingled in the evening air. 笑声和歌声交织在夜空中。
  • The man and the woman mingled as everyone started to relax. 当大家开始放松的时候,这一男一女就开始交往了。
33 incandescent T9jxI     
adj.遇热发光的, 白炽的,感情强烈的
参考例句:
  • The incandescent lamp we use in daily life was invented by Edison.我们日常生活中用的白炽灯,是爱迪生发明的。
  • The incandescent quality of his words illuminated the courage of his countrymen.他炽热的语言点燃了他本国同胞的勇气。
34 crater WofzH     
n.火山口,弹坑
参考例句:
  • With a telescope you can see the huge crater of Ve-suvius.用望远镜你能看到巨大的维苏威火山口。
  • They came to the lip of a dead crater.他们来到了一个死火山口。
35 attaining da8a99bbb342bc514279651bdbe731cc     
(通常经过努力)实现( attain的现在分词 ); 达到; 获得; 达到(某年龄、水平、状况)
参考例句:
  • Jim is halfway to attaining his pilot's licence. 吉姆就快要拿到飞行员执照了。
  • By that time she was attaining to fifty. 那时她已快到五十岁了。
36 stratum TGHzK     
n.地层,社会阶层
参考例句:
  • The coal is a coal resource that reserves in old stratum.石煤是贮藏在古老地层中的一种煤炭资源。
  • How does Chinese society define the class and stratum?中国社会如何界定阶级与阶层?
37 cone lYJyi     
n.圆锥体,圆锥形东西,球果
参考例句:
  • Saw-dust piled up in a great cone.锯屑堆积如山。
  • The police have sectioned off part of the road with traffic cone.警察用锥形路标把部分路面分隔开来。
38 asunder GVkzU     
adj.分离的,化为碎片
参考例句:
  • The curtains had been drawn asunder.窗帘被拉向两边。
  • Your conscience,conviction,integrity,and loyalties were torn asunder.你的良心、信念、正直和忠诚都被扯得粉碎了。
39 aperture IwFzW     
n.孔,隙,窄的缺口
参考例句:
  • The only light came through a narrow aperture.仅有的光亮来自一个小孔。
  • We saw light through a small aperture in the wall.我们透过墙上的小孔看到了亮光。
40 torrent 7GCyH     
n.激流,洪流;爆发,(话语等的)连发
参考例句:
  • The torrent scoured a channel down the hillside. 急流沿着山坡冲出了一条沟。
  • Her pent-up anger was released in a torrent of words.她压抑的愤怒以滔滔不绝的话爆发了出来。
41 cascades 6a84598b241e2c2051459650eb88013f     
倾泻( cascade的名词复数 ); 小瀑布(尤指一连串瀑布中的一支); 瀑布状物; 倾泻(或涌出)的东西
参考例句:
  • The river fell in a series of cascades down towards the lake. 河形成阶梯状瀑布泻入湖中。
  • Turning into the sun, he began the long, winding drive through the Cascades. 现在他朝着太阳驶去,开始了穿越喀斯喀特山脉的漫长而曲折的路程。 来自英汉文学 - 廊桥遗梦
42 creek 3orzL     
n.小溪,小河,小湾
参考例句:
  • He sprang through the creek.他跳过小河。
  • People sunbathe in the nude on the rocks above the creek.人们在露出小溪的岩石上裸体晒日光浴。
43 possessed xuyyQ     
adj.疯狂的;拥有的,占有的
参考例句:
  • He flew out of the room like a man possessed.他像着了魔似地猛然冲出房门。
  • He behaved like someone possessed.他行为举止像是魔怔了。
44 rivulet bXkxc     
n.小溪,小河
参考例句:
  • The school is located near the rivulet.学校坐落在小河附近。
  • They passed the dry bed of a rivulet.他们跨过了一道干涸的河床。
45 ascertain WNVyN     
vt.发现,确定,查明,弄清
参考例句:
  • It's difficult to ascertain the coal deposits.煤储量很难探明。
  • We must ascertain the responsibility in light of different situtations.我们必须根据不同情况判定责任。
46 inundation y4fxi     
n.the act or fact of overflowing
参考例句:
  • Otherwise, inundation would ensue to our dismay. 若不疏导,只能眼巴巴看着它泛滥。
  • Therefore this psychology preceded the inundation of Caudillo politics after independence. 在独立后,这一心态助长了考迪罗主义的泛滥。
