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Chapter 4

He was not Mr Wentworth, the former curate of Monkford, however suspicious appearances may be, but a Captain Frederick Wentworth, his brother, who being made commander in consequence of the action off St Domingo, and not immediately employed, had come into Somersetshire, in the summer of 1806; and having no parent living, found a home for half a year at Monkford. He was, at that time, a remarkably2 fine young man, with a great deal of intelligence, spirit, and brilliancy; and Anne an extremely pretty girl, with gentleness, modesty3, taste, and feeling. Half the sum of attraction, on either side, might have been enough, for he had nothing to do, and she had hardly anybody to love; but the encounter of such lavish4 recommendations could not fail. They were gradually acquainted, and when acquainted, rapidly and deeply in love. It would be difficult to say which had seen highest perfection in the other, or which had been the happiest: she, in receiving his declarations and proposals, or he in having them accepted.

A short period of exquisite5 felicity followed, and but a short one. Troubles soon arose. Sir Walter, on being applied6 to, without actually withholding7 his consent, or saying it should never be, gave it all the negative of great astonishment8, great coldness, great silence, and a professed9 resolution of doing nothing for his daughter. He thought it a very degrading alliance; and Lady Russell, though with more tempered and pardonable pride, received it as a most unfortunate one.

Anne Elliot, with all her claims of birth, beauty, and mind, to throw herself away at nineteen; involve herself at nineteen in an engagement with a young man, who had nothing but himself to recommend him, and no hopes of attaining10 affluence11, but in the chances of a most uncertain profession, and no connexions to secure even his farther rise in the profession, would be, indeed, a throwing away, which she grieved to think of! Anne Elliot, so young; known to so few, to be snatched off by a stranger without alliance or fortune; or rather sunk by him into a state of most wearing, anxious, youth-killing dependence12! It must not be, if by any fair interference of friendship, any representations from one who had almost a mother's love, and mother's rights, it would be prevented.

Captain Wentworth had no fortune. He had been lucky in his profession; but spending freely, what had come freely, had realized nothing. But he was confident that he should soon be rich: full of life and ardour, he knew that he should soon have a ship, and soon be on a station that would lead to everything he wanted. He had always been lucky; he knew he should be so still. Such confidence, powerful in its own warmth, and bewitching in the wit which often expressed it, must have been enough for Anne; but Lady Russell saw it very differently. His sanguine13 temper, and fearlessness of mind, operated very differently on her. She saw in it but an aggravation14 of the evil. It only added a dangerous character to himself. He was brilliant, he was headstrong. Lady Russell had little taste for wit, and of anything approaching to imprudence a horror. She deprecated the connexion in every light.

Such opposition16, as these feelings produced, was more than Anne could combat. Young and gentle as she was, it might yet have been possible to withstand her father's ill-will, though unsoftened by one kind word or look on the part of her sister; but Lady Russell, whom she had always loved and relied on, could not, with such steadiness of opinion, and such tenderness of manner, be continually advising her in vain. She was persuaded to believe the engagement a wrong thing: indiscreet, improper18, hardly capable of success, and not deserving it. But it was not a merely selfish caution, under which she acted, in putting an end to it. Had she not imagined herself consulting his good, even more than her own, she could hardly have given him up. The belief of being prudent19, and self-denying, principally for his advantage, was her chief consolation20, under the misery21 of a parting, a final parting; and every consolation was required, for she had to encounter all the additional pain of opinions, on his side, totally unconvinced and unbending, and of his feeling himself ill used by so forced a relinquishment22. He had left the country in consequence.

A few months had seen the beginning and the end of their acquaintance; but not with a few months ended Anne's share of suffering from it. Her attachment23 and regrets had, for a long time, clouded every enjoyment24 of youth, and an early loss of bloom and spirits had been their lasting25 effect.

