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Part 2 Chapter 35
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NOT MEN BUT STRANGE AND TERRIBLE CREATURES?

The procession was such a long one that the carts with the luggage and the weak started only when those in front were already out of sight. When the last of the carts moved, Nekhludoff got into the trap that stood waiting for him and told the isvostchik to catch up the prisoners in front, so that he could see if he knew any of the men in the gang, and then try and find out Maslova among the women and ask her if she had received the things he sent.

It was very hot, and a cloud of dust that was raised by a thousand tramping feet stood all the time over the gang that was moving down the middle of the street. The prisoners were walking quickly, and the slow-going isvostchik's horse was some time in catching1 them up. Row upon row they passed, those strange and terrible-looking creatures, none of whom Nekhludoff knew.

On they went, all dressed alike, moving a thousand feet all shod alike, swinging their free arms as if to keep up their spirits. There were so many of them, they all looked so much alike, and they were all placed in such unusual, peculiar2 circumstances, that they seemed to Nekhludoff to be not men but some sort of strange and terrible creatures. This impression passed when he recognised in the crowd of convicts the murderer Federoff, and among the exiles Okhotin the wit, and another tramp who had appealed to him for assistance. Almost all the prisoners turned and looked at the trap that was passing them and at the gentleman inside. Federoff tossed his head backwards3 as a sign that he had recognised Nekhludoff, Okhotin winked4, but neither of them bowed, considering it not the thing.

As soon as Nekhludoff came up to the women he saw Maslova; she was in the second row. The first in the row was a short-legged, black-eyed, hideous5 woman, who had her cloak tucked up in her girdle. This was Koroshavka. The next was a pregnant woman, who dragged herself along with difficulty. The third was Maslova; she was carrying her sack on her shoulder, and looking straight before her. Her face looked calm and determined6. The fourth in the row was a young, lovely woman who was walking along briskly, dressed in a short cloak, her kerchief tied in peasant fashion. This was Theodosia.

Nekhludoff got down and approached the women, meaning to ask Maslova if she had got the things he had sent her, and how she was feeling, but the convoy7 sergeant8, who was walking on that side, noticed him at once, and ran towards him.

"You must not do that, sir. It is against the regulations to approach the gang," shouted the sergeant as he came up.

But when he recognised Nekhludoff (every one in the prison knew Nekhludoff) the sergeant raised his fingers to his cap, and, stopping in front of Nekhludoff, said: "Not now; wait till we get to the railway station; here it is not allowed. Don't lag behind; march!" he shouted to the convicts, and putting on a brisk air, he ran back to his place at a trot9, in spite of the heat and the elegant new boots on his feet.

Nekhludoff went on to the pavement and told the isvostchik to follow him; himself walking, so as to keep the convicts in sight. Wherever the gang passed it attracted attention mixed with horror and compassion10. Those who drove past leaned out of the vehicles and followed the prisoners with their eyes. Those on foot stopped and looked with fear and surprise at the terrible sight. Some came up and gave alms to the prisoners. The alms were received by the convoy. Some, as if they were hypnotised, followed the gang, but then stopped, shook their heads, and followed the prisoners only with their eyes. Everywhere the people came out of the gates and doors, and called others to come out, too, or leaned out of the windows looking, silent and immovable, at the frightful11 procession. At a cross-road a fine carriage was stopped by the gang. A fat coachman, with a shiny face and two rows of buttons on his back, sat on the box; a married couple sat facing the horses, the wife, a pale, thin woman, with a light-coloured bonnet12 on her head and a bright sunshade in her hand, the husband with a top-hat and a well-cut light-coloured overcoat. On the seat in front sat their children--a well-dressed little girl, with loose, fair hair, and as fresh as a flower, who also held a bright parasol, and an eight-year-old boy, with a long, thin neck and sharp collarbones, a sailor hat with long ribbons on his head.

The father was angrily scolding the coachman because he had not passed in front of the gang when he had a chance, and the mother frowned and half closed her eyes with a look of disgust, shielding herself from the dust and the sun with her silk sunshade, which she held close to her face.

