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Chapter 2

THE FIRST DAY’S JOURNEY, AND THE FIRSTEVENING’S ADVENTURES; WITH THEIR CONSEQUENCES hat punctual servant of all work, the sun, had just risen,and begun to strike a light on the morning of thethirteenth of May, one thousand eight hundred andtwenty-seven, when Mr. Samuel Pickwick burst like another sunfrom his slumbers3, threw open his chamber4 window, and lookedout upon the world beneath. Goswell Street was at his feet,Goswell Street was on his right hand―as far as the eye couldreach, Goswell Street extended on his left; and the opposite side ofGoswell Street was over the way. ‘Such,’ thought Mr. Pickwick,‘are the narrow views of those philosophers who, content withexamining the things that lie before them, look not to the truthswhich are hidden beyond. As well might I be content to gaze onGoswell Street for ever, without one effort to penetrate6 to thehidden countries which on every side surround it.’ And havinggiven vent1 to this beautiful reflection, Mr. Pickwick proceeded toput himself into his clothes, and his clothes into his portmanteau.

  Great men are seldom over scrupulous7 in the arrangement of theirattire; the operation of shaving, dressing9, and coffee-imbibing wassoon performed; and, in another hour, Mr. Pickwick, with hisportmanteau in his hand, his telescope in his greatcoat pocket, andhis note-book in his waistcoat, ready for the reception of anydiscoveries worthy10 of being noted11 down, had arrived at the coach-stand in St. Martin’s-le-Grand. ‘Cab!’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘Here you are, sir,’ shouted a strange specimen12 of the humanrace, in a sackcloth coat, and apron13 of the same, who, with a brasslabel and number round his neck, looked as if he were cataloguedin some collection of rarities. This was the waterman. ‘Here youare, sir. Now, then, fust cab!’ And the first cab having been fetchedfrom the public-house, where he had been smoking his first pipe,Mr. Pickwick and his portmanteau were thrown into the vehicle.

  ‘Golden Cross,’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘Only a bob’s vorth, Tommy,’ cried the driver sulkily, for theinformation of his friend the waterman, as the cab drove off.

  ‘How old is that horse, my friend?’ inquired Mr. Pickwick,rubbing his nose with the shilling he had reserved for the fare.

  ‘Forty-two,’ replied the driver, eyeing him askant.

  ‘What!’ ejaculated Mr. Pickwick, laying his hand upon his note-book. The driver reiterated14 his former statement. Mr. Pickwicklooked very hard at the man’s face, but his features wereimmovable, so he noted down the fact forthwith. ‘And how long doyou keep him out at a time?’ inquired Mr. Pickwick, searching forfurther information.

  ‘Two or three veeks,’ replied the man.

  ‘Weeks!’ said Mr. Pickwick in astonishment15, and out came thenote-book again.

  ‘He lives at Pentonwil when he’s at home,’ observed the drivercoolly, ‘but we seldom takes him home, on account of hisweakness.’

  ‘On account of his weakness!’ reiterated the perplexed16 Mr.


  ‘He always falls down when he’s took out o’ the cab,’ continuedthe driver, ‘but when he’s in it, we bears him up werry tight, andtakes him in werry short, so as he can’t werry well fall down; andwe’ve got a pair o’ precious large wheels on, so ven he does move,they run after him, and he must go on―he can’t help it.’

  Mr. Pickwick entered every word of this statement in his note-book, with the view of communicating it to the club, as a singularinstance of the tenacity17 of life in horses under tryingcircumstances. The entry was scarcely completed when theyreached the Golden Cross. Down jumped the driver, and out gotMr. Pickwick. Mr. Tupman, Mr. Snodgrass, and Mr. Winkle, whohad been anxiously waiting the arrival of their illustrious leader,crowded to welcome him.

  ‘Here’s your fare,’ said Mr. Pickwick, holding out the shilling tothe driver.

  What was the learned man’s astonishment, when thatunaccountable person flung the money on the pavement, andrequested in figurative terms to be allowed the pleasure of fightinghim (Mr. Pickwick) for the amount!

  ‘You are mad,’ said Mr. Snodgrass.

  ‘Or drunk,’ said Mr. Winkle.

  ‘Or both,’ said Mr. Tupman.

  ‘Come on!’ said the cab-driver, sparring away like clockwork.

  ‘Come on―all four on you.’

  ‘Here’s a lark18!’ shouted half a dozen hackney coachmen. ‘Go tovork, Sam!―and they crowded with great glee round the party.

  ‘What’s the row, Sam?’ inquired one gentleman in black calicosleeves.

  ‘Row!’ replied the cabman, ‘what did he want my number for?’

  ‘I didn’t want your number,’ said the astonished Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘What did you take it for, then?’ inquired the cabman.

  ‘I didn’t take it,’ said Mr. Pickwick indignantly.

  ‘Would anybody believe,’ continued the cab-driver, appealing tothe crowd, ‘would anybody believe as an informer ’ud go about ina man’s cab, not only takin’ down his number, but ev’ry word hesays into the bargain’ (a light flashed upon Mr. Pickwick―it wasthe note-book).

  ‘Did he though?’ inquired another cabman.

  ‘Yes, did he,’ replied the first; ‘and then arter aggerawatin’ meto assault him, gets three witnesses here to prove it. But I’ll give ithim, if I’ve six months for it. Come on!’ and the cabman dashed hishat upon the ground, with a reckless disregard of his own privateproperty, and knocked Mr. Pickwick’s spectacles off, and followedup the attack with a blow on Mr. Pickwick’s nose, and another onMr. Pickwick’s chest, and a third in Mr. Snodgrass’s eye, and afourth, by way of variety, in Mr. Tupman’s waistcoat, and thendanced into the road, and then back again to the pavement, andfinally dashed the whole temporary supply of breath out of Mr.

  Winkle’s body; and all in half a dozen seconds.

  ‘Where’s an officer?’ said Mr. Snodgrass.

  ‘Put ’em under the pump,’ suggested a hot-pieman.

  ‘You shall smart for this,’ gasped19 Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘Informers!’ shouted the crowd.

  ‘Come on,’ cried the cabman, who had been sparring withoutcessation the whole time.

  The mob hitherto had been passive spectators of the scene, butas the intelligence of the Pickwickians being informers was spreadamong them, they began to canvass20 with considerable vivacity21 thepropriety of enforcing the heated pastry-vendor’s proposition: andthere is no saying what acts of personal aggression22 they mighthave committed, had not the affray been unexpectedly terminatedby the interposition of a new-comer.

  ‘What’s the fun?’ said a rather tall, thin, young man, in a greencoat, emerging suddenly from the coach-yard.

  ‘Informers!’ shouted the crowd again.

  ‘We are not,’ roared Mr. Pickwick, in a tone which, to anydispassionate listener, carried conviction with it. ‘Ain’t you,though―ain’t you?’ said the young man, appealing to Mr.

  Pickwick, and making his way through the crowd by the infallibleprocess of elbowing the countenances24 of its component25 members.

  That learned man in a few hurried words explained the realstate of the case.

  ‘Come along, then,’ said he of the green coat, lugging26 Mr.

  Pickwick after him by main force, and talking the whole way.

  Here, No. 924, take your fare, and take yourself off―respectablegentleman―know him well―none of your nonsense―this way,sir―where’s your friends?―all a mistake, I see―never mind―accidents will happen―best regulated families―never say die―down upon your luck―Pull him up―Put that in his pipe―like theflavour―damned rascals27.’ And with a lengthened28 string of similarbroken sentences, delivered with extraordinary volubility, thestranger led the way to the traveller’s waiting-room, whither hewas closely followed by Mr. Pickwick and his disciples29.

  ‘Here, waiter!’ shouted the stranger, ringing the bell withtremendous violence, ‘glasses round―brandy-and-water, hot andstrong, and sweet, and plenty,―eye damaged, sir? Waiter! rawbeef-steak for the gentleman’s eye―nothing like raw beef-steakfor a bruise30, sir; cold lamp-post very good, but lamp-postinconvenient―damned odd standing31 in the open street half anhour, with your eye against a lamp-post―eh,―very good―ha! ha!’

  And the stranger, without stopping to take breath, swallowed at adraught full half a pint32 of the reeking33 brandy-and-water, and flunghimself into a chair with as much ease as if nothing uncommonhad occurred.

  While his three companions were busily engaged in profferingtheir thanks to their new acquaintance, Mr. Pickwick had leisureto examine his costume and appearance.

  He was about the middle height, but the thinness of his body,and the length of his legs, gave him the appearance of being muchtaller. The green coat had been a smart dress garment in the daysof swallow-tails, but had evidently in those times adorned35 a muchshorter man than the stranger, for the soiled and faded sleevesscarcely reached to his wrists. It was buttoned closely up to hischin, at the imminent36 hazard of splitting the back; and an oldstock, without a vestige37 of shirt collar, ornamented38 his neck. Hisscanty black trousers displayed here and there those shinypatches which bespeak40 long service, and were strapped41 verytightly over a pair of patched and mended shoes, as if to concealthe dirty white stockings, which were nevertheless distinctlyvisible. His long, black hair escaped in negligent42 waves frombeneath each side of his old pinched-up hat; and glimpses of hisbare wrists might be observed between the tops of his gloves andthe cuffs43 of his coat sleeves. His face was thin and haggard; but anindescribable air of jaunty44 impudence45 and perfect self-possessionpervaded the whole man.

  Such was the individual on whom Mr. Pickwick gazed throughhis spectacles (which he had fortunately recovered), and to whomhe proceeded, when his friends had exhausted46 themselves, toreturn in chosen terms his warmest thanks for his recentassistance.

  ‘Never mind,’ said the stranger, cutting the address very short,‘said enough―no more; smart chap that cabman―handled hisfives well; but if I’d been your friend in the green jemmy―damnme―punch his head,―’cod I would,―pig’s whisper―piemantoo,―no gammon.’

  This coherent speech was interrupted by the entrance of theRochester coachman, to announce that ‘the Commodore’ was onthe point of starting.

  ‘Commodore!’ said the stranger, starting up, ‘my coach―placebooked,―one outside―leave you to pay for the brandy-and-water,―want change for a five,―bad silver―Brummagembuttons―won’t do―no go―eh?’ and he shook his head mostknowingly.

  Now it so happened that Mr. Pickwick and his threecompanions had resolved to make Rochester their first halting-place too; and having intimated to their new-found acquaintancethat they were journeying to the same city, they agreed to occupythe seat at the back of the coach, where they could all sit together.

