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Part 1 Chapter 26

The World, or What the Rich LackI am alone on earth, no one deigns1 to think of me. All the people Isee making their fortunes have a brazenness2 and a hard-heartedness which I do not sense in myself. Ah! I shall soon be dead,either of hunger, or from the sorrow of finding men so hard.

  YOUNGHe made haste to brush his coat and to go downstairs; he was late. Anunder-master rebuked3 him severely4; instead of seeking to excuse himself, Julien crossed his arms on his breast:

  'Peccavi, pater optime (I have sinned, I confess my fault, O Father),' hesaid with a contrite5 air.

  This was a most successful beginning. The sharp wits among the seminarists saw that they had to deal with a man who was not new to thegame. The recreation hour came, Julien saw himself the object of generalcuriosity. But they found in him merely reserve and silence. Followingthe maxims7 that he had laid down for himself, he regarded his threehundred and twenty-one comrades as so many enemies; the most dangerous of all in his eyes was the abbe Pirard.

  A few days later, Julien had to choose a confessor, he was furnishedwith a list.

  'Eh; Great God, for what do they take me?' he said to himself. 'Do theysuppose I can't take a hint?' And he chose the abbe Pirard.

  Though he did not suspect it, this step was decisive. A little seminarist,still quite a boy, and a native of Verrieres, who, from the first day, haddeclared himself his friend, informed him that if he had chosen M.

  Castanede, the vice8-principal of the Seminary, he would perhaps haveshown greater prudence9.

   'The abbe Castanede is the enemy of M. Pirard, who is suspected ofJansenism'; the little seminarist added, whispering this information in hisear.

  All the first steps taken by our hero who fancied himself so prudentwere, like his choice of a confessor, foolish in the extreme. Led astray byall the presumption10 of an imaginative man, he mistook his intentions forfacts, and thought himself a consummate11 hypocrite. His folly12 went thelength of his reproaching himself for his successes in this art of the weak.

  'Alas13! It is my sole weapon! In another epoch14, it would have been byspeaking actions in the face of the enemy that I should have earned mybread.'

  Julien, satisfied with his own conduct, looked around him; he foundeverywhere an appearance of the purest virtue15.

  Nine or ten of the seminarists lived in the odour of sanctity, and hadvisions like Saint Teresa and Saint Francis, when he received the Stigmata upon Monte Verna, in the Apennines. But this was a great secretwhich their friends kept to themselves. These poor young visionarieswere almost always in the infirmary. Some hundred others combinedwith a robust16 faith an unwearying application. They worked until theymade themselves ill, but without learning much. Two or three distinguished17 themselves by real talent, and, among these, one named Chazel;but Julien felt himself repelled18 by them, and they by him.

  The rest of the three hundred and twenty-one seminarists were composed entirely19 of coarse creatures who were by no means certain thatthey understood the Latin words which they repeated all day long. Almost all of them were the sons of peasants, and preferred to earn theirbread by reciting a few Latin words rather than by tilling the soil. It wasafter making this discovery, in the first few days, that Julien promisedhimself a rapid success. 'In every service, there is need of intelligentpeople, for after all there is work to be done,' he told himself. 'Under Napoleon, I should have been a serjeant; among these future cures, I shallbe a Vicar-General.

  'All these poor devils,' he added, 'labourers from the cradle, havelived, until they came here, upon skim milk and black bread. In their cottages, they tasted meat only five or six times in a year. Like the Romansoldiers who found active service a holiday, these boorish20 peasants areenchanted by the luxuries of the Seminary.'

  Julien never read anything in their lack-lustre eyes beyond the satisfaction of a bodily need after dinner, and the expectation of a bodily pleasure before the meal. Such were the people among whom he mustdistinguish himself; but what Julien did not know, what they refrainedfrom telling him, was that to be at the top of the various classes ofdogma, church history, etc., etc., which were studied in the Seminary,was nothing more in their eyes than a sin of vainglory. Since Voltaire,since Two Chamber21 government, which is at bottom only distrust andprivate judgment22, and instils23 in the hearts of the people that fatal habit ofwant of confidence, the Church of France seems to have realised that booksare its true enemies. It is heartfelt submission24 that is everything in itseyes. Success in studies, even in sacred studies, is suspect, and with goodreason. What is to prevent the superior man from going over to the otherside, like Sieyes or Gregoire? The trembling Church clings to the Pope asto her sole chance of salvation25. The Pope alone can attempt to paralyseprivate judgment, and, by the pious26 pomps of the ceremonies of hiscourt, make an impression upon the sick and listless minds of men andwomen of the world.

  Having half mastered these several truths, which however all thewords uttered in a Seminary tend to deny, Julien fell into a deep melancholy27. He worked hard, and rapidly succeeded in learning things ofgreat value to a priest, entirely false in his eyes, and in which he took nointerest. He imagined that there was nothing else for him to do.