More than seven years were gone since this little history of sorrowful interest had reached its close; and time had softened17 down much, perhaps nearly all of peculiar26 attachment to him, but she had been too dependent on time alone; no aid had been given in change of place (except in one visit to Bath soon after the rupture), or in any novelty or enlargement of society. No one had ever come within the Kellynch circle, who could bear a comparison with Frederick Wentworth, as he stood in her memory. No second attachment, the only thoroughly27 natural, happy, and sufficient cure, at her time of life, had been possible to the nice tone of her mind, the fastidiousness of her taste, in the small limits of the society around them. She had been solicited28, when about two-and-twenty, to change her name, by the young man, who not long afterwards found a more willing mind in her younger sister; and Lady Russell had lamented29 her refusal; for Charles Musgrove was the eldest30 son of a man, whose landed property and general importance were second in that country, only to Sir Walter's, and of good character and appearance; and however Lady Russell might have asked yet for something more, while Anne was nineteen, she would have rejoiced to see her at twenty-two so respectably removed from the partialities and injustice31 of her father's house, and settled so permanently32 near herself. But in this case, Anne had left nothing for advice to do; and though Lady Russell, as satisfied as ever with her own discretion33, never wished the past undone34, she began now to have the anxiety which borders on hopelessness for Anne's being tempted35, by some man of talents and independence, to enter a state for which she held her to be peculiarly fitted by her warm affections and domestic habits.

They knew not each other's opinion, either its constancy or its change, on the one leading point of Anne's conduct, for the subject was never alluded36 to; but Anne, at seven-and-twenty, thought very differently from what she had been made to think at nineteen. She did not blame Lady Russell, she did not blame herself for having been guided by her; but she felt that were any young person, in similar circumstances, to apply to her for counsel, they would never receive any of such certain immediate1 wretchedness, such uncertain future good. She was persuaded that under every disadvantage of disapprobation at home, and every anxiety attending his profession, all their probable fears, delays, and disappointments, she should yet have been a happier woman in maintaining the engagement, than she had been in the sacrifice of it; and this, she fully37 believed, had the usual share, had even more than the usual share of all such solicitudes38 and suspense39 been theirs, without reference to the actual results of their case, which, as it happened, would have bestowed40 earlier prosperity than could be reasonably calculated on. All his sanguine expectations, all his confidence had been justified41. His genius and ardour had seemed to foresee and to command his prosperous path. He had, very soon after their engagement ceased, got employ: and all that he had told her would follow, had taken place. He had distinguished42 himself, and early gained the other step in rank, and must now, by successive captures, have made a handsome fortune. She had only navy lists and newspapers for her authority, but she could not doubt his being rich; and, in favour of his constancy, she had no reason to believe him married.

How eloquent43 could Anne Elliot have been! how eloquent, at least, were her wishes on the side of early warm attachment, and a cheerful confidence in futurity, against that over-anxious caution which seems to insult exertion44 and distrust Providence45! She had been forced into prudence15 in her youth, she learned romance as she grew older: the natural sequel of an unnatural46 beginning.

With all these circumstances, recollections and feelings, she could not hear that Captain Wentworth's sister was likely to live at Kellynch without a revival47 of former pain; and many a stroll, and many a sigh, were necessary to dispel48 the agitation49 of the idea. She often told herself it was folly50, before she could harden her nerves sufficiently51 to feel the continual discussion of the Crofts and their business no evil. She was assisted, however, by that perfect indifference52 and apparent unconsciousness, among the only three of her own friends in the secret of the past, which seemed almost to deny any recollection of it. She could do justice to the superiority of Lady Russell's motives53 in this, over those of her father and Elizabeth; she could honour all the better feelings of her calmness; but the general air of oblivion among them was highly important from whatever it sprung; and in the event of Admiral Croft's really taking Kellynch Hall, she rejoiced anew over the conviction which had always been most grateful to her, of the past being known to those three only among her connexions, by whom no syllable54, she believed, would ever be whispered, and in the trust that among his, the brother only with whom he had been residing, had received any information of their short-lived engagement. That brother had been long removed from the country and being a sensible man, and, moreover, a single man at the time, she had a fond dependence on no human creature's having heard of it from him.

The sister, Mrs Croft, had then been out of England, accompanying her husband on a foreign station, and her own sister, Mary, had been at school while it all occurred; and never admitted by the pride of some, and the delicacy55 of others, to the smallest knowledge of it afterwards.

