小说搜索     点击排行榜   最新入库
首页 » 双语小说 » 复活 Resurrection » Part 1 Chapter 34
选择底色: 选择字号:【大】【中】【小】
Part 1 Chapter 34

THE ABSURDITY1 OF LAW--REFLECTIONS OF A JURYMAN.

On coming into the Law Courts Nekhludoff met the usher2 of yesterday, who to-day seemed to him much to be pitied, in the corridor, and asked him where those prisoners who had been sentenced were kept, and to whom one had to apply for permission to visit them. The usher told him that the condemned3 prisoners were kept in different places, and that, until they received their sentence in its final form, the permission to visit them depended on the president. "I'll come and call you myself, and take you to the president after the session. The president is not even here at present. After the session! And now please come in; we are going to commence."

Nekhludoff thanked the usher for his kindness, and went into the jurymen's room. As he was approaching the room, the other jurymen were just leaving it to go into the court. The merchant had again partaken of a little refreshment4, and was as merry as the day before, and greeted Nekhludoff like an old friend. And to-day Peter Gerasimovitch did not arouse any unpleasant feelings in Nekhludoff by his familiarity and his loud laughter. Nekhludoff would have liked to tell all the jurymen about his relations to yesterday's prisoner. "By rights," he thought, "I ought to have got up yesterday during the trial and disclosed my guilt5."

He entered the court with the other jurymen, and witnessed the same procedure as the day before.

"The judges are coming," was again proclaimed, and again three men, with embroidered6 collars, ascended7 the platform, and there was the same settling of the jury on the high-backed chairs, the same gendarmes8, the same portraits, the same priest, and Nekhludoff felt that, though he knew what he ought to do, he could not interrupt all this solemnity. The preparations for the trials were just the same as the day before, excepting that the swearing in of the jury and the president's address to them were omitted.

The case before the Court this day was one of burglary. The prisoner, guarded by two gendarmes with naked swords, was a thin, narrow-chested lad of 20, with a bloodless, sallow face, dressed in a grey cloak. He sat alone in the prisoner's dock. This boy was accused of having, together with a companion, broken the lock of a shed and stolen several old mats valued at 3 roubles [the rouble is worth a little over two shillings, and contains 100 copecks] and 67 copecks. According to the indictment9, a policeman had stopped this boy as he was passing with his companion, who was carrying the mats on his shoulder. The boy and his companion confessed at once, and were both imprisoned10. The boy's companion, a locksmith, died in prison, and so the boy was being tried alone. The old mats were lying on the table as the objects of material evidence. The business was conducted just in the same manner as the day before, with the whole armoury of evidence, proofs, witnesses, swearing in, questions, experts, and cross-examinations. In answer to every question put to him by the president, the prosecutor11, or the advocate, the policeman (one of the witnesses) in variably ejected the words: "just so," or "Can't tell." Yet, in spite of his being stupefied, and rendered a mere12 machine by military discipline, his reluctance13 to speak about the arrest of this prisoner was evident. Another witness, an old house proprietor14, and owner of the mats, evidently a rich old man, when asked whether the mats were his, reluctantly identified them as such. When the public prosecutor asked him what he meant to do with these mats, what use they were to him, he got angry, and answered: "The devil take those mats; I don't want them at all. Had I known there would be all this bother about them I should not have gone looking for them, but would rather have added a ten-rouble note or two to them, only not to be dragged here and pestered15 with questions. I have spent a lot on isvostchiks. Besides, I am not well. I have been suffering from rheumatism16 for the last seven years." It was thus the witness spoke17.

The accused himself confessed everything, and looking round stupidly, like an animal that is caught, related how it had all happened. Still the public prosecutor, drawing up his shoulders as he had done the day before, asked subtle questions calculated to catch a cunning criminal.

In his speech he proved that the theft had been committed from a dwelling-place, and a lock had been broken; and that the boy, therefore, deserved a heavy punishment. The advocate appointed by the Court proved that the theft was not committed from a dwelling-place, and that, though the crime was a serious one, the prisoner was not so very dangerous to society as the prosecutor stated. The president assumed the role of absolute neutrality in the same way as he had done on the previous day, and impressed on the jury facts which they all knew and could not help knowing. Then came an interval18, just as the day before, and they smoked; and again the usher called out "The judges are coming," and in the same way the two gendarmes sat trying to keep awake and threatening the prisoner with their naked weapons.