47 prospect P01zn     
n.前景,前途;景色,视野
参考例句:
  • This state of things holds out a cheerful prospect.事态呈现出可喜的前景。
  • The prospect became more evident.前景变得更加明朗了。
48 forth Hzdz2     
adv.向前;向外,往外
参考例句:
  • The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.风吹得树轻轻地来回摇晃。
  • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
49 peals 9acce61cb0d806ac4745738cf225f13b     
n.(声音大而持续或重复的)洪亮的响声( peal的名词复数 );隆隆声;洪亮的钟声;钟乐v.(使)(钟等)鸣响,(雷等)发出隆隆声( peal的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • She burst into peals of laughter. 她忽然哈哈大笑起来。
  • She went into fits/peals of laughter. 她发出阵阵笑声。 来自辞典例句
50 distinguished wu9z3v     
adj.卓越的,杰出的,著名的
参考例句:
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
51 vomited 23632f2de1c0dc958c22b917c3cdd795     
参考例句:
  • Corbett leaned against the wall and promptly vomited. 科比特倚在墙边,马上呕吐了起来。
  • She leant forward and vomited copiously on the floor. 她向前一俯,哇的一声吐了一地。 来自英汉文学
52 hurled 16e3a6ba35b6465e1376a4335ae25cd2     
v.猛投,用力掷( hurl的过去式和过去分词 );大声叫骂
参考例句:
  • He hurled a brick through the window. 他往窗户里扔了块砖。
  • The strong wind hurled down bits of the roof. 大风把屋顶的瓦片刮了下来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
53 intensity 45Ixd     
n.强烈,剧烈;强度;烈度
参考例句:
  • I didn't realize the intensity of people's feelings on this issue.我没有意识到这一问题能引起群情激奋。
  • The strike is growing in intensity.罢工日益加剧。
54 eruption UomxV     
n.火山爆发;(战争等)爆发;(疾病等)发作
参考例句:
  • The temple was destroyed in the violent eruption of 1470 BC.庙宇在公元前1470年猛烈的火山爆发中摧毁了。
  • The eruption of a volcano is spontaneous.火山的爆发是自发的。
55 projectiles 4aa229cb02c56b1e854fb2e940e731c5     
n.抛射体( projectile的名词复数 );(炮弹、子弹等)射弹,(火箭等)自动推进的武器
参考例句:
  • These differences are connected with the strong absorption of the composite projectiles. 这些差别与复杂的入射粒子的强烈吸收有关。 来自辞典例句
  • Projectiles became more important because cannons could now fire balls over hundreds or yards. 抛射体变得更加重要,因为人们已能用大炮把炮弹射到几百码的距离之外。 来自辞典例句
56 overflow fJOxZ     
v.(使)外溢,(使)溢出;溢出,流出,漫出
参考例句:
  • The overflow from the bath ran on to the floor.浴缸里的水溢到了地板上。
  • After a long period of rain,the river may overflow its banks.长时间的下雨天后,河水可能溢出岸来。
57 overflowing df84dc195bce4a8f55eb873daf61b924     
n. 溢出物,溢流 adj. 充沛的,充满的 动词overflow的现在分词形式
参考例句:
  • The stands were overflowing with farm and sideline products. 集市上农副产品非常丰富。
  • The milk is overflowing. 牛奶溢出来了。
58 inclination Gkwyj     
n.倾斜;点头;弯腰;斜坡;倾度;倾向;爱好
参考例句:
  • She greeted us with a slight inclination of the head.她微微点头向我们致意。
  • I did not feel the slightest inclination to hurry.我没有丝毫着急的意思。
59 solidified ec92c58adafe8f3291136b615a7bae5b     
(使)成为固体,(使)变硬,(使)变得坚固( solidify的过去式和过去分词 ); 使团结一致; 充实,巩固; 具体化
参考例句:
  • Her attitudes solidified through privilege and habit. 由于特权和习惯使然,她的看法变得越来越难以改变。
  • When threatened, he fires spheres of solidified air from his launcher! 当危险来临,他就会发射它的弹药!