With these supports, she hoped that the acquaintance between herself and the Crofts, which, with Lady Russell, still resident in Kellynch, and Mary fixed56 only three miles off, must be anticipated, need not involve any particular awkwardness.

此人不管外表看来如何令人可疑,他却不是蒙克福德以前的副牧师,而是副牧师的弟弟弗雷德里克·温特沃思海军上校。这位温特沃思当年由于参加了圣多明戈附近的海战,而被晋升为海军中校,再加之一时没有任务,便于一八O六年夏天来到萨默塞特郡。可怜他父母双亡,只好在蒙克福德住了半年。当时,他是个出类拔萃的好后生,聪明过人,朝气勃勃,才华横溢。而安妮是个极其美丽的少女,性情温柔,举止娴静,兴致高雅,感情丰富。本来,双方只要具备一半的魅力也就足够了,因为小伙子无所事事,姑娘却又简直无人可爱。然而,双方都有这么多的优点长处,相逢之后岂有不成功的道理。他们逐渐结识了,结识后便迅速陷入了深挚的爱情。很难说谁觉得对方更完美,也很难说谁感到更幸福:是受到小伙子求爱的姑娘,还是得到姑娘应允的小伙子。

接踵而来的是一段无比幸福的美好光阴,可惜好景不长,不久便出现了麻烦。当小伙子向沃尔特爵士提出请求时,沃尔特爵士既不实说不同意,也不明示这永远不可能,而是用大为惊讶和冷漠不语的方式表示否决,并且明确表示:决不给女儿任何好处。他觉得,这是一起极不体面的姻缘。拉塞尔夫人虽然不像爵士那样傲气十足,不可一世,但还是认为这门亲事极不恰当。

安妮·埃利奥特出身高贵,才貌超群,十九岁就要把自己葬送掉,去跟这样一个年轻人定婚。他除了自己的人品之外别无其他长处,没有希望发家致富,一切指望着一项极不可靠的职业,而且即使从事这项职业,也没有亲朋故旧可以确保他步步高升,安妮嫁给他可真是自我葬送。拉塞尔夫人一想起来就痛心!安妮·埃利奥特这么年轻,见识的人这么少,现在要让一个无亲无故、没有财产的陌生人抢走;或者说使她堕落到困苦忧愁、扼杀青春的从属地位!这可不行,她对安妮几乎怀有母亲般的爱,享有母亲般的权利,她若是采取正当的方式,朋友式地出面干预,向她陈述利害,事情还是可以挽救的。

温特沃思没有家产。他在海军混得不错,但是钱来得随便花得也随便,他一直没有积下财产。不过他确信,他很快就会有钱的。他生气勃勃,热情洋溢,知道自己不久便会当上舰长,不久便会达到要啥有啥的地步。他始终是幸运的,他知道以后还会如此。他这种信心本身就很强烈,再加上又往往表示得那样逗趣,安妮岂能不为之心摇神驰。可是拉塞尔夫人却大不以为然。温特沃思的乐天性格和大无畏精神使她产生了迥然不同的反响。她认为,这只不过是罪孽的恶性发展,仅仅为温特沃思增添了危险性。他才华横溢而又刚腹自用。拉塞尔夫人不喜欢听人逗趣,极端厌恶一切轻率的举动。她从各方面表示不赞成这门亲事。

拉塞尔夫人怀着这样的感情表示反对,这是安妮无法抗拒的。她虽然年轻温柔,又得不到姐姐好言好色的安慰,可是父亲的不怀好意她或许还是可以顶得住的。然而,拉塞尔夫人是她热爱信赖的人,她一直在坚定不移、满怀深情地劝导她,岂能徒劳无益。她被说服了,认为他们的订婚是错误的,既不慎重又不得体,很难获得成功。不过,她之所以能谨慎从事,解除了婚约,并不仅仅是出于自私的考虑。假若她认为她是在为自己着想,而不是更多地在为温特沃思着想,她根本不可能舍弃他。她相信自己这样谨慎从事,自我克制,主要是为了他好,这是她忍痛与他分离(也是最终分离)的主要安慰。而每一点安慰又是必要的,因为使安妮感到格外痛苦的是,温特沃思固执己见,无法说服,总觉得自己受到虐待,被人强行抛弃。因此,他离开了乡下。