  'Am I then forgotten by all the world?' he wondered. He little knewthat M. Pirard had received and had flung in the fire several letters bearing the Dijon postmark, letters in which, despite the most conventionalstyle and language, the most intense passion was apparent. Keen remorse28 seemed to be doing battle with this love. 'So much the better,'

  thought the abbe Pirard, 'at least it is not an irreligious woman that thisyoung man has loved.'

  One day, the abbe Pirard opened a letter which seemed to be half obliterated29 by tears, it was an eternal farewell. 'At last,' the writer informedJulien, 'heaven has granted me the grace of hating not the author of myfault, he will always be dearer to me than anything in the world, but myfault itself. The sacrifice is made, my friend. It is not without tears, as yousee. The salvation of the beings to whom I am bound, and whom youhave loved so dearly, has prevailed. A just but terrible God can no longerwreak vengeance30 upon them for their mother's crimes. Farewell, Julien,be just towards men.'

  This ending to the letter was almost entirely illegible31. The writer gavean address at Dijon, and at the same time hoped that Julien would never reply, or that at least he would confine himself to language which a woman restored to the ways of virtue could read without blushing.

  Julien's melancholy, assisted by the indifferent food supplied to theSeminary by the contractor32 for dinners at 83 centimes a head, was beginning to have an effect on his health, when one morning Fouque suddenlyappeared in his room.

  'At last I have found my way in. I have come five times to Besancon,honour bound, to see you. Always a barred door. I posted someone atthe gate of the Seminary; why the devil do you never come out?'

  'It is a test which I have set myself.'

  'I find you greatly altered. At last I see you again. Two good five francpieces have just taught me that I was no better than a fool not to haveoffered them on my first visit.'

  The conversation between the friends was endless. Julien changed col-our when Fouque said to him:

  'Have you heard, by the way? The mother of your pupils has becomemost devoutly33 religious.'

  And he spoke34 with that detached air which makes so singular an impression on the passionate35 soul whose dearest interests the speaker unconsciously destroys.

  'Yes, my friend, the most exalted36 strain of piety37. They say that shemakes pilgrimages. But, to the eternal shame of the abbe Maslon, whohas been spying so long upon that poor M. Chelan, Madame de Renalwill have nothing to do with him. She goes to confession38 at Dijon orBesancon.'

  'She comes to Besancon!' said Julien, his brow flushing.

  'Quite often,' replied Fouque with a questioning air.

  'Have you any Constitutionnels on you?'

  'What's that you say?' replied Fouque.

  'I ask you if you have any Constitutionnels?' Julien repeated, in a calmertone. 'They are sold here for thirty sous a copy.'

  'What! Liberals even in the Seminary!' cried Fouque. 'UnhappyFrance!' he went on, copying the hypocritical tone and meek39 accents ofthe abbe Maslon.

  This visit would have made a profound impression upon our hero,had not, the very next day, a remark addressed to him by that little seminarist from Verrieres who seemed such a boy, led him to make an important discovery. Ever since he had been in the Seminary, Julien'sconduct had been nothing but a succession of false steps. He laughed bitterly at himself.

  As a matter of fact, the important actions of his life were wiselyordered; but he paid no attention to details, and the clever people in aSeminary look only at details. And so he passed already among his fellow students as a free thinker. He had been betrayed by any number oftrifling actions.

  In their eyes he was convicted of this appalling40 vice, he thought, hejudged for himself, instead of blindly following authority and example. Theabbe Pirard had been of no assistance to him; he had not once uttered aword to him apart from the tribunal of penitence41, and even there helistened rather than spoke. It would have been very different had Julienchosen the abbe Castanede.

  The moment that Julien became aware of his own folly, his interest revived. He wished to know the whole extent of the harm, and, with thisobject, emerged a little from that haughty42 and obstinate43 silence withwhich he repulsed44 his fellows. It was then that they took their revengeon him. His advances were received with a contempt which went thelength of derision. He realised that since his entering the Seminary, notan hour had passed, especially during recreation, that had not bornesome consequence for or against him, had not increased the number ofhis enemies, or won him the good will of some seminarist who wasgenuinely virtuous45 or a trifle less boorish than the rest. The damage to berepaired was immense, the task one of great difficulty. ThenceforwardJulien's attention was constantly on the alert; it was a case of portrayinghimself in an entirely new character.

  The control of his eyes, for instance, gave him a great deal of trouble. Itis not without reason that in such places they are kept lowered. 'Whatwas not my presumption at Verrieres!' Julien said to himself, 'I imaginedI was alive; I was only preparing myself for life; here I am at last in theworld, as I shall find it until I have played out my part, surrounded byreal enemies. What an immense difficulty,' he went on, 'is this incessanthypocrisy! It would put the labours of Hercules to shame. The Herculesof modern times is Sixtus V, who for fifteen years on end, by his modesty47, deceived forty Cardinals48, who had seen him proud and vigorous inhis youth.