  ‘Up with you,’ said the stranger, assisting Mr. Pickwick on tothe roof with so much precipitation as to impair47 the gravity of thatgentleman’s deportment very materially.

  ‘Any luggage, sir?’ inquired the coachman. ‘Who―I? Brownpaper parcel here, that’s all―other luggage gone by water―packing-cases, nailed up―big as houses―heavy, heavy, damnedheavy,’ replied the stranger, as he forced into his pocket as muchas he could of the brown paper parcel, which presented mostsuspicious indications of containing one shirt and a handkerchief.

  ‘Heads, heads―take care of your heads!’ cried the loquaciousstranger, as they came out under the low archway, which in thosedays formed the entrance to the coach-yard. ‘Terrible place―dangerous work―other day―five children― mother―tall lady,eating sandwiches―forgot the arch―crash―knock―children lookround―mother’s head off―sandwich in her hand―no mouth toput it in―head of a family off―shocking, shocking! Looking atWhitehall, sir?―fine place―little window―somebody else’s headoff there, eh, sir?―he didn’t keep a sharp look-out enougheither―eh, sir, eh?’

  ‘I am ruminating,’ said Mr. Pickwick, ‘on the strange mutabilityof human affairs.’

  ‘Ah! I see―in at the palace door one day, out at the window thenext. Philosopher, sir?’

  ‘An observer of human nature, sir,’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘Ah, so am I. Most people are when they’ve little to do and lessto get. Poet, sir?’

  ‘My friend Mr. Snodgrass has a strong poetic49 turn,’ said Mr.


  ‘So have I,’ said the stranger. ‘Epic poem―ten thousand lines―revolution of July―composed it on the spot―Mars by day, Apolloby night―bang the field-piece, twang the lyre.’

  ‘You were present at that glorious scene, sir?’ said Mr.


  ‘Present! think I was;* fired a musket―fired with an idea―rushed into wine shop―wrote it down―back again―whiz, bang―another idea―wine shop again―pen and ink―back again―cutand slash―noble time, sir. Sportsman, sir?’ abruptly50 turning toMr. Winkle. [* A remarkable51 instance of the prophetic force of Mr.

  Jingle’s imagination; this dialogue occurring in the year 1827, andthe Revolution in 1830.

  ‘A little, sir,’ replied that gentleman.

  ‘Fine pursuit, sir―fine pursuit.―Dogs, sir?’

  ‘Not just now,’ said Mr. Winkle.

  ‘Ah! you should keep dogs―fine animals―sagaciouscreatures―dog of my own once―pointer―surprising instinct―out shooting one day―entering inclosure―whistled―dogstopped―whistled again―Ponto―no go; stock still―called him―Ponto, Ponto―wouldn’t move―dog transfixed―staring at aboard―looked up, saw an inscription―“Gamekeeper has ordersto shoot all dogs found in this inclosure”―wouldn’t pass it―wonderful dog―valuable dog that―very.’

  ‘Singular circumstance that,’ said Mr. Pickwick. ‘Will you allowme to make a note of it?’

  ‘Certainly, sir, certainly―hundred more anecdotes53 of the sameanimal.―Fine girl, sir’ (to Mr. Tracy Tupman, who had beenbestowing sundry54 anti-Pickwickian glances on a young lady by theroadside).

  ‘Very!’ said Mr. Tupman.

  ‘English girls not so fine as Spanish―noble creatures―jethair―black eyes―lovely forms―sweet creatures―beautiful.’

  ‘You have been in Spain, sir?’ said Mr. Tracy Tupman.

  ‘Lived there―ages.’

  ‘Many conquests, sir?’ inquired Mr. Tupman.

  ‘Conquests! Thousands. Don Bolaro Fizzgig―grandee―onlydaughter―Donna Christina―splendid creature―loved me todistraction―jealous father―high-souled daughter―handsomeEnglishman―Donna Christina in despair―prussic acid―stomachpump in my portmanteau―operation performed―old Bolaro inecstasies―consent to our union―join hands and floods of tears―romantic story―very.’

  ‘Is the lady in England now, sir?’ inquired Mr. Tupman, onwhom the description of her charms had produced a powerfulimpression.

  ‘Dead, sir―dead,’ said the stranger, applying to his right eyethe brief remnant of a very old cambric handkerchief. ‘Neverrecovered the stomach pump―undermined constitution―fell avictim.’

  ‘And her father?’ inquired the poetic Snodgrass.

  ‘Remorse and misery55,’ replied the stranger. ‘Suddendisappearance―talk of the whole city―search made everywherewithout success―public fountain in the great square suddenlyceased playing―weeks elapsed―still a stoppage―workmenemployed to clean it―water drawn56 off―father-in-law discoveredsticking head first in the main pipe, with a full confession57 in hisright boot―took him out, and the fountain played away again, aswell as ever.’

  ‘Will you allow me to note that little romance down, sir?’ saidMr. Snodgrass, deeply affected58.

  ‘Certainly, sir, certainly―fifty more if you like to hear ‘em―strange life mine―rather curious history―not extraordinary, butsingular.’

  In this strain, with an occasional glass of ale, by way ofparenthesis, when the coach changed horses, did the strangerproceed, until they reached Rochester bridge, by which time thenote-books, both of Mr. Pickwick and Mr. Snodgrass, werecompletely filled with selections from his adventures.

  ‘Magnificent ruin!’ said Mr. Augustus Snodgrass, with all thepoetic fervour that distinguished59 him, when they came in sight ofthe fine old castle.

  ‘What a sight for an antiquarian!’ were the very words whichfell from Mr. Pickwick’s mouth, as he applied60 his telescope to hiseye.

  ‘Ah! fine place,’ said the stranger, ‘glorious pile―frowningwalls―tottering arches―dark nooks―crumbling staircases―oldcathedral too―earthy smell―pilgrims’ feet wore away the oldsteps―little Saxon doors―confessionals like money-takers’ boxesat theatres―queer customers those monks―popes, and lordtreasurers, and all sorts of old fellows, with great red faces, andbroken noses, turning up every day―buff jerkins too―match-locks―sarcophagus―fine place―old legends too―strange stories:

  capital;’ and the stranger continued to soliloquise until theyreached the Bull Inn, in the High Street, where the coach stopped.

  ‘Do you remain here, sir?’ inquired Mr. Nathaniel Winkle.

  ‘Here―not I―but you’d better―good house―nice beds―Wright’s next house, dear―very dear―half-a-crown in the bill ifyou look at the waiter―charge you more if you dine at a friend’sthan they would if you dined in the coffee-room―rum fellows―very.’

  Mr. Winkle turned to Mr. Pickwick, and murmured a fewwords; a whisper passed from Mr. Pickwick to Mr. Snodgrass,from Mr. Snodgrass to Mr. Tupman, and nods of assent61 wereexchanged. Mr. Pickwick addressed the stranger.

  ‘You rendered us a very important service this morning, sir,’

  said he, ‘will you allow us to offer a slight mark of our gratitude62 bybegging the favour of your company at dinner?’

  ‘Great pleasure―not presume to dictate63, but broiled64 fowl65 andmushrooms―capital thing! What time?’

  ‘Let me see,’ replied Mr. Pickwick, referring to his watch, ‘it isnow nearly three. Shall we say five?’

  ‘Suit me excellently,’ said the stranger, ‘five precisely―tillthen―care of yourselves;’ and lifting the pinched-up hat a fewinches from his head, and carelessly replacing it very much on oneside, the stranger, with half the brown paper parcel sticking out ofhis pocket, walked briskly up the yard, and turned into the HighStreet.

  ‘Evidently a traveller in many countries, and a close observer ofmen and things,’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘I should like to see his poem,’ said Mr. Snodgrass.

  ‘I should like to have seen that dog,’ said Mr. Winkle.

  Mr. Tupman said nothing; but he thought of Donna Christina,the stomach pump, and the fountain; and his eyes filled with tears.

  A private sitting-room66 having been engaged, bedroomsinspected, and dinner ordered, the party walked out to view thecity and adjoining neighbourhood.

  We do not find, from a careful perusal67 of Mr. Pickwick’s notes ofthe four towns, Stroud, Rochester, Chatham, and Brompton, thathis impressions of their appearance differ in any material pointfrom those of other travellers who have gone over the sameground. His general description is easily abridged68.

  ‘The principal productions of these towns,’ says Mr. Pickwick,‘appear to be soldiers, sailors, Jews, chalk, shrimps69, officers, anddockyard men. The commodities chiefly exposed for sale in thepublic streets are marine70 stores, hard-bake, apples, flat-fish, andoysters. The streets present a lively and animated71 appearance,occasioned chiefly by the conviviality72 of the military. It is trulydelightful to a philanthropic mind to see these gallant73 menstaggering along under the influence of an overflow74 both of animaland ardent75 spirits; more especially when we remember that thefollowing them about, and jesting with them, affords a cheap andinnocent amusement for the boy population. Nothing,’ adds Mr.

  Pickwick, ‘can exceed their good-humour. It was but the daybefore my arrival that one of them had been most grossly insultedin the house of a publican. The barmaid had positively76 refused todraw him any more liquor; in return for which he had (merely inplayfulness) drawn his bayonet, and wounded the girl in theshoulder. And yet this fine fellow was the very first to go down tothe house next morning and express his readiness to overlook thematter, and forget what had occurred!

  ‘The consumption of tobacco in these towns,’ continues Mr.

  Pickwick, ‘must be very great, and the smell which pervades77 thestreets must be exceedingly delicious to those who are extremelyfond of smoking. A superficial traveller might object to the dirt,which is their leading characteristic; but to those who view it as anindication of traffic and commercial prosperity, it is trulygratifying.’

  Punctual to five o’clock came the stranger, and shortlyafterwards the dinner. He had divested78 himself of his brown paperparcel, but had made no alteration79 in his attire8, and was, ifpossible, more loquacious48 than ever.

  ‘What’s that?’ he inquired, as the waiter removed one of thecovers.

  ‘Soles, sir.’

  ‘Soles―ah!―capital fish―all come from London-stage-coachproprietors get up political dinners―carriage of soles―dozens ofbaskets―cunning fellows. Glass of wine, sir.’

  ‘With pleasure,’ said Mr. Pickwick; and the stranger took wine,first with him, and then with Mr. Snodgrass, and then with Mr.

  Tupman, and then with Mr. Winkle, and then with the whole partytogether, almost as rapidly as he talked.

  ‘Devil of a mess on the staircase, waiter,’ said the stranger.