他们前前后后只交往了几个月。但是安妮由此而引起的痛苦却没有在几个月中消释。长年以来,痴情和懊恼的阴云一直笼罩着她的心头,使她丝毫尝不到青年人的欢乐。结果,她过早地失去了青春的艳丽和兴致。

这段令人心酸的短暂历史结束七年多了。随着时光的流逝,她对温特沃思的特殊感情已经大大淡薄了,也许可以说,几乎整个地淡薄了,然而她过于完全依赖时光的作用了。她没有采取其他的辅助手段,比如换换地方(她只在他们关系破裂后不久,去过一趟巴思),或者多结交些新朋友。在她的心目中,凡是来过凯林奇一带的人里,没有一个比得上弗雷德里克·温特沃思的。在她这个年纪,

要治愈她心头创伤的最自然、最恰当、最有效的办法就是再找个对象。可是她心比天高,挑三拣四,要在周围有限的小天地里再找个对象,谈何容易。当她大约二十二岁的时候,有位年轻人向她求婚,她不同意,小伙子过不多久便娶了她那位心甘情愿嫁给他的妹妹。拉塞尔夫人对她的拒绝表示惋惜,因为查尔斯·默斯格罗夫是个长子,他父亲的地产和地位在本郡仅次于沃尔特爵士,而且查尔斯本人名声很好,仪表堂堂。安妮十九岁的时候,拉塞尔夫人尽管对她要求可能更高些,可是等她到了二十二岁,她又很想看见她体面地搬出凯林奇大厦,摆脱她父亲的偏见不公,在她近旁找个终身的归宿。可是在这件事情中,安妮根本不给人留有忠告的余地。虽然拉塞尔夫人对自己的谨慎态度一如既往地感到很满意,并不希望挽回过去的局面,但是她现在开始担忧了,而且这担忧有些近似绝望。她认为安妮感情热烈,善于持家,特别适宜过小家庭生活,可现在她恐怕再也不会被哪位富有才干、独立自主的男子所打动,而与他结成美满姻缘。

对于安妮的行为,她们在一个主要问题上并不了解相互间的观点,不知道对方的观点改变了没有,因为这个问题从来不曾谈起过。不过安妮到了二十七岁,心里的想法和十九岁时的想法大不相同。她曾经接受过拉塞尔夫人的指引,为此她既不责怪拉塞尔夫人,也不责怪她自己。可她觉得,假使有哪位处于同样情况的年轻人向她求教,她决不会给人家出那样的主意,以至眼前的痛苦毋庸置疑,而长远的好处又不可捉摸。她相信,在遭到家人反对的不利情况下,尽管他们会对温特沃思的职业感到焦灼不安,尽管这可能引起忧虑、推延和失望,但是她假如保持婚约的话,还是会比解除婚约来得更幸福些。而且,她完全相信,即使他们感到通常分量、甚至超过通常分量的焦虑不安,她也会感到更幸福些。何况,他们的实际情况还并非如此。事实上,他们发财走运的时间将比人们合理推测的要早。温特沃思的乐观期待和满怀信心,统统被证明是有道理的。天赋与热情似乎给他带来了先见之明,指引他走上了成功之 路。他们解约之后不久,他就得到了任用。他原先告诉她要出现的情况,全部应验了。他表现突出,很快又被晋升了一级。由于接连缴获战利品,他现在一定攒下了一笔可观的巨款。安妮只有海军花名册和报纸作为依据,但是她无法怀疑他发了财。而且,她相信他是忠贞不渝的,没有理由认为他已经结婚。

若叫安妮·埃利奥特说起来,那该具有何等的说服力啊!至少,她对早年炽热恋情的渴望,对未来的满怀喜悦和信心,是有充分理由的,而过去的谨小慎微似乎成了胡作非为和对上帝的亵读!她年轻的时候被迫采取了谨慎小心的态度,随着年龄的增长,她逐渐染上了浪漫色彩,这是一个不自然开端的自然结果。

