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Chapter 2

   Sometimes someone would speak in a boat. But most of the boats were silent except for the dip of the oars. They spread apart after they were out of the mouth of the harbour and each one headed for the part of the ocean where he hoped to find fish. The old man knew he was going far out and he left the smell of the land behind and rowed out into the clean early morning smell of the ocean. He saw the phosphorescence of the Gulf weed in the water as he rowed over the part of the ocean that the fishermen cal led the great well because there was a sudden deep of seven hundred fathoms where all sorts of fish congregated because of the swirl the current made against the steep walls of the floor of the ocean. Here there were concentrations of shrimp and bait fish and sometimes schools of squid in the deepest holes and these rose close to the surface at night where all the wandering fish fed on them.

  偶尔有条船上有人在说话。但是除了桨声外,大多数船只都寂静无声。它们一出港口就分散开来,每一条驶向指望能找到鱼的那片海面。老人知道自己要驶向远方,所以把陆地的气息抛在后方,划进清晨的海洋的清新气息中。他划过海里的某一片水域,看见果囊马尾藻闪出的磷光,渔夫们管这片水域叫“大井”,因为那儿水深突然达到七百英寻,海流冲击在海底深渊的峭壁上,激起了旋涡,种种鱼儿都聚集在那儿。那儿集中着海虾和作鱼饵用的小鱼,在那些深不可测的水底洞穴里,有时还有成群的柔鱼,它们在夜间浮到紧靠海面的地方,所有在那儿转游的鱼类都拿它们当食物。
  
  In the dark the old man could feel the morning coming and as he rowed he heard the trembling sound as flying fish left the water and the hissing that their stiff set wings made as they soared away in the darkness. He was sorry for the birds, especially the small delicate dark terns that were always flying and looking and almost never finding, and he thought, the birds have a harder life than we do except for the robber birds and the heavy strong ones. Why did they make birds so delicate and fine as those sea swallows when the ocean can be so cruel? She is kind and very beautiful. But she can be so cruel and it comes so suddenly and such birds that fly, dipping and hunting, with their small sad voices are made too delicately for the sea.
  老人在黑暗中感觉到早晨在来临,他划着划着,听见飞鱼出水时的颤抖声,还有它们在黑暗中凌空飞翔时挺直的翅膀所发出的咝咝声。他非常喜爱飞鱼,拿它们当作他在海洋上的主要朋友。他替鸟儿伤心,尤其是那些柔弱的黑色小燕鸥,它们始终在飞翔,在找食,但几乎从没找到过,于是他想,乌儿的生活过得比我们的还要艰难,除了那些猛禽和强有力的大鸟。既然海洋这样残暴,为什么象这些海燕那样的鸟儿生来就如此柔弱和纤巧?海洋是仁慈并十分美丽的。然而她能变得这样残暴,又是来得这样突然,而这些飞翔的鸟儿,从空中落下觅食,发出细微的哀鸣,却生来就柔弱得不适宜在海上生活。
  
  He always thought of the sea as la mar which is what people call her in Spanish when they love her. Sometimes those who lover her say bad things of her but they are always said as though she were a woman. Some of the younger fishermen, those who used buoys as floats for their lines and had motorboats, bought when the shark livers had brought much money, spoke of her as el mar which is masculine. They spoke of her as a contestant or a place or even an enemy. But the old man always thought of her as feminine and as something that gave or withheld great favours, and if she did wild or wicked things it was because she could not help them. The moon affects her as it does a woman, he thought.
  他每想到海洋,老是称她为lamar,这是人们对海洋抱着好感时用西班牙语对她的称呼。有时候,对海洋抱着好感的人们也说她的坏话,不过说起来总是拿她当女性看待的。有些较年轻的渔夫,用浮标当钓索上的浮子,并且在把鲨鱼肝卖了好多钱后置备了汽艇,都管海洋叫elmar,这是表示男性的说法。他们提起她时,拿她当做一个竞争者或是一个去处,甚至当做一个敌人。可是这老人总是拿海洋当做女性,她给人或者不愿给人莫大的恩惠,如果她干出了任性或缺德的事儿来,那是因为她由不得自己。月亮对她起着影响,如同对一个女人那样,他想。
  
  He was rowing steadily and it was no effort for him since he kept well within his speed and the surface of the ocean was flat except for the occasional swirls of the current. He was letting the current do a third of the work and as it started to be light he saw he was already further out than he had hoped to be at this hour.
  他从容地划着,对他说来并不吃力,因为他保持在自己的最高速度以内,而且除了偶尔水流打个旋儿以外,海面是平坦无浪的。他正让海流帮他千三分之一的活儿,这时天渐渐亮了,他发现自己已经划到比预期此刻能达到的地方更远了。
  
  I worked the deep wells for a week and did nothing, he thought. Today I‘ll work out where the schools of bonito and albacore are and maybe there will be a big one with them.
  我在这海底的深渊上转游了一个礼拜,可是一无作为,他想。今天,我要找到那些鲣鱼和长鳍金枪鱼群在什么地方,说不定还有条大鱼跟它们在一起呢。
  
  Before it was really light he had his baits out and was drifting with the current. One bait was down forty fathoms. The second was at seventy-five and the third and fourth were down in the blue water at one hundred and one hundred and twenty-five fathoms. Each bait hung head down with the shank of the hook inside the bait fish, tied and sewed solid and all the projecting part of the hook, the curve and the point, was covered with fresh sardines. Each sardine was hooked through both eyes so that they made a half-garland on the projecting steel. There was no part of the hook that a great fish could feel which was not sweet smelling and good tasting.
  不等天色大亮,他就放出了一个个鱼饵,让船随着海流漂去。有个鱼饵下沉到四十英寻的深处。第二个在七十五英寻的深处,第三个和第四个分别在蓝色海水中一百英寻和一百二十五英寻的深处。每个由新鲜沙丁鱼做的鱼饵都是头朝下的,钓钩的钩身穿进小鱼的身子,扎好,缝牢,钓钩的所有突出部分,弯钩和尖端,都给包在鱼肉里。每条沙丁鱼都用钓钩穿过双眼,这样鱼的身子在突出的钢钩上构成了半个环形。不管一条大鱼接触到钓钩的哪一部分,都是喷香而美味的。
  