  ‘Forms going up―carpenters coming down―lamps, glasses,harps. What’s going forward?’

  ‘Ball, sir,’ said the waiter.

  ‘Assembly, eh?’

  ‘No, sir, not assembly, sir. Ball for the benefit of a charity, sir.’

  ‘Many fine women in this town, do you know, sir?’ inquired Mr.

  Tupman, with great interest.

  ‘Splendid―capital. Kent, sir―everybody knows Kent―apples,cherries, hops80, and women. Glass of wine, sir!’

  ‘With great pleasure,’ replied Mr. Tupman. The stranger filled,and emptied.

  ‘I should very much like to go,’ said Mr. Tupman, resuming thesubject of the ball, ‘very much.’

  ‘Tickets at the bar, sir,’ interposed the waiter; ‘half-a-guineaeach, sir.’

  Mr. Tupman again expressed an earnest wish to be present atthe festivity; but meeting with no response in the darkened eye ofMr. Snodgrass, or the abstracted gaze of Mr. Pickwick, he appliedhimself with great interest to the port wine and dessert, which hadjust been placed on the table. The waiter withdrew, and the partywere left to enjoy the cosy81 couple of hours succeeding dinner.

  ‘Beg your pardon, sir,’ said the stranger, ‘bottle stands―pass itround―way of the sun―through the button-hole―no heeltaps,’

  and he emptied his glass, which he had filled about two minutesbefore, and poured out another, with the air of a man who wasused to it.

  The wine was passed, and a fresh supply ordered. The visitortalked, the Pickwickians listened. Mr. Tupman felt every momentmore disposed for the ball. Mr. Pickwick’s countenance23 glowedwith an expression of universal philanthropy, and Mr. Winkle andMr. Snodgrass fell fast asleep.

  ‘They’re beginning upstairs,’ said the stranger―‘hear thecompany―fiddles tuning―now the harp―there they go.’ Thevarious sounds which found their way downstairs announced thecommencement of the first quadrille.

  ‘How I should like to go,’ said Mr. Tupman again.

  ‘So should I,’ said the stranger―‘confounded luggage,―heavysmacks―nothing to go in―odd, ain’t it?’

  Now general benevolence82 was one of the leading features of thePickwickian theory, and no one was more remarkable for thezealous manner in which he observed so noble a principle thanMr. Tracy Tupman. The number of instances recorded on theTransactions of the Society, in which that excellent man referredobjects of charity to the houses of other members for left-offgarments or pecuniary83 relief is almost incredible. ‘I should be veryhappy to lend you a change of apparel for the purpose,’ said Mr.

  Tracy Tupman, ‘but you are rather slim, and I am―’

  ‘Rather fat―grown-up Bacchus―cut the leaves―dismountedfrom the tub, and adopted kersey, eh?―not double distilled84, butdouble milled―ha! ha! pass the wine.’

  Whether Mr. Tupman was somewhat indignant at theperemptory tone in which he was desired to pass the wine whichthe stranger passed so quickly away, or whether he felt veryproperly scandalised at an influential85 member of the PickwickClub being ignominiously86 compared to a dismounted Bacchus, is afact not yet completely ascertained87. He passed the wine, coughedtwice, and looked at the stranger for several seconds with a sternintensity; as that individual, however, appeared perfectlycollected, and quite calm under his searching glance, he graduallyrelaxed, and reverted88 to the subject of the ball.

  ‘I was about to observe, sir,’ he said, ‘that though my apparelwould be too large, a suit of my friend Mr. Winkle’s would,perhaps, fit you better.’

  The stranger took Mr. Winkle’s measure with his eye, and thatfeature glistened89 with satisfaction as he said, ‘Just the thing.’

  Mr. Tupman looked round him. The wine, which had exertedits somniferous influence over Mr. Snodgrass and Mr. Winkle, hadstolen upon the senses of Mr. Pickwick. That gentleman hadgradually passed through the various stages which precede thelethargy produced by dinner, and its consequences. He hadundergone the ordinary transitions from the height of convivialityto the depth of misery, and from the depth of misery to the heightof conviviality. Like a gas-lamp in the street, with the wind in thepipe, he had exhibited for a moment an unnatural90 brilliancy, thensank so low as to be scarcely discernible; after a short interval91, hehad burst out again, to enlighten for a moment; then flickered92 withan uncertain, staggering sort of light, and then gone outaltogether. His head was sunk upon his bosom93, and perpetualsnoring, with a partial choke occasionally, were the only audibleindications of the great man’s presence.

  The temptation to be present at the ball, and to form his firstimpressions of the beauty of the Kentish ladies, was strong uponMr. Tupman. The temptation to take the stranger with him wasequally great. He was wholly unacquainted with the place and itsinhabitants, and the stranger seemed to possess as great aknowledge of both as if he had lived there from his infancy94. Mr.

  Winkle was asleep, and Mr. Tupman had had sufficient experiencein such matters to know that the moment he awoke he would, inthe ordinary course of nature, roll heavily to bed. He wasundecided. ‘Fill your glass, and pass the wine,’ said theindefatigable visitor.

  Mr. Tupman did as he was requested; and the additionalstimulus of the last glass settled his determination.

  ‘Winkle’s bedroom is inside mine,’ said Mr. Tupman; ‘I couldn’tmake him understand what I wanted, if I woke him now, but Iknow he has a dress-suit in a carpet bag; and supposing you woreit to the ball, and took it off when we returned, I could replace itwithout troubling him at all about the matter.’

  ‘Capital,’ said the stranger, ‘famous plan―damned oddsituation―fourteen coats in the packing-cases, and obliged towear another man’s―very good notion, that―very.’

  ‘We must purchase our tickets,’ said Mr. Tupman.

  ‘Not worth while splitting a guinea,’ said the stranger, ‘toss whoshall pay for both―I call; you spin―first time―woman―woman―bewitching woman,’ and down came the sovereign with thedragon (called by courtesy a woman) uppermost.

  Mr. Tupman rang the bell, purchased the tickets, and orderedchamber candlesticks. In another quarter of an hour the strangerwas completely arrayed in a full suit of Mr. Nathaniel Winkle’s.

  ‘It’s a new coat,’ said Mr. Tupman, as the stranger surveyedhimself with great complacency in a cheval glass; ‘the first that’sbeen made with our club button,’ and he called his companions’

  attention to the large gilt96 button which displayed a bust97 of Mr.

  Pickwick in the centre, and the letters ‘P. C.’ on either side.

  ‘“P. C.”’ said the stranger―‘queer set out―old fellow’s likeness,and “P. C.”―What does “P. C.” stand for―Peculiar Coat, eh?’

  Mr. Tupman, with rising indignation and great importance,explained the mystic device.

  ‘Rather short in the waist, ain’t it?’ said the stranger, screwinghimself round to catch a glimpse in the glass of the waist buttons,which were half-way up his back. ‘Like a general postman’s coat―queer coats those―made by contract―no measuring―mysteriousdispensations of Providence―all the short men get long coats―allthe long men short ones.’ Running on in this way, Mr. Tupman’snew companion adjusted his dress, or rather the dress of Mr.

  Winkle; and, accompanied by Mr. Tupman, ascended98 the staircaseleading to the ballroom99.

  ‘What names, sir?’ said the man at the door. Mr. Tracy Tupmanwas stepping forward to announce his own titles, when thestranger prevented him.

  ‘No names at all;’ and then he whispered Mr. Tupman, ‘nameswon’t do―not known―very good names in their way, but notgreat ones―capital names for a small party, but won’t make animpression in public assemblies―incog. the thing―gentlemenfrom London―distinguished foreigners―anything.’ The door wasthrown open, and Mr. Tracy Tupman and the stranger entered theballroom.

  It was a long room, with crimson-covered benches, and waxcandles in glass chandeliers. The musicians were securelyconfined in an elevated den5, and quadrilles were beingsystematically got through by two or three sets of dancers. Twocard-tables were made up in the adjoining card-room, and twopair of old ladies, and a corresponding number of stout100 gentlemen,were executing whist therein.

  The finale concluded, the dancers promenaded101 the room, andMr. Tupman and his companion stationed themselves in a cornerto observe the company.

  ‘Charming women,’ said Mr. Tupman.

  ‘Wait a minute,’ said the stranger, ‘fun presently―nobs notcome yet―queer place―dockyard people of upper rank don’tknow dockyard people of lower rank―dockyard people of lowerrank don’t know small gentry102―small gentry don’t knowtradespeople―commissioner don’t know anybody.’

  ‘Who’s that little boy with the light hair and pink eyes, in afancy dress?’ inquired Mr. Tupman.

  ‘Hush, pray―pink eyes―fancy dress―little boy―nonsense―ensign 97th―Honourable103 Wilmot Snipe―great family―Snipes―very.’

  ‘Sir Thomas Clubber, Lady Clubber, and the Misses Clubber!’

  shouted the man at the door in a stentorian104 voice. A greatsensation was created throughout the room by the entrance of atall gentleman in a blue coat and bright buttons, a large lady inblue satin, and two young ladies, on a similar scale, in fashionably-made dresses of the same hue105.

  ‘Commissioner―head of the yard―great man―remarkablygreat man,’ whispered the stranger in Mr. Tupman’s ear, as thecharitable committee ushered106 Sir Thomas Clubber and family tothe top of the room. The Honourable Wilmot Snipe, and otherdistinguished gentlemen crowded to render homage107 to the MissesClubber; and Sir Thomas Clubber stood bolt upright, and lookedmajestically over his black kerchief at the assembled company.

  ‘Mr. Smithie, Mrs. Smithie, and the Misses Smithie,’ was thenext announcement.

  ‘What’s Mr. Smithie?’ inquired Mr. Tracy Tupman.

  ‘Something in the yard,’ replied the stranger. Mr. Smithiebowed deferentially108 to Sir Thomas Clubber; and Sir ThomasClubber acknowledged the salute109 with conscious condescension110.

  Lady Clubber took a telescopic view of Mrs. Smithie and familythrough her eye-glass and Mrs. Smithie stared in her turn at Mrs.

  Somebody-else, whose husband was not in the dockyard at all.

  ‘Colonel Bulder, Mrs. Colonel Bulder, and Miss Bulder,’ werethe next arrivals.

  ‘Head of the garrison,’ said the stranger, in reply to Mr.

  Tupman’s inquiring look.