60 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
61 devoured af343afccf250213c6b0cadbf3a346a9     
吞没( devour的过去式和过去分词 ); 耗尽; 津津有味地看; 狼吞虎咽地吃光
参考例句:
  • She devoured everything she could lay her hands on: books, magazines and newspapers. 无论是书、杂志,还是报纸,只要能弄得到,她都看得津津有味。
  • The lions devoured a zebra in a short time. 狮子一会儿就吃掉了一匹斑马。
62 elevation bqsxH     
n.高度;海拔;高地;上升;提高
参考例句:
  • The house is at an elevation of 2,000 metres.那幢房子位于海拔两千米的高处。
  • His elevation to the position of General Manager was announced yesterday.昨天宣布他晋升总经理职位。
63 shovels ff43a4c7395f1d0c2d5931bbb7a97da6     
n.铲子( shovel的名词复数 );锹;推土机、挖土机等的)铲;铲形部份v.铲子( shovel的第三人称单数 );锹;推土机、挖土机等的)铲;铲形部份
参考例句:
  • workmen with picks and shovels 手拿镐铲的工人
  • In the spring, we plunge shovels into the garden plot, turn under the dark compost. 春天,我们用铁锨翻开园子里黑油油的沃土。 来自辞典例句
64 banking aySz20     
n.银行业,银行学,金融业
参考例句:
  • John is launching his son on a career in banking.约翰打算让儿子在银行界谋一个新职位。
  • He possesses an extensive knowledge of banking.他具有广博的银行业务知识。
65 swelled bd4016b2ddc016008c1fc5827f252c73     
增强( swell的过去式和过去分词 ); 肿胀; (使)凸出; 充满(激情)
参考例句:
  • The infection swelled his hand. 由于感染,他的手肿了起来。
  • After the heavy rain the river swelled. 大雨过后,河水猛涨。
66 demolish 1m7ze     
v.拆毁(建筑物等),推翻(计划、制度等)
参考例句:
  • They're going to demolish that old building.他们将拆毁那座旧建筑物。
  • He was helping to demolish an underground garage when part of the roof collapsed.他当时正在帮忙拆除一个地下汽车库,屋顶的一部份突然倒塌。
67 suspense 9rJw3     
n.(对可能发生的事)紧张感,担心,挂虑
参考例句:
  • The suspense was unbearable.这样提心吊胆的状况实在叫人受不了。
  • The director used ingenious devices to keep the audience in suspense.导演用巧妙手法引起观众的悬念。
68 precipitated cd4c3f83abff4eafc2a6792d14e3895b     
v.(突如其来地)使发生( precipitate的过去式和过去分词 );促成;猛然摔下;使沉淀
参考例句:
  • His resignation precipitated a leadership crisis. 他的辞职立即引发了领导层的危机。
  • He lost his footing and was precipitated to the ground. 他失足摔倒在地上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
69 strife NrdyZ     
n.争吵,冲突,倾轧,竞争
参考例句:
  • We do not intend to be drawn into the internal strife.我们不想卷入内乱之中。
  • Money is a major cause of strife in many marriages.金钱是造成很多婚姻不和的一个主要原因。
70 depict Wmdz5     
vt.描画,描绘;描写,描述
参考例句:
  • I don't care to see plays or films that depict murders or violence.我不喜欢看描写谋杀或暴力的戏剧或电影。
  • Children's books often depict farmyard animals as gentle,lovable creatures.儿童图书常常把农场的动物描写得温和而可爱。
71 hissed 2299e1729bbc7f56fc2559e409d6e8a7     
发嘶嘶声( hiss的过去式和过去分词 ); 发嘘声表示反对
参考例句:
  • Have you ever been hissed at in the middle of a speech? 你在演讲中有没有被嘘过?