  The boy had given him two fresh small tunas, or albacores, which hung on the two deepest lines like plummets and, on the others, he had a big blue runner and a yellow jack that had been used before; but they were in good condition still and had the excell ent sardines to give them scent and attractiveness. Each line, as thick around as a big pencil, was looped onto a green-sapped stick so that any pull or touch on the bait would make the stick dip and each line had two forty-fathom coils which could be mad e fast to the other spare coils so that, if it were necessary, a fish could take out over three hundred fathoms of line.
  孩子给了他两条新鲜的小金枪鱼,或者叫做长鳍金枪鱼,它们正象铅垂般挂在那两根最深的钓索上,在另外两根上,他挂上了一条蓝色大鲹鱼和一条黄色金银鱼,它们已被使用过,但依然完好,而且还有出色的沙丁鱼给它们添上香味和吸引力。每根钓索都象一支大铅笔那么粗,一端给缠在一根青皮钓竿上,这样,只要鱼在鱼饵上一拉或一碰,就能使钓竿朝下落,而每根钓索有两个四十英寻长的卷儿,它们可以牢系在其他备用的卷儿上,这一来,如果用得着的话,一条鱼可以拉出三百多英寻长的钓索。
  
  Now the man watched the dip of the three sticks over the side of the skiff and rowed gently to keep the lines straight up and down and at their proper depths. It was quite light and any moment now the sun would rise.
  这时老人紧盯着那三根挑出在小船一边的钓竿,看看有没有动静,一边缓缓地划着,使钓索保持上下笔直,停留在适当的水底深处。天相当亮了,太阳随时会升起来。
  
  The sun rose thinly from the sea and the old man could see the other boats, low on the water and well in toward the shore, spread out across the current. Then the sun was brighter and the glare came on the water and then, as it rose clear, the flat sea se nt it back at his eyes so that it hurt sharply and he rowed without looking into it. He looked down into the water and watched the lines that went straight down into the dark of the water. He kept them straighter than anyone did, so that at each level in the darkness of the stream there would be a bait waiting exactly where he wished it to be for any fish that swam there. Others let them drift with the current and sometimes they were at sixty fathoms when the fishermen thought they were at a hundred.
  淡淡的太阳从海上升起,老人看见其他的船只,低低地挨着水面,离海岸不远,和海流的方向垂直地展开着。跟着太阳越发明亮了,耀眼的阳光射在水面上,随后太阳从地平线上完全升起,平坦的海面把阳光反射到他眼睛里,使眼睛剧烈地刺痛,因此他不朝太阳看,顾自划着。他俯视水中,注视着那几根一直下垂到黑魆魆的深水里的钓索。他把钓索垂得比任何人更直,这样,在黑魆魆的湾流深处的几个不同的深度,都会有一个鱼饵刚好在他所指望的地方等待着在那儿游动的鱼来吃。别的渔夫让钓索随着海流漂去,有时候钓索在六十英寻的深处,他们却自以为在一百英寻的深处呢。
  
  But, he thought, I keep them with precision. Only I have no luck any more. But who knows? Maybe today. Every day is a new day. It is better to be lucky. But I would rather be exact. Then when luck comes you are ready.
  不过,他想,我总是把它们精确地放在适当的地方的。问题只在于我的运气就此不好了。可是谁说得准呢?说不定今天就转运。每一天都是一个新的日子。走运当然是好。不过我情愿做到分毫不差。这样,运气来的时候,你就有所准备了。
  
  The sun was two hours higher now and it did not hurt his eyes so much to look into the east. There were only three boats in sight now and they showed very low and far inshore.
  两小时过去了,太阳如今相应地升得更高了,他朝东望时不再感到那么刺眼了。眼前只看得见三条船,它们显得特别低矮,远在近岸的海面上。
  
  All my life the early sun has hurt my eyes, he thought. Yet they are still good. In the evening I can look straight into it without getting the blackness. It has more force in the evening too. But in the morning it is painful.
  我这一辈子,初升的太阳老是刺痛我的眼睛,他想。然而眼睛还是好好的。傍晚时分,我可以直望着太阳,不会有眼前发黑的感觉。阳光的力量在傍晚也要强一些。不过在早上它叫人感到眼痛。
  
  Just then he saw a man-of-war bird with his long black wings circling in the sky ahead of him. He made a quick drop, slanting down on his back-swept wings, and then circled again.
  就在这时,他看见一只长翅膀的黑色军舰鸟在他前方的天空中盘旋飞翔。它倏地斜着后掠的双翅俯冲,然后又盘旋起来。
  
  "He‘s got something," the old man said aloud. "He‘s not just looking."
  “它逮住了什么东西啦,”老人说出声来。“它不光是找找罢了。”
  
  He rowed slowly and steadily toward where the bird was circling. He did not hurry and he kept his lines straight up and down. But he crowded the current a little so that he was still fishing correctly though faster than he would have fished if he was not trying to use the bird.
  他慢慢划着,直朝鸟儿盘旋的地方划去。他并不匆忙,让那些钓索保持着上下笔直的位置。不过他还是挨近了一点儿海流,这样,他依然在用正确的方式捕鱼,尽管他的速度要比他不打算利用鸟儿来指路时来得快。
  
  The bird went higher in the air and circled again, his wings motionless. Then he dove suddenly and the old man saw flying fish spurt out of the water and sail desperately over the surface.
  军舰鸟在空中飞得高些了,又盘旋起来,双翅纹丝不动。它随即猛然俯冲下来,老人看见飞鱼从海里跃出,在海面上拚命地掠去。
  
  "Dolphin," the old man said aloud. "Big dolphin."
  “鲯鳅,”老人说出声来。“大鲯鳅。”
  
  He shipped his oars and brought a small line from under the bow. It had a wire leader and a medium- sized hook and he baited it with one of the sardines. He let it go over the side and then made it fast to a ring bolt in the stern. Then he baited another line and left it coiled in the shade of the bow. He went back to rowing and to watching the long-winged black bird who was working, now, low over the water.
  他把双桨从桨架上取下,从船头下面拿出一根细钓丝。钓丝上系着一段铁丝导线和一只中号钓钩,他拿一条沙丁鱼挂在上面。他把钓丝从船舷放下水去,将上端紧系在船梢一只拳头螺栓上。跟着他在另一根钓丝上安上了鱼饵,把它盘绕着搁在船头的阴影里。他又划起船来,注视着那只此刻正在水面上低低地飞掠的长翅膀黑鸟。
  
  As he watched the bird dipped again slanting his wings for the dive and then swinging them wildly and ineffectually as he followed the flying fish. The old man could see the slight bulge in the water that the big dolphin raised as they followed the escaping fish. The dolphin were cutting through the water below the flight of the fish and would be in the water, driving at speed, when the fish dropped. It is a big school of dolphin, he thought. They are widespread and the flying fish have little chance. The bird has no chance. The flying fish are too big for him and they go too fast.
  他看着看着,那鸟儿又朝下冲,为了俯冲,把翅膀朝后掠,然后猛地展开,追踪着飞鱼,可是没有成效。老人看见那些大鲯鳅跟在那脱逃的鱼后面,把海面弄得微微隆起。鲯鳅在飞掠的鱼下面破水而行,只等飞鱼一掉下,就飞快地钻进水里。这群鲯鳅真大啊,他想。它们分布得很广,飞鱼很少脱逃的机会。那只鸟可没有成功的机会。飞鱼对它来说个头太大了,而且又飞得太快。
  