The fat coachman frowned angrily at the unjust rebukes13 of his master--who had himself given the order to drive along that street--and with difficulty held in the glossy14, black horses, foaming15 under their harness and impatient to go on.

The policeman wished with all his soul to please the owner of the fine equipage by stopping the gang, yet felt that the dismal16 solemnity of the procession could not be broken even for so rich a gentleman. He only raised his fingers to his cap to show his respect for riches, and looked severely17 at the prisoners as if promising18 in any case to protect the owners of the carriage from them. So the carriage had to wait till the whole of the procession had passed, and could only move on when the last of the carts, laden19 with sacks and prisoners, rattled20 by. The hysterical21 woman who sat on one of the carts, and had grown calm, again began shrieking22 and sobbing23 when she saw the elegant carriage. Then the coachman tightened24 the reins25 with a slight touch, and the black trotters, their shoes ringing against the paving stones, drew the carriage, softly swaying on its rubber tires, towards the country house where the husband, the wife, the girl, and the boy with the sharp collar-bones were going to amuse themselves. Neither the father nor the mother gave the girl and boy any explanation of what they had seen, so that the children had themselves to find out the meaning of this curious sight. The girl, taking the expression of her father's and mother's faces into consideration, solved the problem by assuming that these people were quite another kind of men and women than her father and mother and their acquaintances, that they were bad people, and that they had therefore to be treated in the manner they were being treated.

Therefore the girl felt nothing but fear, and was glad when she could no longer see those people.

But the boy with the long, thin neck, who looked at the procession of prisoners without taking his eyes off them, solved the question differently.

He still knew, firmly and without any doubt, for he had it from God, that these people were just the same kind of people as he was, and like all other people, and therefore some one had done these people some wrong, something that ought not to have been done, and he was sorry for them, and felt no horror either of those who were shaved and chained or of those who had shaved and chained them. And so the boy's lips pouted26 more and more, and he made greater and greater efforts not to cry, thinking it a shame to cry in such a case.

队伍非常长,前头的人已经走得看不见了,后面装载行李和老弱病残的大车才刚刚起动。等大车一起动,聂赫留朵夫就坐上马车,吩咐车夫赶上队伍,看看在男犯中间有没有熟人,并在女犯中找到玛丝洛娃,问问她有没有收到送去的东西。天气更热了,空中没有风,上千只脚扬起的灰尘,一直飘浮在街心走着的犯人们头上。犯人们走得很快,聂赫留朵夫的马车驾的不是快马,费了好大工夫才赶到队伍前头。一排又一排模样古怪的可怕生物,迈动上千只穿着同样鞋袜的脚,合着步伐摆动空手,似乎在给自己鼓气。他们人数那么多,模样那么单调,又处在那么古怪的特殊条件下,以致聂赫留朵夫觉得,他们仿佛不是人,而是一种可怕的特种生物。直到他在苦役犯中认出凶手费多罗夫,在流放犯中认出滑稽家伙奥霍京和一个求他帮过忙的流浪汉,才改变了这种印象。犯人几乎个个回过头来,斜视着那辆赶上他们的轻便马车和车上那个不断打量他们的老爷。费多罗夫扬了扬头,表示他认识聂赫留朵夫。奥霍京挤了挤眼。不过他们两人都没有点头,认为这是犯禁的。聂赫留朵夫走到女犯旁边,立刻认出了玛丝洛娃。她在女犯的第二排。这一排边上走着一个女犯,红脸庞,黑眼睛,短腿,模样难看,把囚袍前摆掖在腰里,她就是俏娘们。她旁边是个孕妇,勉强拖着两腿走着。第三个就是玛丝洛娃。玛丝洛娃肩上掮着袋子,眼睛瞧着前方,脸色镇定而坚毅。这一排的第四人是个年轻漂亮的女人,穿一件短袍,象农妇那样扎着头巾,步伐矫健,她就是费多霞。聂赫留朵夫跳下马车,向女犯队伍走去,想问问玛丝洛娃有没有收到东西,她身体怎样,可是在队伍这边走着的一个押解军士一发现有人接近队伍,立刻赶过来。