  Miss Bulder was warmly welcomed by the Misses Clubber; thegreeting between Mrs. Colonel Bulder and Lady Clubber was ofthe most affectionate description; Colonel Bulder and Sir ThomasClubber exchanged snuff-boxes, and looked very much like a pairof Alexander Selkirks―‘Monarchs of all they surveyed.’

  While the aristocracy of the place―the Bulders, and Clubbers,and Snipes―were thus preserving their dignity at the upper endof the room, the other classes of society were imitating theirexample in other parts of it. The less aristocratic officers of the97th devoted111 themselves to the families of the less importantfunctionaries from the dockyard. The solicitors’ wives, and thewine-merchant’s wife, headed another grade (the brewer’s wifevisited the Bulders); and Mrs. Tomlinson, the post-office keeper,seemed by mutual112 consent to have been chosen the leader of thetrade party.

  One of the most popular personages, in his own circle, present,was a little fat man, with a ring of upright black hair round hishead, and an extensive bald plain on the top of it―DoctorSlammer, surgeon to the 97th. The doctor took snuff witheverybody, chatted with everybody, laughed, danced, made jokes,played whist, did everything, and was everywhere. To thesepursuits, multifarious as they were, the little doctor added a moreimportant one than any―he was indefatigable95 in paying the mostunremitting and devoted attention to a little old widow, whose richdress and profusion113 of ornament39 bespoke114 her a most desirableaddition to a limited income.

  Upon the doctor, and the widow, the eyes of both Mr. Tupmanand his companion had been fixed52 for some time, when thestranger broke silence.

  ‘Lots of money―old girl―pompous doctor―not a bad idea―good fun,’ were the intelligible116 sentences which issued from hislips. Mr. Tupman looked inquisitively117 in his face. ‘I’ll dance withthe widow,’ said the stranger.

  ‘Who is she?’ inquired Mr. Tupman.

  ‘Don’t know―never saw her in all my life―cut out the doctor―here goes.’ And the stranger forthwith crossed the room; and,leaning against a mantel-piece, commenced gazing with an air ofrespectful and melancholy118 admiration119 on the fat countenance ofthe little old lady. Mr. Tupman looked on, in mute astonishment The stranger progressed rapidly; the little doctor danced withanother lady; the widow dropped her fan; the stranger picked itup, and presented it―a smile―a bow―a curtsey―a few words ofconversation. The stranger walked boldly up to, and returnedwith, the master of the ceremonies; a little introductorypantomime; and the stranger and Mrs. Budger took their places ina quadrille.

  The surprise of Mr. Tupman at this summary proceeding120, greatas it was, was immeasurably exceeded by the astonishment of thedoctor. The stranger was young, and the widow was flattered. Thedoctor’s attentions were unheeded by the widow; and the doctor’sindignation was wholly lost on his imperturbable121 rival. DoctorSlammer was paralysed. He, Doctor Slammer, of the 97th, to beextinguished in a moment, by a man whom nobody had ever seenbefore, and whom nobody knew even now! Doctor Slammer―Doctor Slammer of the 97th rejected! Impossible! It could not be!

  Yes, it was; there they were. What! introducing his friend! Couldhe believe his eyes! He looked again, and was under the painfulnecessity of admitting the veracity122 of his optics; Mrs. Budger wasdancing with Mr. Tracy Tupman; there was no mistaking the fact.

  There was the widow before him, bouncing bodily here and there,with unwonted vigour123; and Mr. Tracy Tupman hopping124 about,with a face expressive125 of the most intense solemnity, dancing (as agood many people do) as if a quadrille were not a thing to belaughed at, but a severe trial to the feelings, which it requiresinflexible resolution to encounter.

  Silently and patiently did the doctor bear all this, and all thehandings of negus, and watching for glasses, and darting126 forbiscuits, and coquetting, that ensued; but, a few seconds after thestranger had disappeared to lead Mrs. Budger to her carriage, hedarted swiftly from the room with every particle of his hitherto-bottled-up indignation effervescing128, from all parts of hiscountenance, in a perspiration129 of passion.

  The stranger was returning, and Mr. Tupman was beside him.

  He spoke115 in a low tone, and laughed. The little doctor thirsted forhis life. He was exulting130. He had triumphed.

  ‘Sir!’ said the doctor, in an awful voice, producing a card, andretiring into an angle of the passage, ‘my name is Slammer, DoctorSlammer, sir―97th Regiment132―Chatham Barracks―my card, sir,my card.’ He would have added more, but his indignation chokedhim.

  ‘Ah!’ replied the stranger coolly, ‘Slammer―much obliged―polite attention―not ill now, Slammer―but when I am―knockyou up.’

  ‘You―you’re a shuffler133, sir,’ gasped the furious doctor, ‘apoltroon―a coward―a liar―a―a―will nothing induce you to giveme your card, sir!’

  ‘Oh! I see,’ said the stranger, half aside, ‘negus too stronghere―liberal landlord―very foolish―very―lemonade muchbetter―hot rooms―elderly gentlemen―suffer for it in themorning―cruel―cruel;’ and he moved on a step or two.

  ‘You are stopping in this house, sir,’ said the indignant littleman; ‘you are intoxicated134 now, sir; you shall hear from me in themorning, sir. I shall find you out, sir; I shall find you out.’

  ‘Rather you found me out than found me at home,’ replied theunmoved stranger.

  Doctor Slammer looked unutterable ferocity, as he fixed his haton his head with an indignant knock; and the stranger and Mr.

  Tupman ascended to the bedroom of the latter to restore theborrowed plumage to the unconscious Winkle.

  That gentleman was fast asleep; the restoration was soon made.

  The stranger was extremely jocose135; and Mr. Tracy Tupman, beingquite bewildered with wine, negus, lights, and ladies, thought thewhole affair was an exquisite136 joke. His new friend departed; and,after experiencing some slight difficulty in finding the orifice in hisnightcap, originally intended for the reception of his head, andfinally overturning his candlestick in his struggles to put it on, Mr.

  Tracy Tupman managed to get into bed by a series of complicatedevolutions, and shortly afterwards sank into repose137.

  Seven o’clock had hardly ceased striking on the followingmorning, when Mr. Pickwick’s comprehensive mind was arousedfrom the state of unconsciousness, in which slumber2 had plungedit, by a loud knocking at his chamber door. ‘Who’s there?’ said Mr.

  Pickwick, starting up in bed.

  ‘Boots, sir.’

  ‘What do you want?’

  ‘Please, sir, can you tell me which gentleman of your partywears a bright blue dress-coat, with a gilt button with “P. C.” onit?’

  ‘It’s been given out to brush,’ thought Mr. Pickwick, ‘and theman has forgotten whom it belongs to.―Mr. Winkle,’ he called out,‘next room but two, on the right hand.’

  ‘Thank’ee, sir,’ said the Boots, and away he went.

  ‘What’s the matter?’ cried Mr. Tupman, as a loud knocking athis door roused him from his oblivious138 repose.

  ‘Can I speak to Mr. Winkle, sir?’ replied Boots from the outside.

  ‘Winkle―Winkle!’ shouted Mr. Tupman, calling into the innerroom. ‘Hollo!’ replied a faint voice from within the bed-clothes.

  ‘You’re wanted―some one at the door;’ and, having exertedhimself to articulate thus much, Mr. Tracy Tupman turned roundand fell fast asleep again.

  ‘Wanted!’ said Mr. Winkle, hastily jumping out of bed, andputting on a few articles of clothing; ‘wanted! at this distance fromtown―who on earth can want me?’

  ‘Gentleman in the coffee-room, sir,’ replied the Boots, as Mr.

  Winkle opened the door and confronted him; ‘gentleman says he’llnot detain you a moment, sir, but he can take no denial.’

  ‘Very odd!’ said Mr. Winkle; ‘I’ll be down directly.’

  He hurriedly wrapped himself in a travelling-shawl anddressing-gown, and proceeded downstairs. An old woman and acouple of waiters were cleaning the coffee-room, and an officer inundress uniform was looking out of the window. He turned roundas Mr. Winkle entered, and made a stiff inclination139 of the head.

  Having ordered the attendants to retire, and closed the door verycarefully, he said, ‘Mr. Winkle, I presume?’

  ‘My name is Winkle, sir.’

  ‘You will not be surprised, sir, when I inform you that I havecalled here this morning on behalf of my friend, Doctor Slammer,of the 97th.’

  ‘Doctor Slammer!’ said Mr. Winkle.

  ‘Doctor Slammer. He begged me to express his opinion thatyour conduct of last evening was of a description which nogentleman could endure; and’ (he added) ‘which no one gentlemanwould pursue towards another.’

  Mr. Winkle’s astonishment was too real, and too evident, toescape the observation of Doctor Slammer’s friend; he thereforeproceeded―‘My friend, Doctor Slammer, requested me to add,that he was firmly persuaded you were intoxicated during aportion of the evening, and possibly unconscious of the extent ofthe insult you were guilty of. He commissioned me to say, thatshould this be pleaded as an excuse for your behaviour, he willconsent to accept a written apology, to be penned by you, from mydictation.’

  ‘A written apology!’ repeated Mr. Winkle, in the most emphatictone of amazement140 possible.

  ‘Of course you know the alternative,’ replied the visitor coolly.

  ‘Were you intrusted with this message to me by name?’

  inquired Mr. Winkle, whose intellects were hopelessly confused bythis extraordinary conversation.

  ‘I was not present myself,’ replied the visitor, ‘and inconsequence of your firm refusal to give your card to DoctorSlammer, I was desired by that gentleman to identify the wearerof a very uncommon34 coat―a bright blue dress-coat, with a giltbutton displaying a bust, and the letters “P. C.”’

  Mr. Winkle actually staggered with astonishment as he heardhis own costume thus minutely described. Doctor Slammer’sfriend proceeded:―‘From the inquiries141 I made at the bar, justnow, I was convinced that the owner of the coat in questionarrived here, with three gentlemen, yesterday afternoon. Iimmediately sent up to the gentleman who was described asappearing the head of the party, and he at once referred me toyou.’

  If the principal tower of Rochester Castle had suddenly walkedfrom its foundation, and stationed itself opposite the coffee-roomwindow, Mr. Winkle’s surprise would have been as nothingcompared with the profound astonishment with which he hadheard this address. His first impression was that his coat had beenstolen. ‘Will you allow me to detain you one moment?’ said he.

  ‘Certainly,’ replied the unwelcome visitor.

  Mr. Winkle ran hastily upstairs, and with a trembling handopened the bag. There was the coat in its usual place, butexhibiting, on a close inspection143, evident tokens of having beenworn on the preceding night.