The proceedings19 showed that this boy was apprenticed20 by his father at a tobacco factory, where he remained five years. This year he had been discharged by the owner after a strike, and, having lost his place, he wandered about the town without any work, drinking all he possessed22. In a traktir [cheap restaurant] he met another like himself, who had lost his place before the prisoner had, a locksmith by trade and a drunkard. One night, those two, both drunk, broke the lock of a shed and took the first thing they happened to lay hands on. They confessed all and were put in prison, where the locksmith died while awaiting the trial. The boy was now being tried as a dangerous creature, from whom society must be protected.

"Just as dangerous a creature as yesterday's culprit," thought Nekhludoff, listening to all that was going on before him. "They are dangerous, and we who judge them? I, a rake, an adulterer, a deceiver. We are not dangerous. But, even supposing that this boy is the most dangerous of all that are here in the court, what should he done from a common-sense point of view when he has been caught? It is clear that he is not an exceptional evil-doer, but a most ordinary boy; every one sees it--and that he has become what he is simply because he got into circumstances that create such characters, and, therefore, to prevent such a boy from going wrong the circumstances that create these unfortunate beings must be done away with.

"But what do we do? We seize one such lad who happens to get caught, knowing well that there are thousands like him whom we have not caught, and send him to prison, where idleness, or most unwholesome, useless labour is forced on him, in company of others weakened and ensnared by the lives they have led. And then we send him, at the public expense, from the Moscow to the Irkoutsk Government, in company with the most depraved of men.

"But we do nothing to destroy the conditions in which people like these are produced; on the contrary, we support the establishments where they are formed. These establishments are well known: factories, mills, workshops, public-houses, gin-shops, brothels. And we do not destroy these places, but, looking at them as necessary, we support and regulate them. We educate in this way not one, but millions of people, and then catch one of them and imagine that we have done something, that we have guarded ourselves, and nothing more can be expected of us. Have we not sent him from the Moscow to the Irkoutsk Government?" Thus thought Nekhludoff with unusual clearness and vividness, sitting in his high-backed chair next to the colonel, and listening to the different intonations23 of the advocates', prosecutor's, and president's voices, and looking at their self-confident gestures. "And how much and what hard effort this pretence24 requires," continued Nekhludoff in his mind, glancing round the enormous room, the portraits, lamps, armchairs, uniforms, the thick walls and large windows; and picturing to himself the tremendous size of the building, and the still more ponderous25 dimensions of the whole of this organisation26, with its army of officials, scribes, watchmen, messengers, not only in this place, but all over Russia, who receive wages for carrying on this comedy which no one needs. "Supposing we spent one-hundredth of these efforts helping27 these castaways, whom we now only regard as hands and bodies, required by us for our own peace and comfort. Had some one chanced to take pity on him and given some help at the time when poverty made them send him to town, it might have been sufficient," Nekhludoff thought, looking at the boy's piteous face. "Or even later, when, after 12 hours' work at the factory, he was going to the public-house, led away by his companions, had some one then come and said, 'Don't go, Vania; it is not right,' he would not have gone, nor got into bad ways, and would not have done any wrong.

"But no; no one who would have taken pity on him came across this apprentice21 in the years he lived like a poor little animal in the town, and with his hair cut close so as not to breed vermin, and ran errands for the workmen. No, all he heard and saw, from the older workmen and his companions, since he came to live in town, was that he who cheats, drinks, swears, who gives another a thrashing, who goes on the loose, is a fine fellow. Ill, his constitution undermined by unhealthy labour, drink, and debauchery--bewildered as in a dream, knocking aimlessly about town, he gets into some sort of a shed, and takes from there some old mats, which nobody needs--and here we, all of us educated people, rich or comfortably off, meet together, dressed in good clothes and fine uniforms, in a splendid apartment, to mock this unfortunate brother of ours whom we ourselves have ruined.

"Terrible! It is difficult to say whether the cruelty or the absurdity is greater, but the one and the other seem to reach their climax28."