  He watched the flying fish burst out again and again and the ineffectual movements of the bird. That school has gotten away from me, he thought. They are moving out too fast and too far. But perhaps I will pick up a stray and perhaps my big fish is around them. My big fish must be somewhere.
  他看着飞鱼一再地从海里冒出来,看着那只鸟儿的一无效果的行动。那群鱼从我附近逃走啦,他想。它们逃得太快,游得太远啦。不过说不定我能逮住一条掉队的,说不定我想望的大鱼就在它们周围转游着。我的大鱼总该在某处地方啊。
  
  The clouds over the land now rose like mountains and the coast was only a long green line with the gray blue hills behind it. The water was a dark blue now, so dark that it was almost purple. As he looked down into it he saw the red sifting of the plankton in the dark water and the strange light the sun made now. He watched his lines to see them go straight down out of sight into the water and he was happy to see so much plankton because it meant fish. The strange light the sun made in the water, now that the sun was higher, meant good weather and so did the shape of the clouds over the land. But the bird was almost out of sight now and nothing showed on the surface of the water but some patches of yellow, sun-bleached Sargasso weed and the purple, formalized, iridescent, gelatinous bladder of a Portuguese man-of-war floating close beside the boat. It turned on its side and then righted itself. It floated cheerfully as a bubble with its long deadly purple filaments trailing a yard behind it in the water.
  陆地上空的云块这时象山岗般耸立着,海岸只剩下一长条绿色的线,背后是些灰青色的小山。海水此刻呈深蓝色,深得简直发紫了。他仔细俯视着海水,只见深蓝色的水中穿梭地闪出点点红色的浮游生物,阳光这时在水中变幻出奇异的光彩。他注视着那几根钓索,看见它们一直朝下没入水中看不见的地方,他很高兴看到这么多浮游生物,因为这说明有鱼。太阳此刻升得更高了,阳光在水中变幻出奇异的光彩,说明天气晴朗,陆地上空的云块的形状也说明了这一点。可是那只鸟儿这时几乎看不见了,水面上没什么东西,只有几摊被太阳晒得发白的黄色马尾藻和一只紧靠着船舷浮动的僧帽水母,它那胶质的浮囊呈紫色,具有一定的外形,闪现出彩虹般的颜色。它倒向一边,然后又竖直了身子。它象个大气泡般高高兴兴地浮动着,那些厉害的紫色长触须在水中拖在身后,长达一码。
  
  "Agua mala," the man said. "You whore."
  “Aguamala,”老人说。“你这婊子养的。”
  
  From where he swung lightly against his oars he looked down into the water and saw the tiny fish that were coloured like the trailing filaments and swam between them and under the small shade the bubble made as it drifted. They were immune to its poison. But men were not and when some of the filaments would catch on a line and rest there slimy and purple while the old man was working a fish, he would have welts and sores on his arms and hands of the sort that poison ivy or poison oak can give. But these poisonings from the agua mala came quickly and struck like a whiplash.
  他从坐着轻轻荡桨的地方低头朝水中望去,看见一些颜色跟那些拖在水中的触须一样的小鱼,它们在触须和触须之间以及浮囊在浮动时所投下的一小摊阴影中游着。它们对它的毒素是不受影响的。可是人就不同了,当老人把一条鱼拉回船来时,有些触须会缠在钓丝上,紫色的黏液附在上面,他的胳臂和手上就会出现伤痕和疮肿,就象被毒漆树或栎叶毒漆树感染时一样。但是这水母的毒素发作得更快,痛得象挨鞭子抽一般。
  
  The iridescent bubbles were beautiful. But they were the falsest thing in the sea and the old man loved to see the big sea turtles eating them. The turtles saw them, approached them from the front, then shut their eyes so they were completely carapaced and ate them filaments and all. The old man loved to see the turtles eat them and he loved to walk on them on the beach after a storm and hear them pop when he stepped on them with the horny soles of his feet.
  这些闪着彩虹般颜色的大气泡很美。然而它们正是海里最欺诈成性的生物,所以老人乐意看到大海龟把它们吃掉。海龟发现了它们,就从正面向它们进逼,然后闭上了眼睛,这样,从头到尾完全被龟背所保护着,把它们连同触须一并吃掉。老人喜欢观看海龟把它们吃掉,喜欢在风暴过后在海滩上遇上它们,喜欢听到自己用长着老茧的硬脚掌踩在上面时它们啪地爆裂的声音。
  
  He loved green turtles and hawk-bills with their elegance and speed and their great value and he had a friendly contempt for the huge, stupid loggerheads, yellow in their armour-plating, strange in their lovemaking, and happily eating the Portuguese men-of-war with their eyes shut.
  他喜欢绿色的海龟和玳瑁,它们形态优美,游水迅速,价值很高,他还对那又大又笨的蠵龟抱着不怀恶意的轻蔑,它们的甲壳是黄色的,做爱的方式是奇特的,高高兴兴地吞食僧帽水母时闭上了眼睛。
  
  He had no mysticism about turtles although he had gone in turtle boats for many years. He was sorry for them all, even the great trunk backs that were as long as the skiff and weighed a ton. Most people are heartless about turtles because a turtle‘s heart will beat for hours after he has been cut up and butchered. But the old man thought, I have such a heart too and my feet and hands are like theirs. He ate the white eggs to give himself strength. He ate them all through May to be strong in September and October for the truly big fish.
  他对海龟并不抱着神秘的看法,尽管他曾多年乘小船去捕海龟。他替所有的海龟伤心,甚至包括那些跟小船一样长、重达一吨的大梭龟。人们大都对海龟残酷无情,因为一只海龟给剖开、杀死之后,它的心脏还要跳动好几个钟点。然而老人想,我也有这样一颗心脏,我的手脚也跟它们的一样。他吃白色的海龟蛋,为了使身子长力气。他在五月份连吃了整整一个月,使自己到九、十月份能身强力壮,去逮地道的人鱼。
  
  He also drank a cup of shark liver oil each day from the big drum in the shack where many of the fishermen kept their gear. It was there for all fishermen who wanted it. Most fishermen hated the taste. But it was no worse than getting up at the hours that they rose and it was very good against all colds and grippes and it was good for the eyes.
  他每天还从不少渔夫存放家什的棚屋中一只大圆桶里舀一杯鲨鱼肝油喝。这桶就放在那儿,想喝的渔夫都可以去。大多数渔夫厌恶这种油的味道。但是也并不比摸黑早起更叫人难受,而且它对防治一切伤风流感都非常有效,对眼睛也有好处。
  
  Now the old man looked up and saw that the bird was circling again.
  老人此刻抬眼望去,看见那只鸟儿又在盘旋了。
  