  • The iron hissed as it pressed the wet cloth. 熨斗压在湿布上时发出了嘶嘶声。
72 replenished 9f0ecb49d62f04f91bf08c0cab1081e5     
补充( replenish的过去式和过去分词 ); 重新装满
参考例句:
  • She replenished her wardrobe. 她添置了衣服。
  • She has replenished a leather [fur] coat recently. 她最近添置了一件皮袄。
73 pier U22zk     
n.码头;桥墩,桥柱;[建]窗间壁,支柱
参考例句:
  • The pier of the bridge has been so badly damaged that experts worry it is unable to bear weight.这座桥的桥桩破损厉害,专家担心它已不能负重。
  • The ship was making towards the pier.船正驶向码头。
74 hissing hissing     
n. 发嘶嘶声, 蔑视 动词hiss的现在分词形式
参考例句:
  • The steam escaped with a loud hissing noise. 蒸汽大声地嘶嘶冒了出来。
  • His ears were still hissing with the rustle of the leaves. 他耳朵里还听得萨萨萨的声音和屑索屑索的怪声。 来自汉英文学 - 春蚕
75 deafening deafening     
adj. 振耳欲聋的, 极喧闹的 动词deafen的现在分词形式
参考例句:
  • The noise of the siren was deafening her. 汽笛声震得她耳朵都快聋了。
  • The noise of the machine was deafening. 机器的轰鸣声震耳欲聋。
76 formerly ni3x9     
adv.从前,以前
参考例句:
  • We now enjoy these comforts of which formerly we had only heard.我们现在享受到了过去只是听说过的那些舒适条件。
  • This boat was formerly used on the rivers of China.这船从前航行在中国内河里。
77 irresistible n4CxX     
adj.非常诱人的,无法拒绝的,无法抗拒的
参考例句:
  • The wheel of history rolls forward with an irresistible force.历史车轮滚滚向前,势不可挡。
  • She saw an irresistible skirt in the store window.她看见商店的橱窗里有一条叫人着迷的裙子。
78 vanquished 3ee1261b79910819d117f8022636243f     
v.征服( vanquish的过去式和过去分词 );战胜;克服;抑制
参考例句:
  • She had fought many battles, vanquished many foes. 她身经百战,挫败过很多对手。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I vanquished her coldness with my assiduity. 我对她关心照顾从而消除了她的冷淡。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
79 respite BWaxa     
n.休息,中止,暂缓
参考例句:
  • She was interrogated without respite for twenty-four hours.她被不间断地审问了二十四小时。
  • Devaluation would only give the economy a brief respite.贬值只能让经济得到暂时的缓解。
80 accomplished UzwztZ     
adj.有才艺的;有造诣的;达到了的
参考例句:
  • Thanks to your help,we accomplished the task ahead of schedule.亏得你们帮忙,我们才提前完成了任务。
  • Removal of excess heat is accomplished by means of a radiator.通过散热器完成多余热量的排出。
81 repose KVGxQ     
v.(使)休息;n.安息
参考例句:
  • Don't disturb her repose.不要打扰她休息。
  • Her mouth seemed always to be smiling,even in repose.她的嘴角似乎总是挂着微笑,即使在睡眠时也是这样。
82 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
83 inevitably x7axc     
adv.不可避免地;必然发生地
参考例句:
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
84 partially yL7xm     
adv.部分地,从某些方面讲
参考例句:
  • The door was partially concealed by the drapes.门有一部分被门帘遮住了。
  • The police managed to restore calm and the curfew was partially lifted.警方设法恢复了平静,宵禁部分解除。
85 conflagration CnZyK     
n.建筑物或森林大火
参考例句:
  • A conflagration in 1947 reduced 90 percent of the houses to ashes.1947年的一场大火,使90%的房屋化为灰烬。
  • The light of that conflagration will fade away.这熊熊烈火会渐渐熄灭。
86 jaguars bfbd1a0f0e813aff8928cf4c7a6394d1     
n.(中、南美洲的)美洲虎( jaguar的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Jaguars are largely nocturnal creatures. 美洲虎基本上是夜行动物。 来自辞典例句
  • Jaguars (Panthera onca) once ranged from southern South America to theUnited States. 美洲虎曾经分布在北美洲南部和美洲南部。 来自互联网