  ‘It must be so,’ said Mr. Winkle, letting the coat fall from hishands. ‘I took too much wine after dinner, and have a very vaguerecollection of walking about the streets, and smoking a cigarafterwards. The fact is, I was very drunk;―I must have changedmy coat―gone somewhere―and insulted somebody―I have nodoubt of it; and this message is the terrible consequence.’ Sayingwhich, Mr. Winkle retraced144 his steps in the direction of the coffee-room, with the gloomy and dreadful resolve of accepting thechallenge of the warlike Doctor Slammer, and abiding145 by theworst consequences that might ensue.

  To this determination Mr. Winkle was urged by a variety ofconsiderations, the first of which was his reputation with the club.

  He had always been looked up to as a high authority on all mattersof amusement and dexterity146, whether offensive, defensive147, orinoffensive; and if, on this very first occasion of being put to thetest, he shrunk back from the trial, beneath his leader’s eye, hisname and standing were lost for ever. Besides, he remembered tohave heard it frequently surmised148 by the uninitiated in suchmatters that by an understood arrangement between the seconds,the pistols were seldom loaded with ball; and, furthermore, hereflected that if he applied to Mr. Snodgrass to act as his second,and depicted149 the danger in glowing terms, that gentleman mightpossibly communicate the intelligence to Mr. Pickwick, who wouldcertainly lose no time in transmitting it to the local authorities,and thus prevent the killing150 or maiming of his follower151.

  Such were his thoughts when he returned to the coffee-room,and intimated his intention of accepting the doctor’s challenge.

  ‘Will you refer me to a friend, to arrange the time and place ofmeeting?’ said the officer.

  ‘Quite unnecessary,’ replied Mr. Winkle; ‘name them to me, andI can procure152 the attendance of a friend afterwards.’

  ‘Shall we say―sunset this evening?’ inquired the officer, in acareless tone.

  ‘Very good,’ replied Mr. Winkle, thinking in his heart it wasvery bad.

  ‘You know Fort Pitt?’

  ‘Yes; I saw it yesterday.’

  ‘If you will take the trouble to turn into the field which bordersthe trench153, take the foot-path to the left when you arrive at anangle of the fortification, and keep straight on, till you see me, Iwill precede you to a secluded154 place, where the affair can beconducted without fear of interruption.’

  ‘Fear of interruption!’ thought Mr. Winkle.

  ‘Nothing more to arrange, I think,’ said the officer.

  ‘I am not aware of anything more,’ replied Mr. Winkle. ‘Good-morning.’

  ‘Good-morning;’ and the officer whistled a lively air as he strodeaway.

  That morning’s breakfast passed heavily off. Mr. Tupman wasnot in a condition to rise, after the unwonted dissipation of theprevious night; Mr. Snodgrass appeared to labour under a poeticaldepression of spirits; and even Mr. Pickwick evinced an unusualattachment to silence and soda-water. Mr. Winkle eagerly watchedhis opportunity: it was not long wanting. Mr. Snodgrass proposeda visit to the castle, and as Mr. Winkle was the only other memberof the party disposed to walk, they went out together. ‘Snodgrass,’

  said Mr. Winkle, when they had turned out of the public street.

  ‘Snodgrass, my dear fellow, can I rely upon your secrecy155?’ As hesaid this, he most devoutly156 and earnestly hoped he could not.

  ‘You can,’ replied Mr. Snodgrass. ‘Hear me swear―’

  ‘No, no,’ interrupted Winkle, terrified at the idea of hiscompanion’s unconsciously pledging himself not to giveinformation; ‘don’t swear, don’t swear; it’s quite unnecessary.’

  Mr. Snodgrass dropped the hand which he had, in the spirit ofpoesy, raised towards the clouds as he made the above appeal, andassumed an attitude of attention.

  ‘I want your assistance, my dear fellow, in an affair of honour,’

  said Mr. Winkle.

  ‘You shall have it,’ replied Mr. Snodgrass, clasping his friend’shand.

  ‘With a doctor―Doctor Slammer, of the 97th,’ said Mr. Winkle,wishing to make the matter appear as solemn as possible; ‘anaffair with an officer, seconded by another officer, at sunset thisevening, in a lonely field beyond Fort Pitt.’

  ‘I will attend you,’ said Mr. Snodgrass.

  He was astonished, but by no means dismayed. It isextraordinary how cool any party but the principal can be in suchcases. Mr. Winkle had forgotten this. He had judged of his friend’sfeelings by his own.

  ‘The consequences may be dreadful,’ said Mr. Winkle.

  ‘I hope not,’ said Mr. Snodgrass.

  ‘The doctor, I believe, is a very good shot,’ said Mr. Winkle.

  ‘Most of these military men are,’ observed Mr. Snodgrasscalmly; ‘but so are you, ain’t you?’ Mr. Winkle replied in theaffirmative; and perceiving that he had not alarmed hiscompanion sufficiently157, changed his ground.

  ‘Snodgrass,’ he said, in a voice tremulous with emotion, ‘if I fall,you will find in a packet which I shall place in your hands a notefor my―for my father.’

  This attack was a failure also. Mr. Snodgrass was affected, buthe undertook the delivery of the note as readily as if he had been atwopenny postman.

  ‘If I fall,’ said Mr. Winkle, ‘or if the doctor falls, you, my dearfriend, will be tried as an accessory before the fact. Shall I involvemy friend in transportation―possibly for life!’ Mr. Snodgrasswinced a little at this, but his heroism158 was invincible159. ‘In the causeof friendship,’ he fervently160 exclaimed, ‘I would brave all dangers.’

  How Mr. Winkle cursed his companion’s devoted friendshipinternally, as they walked silently along, side by side, for someminutes, each immersed in his own meditations161! The morning waswearing away; he grew desperate.

  ‘Snodgrass,’ he said, stopping suddenly, ‘do not let me bebalked in this matter―do not give information to the localauthorities―do not obtain the assistance of several peace officers,to take either me or Doctor Slammer, of the 97th Regiment, atpresent quartered in Chatham Barracks, into custody162, and thusprevent this duel163!―I say, do not.’

  Mr. Snodgrass seized his friend’s hand warmly, as heenthusiastically replied, ‘Not for worlds!’

  A thrill passed over Mr. Winkle’s frame as the conviction thathe had nothing to hope from his friend’s fears, and that he wasdestined to become an animated target, rushed forcibly upon him.

  The state of the case having been formally explained to Mr.

  Snodgrass, and a case of satisfactory pistols, with the satisfactoryaccompaniments of powder, ball, and caps, having been hiredfrom a manufacturer in Rochester, the two friends returned totheir inn; Mr. Winkle to ruminate164 on the approaching struggle,and Mr. Snodgrass to arrange the weapons of war, and put theminto proper order for immediate142 use.

  It was a dull and heavy evening when they again sallied forthon their awkward errand. Mr. Winkle was muffled165 up in a hugecloak to escape observation, and Mr. Snodgrass bore under his theinstruments of destruction.

  ‘Have you got everything?’ said Mr. Winkle, in an agitated166 tone.

  ‘Everything,’ replied Mr. Snodgrass; ‘plenty of ammunition167, incase the shots don’t take effect. There’s a quarter of a pound ofpowder in the case, and I have got two newspapers in my pocketfor the loadings.’

  These were instances of friendship for which any man mightreasonably feel most grateful. The presumption168 is, that thegratitude of Mr. Winkle was too powerful for utterance169, as he saidnothing, but continued to walk on―rather slowly.

  ‘We are in excellent time,’ said Mr. Snodgrass, as they climbedthe fence of the first field;’ the sun is just going down.’ Mr. Winklelooked up at the declining orb127 and painfully thought of theprobability of his ‘going down’ himself, before long.

  ‘There’s the officer,’ exclaimed Mr. Winkle, after a few minuteswalking. ‘Where?’ said Mr. Snodgrass.

  ‘There―the gentleman in the blue cloak.’ Mr. Snodgrass lookedin the direction indicated by the forefinger170 of his friend, andobserved a figure, muffled up, as he had described. The officerevinced his consciousness of their presence by slightly beckoningwith his hand; and the two friends followed him at a little distance,as he walked away.

  The evening grew more dull every moment, and a melancholywind sounded through the deserted171 fields, like a distant giantwhistling for his house-dog. The sadness of the scene imparted asombre tinge172 to the feelings of Mr. Winkle. He started as theypassed the angle of the trench―it looked like a colossal173 grave.

  The officer turned suddenly from the path, and after climbing apaling, and scaling a hedge, entered a secluded field. Twogentlemen were waiting in it; one was a little, fat man, with blackhair; and the other―a portly personage in a braided surtout―wassitting with perfect equanimity174 on a camp-stool.

  ‘The other party, and a surgeon, I suppose,’ said Mr. Snodgrass;‘take a drop of brandy.’ Mr. Winkle seized the wicker bottle whichhis friend proffered175, and took a lengthened pull at the exhilaratingliquid.

  ‘My friend, sir, Mr. Snodgrass,’ said Mr. Winkle, as the officerapproached. Doctor Slammer’s friend bowed, and produced a casesimilar to that which Mr. Snodgrass carried.

  ‘We have nothing further to say, sir, I think,’ he coldlyremarked, as he opened the case; ‘an apology has been resolutelydeclined.’

  ‘Nothing, sir,’ said Mr. Snodgrass, who began to feel ratheruncomfortable himself.

  ‘Will you step forward?’ said the officer.

  ‘Certainly,’ replied Mr. Snodgrass. The ground was measured,and preliminaries arranged. ‘You will find these better than yourown,’ said the opposite second, producing his pistols. ‘You saw meload them. Do you object to use them?’

  ‘Certainly not,’ replied Mr. Snodgrass. The offer relieved himfrom considerable embarrassment176, for his previous notions ofloading a pistol were rather vague and undefined.

  ‘We may place our men, then, I think,’ observed the officer, withas much indifference177 as if the principals were chess-men, and theseconds players.

  ‘I think we may,’ replied Mr. Snodgrass; who would haveassented to any proposition, because he knew nothing about thematter. The officer crossed to Doctor Slammer, and Mr. Snodgrasswent up to Mr. Winkle.

  ‘It’s all ready,’ said he, offering the pistol. ‘Give me your cloak.’

  ‘You have got the packet, my dear fellow,’ said poor Winkle. ‘Allright,’ said Mr. Snodgrass. ‘Be steady, and wing him.’