  "He‘s found fish," he said aloud. No flying fish broke the surface and there was no scattering of bait fish. But as the old man watched, a small tuna rose in the air, turned and dropped head first into the water. The tuna shone silver in the sun and after he had dropped back into the water another and another rose and they were jumping in all directions, churning the water and leaping in long jumps after the bait. They were circling it and driving it.
  “它找到鱼啦,”他说出声来,这时没有一条飞鱼冲出海面,也没有小鱼纷纷四处逃窜。然而老人望着望着,只见一条小金枪鱼跃到空中,一个转身,头朝下掉进水里。这条金枪鱼在阳光中闪出银白色的光,等它回到了水里,又有些金枪鱼一条接着一条跃出水面,它们是朝四面八方跳的,搅得海水翻腾起来,跳得很远地捕食小鱼。它们正绕着小鱼转,驱赶着小鱼。
  
  If they don‘t travel too fast I will get into them, the old man thought, and he watched the school working the water white and the bird now dropping and dipping into the bait fish that were forced to the surface in their panic.
  要不是它们游得这么快,我可以赶到它们中间去的,老人想,他注视着这群鱼把水搅得泛出白色的水沫,还注视着那鸟儿这时正俯冲下来,扎进在惊慌中被迫浮上海面的小鱼群中。
  
  "The bird is a great help," the old man said. Just then the stern line came taut under his foot, where he had kept a loop of the line, and he dropped his oars and felt the weight of the small tuna‘s shivering pull as he held the line firm and commenced to haul it in. The shivering increased as he pulled in and he could see the blue back of the fish in the water and the gold of his sides before he swung him over the side and into the boat. He lay in the stern in the sun, compact and bullet shaped, his big, unintelligent eyes staring as he thumped his life out against the planking of the boat with the quick shivering strokes of his neat, fast-moving tail. The old man hit him on the head for kindness and kicked him, his body still shuddering, under the shade of the stern.
  “这只鸟真是个大帮手,”老人说。就在这当儿,船梢的那根细钓丝在他脚下绷紧了,原来他在脚上绕了一圈,于是他放下双桨,紧紧抓住细钓丝,动手往回拉,感到那小金枪鱼在颤巍巍地拉着,有点儿分量。他越往回拉,钓丝就越是颤巍,他看见水里蓝色的鱼背和金色的两侧,然后把钓丝呼的一甩,使鱼越过船舷,掉在船中。鱼躺在船梢的阳光里,身子结实,形状象颗子弹,一双痴呆的大眼睛直瞪着,动作干净利落的尾巴敏捷、发抖地拍打着船板,砰砰有声,逐渐耗尽了力气。老人出于好意,猛击了一下它的头,一脚把它那还在抖动的身子踢到船梢背阴的地方。
  
  "Albacore," he said aloud. "He‘ll make a beautiful bait. He‘ll weigh ten pounds."
  “长鳍金枪鱼,”他说出声来。“拿来钓大鱼倒满好。它有十磅重。”
  
  He did not remember when he had first started to talk aloud when he was by himself. He had sung when he was by himself in the old days and he had sung at night sometimes when he was alone steering on his watch in the smacks or in the turtle boats. He had probably started to talk aloud, when alone, when the boy had left. But he did not remember. When he and the boy fished together they usually spoke only when it was necessary. They talked at night or when they were storm-bound by bad weather. It was considered a virtue not to talk unnecessarily at sea and the old man had always considered it so and respected it. But now he said his thoughts aloud many times since there was no one that they could annoy.
  他记不起他是什么时候第一次开始在独自待着的当儿自言自语的了。往年他独自待着时曾唱歌来着,有时候在夜里唱,那是在小渔船或捕海龟的小艇上值班掌舵时的事。他大概是在那孩子离开了他、他独自待着时开始自言自语的。不过他记不清了。他跟孩子一块儿捕鱼时,他们一般只在有必要时才说话。他们在夜间说话来着,要不,碰到坏天气,被暴风雨困在海上的时候。没有必要不在海上说话,被认为是种好规矩,老人一向认为的确如此,始终遵守它。可是这会儿他把心里想说的话说出声来有好几次了,因为没有旁人会受到他说话的打扰。
  
  "If the others heard me talking out loud they would think that I am crazy," he said aloud. "But since I am not crazy, I do not care. And the rich have radios to talk to them in their boats and to bring them the baseball."
  “要是别人听到我在自言自语,会当我发疯了,”他说出声来。“不过既然我没有发疯,我就不管,还是要说。有钱人在船上有收音机对他们谈话,还把棒球赛的消息告诉他们。”
  
  Now is no time to think baseball, he thought. Now is the time to think of only one thing. That which I was born for. There might be a big one around that school, he thought. I picked up only a straggler from the albacore that were feeding. But they are working far out and fast. Everything that shows on the surface today travels very fast and to the north-east. Can that be the time of day? Or is it some sign of weather that I do not know?
  现在可不是思量棒球赛的时刻,他想。现在只应该思量一桩事。就是我生来要干的那桩事。那个鱼群周围很可能有一条大的,他想。我只逮住了正在吃小鱼的金枪鱼群中一条失散的。可是它们正游向远方,游得很快。今天凡是在海面上露面的都游得很快,向着东北方向。难道一天的这个时辰该如此吗?要不,这是什么我不懂得的天气征兆?
  
  He could not see the green of the shore now but only the tops of the blue hills that showed white as though they were snow-capped and the clouds that looked like high snow mountains above them. The sea was very dark and the light made prisms in the water. The myriad flecks of the plankton were annulled now by the high sun and it was only the great deep prisms in the blue water that the old man saw now with his lines going straight down into the water that was a mile deep.
  他眼下已看不见海岸的那一道绿色了,只看得见那些青山的仿佛积着白雪的山峰,以及山峰上空象是高耸的雪山般的云块。海水颜色深极了,阳光在海水中幻成彩虹七色。那数不清的斑斑点点的浮游生物,由于此刻太阳升到了头顶上空,都看不见了,眼下老人看得见的仅仅是蓝色海水深处幻成的巨大的七色光带,还有他那几根笔直垂在有一英里深的水中的钓索。
  
  The tuna, the fishermen called all the fish of that species tuna and only distinguished among them by their proper names when they came to sell them or to trade them for baits, were down again. The sun was hot now and the old man felt it on the back of his neck and felt the sweat trickle down his back as he rowed.
  渔夫们管所有这种鱼都叫金枪鱼,只有等到把它们卖出,或者拿来换鱼饵时,才分别叫它们各自的专用名字。这时它们又沉下海去了。阳光此刻很热,老人感到脖颈上热辣辣的,划着划着,觉得汗水一滴滴地从背上往下淌。
  