87 marsh Y7Rzo     
n.沼泽,湿地
参考例句:
  • There are a lot of frogs in the marsh.沼泽里有许多青蛙。
  • I made my way slowly out of the marsh.我缓慢地走出这片沼泽地。
88 ascended ea3eb8c332a31fe6393293199b82c425     
v.上升,攀登( ascend的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He has ascended into heaven. 他已经升入了天堂。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The climbers slowly ascended the mountain. 爬山运动员慢慢地登上了这座山。 来自《简明英汉词典》
89 utterly ZfpzM1     
adv.完全地,绝对地
参考例句:
  • Utterly devoted to the people,he gave his life in saving his patients.他忠于人民,把毕生精力用于挽救患者的生命。
  • I was utterly ravished by the way she smiled.她的微笑使我完全陶醉了。
90 devastated eb3801a3063ef8b9664b1b4d1f6aaada     
v.彻底破坏( devastate的过去式和过去分词);摧毁;毁灭;在感情上(精神上、财务上等)压垮adj.毁坏的;极为震惊的
参考例句:
  • The bomb devastated much of the old part of the city. 这颗炸弹炸毁了旧城的一大片地方。
  • His family is absolutely devastated. 他的一家感到极为震惊。
91 clump xXfzH     
n.树丛,草丛;vi.用沉重的脚步行走
参考例句:
  • A stream meandered gently through a clump of trees.一条小溪从树丛中蜿蜒穿过。
  • It was as if he had hacked with his thick boots at a clump of bluebells.仿佛他用自己的厚靴子无情地践踏了一丛野风信子。
92 extremity tlgxq     
n.末端,尽头;尽力;终极;极度
参考例句:
  • I hope you will help them in their extremity.我希望你能帮助在穷途末路的他们。
  • What shall we do in this extremity?在这种极其困难的情况下我们该怎么办呢?
93 serpentine MEgzx     
adj.蜿蜒的,弯曲的
参考例句:
  • One part of the Serpentine is kept for swimmers.蜿蜒河的一段划为游泳区。
  • Tremolite laths and serpentine minerals are present in places.有的地方出现透闪石板条及蛇纹石。
94 grotesque O6ryZ     
adj.怪诞的,丑陋的;n.怪诞的图案,怪人(物)
参考例句:
  • His face has a grotesque appearance.他的面部表情十分怪。
  • Her account of the incident was a grotesque distortion of the truth.她对这件事的陈述是荒诞地歪曲了事实。
95 stumps 221f9ff23e30fdcc0f64ec738849554c     
(被砍下的树的)树桩( stump的名词复数 ); 残肢; (板球三柱门的)柱; 残余部分
参考例句:
  • Rocks and stumps supplied the place of chairs at the picnic. 野餐时石头和树桩都充当了椅子。
  • If you don't stir your stumps, Tom, you'll be late for school again. 汤姆,如果你不快走,上学又要迟到了。
96 savage ECxzR     
adj.野蛮的;凶恶的,残暴的;n.未开化的人
参考例句:
  • The poor man received a savage beating from the thugs.那可怜的人遭到暴徒的痛打。
  • He has a savage temper.他脾气粗暴。
97 volcanic BLgzQ     
adj.火山的;象火山的;由火山引起的
参考例句:
  • There have been several volcanic eruptions this year.今年火山爆发了好几次。
  • Volcanic activity has created thermal springs and boiling mud pools.火山活动产生了温泉和沸腾的泥浆池。
98 quenching 90229e08b1aa329f388bae4268d165d8     
淬火,熄
参考例句:
  • She had, of course, no faculty for quenching memory in dissipation. 她当然也没有以放荡纵欲来冲淡记忆的能耐。
  • This loss, termed quenching, may arise in two ways. 此种损失称为淬火,呈两个方面。
99 rugged yXVxX     
adj.高低不平的,粗糙的,粗壮的,强健的
参考例句:
  • Football players must be rugged.足球运动员必须健壮。
  • The Rocky Mountains have rugged mountains and roads.落基山脉有崇山峻岭和崎岖不平的道路。
100 hovering 99fdb695db3c202536060470c79b067f     
鸟( hover的现在分词 ); 靠近(某事物); (人)徘徊; 犹豫
参考例句:
  • The helicopter was hovering about 100 metres above the pad. 直升机在离发射台一百米的上空盘旋。
  • I'm hovering between the concert and the play tonight. 我犹豫不决今晚是听音乐会还是看戏。
101 domain ys8xC     
n.(活动等)领域,范围;领地,势力范围
参考例句:
  • This information should be in the public domain.这一消息应该为公众所知。