她怀着这样的心情,回想起这一切情景,一听说温特沃思海军上校的姐姐可能住进凯林奇,心里怎能不勾起过去的隐痛。她需要多次的散步,多次的叹息,方能消除内心的忐忑不安。她经常告诫自己这样做是愚蠢的,后来才鼓足勇气,觉得大家接连讨论克罗夫特夫妇要租房子的事情并没有什么不好。不过,使她感到宽慰的是,她的朋友中了解过去这段隐情的总共不过三个人,而这三个人看上去又似不知不觉、不闻不问的,仿佛压根儿记不起这件事儿了。她可以公平地断定,拉塞尔夫人这样做的动机要比她父亲和伊丽莎白来得光明磊落。她钦佩她那镇静自若的体谅态度。然而他们之间存在着的那种若无其事的气氛,不管起因何在,对她却是至为紧要的。倘若克罗夫特将军果真住进凯林奇大厦,她可以一如既往地高高兴兴地相信:她的亲戚朋友中只有三个人了解她的过去,这三个人想来决不会走漏一点风声。而在温特沃思的亲戚朋友中,只有同他住在一起的哥哥知道他们之间有过一次短命的订婚。这位哥哥已经早就离开了乡下,鉴于他是个通情达理的人,而且当时又是个单身汉,安妮可以心安理得地相信,不会有人从他那里听到这段隐情的。

温特沃思的姐姐克罗夫特夫人当时不在英国,随着丈夫到海外驻防去了,而安妮自己的妹妹玛丽呢,当发生这一切情况的时候,她正在上学,别人有的出于自尊,有的出于体贴,后来一丝半点也没告诉她。