  I could just drift, he thought, and sleep and put a bight of line around my toe to wake me. But today is eighty-five days and I should fish the day well.
  我大可随波逐流,他想,管自睡去,预先把钓索在脚趾上绕上一圈,有动静时可以把我弄醒。不过今天是第八十五天,我该一整天好好钓鱼。
  
  Just then, watching his lines, he saw one of the projecting green sticks dip sharply.
  就在这时,他凝视着钓索,看见其中有一根挑出在水面上的绿色钓竿猛地往水中一沉。
  
  "Yes," he said. "Yes," and shipped his oars without bumping the boat. He reached out for the line and held it softly between the thumb and forefinger of his right hand. He felt no strain nor weight and he held the line lightly. Then it came again. This time it was a tentative pull, not solid nor heavy, and he knew exactly what it was. One hundred fathoms down a marlin was eating the sardines that covered the point and the shank of the hook where the hand-forged hook projected from the head of the small tuna.
  “来啦,”他说。“来啦,”说着从桨架上取下双桨,没有让船颠簸一下。他伸手去拉钓索,把它轻轻地夹在右手大拇指和食指之间。他感到钓索并不抽紧,也没什么分量,就轻松地握着。跟着它又动了一下。这回是试探性的一拉,拉得既不紧又不重,他就完全明白这是怎么回事了。在一百英寻的深处有条大马林鱼正在吃包住钓钩尖端和钩身的沙丁鱼,这个手工制的钓钩是从一条小金枪鱼的头部穿出来的。
  
  The old man held the line delicately, and softly, with his left hand, unleashed it from the stick. Now he could let it run through his fingers without the fish feeling any tension.
  老人轻巧地攥着钓索,用左手把它从竿子上轻轻地解下来。他现在可以让它穿过他手指间滑动,不会让鱼感到一点儿牵引力。
  
  This far out, he must be huge in this month, he thought. Eat them, fish. Eat them. Please eat them. How fresh they are and you down there six hundred feet in that cold water in the dark. Make another turn in the dark and come back and eat them.
  在离岸这么远的地方,它长到本月份,个头一定挺大了,他想。吃鱼饵吧,鱼啊。吃吧。请你吃吧。这些鱼饵多新鲜,而你啊,待在这六百英尺的深处,在这漆黑黑的冷水里。在黑暗里再绕个弯子,拐回来把它们吃了吧。
  
  He felt the light delicate pulling and then a harder pull when a sardine‘s head must have been more difficult to break from the hook. Then there was nothing.
  他感到微弱而轻巧地一拉,跟着较猛烈地一拉,这时准是有条沙丁鱼的头很难从钓钩上扯下来。然后没有一丝动静了。
  
  "Come on," the old man said aloud. "Make another turn. Just smell them. Aren‘t they lovely? Eat them good now and then there is the tuna. Hard and cold and lovely. Don‘t be shy, fish. Eat them."
  “来吧,”老人说出声来。“再绕个弯子吧。闻闻这些鱼饵。它们不是挺鲜美吗?趁它们还新鲜的时候吃了,回头还有那条金枪鱼。又结实,又凉快,又鲜美。别怕难为情,鱼儿。把它们吃了吧。”
  
  He waited with the line between his thumb and his finger, watching it and the other lines at the same time for the fish might have swum up or down. Then came the same delicate pulling touch again.
  他把钓索夹在大拇指和食指之间等待着。同时盯着它和其他那几根钓索,因为这鱼可能已游到了高一点的地方或低一点的地方。跟着又是那么轻巧地一拉。
  
  "He‘ll take it," the old man said aloud. "God help him to take it."
  “它会咬饵的,”老人说出声来。“求天主帮它咬饵吧。”
  
  He did not take it though. He was gone and the old man felt nothing.
  然而它没有咬饵。它游走了,老人没感到有任何动静。
  
  "He can‘t have gone," he said. "Christ knows he can‘t have gone. He‘s making a turn. Maybe he has been hooked before and he remembers something of it."
  “它不可能游走的,”他说。“天知道它是不可能游走的。它正在绕弯子呐。也许它以前上过钩,还有点儿记得。”
  
  Then he felt the gentle touch on the line and he was happy.
  跟着他感到钓索轻轻地动了一下,他高兴了。
  
  "It was only his turn," he said. "He‘ll take it."
  “它刚才不过是在转身,”他说。“它会咬饵的。”
  
  He was happy feeling the gentle pulling and then he felt something hard and unbelievably heavy. It was the weight of the fish and he let the line slip down, down, down, unrolling off the first of the two reserve coils. As it went down, slipping lightly th rough the old man‘s fingers, he still could feel the great weight, thought the pressure of his thumb and finger were almost imperceptible.
  感到这轻微的一拉,他很高兴,接着他感到有些猛拉的感觉,很有份量,叫人难以相信。这是鱼本身的重量造成的,他就松手让钓索朝下溜,一直朝下,朝下溜,从那两卷备用钓索中的一卷上放出钓索。它从老人的指间轻轻地滑下去的时候,他依旧感到很大的分量,尽管他的大拇指和食指施加的压力简直小得觉察不到。
  
  "What a fish," he said. "He has it sideways in his mouth now and he is moving off with it."
  “多棒的鱼啊,”他说。“它正把鱼饵斜叼在嘴里,带着它在游走呐。”
  
  Then he will turn and swallow it, he thought. He did not say that because he knew that if you said a good thing it might not happen. He knew what a huge fish this was and he thought of him moving away in the darkness with the tuna held crosswise in his mouth. At that moment he felt him stop moving but the weight was still there. Then the weight increased and he gave more line. He tightened the pressure of his thumb and finger for a moment and the weight increased and was going straight down.
  它就会掉过头来把饵吞下去的,他想。他没有把这句话说出声来,因为他知道,一桩好事如果说破了,也许就不会发生了。他知道这条鱼有多大,他想象到它嘴里横衔着金枪鱼,在黑暗中游走。这时他觉得它停止不动了,可是分量还是没变。跟着分量越来越重了,他就再放出一点钓索。他一时加强了大拇指和食指上的压力,于是钓索上的分量增加了,一直传到水中深处。
  
  "He‘s taken it," he said. "Now I‘ll let him eat it well."
  “它咬饵啦,”他说。“现在我来让它美美地吃一顿。”
  
  He let the line slip through his fingers while he reached down with his left hand and made fast the free end of the two reserve coils to the loop of the two reserve coils of the next line. Now he was ready. He had three forty-fathom coils of line in reserve now, as well as the coil he was using.
  他让钓索在指间朝下溜,同时伸出左手,把两卷备用钓索的一端紧系在旁边那根钓索的两卷备用钓索上。他如今准备好了。他眼下除了正在使用的那钓索卷儿,还有三个四十英寻长的卷儿可供备用。
  
  "Eat it a little more," he said. "Eat it well."
  “再吃一些吧,”他说。“美美地吃吧。”
  
  Eat it so that the point of the hook goes into your heart and kills you, he thought. Come up easy and let me put the harpoon into you. All right. Are you ready? Have you been long enough at table?
  吃了吧,这样可以让钓钩的尖端扎进你的心脏,把你弄死,他想。轻松愉快地浮上来吧,让我把鱼叉刺进你的身子。得了。你准备好了?你进餐得时间够长了吗?
  