  • This question comes into the domain of philosophy.这一问题属于哲学范畴。
102 irrigated d5a480a57e6b6336cbbf24f1103448d2     
[医]冲洗的
参考例句:
  • They irrigated their crops with water from this river. 他们用这条小河里的水浇庄稼。
  • A crop can be sown, weeded, irrigated, and fertilized uniformly. 一种作物可以均匀一致地进行播种,除草,灌溉和施肥。
103 toils b316b6135d914eee9a4423309c5057e6     
参考例句:
  • It did not declare him to be still in Mrs. Dorset's toils. 这并不表明他仍陷于多赛特夫人的情网。
  • The thief was caught in the toils of law. 这个贼陷入了法网。
104 desolate vmizO     
adj.荒凉的,荒芜的;孤独的,凄凉的;v.使荒芜,使孤寂
参考例句:
  • The city was burned into a desolate waste.那座城市被烧成一片废墟。
  • We all felt absolutely desolate when she left.她走后,我们都觉得万分孤寂。
105 lessened 6351a909991322c8a53dc9baa69dda6f     
减少的,减弱的
参考例句:
  • Listening to the speech through an interpreter lessened its impact somewhat. 演讲辞通过翻译的嘴说出来,多少削弱了演讲的力量。
  • The flight to suburbia lessened the number of middle-class families living within the city. 随着迁往郊外的风行,住在城内的中产家庭减少了。
106 vomits 0244d7d4c04e070507c487c861d01f3e     
呕吐物( vomit的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • A baby vomits milk from repletion. 婴儿吃饱会吐奶。
  • An active volcano vomits forth smoke and lava. 活火山喷出烟雾和熔岩。
107 vibrations d94a4ca3e6fa6302ae79121ffdf03b40     
n.摆动( vibration的名词复数 );震动;感受;(偏离平衡位置的)一次性往复振动
参考例句:
  • We could feel the vibrations from the trucks passing outside. 我们可以感到外面卡车经过时的颤动。
  • I am drawn to that girl; I get good vibrations from her. 我被那女孩吸引住了,她使我产生良好的感觉。 来自《简明英汉词典》
108 hull 8c8xO     
n.船身;(果、实等的)外壳;vt.去(谷物等)壳
参考例句:
  • The outer surface of ship's hull is very hard.船体的外表面非常坚硬。
  • The boat's hull has been staved in by the tremendous seas.小船壳让巨浪打穿了。
109 exertions 2d5ee45020125fc19527a78af5191726     
n.努力( exertion的名词复数 );费力;(能力、权力等的)运用;行使
参考例句:
  • As long as they lived, exertions would not be necessary to her. 只要他们活着,是不需要她吃苦的。 来自辞典例句
  • She failed to unlock the safe in spite of all her exertions. 她虽然费尽力气,仍未能将那保险箱的锁打开。 来自辞典例句
110 sojourn orDyb     
v./n.旅居,寄居;逗留
参考例句:
  • It would be cruel to begrudge your sojourn among flowers and fields.如果嫉妒你逗留在鲜花与田野之间,那将是太不近人情的。
  • I am already feeling better for my sojourn here.我在此逗留期间,觉得体力日渐恢复。
111 somber dFmz7     
adj.昏暗的,阴天的,阴森的,忧郁的
参考例句:
  • He had a somber expression on his face.他面容忧郁。
  • His coat was a somber brown.他的衣服是暗棕色的。
112 devastation ku9zlF     
n.毁坏;荒废;极度震惊或悲伤
参考例句:
  • The bomb caused widespread devastation. 炸弹造成大面积破坏。
  • There was devastation on every side. 到处都是破坏的创伤。 来自《简明英汉词典》
113 overflowed 4cc5ae8d4154672c8a8539b5a1f1842f     
溢出的
参考例句:
  • Plates overflowed with party food. 聚会上的食物碟满盘盈。
  • A great throng packed out the theater and overflowed into the corridors. 一大群人坐满剧院并且还有人涌到了走廊上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
114 meager zB5xZ     
adj.缺乏的,不足的,瘦的
参考例句:
  • He could not support his family on his meager salary.他靠微薄的工资无法养家。
  • The two men and the woman grouped about the fire and began their meager meal.两个男人同一个女人围着火,开始吃起少得可怜的午饭。
115 poultry GPQxh     
n.家禽,禽肉
参考例句:
  • There is not much poultry in the shops. 商店里禽肉不太多。
  • What do you feed the poultry on? 你们用什么饲料喂养家禽?