  'So learning is really nothing here!' he told himself with scorn;'progress in dogma, in sacred history, and the rest of it, count only in appearance. All that is said on that topic is intended to make fools likemyself fall into the trap. Alas, my sole merit consisted in my rapid progress, in my faculty49 for grasping all that nonsense. Can it be that in theirhearts they esteem50 it at its true value; judge of it as I do? And I was foolenough to be proud of myself! Those first places in class which I alwaysobtain have served only to give me bitter enemies. Chazel, who knowsfar more than I, always puts into his compositions some piece of stupidity which sends him down to the fiftieth place; if he obtains the first, it iswhen he is not thinking. Ah! one word, a single word from M. Pirard,how useful it would have been to me!'


  From the moment in which Julien's eyes were opened, the long exercises of ascetic51 piety, such as the Rosary five times weekly, the hymns52 tothe Sacred Heart, etc., etc., which had seemed to him of such deadly dullness, became the most interesting actions of his life. Sternly criticising hisown conduct, and seeking above all not to exaggerate his methods, Juliendid not aspire53 from the first, like the seminarists who served as modelsto the rest, to perform at every moment some significant action, that is tosay one which gave proof of some form of Christian54 perfection. In Seminaries, there is a way of eating a boiled egg which reveals the progressone has made in the godly life.

  The reader, who is perhaps smiling, will please to remember all themistakes made, in eating an egg, by the abbe Delille when invited toluncheon by a great lady of the Court of Louis XVI.

  Julien sought at first to arrive at the non culpa, to wit, the state of theyoung seminarist whose gait, his way of moving his arms, eyes, etc., donot, it is true, indicate anything worldly, but do not yet show thecreature absorbed by the idea of the next life and the absolute nullity ofthis.

  Everywhere Julien found inscribed56 in charcoal57, on the walls of the passages, sentences like the following: 'What are sixty years of trial, set inthe balance with an eternity58 of bliss59 or an eternity of boiling oil in hell!'

  He no longer despised them; he realised that he must have them alwaysbefore his eyes. 'What shall I be doing all my life?' he said to himself; 'Ishall be selling the faithful a place in heaven. How is that place to bemade visible to them? By the difference between my exterior60 and that ofa layman61.'

  After several months of application kept up at every moment, Julienstill had the air of a thinker. His way of moving his eyes and opening his lips did not reveal an implicit62 faith ready to believe everything and touphold everything, even by martyrdom. It was with anger that Juliensaw himself surpassed in this respect by the most boorish peasants. Theyhad good reasons for not having the air of thinkers.

  What pains did he not take to arrive at that expression of blind andfervent faith, which is so frequently to be found in the convents of Italy,and such perfect examples of which Guercino has bequeathed to us laymen63 in his paintings in churches. 4On the greatest festivals the seminarists were given sausages withpickled cabbage. Julien's neighbours at table observed that he remainedunmoved by this good fortune; it was one of his first crimes. His comrades saw in it an odious64 mark of the most stupid hypocrisy46; nothingmade him so many enemies. 'Look at that gentleman, look at that proudfellow,' they would say, 'pretending to despise our best ration65, sausageswith cabbage! The wretched conceit66 of the damned fellow!' He shouldhave refrained as an act of penance67 from eating the whole of his portion,and should have made the sacrifice of saying to some friend, with reference to the pickled cabbage: 'What is there that man can offer to an AllPowerful Being, if it be not voluntary suffering?'

  Julien lacked the experience which makes it so easy for us to see thingsof this sort.

  'Alas! The ignorance of these young peasants, my comrades, is a greatadvantage to them,' Julien would exclaim in moments of discouragement. 'When they arrive in the Seminary, the teacher has not to rid themof the appalling number of worldly thoughts which I brought with me,and which they read on my face, do what I will.'

  Julien studied with an attention that bordered upon envy the moreboorish of the young peasants who arrived at the Seminary. At the moment when they were stripped of their ratteen jackets to be garbed68 in theblack cassock, their education was limited to an immense and unbounded respect for dry and liquid money, as the saying goes in the Franche-Comte.

  It is the sacramental and heroic fashion of expressing the sublime69 ideaof ready cash.

  Happiness, for these seminarists, as for the heroes of Voltaire's tales,consists first and foremost in dining well. Julien discovered in almost all4.For instance, in the Louvre, no. 1130: 'Francis Duke of Aquitaine laying aside thecrown and putting on a monastic habit.'

   of them an innate70 respect for the man who wears a coat of fine cloth. Thissentiment estimates distributive justice, as it is dealt out to us by ourcourts, at its true worth, indeed below its true worth. 'What is to begained,' they would often say among themselves, 'by going to law withthe big?'