Nekhludoff thought all this, no longer listening to what was going on, and he was horror-struck by that which was being revealed to him. He could not understand why he had not been able to see all this before, and why others were unable to see it.

聂赫留朵夫一到法院,在走廊里遇见昨天那个民事执行吏,就向他打听已判决的犯人关在哪里,要同这类犯人见面须得到谁的批准。民事执行吏说,犯人关在不同的地方,在没有正式宣布判决以前,探望必须得到检察官的批准。

“等审讯结束后,我来告诉您,陪您去。检察官现在还没有来。您就等审讯结束吧。现在先请出庭陪审。马上就要开庭了。”

聂赫留朵夫觉得这个民事执行吏今天的模样特别可怜。

他谢了谢他的好意,向陪审员议事室走去。

他刚走近那个房间,陪审员正好纷纷从那里出来,到法庭上去。那个商人象昨天一样快乐,又吃过东西喝过酒了,一看见聂赫留朵夫,就象老朋友那样招呼他。彼得·盖拉西莫维奇的亲昵态度和大笑声,今天也没有使聂赫留朵夫反感。

聂赫留朵夫很想把他跟昨天那个女被告的关系告诉全体陪审员。“说实在的,”他想,“昨天开庭的时候我应该站起来,当众宣布我的罪状。”不过,他同其他几个陪审员一起走进法庭,同昨天一样的程序又开始了:又是“开庭了”的吆喝声,又是那三个有领章的法官登上高台,又是一片肃静,又是陪审员们在高背椅上就座,又是那几个宪兵,又是沙皇御像,又是那个司祭,——这当儿聂赫留朵夫觉得,尽管他有责任这样做,但今天同昨天一样,他无法打破这种庄严的法庭气氛。

开庭前的种种准备工作也跟昨天一样,只是少了陪审员宣誓和庭长对他们的讲话。

今天审讯的是一个撬锁窃盗案。被告由两名手持出鞘军刀的宪兵押到庭上。这是一个二十岁的小伙子,身材瘦削,脸色苍白,穿着一件灰色囚袍。他单独坐在被告席上,皱起眉头打量着一个个出庭的人。这个小伙子被控同一个伙伴撬开仓库的挂锁,从那里偷走价值三卢布六十七戈比的破旧粗地毯。起诉书控告说,这个小伙子跟一个掮粗地毯的同伙在一起走,被警察截获了。他们两人立即认罪,于是双双进了监狱。那个同伙原是个小炉匠,不久就死在牢里。这样,今天就剩下小伙子单独受审。破旧的粗地毯放在物证桌上。

审讯案件同昨天一模一样,有各种证据,有罪证,有证人,有证人宣誓,有审问,有鉴定人,有交相讯问,等等。那个作为证人的警察遇到庭长、检察官和辩护人问话,总是有气无力地回答几个字:“是,大人,”或者“我不知道,大人,”接着又是“是,大人,”……不过,尽管他显出当兵的那种呆头呆脑的神气,说着简单刻板的话,还是看得出他很可怜小伙子,不大愿意讲述逮捕的经过。

另一个证人是失主,也就是房东和粗地毯的所有者。这个小老头看来肝火很旺,问他那些地毯是不是他的,他勉强回答是他的。当副检察官问他打算拿这些地毯作什么用,他是不是很需要这些地毯时,他勃然大怒,回答说:

“哼,这些破地毯,去他妈的,我根本用不着。早知道会惹出这么多麻烦来,我才不去找它呢。我情愿倒贴一张红票子,就是两张也情愿,只要不把我拉到这儿来受审。我坐马车差不多已花了五卢布。我身体又不好。我有疝气,还有风湿痛。”

证人们就说了这样一些话。被告本人全部招认了。他好象一头被逮住的小野兽,茫然地左顾右盼,同时断断续续地把犯罪的经过前前后后说了一遍。

案情明明白白,可是副检察官象昨天一样,耸起肩膀,提出一些古怪的问题,想叫狡猾的罪犯上钩。

他在发言中证实,这个盗窃案发生在住人的房屋里,门锁被撬开,因此这个小伙子应受最严厉的惩罚。

法庭指定的辩护人却证实这个盗窃案不是在住人的房屋里犯的,因此罪行固然无可否认但罪犯还不致象副检察官所肯定的那样对社会构成严重危害。

庭长又象昨天那样装得不偏不倚,大公无私,并且向陪审员详细解释那些他们早就知道,其实也不可能不知道的规矩。法庭又象昨天一样暂停了几次,大家照样又是抽烟,又是民事执行吏高呼“开庭了”,两个宪兵又是竭力克制着睡意,拿着出鞘的军刀坐在那里,恫吓犯人。