  "Now! he said aloud and struck hard with both hands, gained a yard of line and then struck again and again, swinging with each arm alternately on the cord with all the strength of his arms and the pivoted weight of his body.
  “着啊!”他说出声来,用双手使劲猛拉钓索,收进了一码,然后连连猛拉,使出胳膊上的全副劲儿,拿身子的重量作为支撑,挥动双臂,轮换地把钓索往回拉。
  
  Nothing happened. The fish just moved away slowly and the old man could not raise him an inch. His line was strong and made for heavy fish and he held it against his back until it was so taut that beads of water were jumping from it. Then it began to make a slow hissing sound in the water and he still held it, bracing himself against the thwart and leaning back against the pull. The boat began to move slowly off toward the north-west.
  什么用也没有。那鱼只顾慢慢地游开去,老人无法把它往上拉一英寸。他这钓索很结实,是制作来钓大鱼的,他把它套在背上猛拉,钓索给绷得太紧,上面竟蹦出水珠来。随后它在水里渐渐发出一阵拖长的咝咝声,但他依旧攥着它,在座板上死劲撑住了自己的身子,仰着上半身来抵消鱼的拉力。船儿慢慢地向西北方向驶去。
  
  The fish moved steadily and they traveled slowly on the calm water. The other baits were still in the water but there was nothing to be done.
  大鱼一刻不停地游着,鱼和船在平静的水面上慢慢地行进。另外那几个鱼饵还在水里,没有动静,用不着应付。
  
  "I wish I had the boy," the old man said aloud. "I‘m being towed by a fish and I‘m the towing bitt. I could make the line fast. But then he could break it. I must hold him all I can and give him line when he must have it. Thank God he is traveling and not going down."
  “但愿那孩子在这儿就好了,”老人说出声来,“我正被一条鱼拖着走,成了一根系纤绳的短柱啦。我可以把钓索系在船舷上。不过这一来鱼儿会把它扯断的。我得拚命牵住它,必要的时候给它放出钓索。谢谢老天,它还在朝前游,没有朝下沉。”
  
  What I will do if he decides to go down, I don‘t know. What I‘ll do if he sounds and dies I don‘t now. But I‘ll do something. There are plenty of things I can do.
  如果它决意朝下沉,我该怎么办?我不知道。如果它潜入海底,死在那儿,我该怎么办?我不知道。可是我必须干些什么。我能做的事情多着呢。
  
  He held the line against his back and watched its slant in the water and the skiff moving steadily to the north-west.
  他攥住了勒在背脊上的钓索,紧盯着它直往水中斜去,小船呢,不停地朝西北方驶去。
  
  This will kill him, the old man thought. He can‘t do this forever. But four hours later the fish was still swimming steadily out to sea, towing the skiff, and the old man was still braced solidly with the line across his back.
  这样能叫它送命,老人想。它不能一直这样干下去。然而过了四个钟点,那鱼照样拖着这条小船,不停地向大海游去,老人呢,依然紧紧攥着勒在背脊上的钓索。
  
  "It was noon when I hooked him," he said. "And I have never seen him."
  “我是中午把它钓上的,”他说。“可我始终还没见过它。”
  
  He had pushed his straw hat hard down on his head before he hooked the fish and it was cutting his forehead. He was thirsty too and he got down on his knees and, being careful not to jerk on the line, moved as far into the bow as he could get and reached the water bottle with one hand. He opened it and drank a little. Then he rested against the bow. He rested sitting on the un-stepped mast and sail and tried not to think but only to endure.
  他在钓上这鱼以前,把草帽拉下,紧扣在脑瓜上,这时勒得他的脑门好痛。他还觉得口渴,就双膝跪下,小心不让扯动钓索,尽量朝船头爬去,伸手去取水瓶。他打开瓶盖,喝了一点儿,然后靠在船头上休息。他坐在从桅座上拔下的绕着帆的桅杆上,竭力不去想什么,只顾熬下去。
  
  Then he looked behind him and saw that no land was visible. That makes no difference, he thought. I can always come in on the glow from Havana. There are two more hours before the sun sets and maybe he will come up before that. If he doesn‘t maybe he will come up with the moon. If he does not do that maybe he will come up with the sunrise. I have no cramps and I feel strong. It is he that has the hook in his mouth. But what a fish to pull like that. He must have his mouth shut tight on the wire. I wish I could see him. I with I could see him only once to know what I have against me.
  等他回顾背后时,一看陆地已没有一丝踪影了。这没有关系,他想。我总能靠着哈瓦那的灯火回港的。太阳下去还有两个钟点,也许不到那时鱼就会浮上来。如果它不上来,也许会随着月出浮上来。如果它不这样干,也许会随着日出浮上来。我手脚没有抽筋,我感到身强力壮。是它的嘴给钓住了啊。不过拉力这样大,该是条多大的鱼啊。它的嘴准是死死地咬住了钢丝钓钩。但愿能看到它。但愿能知道我这对手是什么样儿的,哪怕只看一眼也好。
  
  The fish never changed his course nor his direction all that night as far as the man could tell from watching the stars. It was cold after the sun went down and the old man‘s sweat dried cold on his back and his arms and his old legs. During the day he had taken the sack that covered the bait box and spread it in the sun to dry. After the sun went down he tied it around his neck so that it hung down over his back and he cautiously worked it down under the line that was across his shoulders now. The sack cushioned the line and he had found a way of leaning forward against the bow so that he was almost comfortable. The position actually was only somewhat less intolerable; but he thought of it as almost comfortable.
  老人凭着观察天上的星斗,看出那鱼整整一夜始终没有改变它的路线和方向。太阳下去后,天气转凉了,老人的背脊、胳膊和衰老的腿上的汗水都干了,感到发冷。白天里,他曾把盖在鱼饵匣上的麻袋取下,摊在阳光里晒干。太阳下去了,他把麻袋系在脖子上,让它披在背上,他并且小心地把它塞在如今正挂在肩上的钓索下面。有麻袋垫着钓索,他就可以弯腰向船头靠去,这样简直可说很舒服了。这姿势实在只能说是多少叫人好受一点儿,可是他自以为简直可说很舒服了。
  
  I can do nothing with him and he can do nothing with me, he thought. Not as long as keeps this up.
  我拿它一点没办法,它也拿我一点没办法,他想。只要它老是这样干下去,双方都一点没办法。
  