  'Big' is the word used in the valleys of the Jura to denote a rich man.

  One may imagine their respect for the richest party of all: theGovernment!

  Not to smile respectfully at the mere6 name of the Prefect is reckoned,among the peasants of the Franche-Comte, an imprudence; and imprudence, among the poor, is promptly71 punished with want of bread.

  After having been almost suffocated72 at first by his sense of scorn, Julien ended by feeling pity: it had often been the lot of the fathers of themajority of his comrades to come home on a winter evening to their cottages, and to find there no bread, no chestnuts73, and no potatoes. 'Is it surprising then,' Julien asked himself, 'if the happy man, in their eyes, is firstof all the man who has just eaten a good dinner, and after that he whopossesses a good coat! My comrades have a definite vocation74; that is tosay, they see in the ecclesiastical calling a long continuation of this happiness: dining well and having a warm coat in winter.'

  Julien happened to hear a young seminarist, endowed with imagination, say to his companion:

  'Why should not I become Pope like Sixtus v, who was a swineherd?'

  'They make none but Italians Popes,' replied the friend; 'but they'lldraw lots among us, for sure, to fill places as Vicars-General and Canons,and perhaps Bishops75. M. P—— the Bishop76 of Chalons, is the son of acooper; that is my father's trade.'

  One day, in the middle of a lesson in dogma, the abbe Pirard sent forJulien. The poor young fellow was delighted to escape from the physicaland moral atmosphere in which he was plunged77.

  Julien found himself greeted by the Director in the manner which hadso frightened him on the day of his joining the Seminary.

  'Explain to me what I see written upon this playing card,' he said tohim, looking at him in such a way as to make him wish that the earthwould open and swallow him.

  Julien read:

  'Amanda Binet, at the Giraffe cafe, before eight o'clock. Say you arefrom Genlis, and a cousin of my mother.'

   Julien perceived the immensity of the danger; the abbe Castanede's police had stolen the address from him.

  'The day on which I came here,' he replied, gazing at the abbe Pirard'sforehead, for he could not face his terrible eye, 'I was trembling with fear:

  M. Chelan had told me that this was a place full of tale-bearing and spiteof all sorts; spying and the accusation78 of one's comrades are encouragedhere. Such is the will of heaven, to show life as it is to young priests, andto inspire in them a disgust with the world and its pomps.'

  'And it is to me that you make these fine speeches'—the abbe Pirardwas furious. 'You young rascal79!'

  'At Verrieres,' Julien went on calmly, 'my brothers used to beat mewhen they had any reason to be jealous of me … '

  'To the point! Get to the point!' cried M. Pirard, almost beside himself.

  Without being the least bit in the world intimidated80, Julien resumedhis narrative81.

  'On the day of my coming to Besancon, about noon, I felt hungry, Iwent into a cafe. My heart was filled with repugnance82 for so profane83 aspot; but I thought that my luncheon55 would cost me less there than at aninn. A lady, who seemed to be the mistress of the place, took pity on myraw looks. "Besancon is full of wicked people," she told me, "I am afraidfor you, Sir. If you find yourself in any trouble, come to me, send a message to me before eight o'clock. If the porters at the Seminary refuse totake your message, say that you are my cousin, and come from Genlis …"'

  'All this farrago will have to be investigated,' exclaimed the abbe Pirard who, unable to remain in one place, was striding up and down theroom.

  'You will go back to your cell!'

  The abbe accompanied Julien and locked him in. He himself at onceproceeded to examine his trunk, in the bottom of which the fatal cardhad been carefully concealed84. Nothing was missing from the trunk, butseveral things had been disarranged; and yet the key never left his possession. 'How fortunate,' Julien said to himself, 'that during the time ofmy blindness I never made use of the permission to leave the building,which M. Castanede so frequently offered me with a generosity85 which Inow understand. Perhaps I might have been so foolish as to change myclothes and pay the fair Amanda a visit, I should have been ruined.

   When they despaired of making any use of their information in that way,so as not to waste it they have used it to denounce me.

  A couple of hours later, the Director sent for him.

  'You have not lied,' he said to him, looking at him less severely; 'but tokeep such an address is an imprudence the serious nature of which youcannot conceive. Unhappy boy! In ten years, perhaps, it will redound86 toyour hurt.'