116 impending 3qHzdb     
a.imminent, about to come or happen
参考例句:
  • Against a background of impending famine, heavy fighting took place. 即将发生饥荒之时,严重的战乱爆发了。
  • The king convoke parliament to cope with the impending danger. 国王召开国会以应付迫近眉睫的危险。
117 asylum DobyD     
n.避难所,庇护所,避难
参考例句:
  • The people ask for political asylum.人们请求政治避难。
  • Having sought asylum in the West for many years,they were eventually granted it.他们最终获得了在西方寻求多年的避难权。
118 cataracts a219fc2c9b1a7afeeb9c811d4d48060a     
n.大瀑布( cataract的名词复数 );白内障
参考例句:
  • The rotor cataracts water over the top of the machines. 回转轮将水从机器顶上注入。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Cataracts of rain flooded the streets. 倾盆大雨弄得街道淹水。 来自辞典例句
119 sublime xhVyW     
adj.崇高的,伟大的;极度的,不顾后果的
参考例句:
  • We should take some time to enjoy the sublime beauty of nature.我们应该花些时间去欣赏大自然的壮丽景象。
  • Olympic games play as an important arena to exhibit the sublime idea.奥运会,就是展示此崇高理念的重要舞台。
120 vapors 94a2c1cb72b6aa4cb43b8fb8f61653d4     
n.水汽,水蒸气,无实质之物( vapor的名词复数 );自夸者;幻想 [药]吸入剂 [古]忧郁(症)v.自夸,(使)蒸发( vapor的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • His emotions became vague and shifted about like vapors. 他的心情则如同一团雾气,变幻无常,捉摸不定。 来自辞典例句
  • They have hysterics, they weep, they have the vapors. 他们歇斯底里,他们哭泣,他们精神忧郁。 来自辞典例句
121 entrenchment 8c72f3504e6e19c9efe7ef52310d5175     
n.壕沟,防御设施
参考例句:
  • Right below the entrenchment, you will find another underground bunker. 在堑壕的下方,你能找到另一个地下碉堡。 来自互联网
  • There has been a shift in opinion on the issue after a decade of entrenchment. 在那议题上十年的固守之后,有了转变的看法。 来自互联网
122 igneous DyAyL     
adj.火的,火绒的
参考例句:
  • Igneous rocks do not contain fossils.火成岩不含化石。
  • The rocks here are igneous and do not fracture along predictable lines.这儿的石头都是火成岩,石头的裂缝极不规则。
123 gulf 1e0xp     
n.海湾;深渊,鸿沟;分歧,隔阂
参考例句:
  • The gulf between the two leaders cannot be bridged.两位领导人之间的鸿沟难以跨越。
  • There is a gulf between the two cities.这两座城市间有个海湾。
124 outlet ZJFxG     
n.出口/路;销路;批发商店;通风口;发泄
参考例句:
  • The outlet of a water pipe was blocked.水管的出水口堵住了。
  • Running is a good outlet for his energy.跑步是他发泄过剩精力的好方法。


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