有了这些安慰,她觉得即使拉塞尔夫人仍然住在凯林奇,玛丽就在三英里之外,她也必须结识一下克罗夫特夫妇,而不必感到有什么特别尴尬的地方。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
2 remarkably EkPzTW     
ad.不同寻常地,相当地
参考例句:
  • I thought she was remarkably restrained in the circumstances. 我认为她在那种情况下非常克制。
  • He made a remarkably swift recovery. 他康复得相当快。
3 modesty REmxo     
n.谦逊,虚心,端庄,稳重,羞怯,朴素
参考例句:
  • Industry and modesty are the chief factors of his success.勤奋和谦虚是他成功的主要因素。
  • As conceit makes one lag behind,so modesty helps one make progress.骄傲使人落后,谦虚使人进步。
4 lavish h1Uxz     
adj.无节制的;浪费的;vt.慷慨地给予,挥霍
参考例句:
  • He despised people who were lavish with their praises.他看不起那些阿谀奉承的人。
  • The sets and costumes are lavish.布景和服装极尽奢华。
5 exquisite zhez1     
adj.精美的;敏锐的;剧烈的,感觉强烈的
参考例句:
  • I was admiring the exquisite workmanship in the mosaic.我当时正在欣赏镶嵌画的精致做工。
  • I still remember the exquisite pleasure I experienced in Bali.我依然记得在巴厘岛所经历的那种剧烈的快感。
6 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
7 withholding 7eXzD6     
扣缴税款
参考例句:
  • She was accused of withholding information from the police. 她被指控对警方知情不报。
  • The judge suspected the witness was withholding information. 法官怀疑见证人在隐瞒情况。
8 astonishment VvjzR     
n.惊奇,惊异
参考例句:
  • They heard him give a loud shout of astonishment.他们听见他惊奇地大叫一声。
  • I was filled with astonishment at her strange action.我对她的奇怪举动不胜惊异。
9 professed 7151fdd4a4d35a0f09eaf7f0f3faf295     
公开声称的,伪称的,已立誓信教的
参考例句:
  • These, at least, were their professed reasons for pulling out of the deal. 至少这些是他们自称退出这宗交易的理由。
  • Her manner professed a gaiety that she did not feel. 她的神态显出一种她并未实际感受到的快乐。
10 attaining da8a99bbb342bc514279651bdbe731cc     
(通常经过努力)实现( attain的现在分词 ); 达到; 获得; 达到(某年龄、水平、状况)
参考例句:
  • Jim is halfway to attaining his pilot's licence. 吉姆就快要拿到飞行员执照了。
  • By that time she was attaining to fifty. 那时她已快到五十岁了。
11 affluence lx4zf     
n.充裕,富足
参考例句:
  • Their affluence is more apparent than real.他们的富有是虚有其表。
  • There is a lot of affluence in this part of the state because it has many businesses.这个州的这一部分相当富有,因为它有很多商行。
12 dependence 3wsx9     
n.依靠,依赖;信任,信赖;隶属
参考例句:
  • Doctors keep trying to break her dependence of the drug.医生们尽力使她戒除毒瘾。
  • He was freed from financial dependence on his parents.他在经济上摆脱了对父母的依赖。
13 sanguine dCOzF     
adj.充满希望的,乐观的,血红色的
参考例句:
  • He has a sanguine attitude to life.他对于人生有乐观的看法。
  • He is not very sanguine about our chances of success.他对我们成功的机会不太乐观。
14 aggravation PKYyD     
n.烦恼,恼火
参考例句:
  • She stirred in aggravation as she said this. 她说这句话,激动得过分。
  • Can't stand the aggravation, all day I get aggravation. You know how it is." 我整天都碰到令人发火的事,你可想而知这是什么滋味。” 来自教父部分
15 prudence 9isyI     
n.谨慎,精明,节俭
参考例句:
  • A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.不够谨慎可能会导致财政上出现问题。
  • The happy impute all their success to prudence or merit.幸运者都把他们的成功归因于谨慎或功德。
16 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
17 softened 19151c4e3297eb1618bed6a05d92b4fe     
(使)变软( soften的过去式和过去分词 ); 缓解打击; 缓和; 安慰
参考例句:
  • His smile softened slightly. 他的微笑稍柔和了些。
  • The ice cream softened and began to melt. 冰淇淋开始变软并开始融化。
18 improper b9txi     
adj.不适当的,不合适的,不正确的,不合礼仪的
参考例句:
  • Short trousers are improper at a dance.舞会上穿短裤不成体统。
  • Laughing and joking are improper at a funeral.葬礼时大笑和开玩笑是不合适的。
19 prudent M0Yzg     
adj.谨慎的,有远见的,精打细算的
参考例句:
  • A prudent traveller never disparages his own country.聪明的旅行者从不贬低自己的国家。
  • You must school yourself to be modest and prudent.你要学会谦虚谨慎。
20 consolation WpbzC     
n.安慰,慰问
参考例句:
  • The children were a great consolation to me at that time.那时孩子们成了我的莫大安慰。