1 deigns 1059b772013699e876676d0de2cae304     
v.屈尊,俯就( deign的第三人称单数 )
  • She scarcely deigns a glance at me. 她简直不屑看我一眼。 来自辞典例句
2 brazenness aecf495824a6bd2942f85443d89a7af4     
  • I was shocked at the audacity and brazenness of the gangsters. 这伙歹徒如此胆大妄为、厚颜无耻,让我很是震惊。 来自柯林斯例句
3 rebuked bdac29ff5ae4a503d9868e9cd4d93b12     
责难或指责( rebuke的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The company was publicly rebuked for having neglected safety procedures. 公司因忽略了安全规程而受到公开批评。
  • The teacher rebuked the boy for throwing paper on the floor. 老师指责这个男孩将纸丢在地板上。
4 severely SiCzmk     
  • He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了严厉的批评并且被撤了职。
  • He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了严厉的批评。
5 contrite RYXzf     
  • She was contrite the morning after her angry outburst.她发了一顿脾气之后一早上追悔莫及。
  • She assumed a contrite expression.她装出一副后悔的表情。
6 mere rC1xE     
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
7 maxims aa76c066930d237742b409ad104a416f     
n.格言,座右铭( maxim的名词复数 )
  • Courts also draw freely on traditional maxims of construction. 法院也自由吸收传统的解释准则。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
  • There are variant formulations of some of the maxims. 有些准则有多种表达方式。 来自辞典例句
8 vice NU0zQ     
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
9 prudence 9isyI     
  • A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.不够谨慎可能会导致财政上出现问题。
  • The happy impute all their success to prudence or merit.幸运者都把他们的成功归因于谨慎或功德。
10 presumption XQcxl     
  • Please pardon my presumption in writing to you.请原谅我很冒昧地写信给你。
  • I don't think that's a false presumption.我认为那并不是错误的推测。
11 consummate BZcyn     
adj.完美的;v.成婚;使完美 [反]baffle
  • The restored jade burial suit fully reveals the consummate skill of the labouring people of ancient China.复原后的金缕玉衣充分显示出中国古代劳动人民的精湛工艺。
  • The actor's acting is consummate and he is loved by the audience.这位演员技艺精湛,深受观众喜爱。
12 folly QgOzL     
  • Learn wisdom by the folly of others.从别人的愚蠢行动中学到智慧。
  • Events proved the folly of such calculations.事情的进展证明了这种估计是愚蠢的。
13 alas Rx8z1     
  • Alas!The window is broken!哎呀!窗子破了!
  • Alas,the truth is less romantic.然而,真理很少带有浪漫色彩。
14 epoch riTzw     
  • The epoch of revolution creates great figures.革命时代造就伟大的人物。
  • We're at the end of the historical epoch,and at the dawn of another.我们正处在一个历史时代的末期,另一个历史时代的开端。
15 virtue BpqyH     
  • He was considered to be a paragon of virtue.他被认为是品德尽善尽美的典范。
  • You need to decorate your mind with virtue.你应该用德行美化心灵。
16 robust FXvx7     
  • She is too tall and robust.她个子太高,身体太壮。
  • China wants to keep growth robust to reduce poverty and avoid job losses,AP commented.美联社评论道,中国希望保持经济强势增长,以减少贫困和失业状况。
17 distinguished wu9z3v     
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
18 repelled 1f6f5c5c87abe7bd26a5c5deddd88c92     
v.击退( repel的过去式和过去分词 );使厌恶;排斥;推开
  • They repelled the enemy. 他们击退了敌军。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The minister tremulously, but decidedly, repelled the old man's arm. 而丁梅斯代尔牧师却哆里哆嗦地断然推开了那老人的胳臂。 来自英汉文学 - 红字
19 entirely entirely     
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
20 boorish EdIyP     
  • His manner seemed rather boorish.他的举止看上去很俗气。
  • He disgusted many with his boorish behaviour.他的粗野行为让很多人都讨厌他。
21 chamber wnky9     
  • For many,the dentist's surgery remains a torture chamber.对许多人来说,牙医的治疗室一直是间受刑室。
  • The chamber was ablaze with light.会议厅里灯火辉煌。
22 judgment e3xxC     
  • The chairman flatters himself on his judgment of people.主席自认为他审视人比别人高明。
  • He's a man of excellent judgment.他眼力过人。
23 instils 9099ca46355a3e4d6283a01f75d0e84f     
v.逐渐使某人获得(某种可取的品质),逐步灌输( instil的第三人称单数 )
  • Providing first instils a sense of obligation in that person to help in return. 先给予的做法可以灌输一种责任感给那个人,使其回过头来帮助对方。 来自互联网