通过审讯知道,这个小伙子原先被他父亲送到香烟厂当学徒,在那里过了五年。今年,工厂老板同工人发生纠纷,他被老板解雇了。他找不到活儿干,在城里游荡,把最后一个子儿都拿去喝酒。他在小饭馆里认识了那个比他更早失业、酒喝得更凶的小炉匠。他们一起喝醉了酒,深夜撬开门锁,把首先看到的东西拿走。他们被捕了,供认盗窃地毯,就被关进牢里。小炉匠不等审讯就死了。现在,这个小伙子被认为是个危险分子,必须同社会隔离,并且受到审讯。

“说他是个危险分子,那也同昨天那个女犯人一样,”聂赫留朵夫听着庭上人们的话,想。“他们是危险的,难道我们就不危险吗?……我是个放荡好色的人,是个骗子手,可是知道我底细的人不仅不鄙视我,还很尊敬我。难道我们就不危险吗?就算这个小伙子是整个法庭上最危险的人物,现在他落网了,应该拿他怎么办呢?

“这个小伙子分明不是什么坏蛋,而是一个极其普通的人。这一点大家都很清楚。他所以落到如此地步,无非因为他处在会产生这种人的环境里。因此,事情很清楚,要小伙子不至于变成这种人,必须努力消灭产生这种不幸的人的环境。

“可我们是怎么办的呢?我们抓住这样一个偶然落到我们手里的小伙子,明明知道还有成千上万这样的人逍遥在社会上,却把他关进监牢,使他终日无所事事,或者做些有害的无聊劳动,结交一批象他一样在生活上软弱无能因而迷途的人,然后由国库出钱把他夹在一批腐化堕落分子中间,从莫斯科省一直流放到伊尔库次克省。

“我们不但没有采取任何措施,来消除产生这种人的环境,还一味鼓励产生这种人的机构,也就是工厂、工场、作坊、小饭馆、酒店、妓院。我们不仅不取消这类机构,还认为它们是必不可少的,对它们进行鼓励和调节。

“我们用这种方式培养出来的人不止一个,而是千百万个。然后我们逮捕了一个,就自以为办了一件大事,保障了自己的安全,再也不用做什么事了,我们就把他从莫斯科省遣送到伊尔库次克省,”聂赫留朵夫坐在上校旁边,听着辩护人、检察官和庭长的不同音调,看着他们自以为是的姿态,情绪激动地思索着。“嘿,演这样的戏得耗费多少精力呀,”聂赫留朵夫环顾着这个大法庭,望望那些画像、灯盏、圈椅、军服以及厚墙和窗子,继续想。他想到这座宏伟的建筑物,还有那更加宏伟的整个机构,以及由全体官僚、文书、看守、差役等组成的庞大的队伍。这种队伍不仅这里有,而且俄国各地都有,他们领取薪金,就是为了表演这种无聊的闹剧。“要是我们用这种精力的百分之一来帮助那些被抛弃的人,那将会出现怎样的局面呢?可现在我们只把他们看作可以为我们的安宁和舒适服务的劳动力。其实,当他由于家境贫困从乡下来到城里时,只要有一个人怜悯他,周济他就好了。”聂赫留朵夫望着小伙子受惊的病容,暗自想着,“或者,当他进了城,在厂里做完十二小时工以后,被年纪大些的伙伴拉到小酒店里去时,要是有人对他说:‘别去,凡尼亚,到那里去不好,’小伙子也就不会去,不会堕落,不会做什么坏事了。

“但自从他在城里过着牛马般的学徒生活,为了防止生虱子而剃光头发,终日替师傅们东奔西跑买东西以来,从来没有一个人怜悯过他。正好相反,自从他住到城里以来,从师傅和伙伴嘴里听到的,不外乎‘谁会喝酒,谁会骂人,谁会打架,谁会放荡,谁就是好汉’这样的话。