  • This news was of little consolation to us.这个消息对我们来说没有什么安慰。
21 misery G10yi     
n.痛苦,苦恼,苦难;悲惨的境遇,贫苦
参考例句:
  • Business depression usually causes misery among the working class.商业不景气常使工薪阶层受苦。
  • He has rescued me from the mire of misery.他把我从苦海里救了出来。
22 relinquishment cVjxa     
n.放弃;撤回;停止
参考例句:
  • One kind of love is called relinquishment. 有一种爱叫做放手。
  • Our curriculum trains for the relinquishment of judgment as the necessary condition of salvation. 我们的课程则训练我们把放弃判断作为得救的必需条件。
23 attachment POpy1     
n.附属物,附件;依恋;依附
参考例句:
  • She has a great attachment to her sister.她十分依恋她的姐姐。
  • She's on attachment to the Ministry of Defense.她现在隶属于国防部。
24 enjoyment opaxV     
n.乐趣;享有;享用
参考例句:
  • Your company adds to the enjoyment of our visit. 有您的陪同,我们这次访问更加愉快了。
  • After each joke the old man cackled his enjoyment.每逢讲完一个笑话,这老人就呵呵笑着表示他的高兴。
25 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持续,维持
参考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
26 peculiar cinyo     
adj.古怪的,异常的;特殊的,特有的
参考例句:
  • He walks in a peculiar fashion.他走路的样子很奇特。
  • He looked at me with a very peculiar expression.他用一种很奇怪的表情看着我。
27 thoroughly sgmz0J     
adv.完全地,彻底地,十足地
参考例句:
  • The soil must be thoroughly turned over before planting.一定要先把土地深翻一遍再下种。
  • The soldiers have been thoroughly instructed in the care of their weapons.士兵们都系统地接受过保护武器的训练。
28 solicited 42165ba3a0defc35cb6bc86d22a9f320     
v.恳求( solicit的过去式和过去分词 );(指娼妇)拉客;索求;征求
参考例句:
  • He's already solicited their support on health care reform. 他已就医疗改革问题请求他们的支持。 来自辞典例句
  • We solicited ideas from Princeton University graduates and under graduates. 我们从普林斯顿大学的毕业生与大学生中征求意见。 来自辞典例句
29 lamented b6ae63144a98bc66c6a97351aea85970     
adj.被哀悼的,令人遗憾的v.(为…)哀悼,痛哭,悲伤( lament的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • her late lamented husband 她那令人怀念的已故的丈夫
  • We lamented over our bad luck. 我们为自己的不幸而悲伤。 来自《简明英汉词典》
30 eldest bqkx6     
adj.最年长的,最年老的
参考例句:
  • The King's eldest son is the heir to the throne.国王的长子是王位的继承人。
  • The castle and the land are entailed on the eldest son.城堡和土地限定由长子继承。
31 injustice O45yL     
n.非正义,不公正,不公平,侵犯(别人的)权利
参考例句:
  • They complained of injustice in the way they had been treated.他们抱怨受到不公平的对待。
  • All his life he has been struggling against injustice.他一生都在与不公正现象作斗争。
32 permanently KluzuU     
adv.永恒地,永久地,固定不变地
参考例句:
  • The accident left him permanently scarred.那次事故给他留下了永久的伤疤。
  • The ship is now permanently moored on the Thames in London.该船现在永久地停泊在伦敦泰晤士河边。
33 discretion FZQzm     
n.谨慎;随意处理
参考例句:
  • You must show discretion in choosing your friend.你择友时必须慎重。
  • Please use your best discretion to handle the matter.请慎重处理此事。
34 undone JfJz6l     
a.未做完的,未完成的
参考例句:
  • He left nothing undone that needed attention.所有需要注意的事他都注意到了。
35 tempted b0182e969d369add1b9ce2353d3c6ad6     
v.怂恿(某人)干不正当的事;冒…的险(tempt的过去分词)
参考例句:
  • I was sorely tempted to complain, but I didn't. 我极想发牢骚,但还是没开口。
  • I was tempted by the dessert menu. 甜食菜单馋得我垂涎欲滴。
36 alluded 69f7a8b0f2e374aaf5d0965af46948e7     
提及,暗指( allude的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • In your remarks you alluded to a certain sinister design. 在你的谈话中,你提到了某个阴谋。
  • She also alluded to her rival's past marital troubles. 她还影射了对手过去的婚姻问题。
37 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
38 solicitudes dfdca9641e416f4156e3d584cc2f437e     
n.关心,挂念,渴望( solicitude的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The partial solicitudes of 5th of article have gone to the installation problem of execution office. 在对执行权进行系统的阐述之后,文章的第五部分分析了执行机关的设置问题。 来自互联网