24 submission lUVzr     
  • The defeated general showed his submission by giving up his sword.战败将军缴剑表示投降。
  • No enemy can frighten us into submission.任何敌人的恐吓都不能使我们屈服。
25 salvation nC2zC     
  • Salvation lay in political reform.解救办法在于政治改革。
  • Christians hope and pray for salvation.基督教徒希望并祈祷灵魂得救。
26 pious KSCzd     
  • Alexander is a pious follower of the faith.亚历山大是个虔诚的信徒。
  • Her mother was a pious Christian.她母亲是一个虔诚的基督教徒。
27 melancholy t7rz8     
  • All at once he fell into a state of profound melancholy.他立即陷入无尽的忧思之中。
  • He felt melancholy after he failed the exam.这次考试没通过,他感到很郁闷。
28 remorse lBrzo     
  • She had no remorse about what she had said.她对所说的话不后悔。
  • He has shown no remorse for his actions.他对自己的行为没有任何悔恨之意。
29 obliterated 5b21c854b61847047948152f774a0c94     
v.除去( obliterate的过去式和过去分词 );涂去;擦掉;彻底破坏或毁灭
  • The building was completely obliterated by the bomb. 炸弹把那座建筑物彻底摧毁了。
  • He began to drink, drank himself to intoxication, till he slept obliterated. 他一直喝,喝到他快要迷糊地睡着了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
30 vengeance wL6zs     
  • He swore vengeance against the men who murdered his father.他发誓要向那些杀害他父亲的人报仇。
  • For years he brooded vengeance.多年来他一直在盘算报仇。
31 illegible tbQxW     
  • It is impossible to deliver this letter because the address is illegible.由于地址字迹不清,致使信件无法投递。
  • Can you see what this note says—his writing is almost illegible!你能看出这个便条上写些什么吗?他的笔迹几乎无法辨认。
32 contractor GnZyO     
  • The Tokyo contractor was asked to kick $ 6000 back as commission.那个东京的承包商被要求退还6000美元作为佣金。
  • The style of house the contractor builds depends partly on the lay of the land.承包商所建房屋的式样,有几分要看地势而定。
33 devoutly b33f384e23a3148a94d9de5213bd205f     
  • She was a devoutly Catholic. 她是一个虔诚地天主教徒。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • This was not a boast, but a hope, at once bold and devoutly humble. 这不是夸夸其谈,而是一个即大胆而又诚心、谦虚的希望。 来自辞典例句
34 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
35 passionate rLDxd     
  • He is said to be the most passionate man.据说他是最有激情的人。
  • He is very passionate about the project.他对那个项目非常热心。
36 exalted ztiz6f     
  • Their loveliness and holiness in accordance with their exalted station.他们的美丽和圣洁也与他们的崇高地位相称。
  • He received respect because he was a person of exalted rank.他因为是个地位崇高的人而受到尊敬。
37 piety muuy3     
  • They were drawn to the church not by piety but by curiosity.他们去教堂不是出于虔诚而是出于好奇。
  • Experience makes us see an enormous difference between piety and goodness.经验使我们看到虔诚与善意之间有着巨大的区别。
38 confession 8Ygye     
  • Her confession was simply tantamount to a casual explanation.她的自白简直等于一篇即席说明。
  • The police used torture to extort a confession from him.警察对他用刑逼供。
39 meek x7qz9     
  • He expects his wife to be meek and submissive.他期望妻子温顺而且听他摆布。
  • The little girl is as meek as a lamb.那个小姑娘像羔羊一般温顺。
40 appalling iNwz9     
  • The search was hampered by appalling weather conditions.恶劣的天气妨碍了搜寻工作。
  • Nothing can extenuate such appalling behaviour.这种骇人听闻的行径罪无可恕。
41 penitence guoyu     
  • The thief expressed penitence for all his past actions. 那盗贼对他犯过的一切罪恶表示忏悔。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Of penitence, there has been none! 可是悔过呢,还一点没有! 来自英汉文学 - 红字
42 haughty 4dKzq     
  • He gave me a haughty look and walked away.他向我摆出傲慢的表情后走开。
  • They were displeased with her haughty airs.他们讨厌她高傲的派头。
43 obstinate m0dy6     
  • She's too obstinate to let anyone help her.她太倔强了,不会让任何人帮她的。
  • The trader was obstinate in the negotiation.这个商人在谈判中拗强固执。
44 repulsed 80c11efb71fea581c6fe3c4634a448e1     
v.击退( repulse的过去式和过去分词 );驳斥;拒绝
  • I was repulsed by the horrible smell. 这种可怕的气味让我恶心。
  • At the first brush,the enemy was repulsed. 敌人在第一次交火时就被击退了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