  Once he stood up and urinated over the side of the skiff and looked at the stars and checked his course. The line showed like a phosphorescent streak in the water straight out from his shoulders. They were moving more slowly now and the glow of Havana was not so strong, so that he knew the current must be carrying them to the eastward. If I lose the glare of Havana we must be going more to the eastward, he thought. For if the fish‘s course held true I must see it for many more hours. I wonder how the base ball came out in the grand leagues today, he thought. It would be wonderful to do this with a radio. Then he thought, think of it always. Think of what you are doing. You must do nothing stupid.
  他有一回站起身来,隔着船舷撒尿,然后抬眼望着星斗,核对他的航向。钓索从他肩上一直钻进水里,看来象一道磷光。鱼和船此刻行动放慢了。哈瓦那的灯火也不大辉煌,他于是明白,海流准是在把他们双方带向东方。如果我就此看不见哈瓦那炫目的灯光,我们一定是到了更东的地方,他想。因为,如果这鱼的路线没有变的话,我准会好几个钟点看得见灯光。不知今天的棒球大联赛结果如何,他想。干这行当有台收音机才美哪。接着他想,老是惦记着这玩意儿。想想你正在干的事情吧。你哪能干蠢事啊。
  
  Then he said aloud, "I wish I had the boy. To help me and to see this."
  然后他说出声来:“但愿孩子在就好了。可以帮我一手,让他见识见识这种光景。”
  
  No one should be alone in their old age, he thought. But it is unavoidable. I must remember to eat the tuna before he spoils in order to keep strong. Remember, no matter how little you want to, that you must eat him in the morning. Remember, he said to himself.
  谁也不该上了年纪独个儿待着,他想。不过这也是避免不了的。为了保养体力,我一定要记住趁金枪鱼没坏时就吃。记住了,哪怕你只想吃一点点,也必须在早上吃。记住了,他对自己说。
  
  During the night two porpoises came around the boat and he could hear them rolling and blowing. He could tell the difference between the blowing noise the male made and the sighing blow of the female.
  夜间,两条海豚游到小船边来,他听见它们翻腾和喷水的声音。他能辩别出那雄的发出的喧闹的喷水声和那雌的发出的喘息般的喷水声。
  
  "They are good," he said. "They play and make jokes and love one another. They are our brothers like the flying fish."
  “它们都是好样的,”他说。“它们嬉耍,打闹,相亲相爱。它们是我们的兄弟,就象飞鱼一样。”
  
  Then he began to pity the great fish that he had hooked. He is wonderful and strange and who knows how old he is, he thought. Never have I had such a strong fish nor one who acted so strangely. Perhaps he is too wise to jump. He could ruin me by jumping or by a wild rush. But perhaps he has been hooked many times before and he knows that this is how he should make his fight. He cannot know that it is only one man against him, nor that it is an old man. But what a great fish he is and what will be bring in the market if the flesh is good. He took the bait like a male and he pulls like a male and his fight has no panic in it. I wonder if he has any plans or if he is just as desperate as I am?
  跟着他怜悯起这条被他钓住的大鱼来了。它真出色,真奇特,而且有谁知道它年龄多大呢,他想。我从没钓到过这样强大的鱼,也没见过行动这样奇特的鱼。也许它太机灵,不愿跳出水来。它可以跳出水来,或者来个猛冲,把我搞垮。不过,也许它曾上钩过好多次,所以知道应该如何搏斗。它哪会知道它的对手只有一个人,而且是个老头儿。不过它是条多大的鱼啊,如果鱼肉良好的话,在市场上能卖多大一笔钱啊,它咬起饵来象条雄鱼,拉起钓索来也象雄鱼,搏斗起来一点也不惊慌。不知道它有没有什么打算,还是就跟我一样地不顾死活?
  
  He remembered the time he had hooked one of a pair of marlin. The male fish always let the female fish feed first and the hooked fish, the female, made a wild, panic-stricken, despairing fight that soon exhausted her, and all the time the male had stayed with her, crossing the line and circling with her on the surface. He had stayed so close that the old man was afraid he would cut the line with his tail which was sharp as a scythe and almost of that size and shape. When the old man had gaffed her and clubbed her, holding the rapier bill with its sandpaper edge and clubbing her across the top of her head until her colour turned to a colour almost like the backing of mirrors, and then, with the boy‘s aid, hoisted her aboard, the male fish had stayed by the side of the boat.
  他想起有一回钓到了一对大马林鱼中的一条。雄鱼总是让雌的先吃,那条上了钩的正是雌鱼,它发了狂,惊慌失措而绝望地挣扎着,不久就筋疲力尽了,那条雄鱼始终待在它身边,在钓索下窜来窜去,陪着它在水面上一起打转。这雄鱼离钓索好近,老人生怕它会用它的尾巴把钓索割断,这尾巴象大镰刀般锋利,大小和形状都和大镰刀差不多。老人用鱼钩把雌鱼钩上来,用棍子揍它,握住了那边缘如沙纸似的轻剑般的长嘴,连连朝它头顶打去,直打得它的颜色变成和镜子背面的红色差不多,然后由孩子帮忙,把它拖上船去,这当儿,雄鱼一直待在船舷边。
  
  Then, while the old man was clearing the lines and preparing the harpoon, the male fish jumped high into the air beside the boat to see where the female was and then went down deep, his lavender wings, that were his pectoral fins, spread wide and all his wide lavender stripes showing. He was beautiful, the old man remembered, and he had stayed.
  跟着,当老人忙着解下钓索、拿起鱼叉的时候,雄鱼在船边高高地跳到空中,看看雌鱼在哪里,然后掉下去,钻进深水里,它那淡紫色的翅膀,实在正是它的胸鳍,大大地张开来,于是它身上所有的淡紫色的宽条纹都露出来了。它是美丽的,老人想起,而它始终待在那儿不走。
  
  That was the saddest thing I ever saw with them, the old man thought. The boy was sad too and we begged her pardon and butchered her promptly.
  它们这情景是我看到的最伤心的了,老人想。孩子也很伤心,因此我们请求这条雌鱼原谅,马上把它宰了。
  
  "I wish the boy was here," he said aloud and settled himself against the rounded planks of the bow and felt the strength of the great fish through the line he held across his shoulders moving steadily toward whatever he had chosen.
  “但愿孩子在这儿就好了,”他说出声来,把身子安靠在船头的边缘已被磨圆的木板上,通过勒在肩上的钓索,感到这条大鱼的力量,它正朝着它所选择的方向稳稳地游去。
  
  When once, through my treachery, it had been necessary to him to make a choice, the old man thought.
  由于我干下了欺骗它的勾当,它不得不作出选择了,老人想。
  