“不行,老爷,接近队伍是不允许的,”他走过来,大声说。

军士走过来,认出聂赫留朵夫(在监狱里人人都认识聂赫留朵夫),就把手举到帽沿上敬了个礼,在聂赫留朵夫身边站住说:

“现在不行。到火车站就可以了,这儿是不允许的。别掉队,快走!”他对犯人们吆喝道。接着不顾天气炎热,抖擞精神,迈着穿漂亮新皮靴的脚,快步跑到原来的位子。

聂赫留朵夫回到人行道上,吩咐车夫赶着马车跟在他后面,自己就同队伍并排走去。队伍不论走到哪里,都引起人们的注意,大家看到它又是同情又是恐惧。乘车路过的人都从车窗里探出头来,目送着犯人们,直到看不见为止。过路的行人都站住,又惊又惧地瞧着这可怕的景象。有些人走上前去,施舍一点钱。押解兵就把钱收下。有些人象中了催眠术,跟着队伍走去,但走了一阵又站住,摇摇头,只用眼睛送着队伍。人们纷纷从房子里跑出来,互相招呼着,也有人从窗子里探出身来。他们都呆呆地望着这支可怕的队伍,默不作声。在一处十字路口,队伍挡住了一辆豪华的马车。马车驭座上坐着一个满脸油光、屁股肥大的车夫,身穿一件背上有两排钮扣的号衣。马车后座上坐着一对夫妻:妻子消瘦,苍白,戴一顶浅色帽子,打一把色彩鲜艳的阳伞;丈夫戴一顶高礼帽,穿一件讲究的浅色大衣。前座上,面对他们坐着两个孩子:女孩打扮得漂漂亮亮,娇嫩得象朵小花,披着一头浅色头发,也打着一把色彩鲜艳的阳伞;八岁的男孩脖子细长,锁骨突出,戴一顶水手帽,抱着两条长飘带。做父亲的怒气冲冲地责备车夫,怪他没有及时抢在队伍前面穿过马路;做母亲的嫌恶地眯细眼睛,皱起眉头,把绸阳伞放得低低的遮住脸,以挡住阳光和灰尘。大屁股的车夫听着主人不公正的责备,皱起眉头,面带愠色,因为走这条路,正好是主人吩咐的。他费力地勒住那几匹笼头底下和脖子上汗光闪闪、一个劲儿往前冲的黑马。

警察一心一意想为豪华的马车的主人效劳,想把犯人拦住,放马车过去,但他发觉这支队伍里有一种阴森肃穆的气氛,不能破坏,即使为了这样一位阔老爷也不能破例。他只把手举到帽沿上敬了个礼,表示他对财富的尊重,然后严厉地瞅着犯人,仿佛决心保护车上的贵客,不让犯人们侵袭。因此这辆豪华的马车也不得不等整个队伍走完,直到最后一辆装载行李和坐在行李上的女犯的大车过去,才继续赶路。在那辆大车上,有一个歇斯底里的女人刚安静下来,一看到这辆豪华的马车,就又尖叫和号哭起来。直到这时,车夫才轻轻抖动一下缰绳,那几匹黑鬃骏马就在马路上迈开步子,拉动那辆微微晃动的橡皮轮马车,蹄声得得地往别墅跑去,把丈夫、妻子、女儿和脖子细长、锁骨突出的男孩一起送到那里去消夏享乐。

做父亲的也好,做母亲的也好,都没有向女孩子或者男孩子解释,他们看见的景象是怎么一回事。因此两个孩子只好自己来解答这问题。

女孩子察看父母的脸色,这样来解答问题:这批人同她的父母和亲友截然不同,他们都是坏人,因此就该这样对待他们。就因为这个缘故,女孩子只觉得害怕,直到那些人看不见了,她才放下心来。