45 virtuous upCyI     
  • She was such a virtuous woman that everybody respected her.她是个有道德的女性,人人都尊敬她。
  • My uncle is always proud of having a virtuous wife.叔叔一直为娶到一位贤德的妻子而骄傲。
46 hypocrisy g4qyt     
  • He railed against hypocrisy and greed.他痛斥伪善和贪婪的行为。
  • He accused newspapers of hypocrisy in their treatment of the story.他指责了报纸在报道该新闻时的虚伪。
47 modesty REmxo     
  • Industry and modesty are the chief factors of his success.勤奋和谦虚是他成功的主要因素。
  • As conceit makes one lag behind,so modesty helps one make progress.骄傲使人落后,谦虚使人进步。
48 cardinals 8aa3d7ed97d6793c87fe821585838a4a     
红衣主教( cardinal的名词复数 ); 红衣凤头鸟(见于北美,雄鸟为鲜红色); 基数
  • cardinals in scarlet robes 身披红袍的枢机主教
  • A conclave of cardinals was held to elect the new Pope. 红衣主教团举行了秘密会议来选举新教皇。
49 faculty HhkzK     
  • He has a great faculty for learning foreign languages.他有学习外语的天赋。
  • He has the faculty of saying the right thing at the right time.他有在恰当的时候说恰当的话的才智。
50 esteem imhyZ     
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  • The veteran worker ranks high in public love and esteem.那位老工人深受大伙的爱戴。
51 ascetic bvrzE     
  • The hermit followed an ascetic life-style.这个隐士过的是苦行生活。
  • This is achieved by strict celibacy and ascetic practices.这要通过严厉的独身生活和禁欲修行而达到。
52 hymns b7dc017139f285ccbcf6a69b748a6f93     
n.赞美诗,圣歌,颂歌( hymn的名词复数 )
  • At first, they played the hymns and marches familiar to them. 起初他们只吹奏自己熟悉的赞美诗和进行曲。 来自英汉非文学 - 百科语料821
  • I like singing hymns. 我喜欢唱圣歌。 来自辞典例句
53 aspire ANbz2     
  • Living together with you is what I aspire toward in my life.和你一起生活是我一生最大的愿望。
  • I aspire to be an innovator not a follower.我迫切希望能变成个开创者而不是跟随者。
54 Christian KVByl     
  • They always addressed each other by their Christian name.他们总是以教名互相称呼。
  • His mother is a sincere Christian.他母亲是个虔诚的基督教徒。
55 luncheon V8az4     
  • We have luncheon at twelve o'clock.我们十二点钟用午餐。
  • I have a luncheon engagement.我午饭有约。
56 inscribed 65fb4f97174c35f702447e725cb615e7     
v.写,刻( inscribe的过去式和过去分词 );内接
  • His name was inscribed on the trophy. 他的名字刻在奖杯上。
  • The names of the dead were inscribed on the wall. 死者的名字被刻在墙上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
57 charcoal prgzJ     
  • We need to get some more charcoal for the barbecue.我们烧烤需要更多的碳。
  • Charcoal is used to filter water.木炭是用来过滤水的。
58 eternity Aiwz7     
  • The dull play seemed to last an eternity.这场乏味的剧似乎演个没完没了。
  • Finally,Ying Tai and Shan Bo could be together for all of eternity.英台和山伯终能双宿双飞,永世相随。
59 bliss JtXz4     
  • It's sheer bliss to be able to spend the day in bed.整天都可以躺在床上真是幸福。
  • He's in bliss that he's won the Nobel Prize.他非常高兴,因为获得了诺贝尔奖金。
60 exterior LlYyr     
  • The seed has a hard exterior covering.这种子外壳很硬。
  • We are painting the exterior wall of the house.我们正在给房子的外墙涂漆。
61 layman T3wy6     
  • These technical terms are difficult for the layman to understand.这些专门术语是外行人难以理解的。
  • He is a layman in politics.他对政治是个门外汉。
62 implicit lkhyn     
  • A soldier must give implicit obedience to his officers. 士兵必须绝对服从他的长官。
  • Her silence gave implicit consent. 她的沉默表示默许。
63 laymen 4eba2aede66235aa178de00c37728cba     
门外汉,外行人( layman的名词复数 ); 普通教徒(有别于神职人员)
  • a book written for professionals and laymen alike 一本内行外行都可以读的书
  • Avoid computer jargon when you write for laymen. 写东西给一般人看时,应避免使用电脑术语。
64 odious l0zy2     
  • The judge described the crime as odious.法官称这一罪行令人发指。
  • His character could best be described as odious.他的人格用可憎来形容最贴切。
65 ration CAxzc     
  • The country cut the bread ration last year.那个国家去年削减面包配给量。
  • We have to ration the water.我们必须限量用水。
66 conceit raVyy     
  • As conceit makes one lag behind,so modesty helps one make progress.骄傲使人落后,谦虚使人进步。
  • She seems to be eaten up with her own conceit.她仿佛已经被骄傲冲昏了头脑。
67 penance Uulyx     