39 suspense 9rJw3     
n.(对可能发生的事)紧张感,担心,挂虑
参考例句:
  • The suspense was unbearable.这样提心吊胆的状况实在叫人受不了。
  • The director used ingenious devices to keep the audience in suspense.导演用巧妙手法引起观众的悬念。
40 bestowed 12e1d67c73811aa19bdfe3ae4a8c2c28     
赠给,授予( bestow的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • It was a title bestowed upon him by the king. 那是国王赐给他的头衔。
  • He considered himself unworthy of the honour they had bestowed on him. 他认为自己不配得到大家赋予他的荣誉。
41 justified 7pSzrk     
a.正当的,有理的
参考例句:
  • She felt fully justified in asking for her money back. 她认为有充分的理由要求退款。
  • The prisoner has certainly justified his claims by his actions. 那个囚犯确实已用自己的行动表明他的要求是正当的。
42 distinguished wu9z3v     
adj.卓越的,杰出的,著名的
参考例句:
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
43 eloquent ymLyN     
adj.雄辩的,口才流利的;明白显示出的
参考例句:
  • He was so eloquent that he cut down the finest orator.他能言善辩,胜过最好的演说家。
  • These ruins are an eloquent reminder of the horrors of war.这些废墟形象地提醒人们不要忘记战争的恐怖。
44 exertion F7Fyi     
n.尽力,努力
参考例句:
  • We were sweating profusely from the exertion of moving the furniture.我们搬动家具大费气力,累得大汗淋漓。
  • She was hot and breathless from the exertion of cycling uphill.由于用力骑车爬坡,她浑身发热。
45 providence 8tdyh     
n.深谋远虑,天道,天意;远见;节约;上帝
参考例句:
  • It is tempting Providence to go in that old boat.乘那艘旧船前往是冒大险。
  • To act as you have done is to fly in the face of Providence.照你的所作所为那样去行事,是违背上帝的意志的。
46 unnatural 5f2zAc     
adj.不自然的;反常的
参考例句:
  • Did her behaviour seem unnatural in any way?她有任何反常表现吗?
  • She has an unnatural smile on her face.她脸上挂着做作的微笑。
47 revival UWixU     
n.复兴,复苏,(精力、活力等的)重振
参考例句:
  • The period saw a great revival in the wine trade.这一时期葡萄酒业出现了很大的复苏。
  • He claimed the housing market was showing signs of a revival.他指出房地产市场正出现复苏的迹象。
48 dispel XtQx0     
vt.驱走,驱散,消除
参考例句:
  • I tried in vain to dispel her misgivings.我试图消除她的疑虑,但没有成功。
  • We hope the programme will dispel certain misconceptions about the disease.我们希望这个节目能消除对这种疾病的一些误解。
49 agitation TN0zi     
n.搅动;搅拌;鼓动,煽动
参考例句:
  • Small shopkeepers carried on a long agitation against the big department stores.小店主们长期以来一直在煽动人们反对大型百货商店。
  • These materials require constant agitation to keep them in suspension.这些药剂要经常搅动以保持悬浮状态。
50 folly QgOzL     
n.愚笨,愚蠢,蠢事,蠢行,傻话
参考例句:
  • Learn wisdom by the folly of others.从别人的愚蠢行动中学到智慧。
  • Events proved the folly of such calculations.事情的进展证明了这种估计是愚蠢的。
51 sufficiently 0htzMB     
adv.足够地,充分地
参考例句:
  • It turned out he had not insured the house sufficiently.原来他没有给房屋投足保险。
  • The new policy was sufficiently elastic to accommodate both views.新政策充分灵活地适用两种观点。
52 indifference k8DxO     
n.不感兴趣,不关心,冷淡,不在乎
参考例句:
  • I was disappointed by his indifference more than somewhat.他的漠不关心使我很失望。
  • He feigned indifference to criticism of his work.他假装毫不在意别人批评他的作品。
53 motives 6c25d038886898b20441190abe240957     
n.动机,目的( motive的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • to impeach sb's motives 怀疑某人的动机
  • His motives are unclear. 他的用意不明。
54 syllable QHezJ     
n.音节;vt.分音节
参考例句:
  • You put too much emphasis on the last syllable.你把最后一个音节读得太重。
  • The stress on the last syllable is light.最后一个音节是轻音节。
55 delicacy mxuxS     
n.精致,细微,微妙,精良;美味,佳肴
参考例句:
  • We admired the delicacy of the craftsmanship.我们佩服工艺师精巧的手艺。
  • He sensed the delicacy of the situation.他感觉到了形势的微妙。
56 fixed JsKzzj     
adj.固定的,不变的,准备好的;(计算机)固定的
参考例句:
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。


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