“后来,有碍健康的繁重劳动、酗酒、放荡戕害了他的身心,他就变得头脑愚钝,举动轻狂,丧魂落魄,漫无目的地在城里乱闯,又一时糊涂溜到人家的板棚里,从那里拖走了毫无用处的破地毯。而我们这些丰衣足食、生活富裕、受过教育的人,非但不去设法消除促使这个小伙子堕落的原因,还要惩罚他,想以此来纠正这类事情。

“太可怕了!这种情形主要是由于残酷还是荒谬,谁也说不上来。不过,不论是残酷还是荒谬,都已达到登峰造极的地步。”

聂赫留朵夫一心思考着这问题,已经不在听庭上的审问了。这些想法使他自己也感到害怕。他感到奇怪的是,这种情况以前他怎么没有发现,别人怎么也没有看到。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 absurdity dIQyU     
n.荒谬,愚蠢;谬论
参考例句:
  • The proposal borders upon the absurdity.这提议近乎荒谬。
  • The absurdity of the situation made everyone laugh.情况的荒谬可笑使每个人都笑了。
2 usher sK2zJ     
n.带位员,招待员;vt.引导,护送;vi.做招待,担任引座员
参考例句:
  • The usher seated us in the front row.引座员让我们在前排就座。
  • They were quickly ushered away.他们被迅速领开。
3 condemned condemned     
adj. 被责难的, 被宣告有罪的 动词condemn的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He condemned the hypocrisy of those politicians who do one thing and say another. 他谴责了那些说一套做一套的政客的虚伪。
  • The policy has been condemned as a regressive step. 这项政策被认为是一种倒退而受到谴责。
4 refreshment RUIxP     
n.恢复,精神爽快,提神之事物;(复数)refreshments:点心,茶点
参考例句:
  • He needs to stop fairly often for refreshment.他须时不时地停下来喘口气。
  • A hot bath is a great refreshment after a day's work.在一天工作之后洗个热水澡真是舒畅。
5 guilt 9e6xr     
n.犯罪;内疚;过失,罪责
参考例句:
  • She tried to cover up her guilt by lying.她企图用谎言掩饰自己的罪行。
  • Don't lay a guilt trip on your child about schoolwork.别因为功课责备孩子而使他觉得很内疚。
6 embroidered StqztZ     
adj.绣花的
参考例句:
  • She embroidered flowers on the cushion covers. 她在这些靠垫套上绣了花。
  • She embroidered flowers on the front of the dress. 她在连衣裙的正面绣花。
7 ascended ea3eb8c332a31fe6393293199b82c425     
v.上升,攀登( ascend的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He has ascended into heaven. 他已经升入了天堂。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The climbers slowly ascended the mountain. 爬山运动员慢慢地登上了这座山。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 gendarmes e775b824de98b38fb18be9103d68a1d9     
n.宪兵,警官( gendarme的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Of course, the line of prisoners was guarded at all times by armed gendarmes. 当然,这一切都是在荷枪实弹的卫兵监视下进行的。 来自百科语句
  • The three men were gendarmes;the other was Jean Valjean. 那三个人是警察,另一个就是冉阿让。 来自互联网
9 indictment ybdzt     
n.起诉;诉状
参考例句:
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
  • They issued an indictment against them.他们起诉了他们。
10 imprisoned bc7d0bcdd0951055b819cfd008ef0d8d     
下狱,监禁( imprison的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He was imprisoned for two concurrent terms of 30 months and 18 months. 他被判处30个月和18个月的监禁,合并执行。
  • They were imprisoned for possession of drugs. 他们因拥有毒品而被监禁。
11 prosecutor 6RXx1     
n.起诉人;检察官,公诉人
参考例句:
  • The defender argued down the prosecutor at the court.辩护人在法庭上驳倒了起诉人。
  • The prosecutor would tear your testimony to pieces.检查官会把你的证言驳得体无完肤。
12 mere rC1xE     
adj.纯粹的;仅仅,只不过
参考例句:
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
13 reluctance 8VRx8     
n.厌恶,讨厌,勉强,不情愿
参考例句:
  • The police released Andrew with reluctance.警方勉强把安德鲁放走了。
  • He showed the greatest reluctance to make a reply.他表示很不愿意答复。