  • They had confessed their sins and done their penance.他们已经告罪并做了补赎。
  • She knelt at her mother's feet in penance.她忏悔地跪在母亲脚下。
68 garbed 444f7292bad50cd579f38d7c8c5f1345     
v.(尤指某类人穿的特定)服装,衣服,制服( garb的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The widow was garbed in black. 那寡妇穿着黑衣服。 来自辞典例句
  • He garbed himself as a sailor. 他装扮成水手。 来自辞典例句
69 sublime xhVyW     
  • We should take some time to enjoy the sublime beauty of nature.我们应该花些时间去欣赏大自然的壮丽景象。
  • Olympic games play as an important arena to exhibit the sublime idea.奥运会,就是展示此崇高理念的重要舞台。
70 innate xbxzC     
  • You obviously have an innate talent for music.你显然有天生的音乐才能。
  • Correct ideas are not innate in the mind.人的正确思想不是自己头脑中固有的。
71 promptly LRMxm     
  • He paid the money back promptly.他立即还了钱。
  • She promptly seized the opportunity his absence gave her.她立即抓住了因他不在场给她创造的机会。
72 suffocated 864b9e5da183fff7aea4cfeaf29d3a2e     
(使某人)窒息而死( suffocate的过去式和过去分词 ); (将某人)闷死; 让人感觉闷热; 憋气
  • Many dogs have suffocated in hot cars. 许多狗在热烘烘的汽车里给闷死了。
  • I nearly suffocated when the pipe of my breathing apparatus came adrift. 呼吸器上的管子脱落时,我差点给憋死。
73 chestnuts 113df5be30e3a4f5c5526c2a218b352f     
n.栗子( chestnut的名词复数 );栗色;栗树;栗色马
  • A man in the street was selling bags of hot chestnuts. 街上有个男人在卖一包包热栗子。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Talk of chestnuts loosened the tongue of this inarticulate young man. 因为栗子,正苦无话可说的年青人,得到同情他的人了。 来自汉英文学 - 中国现代小说
74 vocation 8h6wB     
  • She struggled for years to find her true vocation.她多年来苦苦寻找真正适合自己的职业。
  • She felt it was her vocation to minister to the sick.她觉得照料病人是她的天职。
75 bishops 391617e5d7bcaaf54a7c2ad3fc490348     
(基督教某些教派管辖大教区的)主教( bishop的名词复数 ); (国际象棋的)象
  • Each player has two bishops at the start of the game. 棋赛开始时,每名棋手有两只象。
  • "Only sheriffs and bishops and rich people and kings, and such like. “他劫富济贫,抢的都是郡长、主教、国王之类的富人。
76 bishop AtNzd     
  • He was a bishop who was held in reverence by all.他是一位被大家都尊敬的主教。
  • Two years after his death the bishop was canonised.主教逝世两年后被正式封为圣者。
77 plunged 06a599a54b33c9d941718dccc7739582     
v.颠簸( plunge的过去式和过去分词 );暴跌;骤降;突降
  • The train derailed and plunged into the river. 火车脱轨栽进了河里。
  • She lost her balance and plunged 100 feet to her death. 她没有站稳,从100英尺的高处跌下摔死了。
78 accusation GJpyf     
  • I was furious at his making such an accusation.我对他的这种责备非常气愤。
  • She knew that no one would believe her accusation.她知道没人会相信她的指控。
79 rascal mAIzd     
  • If he had done otherwise,I should have thought him a rascal.如果他不这样做,我就认为他是个恶棍。
  • The rascal was frightened into holding his tongue.这坏蛋吓得不敢往下说了。
80 intimidated 69a1f9d1d2d295a87a7e68b3f3fbd7d5     
  • We try to make sure children don't feel intimidated on their first day at school. 我们努力确保孩子们在上学的第一天不胆怯。
  • The thief intimidated the boy into not telling the police. 这个贼恫吓那男孩使他不敢向警察报告。 来自《简明英汉词典》
81 narrative CFmxS     
  • He was a writer of great narrative power.他是一位颇有记述能力的作家。
  • Neither author was very strong on narrative.两个作者都不是很善于讲故事。
82 repugnance oBWz5     
  • He fought down a feelings of repugnance.他抑制住了厌恶感。
  • She had a repugnance to the person with whom she spoke.她看不惯这个和她谈话的人。
83 profane l1NzQ     
  • He doesn't dare to profane the name of God.他不敢亵渎上帝之名。
  • His profane language annoyed us.他亵渎的言语激怒了我们。
84 concealed 0v3zxG     
  • The paintings were concealed beneath a thick layer of plaster. 那些画被隐藏在厚厚的灰泥层下面。
  • I think he had a gun concealed about his person. 我认为他当时身上藏有一支枪。
85 generosity Jf8zS     
  • We should match their generosity with our own.我们应该像他们一样慷慨大方。
  • We adore them for their generosity.我们钦佩他们的慷慨。
86 redound AURxE     
  • Her efforts will redound to the general good.他的努力将使他受益匪浅。
  • This will redound to his credit.这将提高他的名气。


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