不过,脖子细长的男孩一直盯住犯人的队伍,眼睛一眨也不眨。他对这问题的看法不同。他直接从上帝那里得到启示,坚决相信他们也是人,跟他自己,跟所有的人一样,因此一定有人欺侮他们,对他们做了什么不该做的事。他怜悯他们。他害怕这些戴着镣铐、剃光头发的人,同时也害怕那些硬要他们戴上镣铐、剃光头发的人。就因为这个缘故,男孩的嘴唇才撅得越来越高,他好容易忍住眼泪,因为他认为在这种场合哭是丢脸的。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 catching cwVztY     
adj.易传染的,有魅力的,迷人的,接住
参考例句:
  • There are those who think eczema is catching.有人就是认为湿疹会传染。
  • Enthusiasm is very catching.热情非常富有感染力。
2 peculiar cinyo     
adj.古怪的,异常的;特殊的,特有的
参考例句:
  • He walks in a peculiar fashion.他走路的样子很奇特。
  • He looked at me with a very peculiar expression.他用一种很奇怪的表情看着我。
3 backwards BP9ya     
adv.往回地,向原处,倒,相反,前后倒置地
参考例句:
  • He turned on the light and began to pace backwards and forwards.他打开电灯并开始走来走去。
  • All the girls fell over backwards to get the party ready.姑娘们迫不及待地为聚会做准备。
4 winked af6ada503978fa80fce7e5d109333278     
v.使眼色( wink的过去式和过去分词 );递眼色(表示友好或高兴等);(指光)闪烁;闪亮
参考例句:
  • He winked at her and she knew he was thinking the same thing that she was. 他冲她眨了眨眼,她便知道他的想法和她一样。
  • He winked his eyes at her and left the classroom. 他向她眨巴一下眼睛走出了教室。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
5 hideous 65KyC     
adj.丑陋的,可憎的,可怕的,恐怖的
参考例句:
  • The whole experience had been like some hideous nightmare.整个经历就像一场可怕的噩梦。
  • They're not like dogs,they're hideous brutes.它们不像狗,是丑陋的畜牲。
6 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
7 convoy do6zu     
vt.护送,护卫,护航;n.护送;护送队
参考例句:
  • The convoy was snowed up on the main road.护送队被大雪困在干路上了。
  • Warships will accompany the convoy across the Atlantic.战舰将护送该船队过大西洋。
8 sergeant REQzz     
n.警官,中士
参考例句:
  • His elder brother is a sergeant.他哥哥是个警官。
  • How many stripes are there on the sleeve of a sergeant?陆军中士的袖子上有多少条纹?
9 trot aKBzt     
n.疾走,慢跑;n.老太婆;现成译本;(复数)trots:腹泻(与the 连用);v.小跑,快步走,赶紧
参考例句:
  • They passed me at a trot.他们从我身边快步走过。
  • The horse broke into a brisk trot.马突然快步小跑起来。
10 compassion 3q2zZ     
n.同情,怜悯
参考例句:
  • He could not help having compassion for the poor creature.他情不自禁地怜悯起那个可怜的人来。
  • Her heart was filled with compassion for the motherless children.她对于没有母亲的孩子们充满了怜悯心。
11 frightful Ghmxw     
adj.可怕的;讨厌的
参考例句:
  • How frightful to have a husband who snores!有一个发鼾声的丈夫多讨厌啊!
  • We're having frightful weather these days.这几天天气坏极了。
12 bonnet AtSzQ     
n.无边女帽;童帽
参考例句:
  • The baby's bonnet keeps the sun out of her eyes.婴孩的帽子遮住阳光,使之不刺眼。
  • She wore a faded black bonnet garnished with faded artificial flowers.她戴着一顶褪了色的黑色无边帽,帽上缀着褪了色的假花。
13 rebukes 4a30cb34123daabd75d68fd6647b4412     
责难或指责( rebuke的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • His industry rebukes me. 他的勤劳使我感到惭傀。
  • The manager's rebukes in loud voice and stern expression have made the clerks gathered in the out office start with alarm. 老板声色俱厉的责备把聚集在办公室外的职员们吓坏了。
14 glossy nfvxx     
adj.平滑的;有光泽的
参考例句:
  • I like these glossy spots.我喜欢这些闪闪发光的花点。