14 proprietor zR2x5     
n.所有人;业主;经营者
参考例句:
  • The proprietor was an old acquaintance of his.业主是他的一位旧相识。
  • The proprietor of the corner grocery was a strange thing in my life.拐角杂货店店主是我生活中的一个怪物。
15 pestered 18771cb6d4829ac7c0a2a1528fe31cad     
使烦恼,纠缠( pester的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Journalists pestered neighbours for information. 记者缠着邻居打听消息。
  • The little girl pestered the travellers for money. 那个小女孩缠着游客要钱。
16 rheumatism hDnyl     
n.风湿病
参考例句:
  • The damp weather plays the very devil with my rheumatism.潮湿的天气加重了我的风湿病。
  • The hot weather gave the old man a truce from rheumatism.热天使这位老人暂时免受风湿病之苦。
17 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
18 interval 85kxY     
n.间隔,间距;幕间休息,中场休息
参考例句:
  • The interval between the two trees measures 40 feet.这两棵树的间隔是40英尺。
  • There was a long interval before he anwsered the telephone.隔了好久他才回了电话。
19 proceedings Wk2zvX     
n.进程,过程,议程;诉讼(程序);公报
参考例句:
  • He was released on bail pending committal proceedings. 他交保获释正在候审。
  • to initiate legal proceedings against sb 对某人提起诉讼
20 apprenticed f2996f4d2796086e2fb6a3620103813c     
学徒,徒弟( apprentice的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • I was apprenticed to a builder when I was fourteen. 14岁时,我拜一个建筑工人为师当学徒。
  • Lucius got apprenticed to a stonemason. 卢修斯成了石匠的学徒。
21 apprentice 0vFzq     
n.学徒,徒弟
参考例句:
  • My son is an apprentice in a furniture maker's workshop.我的儿子在一家家具厂做学徒。
  • The apprentice is not yet out of his time.这徒工还没有出徒。
22 possessed xuyyQ     
adj.疯狂的;拥有的,占有的
参考例句:
  • He flew out of the room like a man possessed.他像着了魔似地猛然冲出房门。
  • He behaved like someone possessed.他行为举止像是魔怔了。
23 intonations d98b1c7aeb4e25d2f25c883a2db70695     
n.语调,说话的抑扬顿挫( intonation的名词复数 );(演奏或唱歌中的)音准
参考例句:
  • Being able to say simple sentences in correct stresses and intonations. 能以正确的重音及语调说出简单的句子。 来自互联网
  • Peculiar intonations and interesting stories behind every character are what motivated Asmaa to start learning Chinese. 奇特的声调,有故事的汉字,让吴小莉在阴阳上去中、点横竖撇拉中开始了咿呀学语阶段。 来自互联网
24 pretence pretence     
n.假装,作假;借口,口实;虚伪;虚饰
参考例句:
  • The government abandoned any pretence of reform. 政府不再装模作样地进行改革。
  • He made a pretence of being happy at the party.晚会上他假装很高兴。
25 ponderous pOCxR     
adj.沉重的,笨重的,(文章)冗长的
参考例句:
  • His steps were heavy and ponderous.他的步伐沉重缓慢。
  • It was easy to underestimate him because of his occasionally ponderous manner.由于他偶尔现出的沉闷的姿态,很容易使人小看了他。
26 organisation organisation     
n.组织,安排,团体,有机休
参考例句:
  • The method of his organisation work is worth commending.他的组织工作的方法值得称道。
  • His application for membership of the organisation was rejected.他想要加入该组织的申请遭到了拒绝。
27 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
28 climax yqyzc     
n.顶点;高潮;v.(使)达到顶点
参考例句:
  • The fifth scene was the climax of the play.第五场是全剧的高潮。
  • His quarrel with his father brought matters to a climax.他与他父亲的争吵使得事态发展到了顶点。


欢迎访问英文小说网http://novel.tingroom.com

©英文小说网 2005-2010

有任何问题,请给我们留言,管理员邮箱:tinglishi@gmail.com  站长QQ :点击发送消息和我们联系56065533