  It occurred to Mr. Winkle that this advice was very like thatwhich bystanders invariably give to the smallest boy in a streetfight, namely, ‘Go in, and win’―an admirable thing to recommend,if you only know how to do it. He took off his cloak, however, insilence―it always took a long time to undo178 that cloak―andaccepted the pistol. The seconds retired179, the gentleman on thecamp-stool did the same, and the belligerents180 approached eachother.

  Mr. Winkle was always remarkable for extreme humanity. It isconjectured that his unwillingness181 to hurt a fellow-creatureintentionally was the cause of his shutting his eyes when hearrived at the fatal spot; and that the circumstance of his eyesbeing closed, prevented his observing the very extraordinary andunaccountable demeanour of Doctor Slammer. That gentlemanstarted, stared, retreated, rubbed his eyes, stared again, and,finally, shouted, ‘Stop, stop!’

  ‘What’s all this?’ said Doctor Slammer, as his friend and Mr.

  Snodgrass came running up; ‘that’s not the man.’

  ‘Not the man!’ said Doctor Slammer’s second.

  ‘Not the man!’ said Mr. Snodgrass.

  ‘Not the man!’ said the gentleman with the camp-stool in hishand.

  ‘Certainly not,’ replied the little doctor. ‘That’s not the personwho insulted me last night.’

  ‘Very extraordinary!’ exclaimed the officer.

  ‘Very,’ said the gentleman with the camp-stool. ‘The onlyquestion is, whether the gentleman, being on the ground, must notbe considered, as a matter of form, to be the individual whoinsulted our friend, Doctor Slammer, yesterday evening, whetherhe is really that individual or not;’ and having delivered thissuggestion, with a very sage131 and mysterious air, the man with thecamp-stool took a large pinch of snuff, and looked profoundlyround, with the air of an authority in such matters.

  Now Mr. Winkle had opened his eyes, and his ears too, when heheard his adversary182 call out for a cessation of hostilities183; andperceiving by what he had afterwards said that there was, beyondall question, some mistake in the matter, he at once foresaw theincrease of reputation he should inevitably184 acquire by concealingthe real motive185 of his coming out; he therefore stepped boldlyforward, and said―‘I am not the person. I know it.’

  ‘Then, that,’ said the man with the camp-stool, ‘is an affront186 toDoctor Slammer, and a sufficient reason for proceedingimmediately.’

  ‘Pray be quiet, Payne,’ said the doctor’s second. ‘Why did younot communicate this fact to me this morning, sir?’

  ‘To be sure―to be sure,’ said the man with the camp-stoolindignantly.

  ‘I entreat187 you to be quiet, Payne,’ said the other. ‘May I repeatmy question, sir?’

  ‘Because, sir,’ replied Mr. Winkle, who had had time todeliberate upon his answer, ‘because, sir, you described anintoxicated and ungentlemanly person as wearing a coat which Ihave the honour, not only to wear but to have invented―theproposed uniform, sir, of the Pickwick Club in London. Thehonour of that uniform I feel bound to maintain, and I therefore,without inquiry, accepted the challenge which you offered