  • She had glossy black hair.她长着乌黑发亮的头发。
15 foaming 08d4476ae4071ba83dfdbdb73d41cae6     
adj.布满泡沫的;发泡
参考例句:
  • He looked like a madman, foaming at the mouth. 他口吐白沫,看上去像个疯子。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He is foaming at the mouth about the committee's decision. 他正为委员会的决定大发其火。 来自《简明英汉词典》
16 dismal wtwxa     
adj.阴沉的,凄凉的,令人忧郁的,差劲的
参考例句:
  • That is a rather dismal melody.那是一支相当忧郁的歌曲。
  • My prospects of returning to a suitable job are dismal.我重新找到一个合适的工作岗位的希望很渺茫。
17 severely SiCzmk     
adv.严格地;严厉地;非常恶劣地
参考例句:
  • He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了严厉的批评并且被撤了职。
  • He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了严厉的批评。
18 promising BkQzsk     
adj.有希望的,有前途的
参考例句:
  • The results of the experiments are very promising.实验的结果充满了希望。
  • We're trying to bring along one or two promising young swimmers.我们正设法培养出一两名有前途的年轻游泳选手。
19 laden P2gx5     
adj.装满了的;充满了的;负了重担的;苦恼的
参考例句:
  • He is laden with heavy responsibility.他肩负重任。
  • Dragging the fully laden boat across the sand dunes was no mean feat.将满载货物的船拖过沙丘是一件了不起的事。
20 rattled b4606e4247aadf3467575ffedf66305b     
慌乱的,恼火的
参考例句:
  • The truck jolted and rattled over the rough ground. 卡车嘎吱嘎吱地在凹凸不平的地面上颠簸而行。
  • Every time a bus went past, the windows rattled. 每逢公共汽车经过这里,窗户都格格作响。
21 hysterical 7qUzmE     
adj.情绪异常激动的,歇斯底里般的
参考例句:
  • He is hysterical at the sight of the photo.他一看到那张照片就异常激动。
  • His hysterical laughter made everybody stunned.他那歇斯底里的笑声使所有的人不知所措。
22 shrieking abc59c5a22d7db02751db32b27b25dbb     
v.尖叫( shriek的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • The boxers were goaded on by the shrieking crowd. 拳击运动员听见观众的喊叫就来劲儿了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They were all shrieking with laughter. 他们都发出了尖锐的笑声。 来自《简明英汉词典》
23 sobbing df75b14f92e64fc9e1d7eaf6dcfc083a     
<主方>Ⅰ adj.湿透的
参考例句:
  • I heard a child sobbing loudly. 我听见有个孩子在呜呜地哭。
  • Her eyes were red with recent sobbing. 她的眼睛因刚哭过而发红。
24 tightened bd3d8363419d9ff838bae0ba51722ee9     
收紧( tighten的过去式和过去分词 ); (使)变紧; (使)绷紧; 加紧
参考例句:
  • The rope holding the boat suddenly tightened and broke. 系船的绳子突然绷断了。
  • His index finger tightened on the trigger but then relaxed again. 他的食指扣住扳机,然后又松开了。
25 reins 370afc7786679703b82ccfca58610c98     
感情,激情; 缰( rein的名词复数 ); 控制手段; 掌管; (成人带着幼儿走路以防其走失时用的)保护带
参考例句:
  • She pulled gently on the reins. 她轻轻地拉着缰绳。
  • The government has imposed strict reins on the import of luxury goods. 政府对奢侈品的进口有严格的控制手段。
26 pouted 25946cdee5db0ed0b7659cea8201f849     
v.撅(嘴)( pout的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Her lips pouted invitingly. 她挑逗地撮起双唇。
  • I pouted my lips at him, hinting that he should speak first. 我向他努了努嘴,让他先说。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》


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