  His choice had been to stay in the deep dark water far out beyond all snares and traps and treacheries. My choice was to go there to find him beyond all people. Beyond all people in the world. Now we are joined together and have been since noon. And no one to help either one of us.
  它选择的是待在黑暗的深水里,远远地避开一切圈套、罗网和诡计。我选择的是赶到谁也没到过的地方去找它。到世界上没人去过的地方。现在我跟它给拴在一起了,从中午起就是如此。而且我和它都没有谁来帮忙。
  
  Perhaps I should not have been a fisherman, he thought. But that was the thing that I was born for. I must surely remember to eat the tuna after it gets light.
  也许我不该当渔夫,他想。然而这正是我生来该干的行当。我一定要记住,天亮后就吃那条金枪鱼。
  
  Some time before daylight something took one of the baits that were behind him. He heard the stick break and the line begin to rush out over the gunwale of the skiff. In the darkness he loosened his sheath knife and taking all the strain of the fish on his left shoulder he leaned back and cut the line against the wood of the gunwale. Then he cut the other line closest to him and in the dark made the loose ends of the reserve coils fast. He worked skillfully with the one hand and put his foot on the coils to hold them as he drew his knots tight. Now he had six reserve coils of line. There were two from each bait he had severed and the two from the bait the fish had taken and they were all connected.
  离天亮还有点时候,有什么东西咬住了他背后的一个鱼饵。他听见钓竿啪的折断了,于是那根钓索越过船舷朝外直溜。他摸黑拔出鞘中的刀子,用左肩承担着大鱼所有的拉力,身子朝后靠,就着木头的船舷,把那根钓索割断了。然后把另一根离他最近的钓索也割断了,摸黑把这两个没有放出去的钓索卷儿的断头系在一起。他用一只手熟练地干着,在牢牢地打结时,一只脚踩住了钓索卷儿,免得移动。他现在有六卷备用钓索了。他刚才割断的那两根有鱼饵的钓索各有两卷备用钓索,加上被大鱼咬住鱼饵的那根上的两卷,它们全都接在一起了。
  
  After it is light, he thought, I will work back to the forty-fathom bait and cut it away too and link up the reserve coils. I will have lost two hundred fathoms of good Catalan cardel and the hooks and leaders. That can be replaced. But who replaces this fish if I hook some fish and it cuts him off? I don‘t know what that fish was that took the bait just now. It could have been a marlin or a broadbill or a shark. I never felt him. I had to get rid of him too fast.
  等天亮了,他想,我要好歹回到那根把鱼饵放在水下四十英寻深处的钓索边,把它也割断了,连结在那些备用钓索卷儿上。我将丢掉两百英寻出色的卡塔卢尼亚钓索,还有钓钩和导线。这些都是能再置备的。万一钓上了别的鱼,把这条大鱼倒搞丢了,那再往哪儿去找呢?我不知道刚才咬饵的是什么鱼。很可能是条大马林鱼,或者剑鱼,或者鲨鱼。我根本来不及琢磨。我不得不赶快把它摆脱掉。
  
  Aloud he said, "I wish I had the boy."
  他说出声来:“但愿那孩子在这里。”
  
  But you haven‘t got the boy, he thought. You have only yourself and you had better work back to the last line now, in the dark or not in the dark, and cut it away and hook up the two reserve coils.
  可是孩子并不在这里,他想。你只有你自己一个人,你还是好歹回到最末的那根钓索边,不管天黑不黑,把它割断了,系上那两卷备用钓索。
  
  So he did it. It was difficult in the dark and once the fish made a surge that pulled him down on his face and make a cut below his eye. The blood ran down his cheek a little way. But it coagulated and dried before it reached his chin and he worked his way back to the bow and rested against the wood. He adjusted the sack and carefully worked the line so that it came across a new part of his shoulders and, holding it anchored with his shoulders, he carefully felt the pull of the fish and then felt with his hand the progress of the skiff through the water.
  他就这样做了。摸黑干很困难,有一回,那条大鱼掀动了一下,把他拖倒在地,脸朝下,眼睛下划破了一道口子。鲜血从他脸颊上淌下来。但还没流到下巴上就凝固了,干掉了,于是他挪动身子回到船头,靠在木船舷上歇息。他拉好麻袋,把钓索小心地挪到肩上另一个地方,用肩膀把它固定住,握住了小心地试试那鱼拉曳的份量,然后伸手到水里测度小船航行的速度。
  
  I wonder what he made that lurch for, he thought. The wire must have slipped on the great hill of his back. Certainly his back cannot feel as badly as mine does. But he cannot pull this skiff forever, no matter how great he is. Now everything is cleared a way that might make trouble and I have a big reserve of line; all that a man can ask.
  不知道这鱼为什么刚才突然摇晃了一下,他想。敢情是钓索在它高高隆起的背脊上滑动了一下。它的背脊当然痛得及不上我的。然而不管它力气多大,总不能永远拖着这条小船跑吧。眼下凡是会惹出乱子来的东西都除掉了,我却还有好多备用的钓索,一个人还能有什么要求呢。
  
  "Fish," he said softly, aloud, "I‘ll stay with you until I am dead."
  “鱼啊,”他轻轻地说出声来,“我跟你奉陪到死。”
  
  He‘ll stay with me too, I suppose, the old man thought and he waited for it to be light. It was cold now in the time before daylight and he pushed against the wood to be warm. I can do it as long as he can, he thought. And in the first light the line extended out and down into the water. The boat moved steadily and when the first edge of the sun rose it was on the old man‘s right shoulder.
  依我看,它也要跟我奉陪到死的,老人想,他等待着天明。眼下正当破晓前的时分,天气很冷,他把身子紧贴着木船舷来取暖。它能熬多久,我也能熬多久,他想。天色微明中,钓索伸展着,朝下通到水中。小船平稳地移动着,初升的太阳一露边儿,阳光直射在老人的右肩上。
  
  "He‘s headed north," the old man said. The current will have set us far to the eastward, he thought. I wish he would turn with the current. That would show that he was tiring.
  “它在朝北走啊,”老人说。海流会把我们远远地向东方送去,他想。但愿它会随着海流拐弯。这样可以说明它越来越疲乏了。
  
  When the sun had risen further the old man realized that the fish was not tiring. There was only one favorable sign. The slant of the line showed he was swimming at a lesser depth. That did not necessarily mean that he would jump.
  等太阳升得更高了,老人发觉这鱼并不越来越疲乏。只有一个有利的征兆。钓索的斜度说明它正在较浅的地方游着。这不一定表示它会跃出水来。
  
  But he might.
  但它也许会这样。
  
  "God let him jump," the old man said. "I have enough line to handle him."
  “天主啊,叫它跳跃吧,”老人说。“我的钓索够长,可以对付它。”
  
  Maybe if I can increase


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