1 vent yiPwE     
  • He gave vent to his anger by swearing loudly.他高声咒骂以发泄他的愤怒。
  • When the vent became plugged,the engine would stop.当通风口被堵塞时,发动机就会停转。
2 slumber 8E7zT     
  • All the people in the hotels were wrapped in deep slumber.住在各旅馆里的人都已进入梦乡。
  • Don't wake him from his slumber because he needs the rest.不要把他从睡眠中唤醒,因为他需要休息。
3 slumbers bc73f889820149a9ed406911856c4ce2     
睡眠,安眠( slumber的名词复数 )
  • His image traversed constantly her restless slumbers. 他的形象一再闯进她的脑海,弄得她不能安睡。
  • My Titan brother slumbers deep inside his mountain prison. Go. 我的泰坦兄弟就被囚禁在山脉的深处。
4 chamber wnky9     
  • For many,the dentist's surgery remains a torture chamber.对许多人来说,牙医的治疗室一直是间受刑室。
  • The chamber was ablaze with light.会议厅里灯火辉煌。
5 den 5w9xk     
  • There is a big fox den on the back hill.后山有一个很大的狐狸窝。
  • The only way to catch tiger cubs is to go into tiger's den.不入虎穴焉得虎子。
6 penetrate juSyv     
  • Western ideas penetrate slowly through the East.西方观念逐渐传入东方。
  • The sunshine could not penetrate where the trees were thickest.阳光不能透入树木最浓密的地方。
7 scrupulous 6sayH     
  • She is scrupulous to a degree.她非常谨慎。
  • Poets are not so scrupulous as you are.诗人并不像你那样顾虑多。
8 attire AN0zA     
  • He had no intention of changing his mode of attire.他无意改变着装方式。
  • Her attention was attracted by his peculiar attire.他那奇特的服装引起了她的注意。
9 dressing 1uOzJG     
  • Don't spend such a lot of time in dressing yourself.别花那么多时间来打扮自己。
  • The children enjoy dressing up in mother's old clothes.孩子们喜欢穿上妈妈旧时的衣服玩。
10 worthy vftwB     
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  • There occurred nothing that was worthy to be mentioned.没有值得一提的事发生。
11 noted 5n4zXc     
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
12 specimen Xvtwm     
  • You'll need tweezers to hold up the specimen.你要用镊子来夹这标本。
  • This specimen is richly variegated in colour.这件标本上有很多颜色。
13 apron Lvzzo     
  • We were waited on by a pretty girl in a pink apron.招待我们的是一位穿粉红色围裙的漂亮姑娘。
  • She stitched a pocket on the new apron.她在新围裙上缝上一只口袋。
14 reiterated d9580be532fe69f8451c32061126606b     
反复地说,重申( reiterate的过去式和过去分词 )
  • "Well, I want to know about it,'she reiterated. “嗯,我一定要知道你的休假日期,"她重复说。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • Some twenty-two years later President Polk reiterated and elaborated upon these principles. 大约二十二年之后,波尔克总统重申这些原则并且刻意阐释一番。
15 astonishment VvjzR     
  • They heard him give a loud shout of astonishment.他们听见他惊奇地大叫一声。
  • I was filled with astonishment at her strange action.我对她的奇怪举动不胜惊异。
16 perplexed A3Rz0     
  • The farmer felt the cow,went away,returned,sorely perplexed,always afraid of being cheated.那农民摸摸那头牛,走了又回来,犹豫不决,总怕上当受骗。
  • The child was perplexed by the intricate plot of the story.这孩子被那头绪纷繁的故事弄得迷惑不解。
17 tenacity dq9y2     
  • Tenacity is the bridge to success.坚韧是通向成功的桥。
  • The athletes displayed great tenacity throughout the contest.运动员在比赛中表现出坚韧的斗志。
18 lark r9Fza     
  • He thinks it cruel to confine a lark in a cage.他认为把云雀关在笼子里太残忍了。
  • She lived in the village with her grandparents as cheerful as a lark.她同祖父母一起住在乡间非常快活。
19 gasped e6af294d8a7477229d6749fa9e8f5b80     
v.喘气( gasp的过去式和过去分词 );喘息;倒抽气;很想要
  • She gasped at the wonderful view. 如此美景使她惊讶得屏住了呼吸。
  • People gasped with admiration at the superb skill of the gymnasts. 体操运动员的高超技艺令人赞叹。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
20 canvass FsHzY     
  • Mr. Airey Neave volunteered to set up an organisation to canvass votes.艾雷·尼夫先生自告奋勇建立了一个拉票组织。
  • I will canvass the floors before I start painting the walls.开始粉刷墙壁之前,我会详细检查地板。
21 vivacity ZhBw3     
  • Her charm resides in her vivacity.她的魅力存在于她的活泼。
  • He was charmed by her vivacity and high spirits.她的活泼与兴高采烈的情绪把他迷住了。
22 aggression WKjyF     
  • So long as we are firmly united, we need fear no aggression.只要我们紧密地团结,就不必惧怕外来侵略。
  • Her view is that aggression is part of human nature.她认为攻击性是人类本性的一部份。
23 countenance iztxc     
  • At the sight of this photograph he changed his countenance.他一看见这张照片脸色就变了。
  • I made a fierce countenance as if I would eat him alive.我脸色恶狠狠地,仿佛要把他活生生地吞下去。
24 countenances 4ec84f1d7c5a735fec7fdd356379db0d     
n.面容( countenance的名词复数 );表情;镇静;道义支持
  • 'stood apart, with countenances of inflexible gravity, beyond what even the Puritan aspect could attain." 站在一旁,他们脸上那种严肃刚毅的神情,比清教徒们还有过之而无不及。 来自英汉 - 翻译样例 - 文学
  • The light of a laugh never came to brighten their sombre and wicked countenances. 欢乐的光芒从来未照亮过他们那阴郁邪恶的面孔。 来自辞典例句
25 component epSzv     
  • Each component is carefully checked before assembly.每个零件在装配前都经过仔细检查。
  • Blade and handle are the component parts of a knife.刀身和刀柄是一把刀的组成部分。
26 lugging cce6bbbcf49c333a48fe60698d0047ab     
  • I would smile when I saw him lugging his golf bags into the office. 看到他把高尔夫球袋拖进办公室,我就笑一笑。 来自辞典例句
  • As a general guide, S$1 should be adequate for baggage-lugging service. 一般的准则是,如有人帮你搬运行李,给一新元就够了。 来自互联网
27 rascals 5ab37438604a153e085caf5811049ebb     
流氓( rascal的名词复数 ); 无赖; (开玩笑说法)淘气的人(尤指小孩); 恶作剧的人
  • "Oh, but I like rascals. "唔,不过我喜欢流氓。
  • "They're all second-raters, black sheep, rascals. "他们都是二流人物,是流氓,是恶棍。
28 lengthened 4c0dbc9eb35481502947898d5e9f0a54     
(时间或空间)延长,伸长( lengthen的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The afternoon shadows lengthened. 下午影子渐渐变长了。
  • He wanted to have his coat lengthened a bit. 他要把上衣放长一些。
29 disciples e24b5e52634d7118146b7b4e56748cac     
n.信徒( disciple的名词复数 );门徒;耶稣的信徒;(尤指)耶稣十二门徒之一
  • Judas was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus. 犹大是耶稣十二门徒之一。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • "The names of the first two disciples were --" “最初的两个门徒的名字是——” 来自英汉文学 - 汤姆历险
30 bruise kcCyw     
  • The bruise was caused by a kick.这伤痕是脚踢的。
  • Jack fell down yesterday and got a big bruise on his face.杰克昨天摔了一跤,脸上摔出老大一块淤斑。
31 standing 2hCzgo     
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
32 pint 1NNxL     
  • I'll have a pint of beer and a packet of crisps, please.我要一品脱啤酒和一袋炸马铃薯片。
  • In the old days you could get a pint of beer for a shilling.从前,花一先令就可以买到一品脱啤酒。
33 reeking 31102d5a8b9377cf0b0942c887792736     
v.发出浓烈的臭气( reek的现在分词 );散发臭气;发出难闻的气味 (of sth);明显带有(令人不快或生疑的跡象)
  • I won't have you reeking with sweat in my bed! 我就不许你混身臭汗,臭烘烘的上我的炕! 来自汉英文学 - 骆驼祥子
  • This is a novel reeking with sentimentalism. 这是一本充满着感伤主义的小说。 来自辞典例句
34 uncommon AlPwO     
  • Such attitudes were not at all uncommon thirty years ago.这些看法在30年前很常见。
  • Phil has uncommon intelligence.菲尔智力超群。
35 adorned 1e50de930eb057fcf0ac85ca485114c8     
  • The walls were adorned with paintings. 墙上装饰了绘画。
  • And his coat was adorned with a flamboyant bunch of flowers. 他的外套上面装饰着一束艳丽刺目的鲜花。
36 imminent zc9z2     
  • The black clounds show that a storm is imminent.乌云预示暴风雨即将来临。
  • The country is in imminent danger.国难当头。
37 vestige 3LNzg     
  • Some upright stones in wild places are the vestige of ancient religions.荒原上一些直立的石块是古老宗教的遗迹。
  • Every vestige has been swept away.一切痕迹都被一扫而光。
38 ornamented af417c68be20f209790a9366e9da8dbb     
adj.花式字体的v.装饰,点缀,美化( ornament的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The desk was ornamented with many carvings. 这桌子装饰有很多雕刻物。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • She ornamented her dress with lace. 她用花边装饰衣服。 来自《简明英汉词典》
39 ornament u4czn     
  • The flowers were put on the table for ornament.花放在桌子上做装饰用。
  • She wears a crystal ornament on her chest.她的前胸戴了一个水晶饰品。
40 bespeak EQ7yI     
  • Today's events bespeak future tragedy.今天的事件预示着未来的不幸。
  • The tone of his text bespeaks certain tiredness.他的笔调透出一种倦意。
41 strapped ec484d13545e19c0939d46e2d1eb24bc     
  • Make sure that the child is strapped tightly into the buggy. 一定要把孩子牢牢地拴在婴儿车上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The soldiers' great coats were strapped on their packs. 战士们的厚大衣扎捆在背包上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
42 negligent hjdyJ     
  • The committee heard that he had been negligent in his duty.委员会听说他玩忽职守。
  • If the government is proved negligent,compensation will be payable.如果证明是政府的疏忽,就应支付赔偿。
43 cuffs 4f67c64175ca73d89c78d4bd6a85e3ed     
n.袖口( cuff的名词复数 )v.掌打,拳打( cuff的第三人称单数 )
  • a collar and cuffs of white lace 带白色蕾丝花边的衣领和袖口
  • The cuffs of his shirt were fraying. 他衬衣的袖口磨破了。
44 jaunty x3kyn     
  • She cocked her hat at a jaunty angle.她把帽子歪戴成俏皮的样子。
  • The happy boy walked with jaunty steps.这个快乐的孩子以轻快活泼的步子走着。
45 impudence K9Mxe     
  • His impudence provoked her into slapping his face.他的粗暴让她气愤地给了他一耳光。
  • What knocks me is his impudence.他的厚颜无耻使我感到吃惊。
46 exhausted 7taz4r     
  • It was a long haul home and we arrived exhausted.搬运回家的这段路程特别长,到家时我们已筋疲力尽。
  • Jenny was exhausted by the hustle of city life.珍妮被城市生活的忙乱弄得筋疲力尽。
47 impair Ia4x2     
  • Loud noise can impair your hearing.巨大的噪音有损听觉。
  • It can not impair the intellectual vigor of the young.这不能磨灭青年人思想活力。
48 loquacious ewEyx     
  • The normally loquacious Mr O'Reilly has said little.平常话多的奥赖利先生几乎没说什么。
  • Kennedy had become almost as loquacious as Joe.肯尼迪变得和乔一样唠叨了。
49 poetic b2PzT     
  • His poetic idiom is stamped with expressions describing group feeling and thought.他的诗中的措辞往往带有描写群体感情和思想的印记。
  • His poetic novels have gone through three different historical stages.他的诗情小说创作经历了三个不同的历史阶段。
50 abruptly iINyJ     
  • He gestured abruptly for Virginia to get in the car.他粗鲁地示意弗吉尼亚上车。
  • I was abruptly notified that a half-hour speech was expected of me.我突然被通知要讲半个小时的话。
51 remarkable 8Vbx6     
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在写作技巧方面有了长足进步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.这些汽车因发动机没有噪音而不同凡响。
52 fixed JsKzzj     
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
53 anecdotes anecdotes     
n.掌故,趣闻,轶事( anecdote的名词复数 )
  • amusing anecdotes about his brief career as an actor 关于他短暂演员生涯的趣闻逸事
  • He related several anecdotes about his first years as a congressman. 他讲述自己初任议员那几年的几则轶事。 来自《简明英汉词典》
54 sundry CswwL     
  • This cream can be used to treat sundry minor injuries.这种药膏可用来治各种轻伤。
  • We can see the rich man on sundry occasions.我们能在各种场合见到那个富豪。
55 misery G10yi     
  • Business depression usually causes misery among the working class.商业不景气常使工薪阶层受苦。
  • He has rescued me from the mire of misery.他把我从苦海里救了出来。
56 drawn MuXzIi     
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
57 confession 8Ygye     
  • Her confession was simply tantamount to a casual explanation.她的自白简直等于一篇即席说明。
  • The police used torture to extort a confession from him.警察对他用刑逼供。
58 affected TzUzg0     
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
59 distinguished wu9z3v     
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
60 applied Tz2zXA     
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
61 assent Hv6zL     
  • I cannot assent to what you ask.我不能应允你的要求。
  • The new bill passed by Parliament has received Royal Assent.议会所通过的新方案已获国王批准。
62 gratitude p6wyS     
  • I have expressed the depth of my gratitude to him.我向他表示了深切的谢意。
  • She could not help her tears of gratitude rolling down her face.她感激的泪珠禁不住沿着面颊流了下来。
63 dictate fvGxN     
  • It took him a long time to dictate this letter.口述这封信花了他很长时间。
  • What right have you to dictate to others?你有什么资格向别人发号施令?
64 broiled 8xgz4L     
  • They broiled turkey over a charcoal flame. 他们在木炭上烤火鸡。
  • The desert sun broiled the travelers in the caravan. 沙漠上空灼人的太阳把旅行队成员晒得浑身燥热。
65 fowl fljy6     
  • Fowl is not part of a traditional brunch.禽肉不是传统的早午餐的一部分。
  • Since my heart attack,I've eaten more fish and fowl and less red meat.自从我患了心脏病后,我就多吃鱼肉和禽肉,少吃红色肉类。
66 sitting-room sitting-room     
  • The sitting-room is clean.起居室很清洁。
  • Each villa has a separate sitting-room.每栋别墅都有一间独立的起居室。
67 perusal mM5xT     
  • Peter Cooke undertook to send each of us a sample contract for perusal.彼得·库克答应给我们每人寄送一份合同样本供阅读。
  • A perusal of the letters which we have published has satisfied him of the reality of our claim.读了我们的公开信后,他终于相信我们的要求的确是真的。
68 abridged 47f00a3da9b4a6df1c48709a41fd43e5     
  • The rights of citizens must not be abridged without proper cause. 没有正当理由,不能擅自剥夺公民的权利。
  • The play was abridged for TV. 剧本经过节略,以拍摄电视片。
69 shrimps 08429aec6f0990db8c831a2a57fc760c     
n.虾,小虾( shrimp的名词复数 );矮小的人
  • Shrimps are a popular type of seafood. 小虾是比较普遍的一种海味。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I'm going to have shrimps for my tea. 傍晚的便餐我要吃点虾。 来自辞典例句
70 marine 77Izo     
  • Marine creatures are those which live in the sea. 海洋生物是生存在海里的生物。
  • When the war broke out,he volunteered for the Marine Corps.战争爆发时,他自愿参加了海军陆战队。
71 animated Cz7zMa     
  • His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion.他的言论引起了一场气氛热烈而活跃的讨论。
  • We had an animated discussion over current events last evening.昨天晚上我们热烈地讨论时事。
72 conviviality iZyyM     
  • Sumptuous food and patriotic music created an atmosphere of elegant conviviality. 佳肴盛馔和爱国乐曲,使气氛十分优雅而欢乐。 来自辞典例句
  • Synonymous with freshness, hygiene and conviviality, the individual cream portions are also economical and practical. 独立包装奶不仅仅是新鲜、卫生、欢乐的代名词,同时也是非常经济实用的。 来自互联网
73 gallant 66Myb     
  • Huang Jiguang's gallant deed is known by all men. 黄继光的英勇事迹尽人皆知。
  • These gallant soldiers will protect our country.这些勇敢的士兵会保卫我们的国家的。
74 overflow fJOxZ     
  • The overflow from the bath ran on to the floor.浴缸里的水溢到了地板上。
  • After a long period of rain,the river may overflow its banks.长时间的下雨天后,河水可能溢出岸来。
75 ardent yvjzd     
  • He's an ardent supporter of the local football team.他是本地足球队的热情支持者。
  • Ardent expectations were held by his parents for his college career.他父母对他的大学学习抱着殷切的期望。
76 positively vPTxw     
  • She was positively glowing with happiness.她满脸幸福。
  • The weather was positively poisonous.这天气着实讨厌。
77 pervades 0f02439c160e808685761d7dc0376831     
v.遍及,弥漫( pervade的第三人称单数 )
  • An unpleasant smell pervades the house. 一种难闻的气味弥漫了全屋。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • An atmosphere of pessimism pervades the economy. 悲观的气氛笼罩着整个经济。 来自辞典例句
78 divested 2004b9edbfcab36d3ffca3edcd4aec4a     
v.剥夺( divest的过去式和过去分词 );脱去(衣服);2。从…取去…;1。(给某人)脱衣服
  • He divested himself of his jacket. 他脱去了短上衣。
  • He swiftly divested himself of his clothes. 他迅速脱掉衣服。 来自《简明英汉词典》
79 alteration rxPzO     
  • The shirt needs alteration.这件衬衣需要改一改。
  • He easily perceived there was an alteration in my countenance.他立刻看出我的脸色和往常有些不同。
80 hops a6b9236bf6c7a3dfafdbc0709208acc0     
跳上[下]( hop的第三人称单数 ); 单足蹦跳; 齐足(或双足)跳行; 摘葎草花
  • The sparrow crossed the lawn in a series of hops. 那麻雀一蹦一跳地穿过草坪。
  • It is brewed from malt and hops. 它用麦精和蛇麻草酿成。
81 cosy dvnzc5     
  • We spent a cosy evening chatting by the fire.我们在炉火旁聊天度过了一个舒适的晚上。
  • It was so warm and cosy in bed that Simon didn't want to get out.床上温暖而又舒适,西蒙简直不想下床了。
82 benevolence gt8zx     
  • We definitely do not apply a policy of benevolence to the reactionaries.我们对反动派决不施仁政。
  • He did it out of pure benevolence. 他做那件事完全出于善意。
83 pecuniary Vixyo     
  • She denies obtaining a pecuniary advantage by deception.她否认通过欺骗手段获得经济利益。
  • She is so independent that she refused all pecuniary aid.她很独立,所以拒绝一切金钱上的资助。
84 distilled 4e59b94e0e02e468188de436f8158165     
adj.由蒸馏得来的v.蒸馏( distil的过去式和过去分词 );从…提取精华
  • The televised interview was distilled from 16 hours of film. 那次电视采访是从16个小时的影片中选出的精华。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Gasoline is distilled from crude oil. 汽油是从原油中提炼出来的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
85 influential l7oxK     
  • He always tries to get in with the most influential people.他总是试图巴结最有影响的人物。
  • He is a very influential man in the government.他在政府中是个很有影响的人物。
86 ignominiously 06ad56226c9512b3b1e466b6c6a73df2     
  • Their attempt failed ignominiously. 他们的企图可耻地失败了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • She would be scolded, abused, ignominiously discharged. 他们会说她,骂她,解雇她,让她丢尽脸面的。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
87 ascertained e6de5c3a87917771a9555db9cf4de019     
v.弄清,确定,查明( ascertain的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The previously unidentified objects have now been definitely ascertained as being satellites. 原来所说的不明飞行物现在已证实是卫星。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I ascertained that she was dead. 我断定她已经死了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
88 reverted 5ac73b57fcce627aea1bfd3f5d01d36c     
恢复( revert的过去式和过去分词 ); 重提; 回到…上; 归还
  • After the settlers left, the area reverted to desert. 早期移民离开之后,这个地区又变成了一片沙漠。
  • After his death the house reverted to its original owner. 他死后房子归还给了原先的主人。
89 glistened 17ff939f38e2a303f5df0353cf21b300     
v.湿物闪耀,闪亮( glisten的过去式和过去分词 )
  • Pearls of dew glistened on the grass. 草地上珠露晶莹。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Her eyes glistened with tears. 她的眼里闪着泪花。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
90 unnatural 5f2zAc     
  • Did her behaviour seem unnatural in any way?她有任何反常表现吗?
  • She has an unnatural smile on her face.她脸上挂着做作的微笑。
91 interval 85kxY     
  • The interval between the two trees measures 40 feet.这两棵树的间隔是40英尺。
  • There was a long interval before he anwsered the telephone.隔了好久他才回了电话。
92 flickered 93ec527d68268e88777d6ca26683cc82     
(通常指灯光)闪烁,摇曳( flicker的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The lights flickered and went out. 灯光闪了闪就熄了。
  • These lights flickered continuously like traffic lights which have gone mad. 这些灯象发狂的交通灯一样不停地闪动着。
93 bosom Lt9zW     
  • She drew a little book from her bosom.她从怀里取出一本小册子。
  • A dark jealousy stirred in his bosom.他内心生出一阵恶毒的嫉妒。
94 infancy F4Ey0     
  • He came to England in his infancy.他幼年时期来到英国。
  • Their research is only in its infancy.他们的研究处于初级阶段。
95 indefatigable F8pxA     
  • His indefatigable spirit helped him to cope with his illness.他不屈不挠的精神帮助他对抗病魔。
  • He was indefatigable in his lectures on the aesthetics of love.在讲授关于爱情的美学时,他是不知疲倦的。
96 gilt p6UyB     
  • The plates have a gilt edge.这些盘子的边是镀金的。
  • The rest of the money is invested in gilt.其余的钱投资于金边证券。
97 bust WszzB     
  • I dropped my camera on the pavement and bust it. 我把照相机掉在人行道上摔坏了。
  • She has worked up a lump of clay into a bust.她把一块黏土精心制作成一个半身像。
98 ascended ea3eb8c332a31fe6393293199b82c425     
v.上升,攀登( ascend的过去式和过去分词 )
  • He has ascended into heaven. 他已经升入了天堂。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The climbers slowly ascended the mountain. 爬山运动员慢慢地登上了这座山。 来自《简明英汉词典》
99 ballroom SPTyA     
  • The boss of the ballroom excused them the fee.舞厅老板给他们免费。
  • I go ballroom dancing twice a week.我一个星期跳两次交际舞。
100 stout PGuzF     
  • He cut a stout stick to help him walk.他砍了一根结实的枝条用来拄着走路。
  • The stout old man waddled across the road.那肥胖的老人一跩一跩地穿过马路。
101 promenaded b139dc6c1e3e9f28694e232830e1e1dd     
v.兜风( promenade的过去式和过去分词 )
  • He promenaded back and forth on the ship's deck. 他在甲板上踱来踱去。 来自辞典例句
  • They promenaded their children along the sea-front. 他们带着孩子在海滨大道散步。 来自辞典例句
102 gentry Ygqxe     
  • Landed income was the true measure of the gentry.来自土地的收入是衡量是否士绅阶层的真正标准。
  • Better be the head of the yeomanry than the tail of the gentry.宁做自由民之首,不居贵族之末。
103 honourable honourable     
  • I don't think I am worthy of such an honourable title.这样的光荣称号,我可担当不起。
  • I hope to find an honourable way of settling difficulties.我希望设法找到一个体面的办法以摆脱困境。
104 stentorian 1uCwA     
  • Now all joined in solemn stentorian accord.现在,在这庄严的响彻云霄的和声中大家都联合在一起了。
  • The stentorian tones of auctioneer,calling out to clear,now announced that the sale to commence.拍卖人用洪亮的声音招呼大家闪开一点,然后宣布拍卖即将开始。
105 hue qdszS     
  • The diamond shone with every hue under the sun.金刚石在阳光下放出五颜六色的光芒。
  • The same hue will look different in different light.同一颜色在不同的光线下看起来会有所不同。
106 ushered d337b3442ea0cc4312a5950ae8911282     
v.引,领,陪同( usher的过去式和过去分词 )
  • The secretary ushered me into his office. 秘书把我领进他的办公室。
  • A round of parties ushered in the New Year. 一系列的晚会迎来了新年。 来自《简明英汉词典》
107 homage eQZzK     
  • We pay homage to the genius of Shakespeare.我们对莎士比亚的天才表示敬仰。
  • The soldiers swore to pay their homage to the Queen.士兵们宣誓效忠于女王陛下。
108 deferentially 90c13fae351d7697f6aaf986af4bccc2     
  • "Now, let me see,'said Hurstwood, looking over Carrie's shoulder very deferentially. “来,让我瞧瞧你的牌。”赫斯渥说着,彬彬有礼地从嘉莉背后看过去。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • He always acts so deferentially around his supervisor. 他总是毕恭毕敬地围着他的上司转。 来自互联网
109 salute rYzx4     
  • Merchant ships salute each other by dipping the flag.商船互相点旗致敬。
  • The Japanese women salute the people with formal bows in welcome.这些日本妇女以正式的鞠躬向人们施礼以示欢迎。
110 condescension JYMzw     
  • His politeness smacks of condescension. 他的客气带有屈尊俯就的意味。
  • Despite its condescension toward the Bennet family, the letter begins to allay Elizabeth's prejudice against Darcy. 尽管这封信对班纳特家的态度很高傲,但它开始消除伊丽莎白对达西的偏见。
111 devoted xu9zka     
  • He devoted his life to the educational cause of the motherland.他为祖国的教育事业贡献了一生。
  • We devoted a lengthy and full discussion to this topic.我们对这个题目进行了长时间的充分讨论。
112 mutual eFOxC     
  • We must pull together for mutual interest.我们必须为相互的利益而通力合作。
  • Mutual interests tied us together.相互的利害关系把我们联系在一起。
113 profusion e1JzW     
  • He is liberal to profusion.他挥霍无度。
  • The leaves are falling in profusion.落叶纷纷。
114 bespoke 145af5d0ef7fa4d104f65fe8ad911f59     
adj.(产品)订做的;专做订货的v.预定( bespeak的过去式 );订(货);证明;预先请求
  • His style of dressing bespoke great self-confidence. 他的衣着风格显得十分自信。
  • The haberdasher presented a cap, saying,"Here is the cap your worship bespoke." 帽匠拿出一顶帽子来说:“这就是老爷您定做的那顶。” 来自辞典例句
115 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
116 intelligible rbBzT     
  • This report would be intelligible only to an expert in computing.只有计算机运算专家才能看懂这份报告。
  • His argument was barely intelligible.他的论点不易理解。
117 inquisitively d803d87bf3e11b0f2e68073d10c7b5b7     
过分好奇地; 好问地
  • The Mouse looked at her rather inquisitively, and seemed to her to wink with one of its little eyes, but It'said nothing. 这老鼠狐疑地看着她,好像还把一只小眼睛向她眨了眨,但没说话。
  • The mouse looked at her rather inquisitively. 那只耗子用疑问的眼光看看她。
118 melancholy t7rz8     
  • All at once he fell into a state of profound melancholy.他立即陷入无尽的忧思之中。
  • He felt melancholy after he failed the exam.这次考试没通过,他感到很郁闷。
119 admiration afpyA     
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他对风景之美赞不绝口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我们对金牌获得者极为敬佩。
120 proceeding Vktzvu     
  • This train is now proceeding from Paris to London.这次列车从巴黎开往伦敦。
  • The work is proceeding briskly.工作很有生气地进展着。
121 imperturbable dcQzG     
  • Thomas,of course,was cool and aloof and imperturbable.当然,托马斯沉着、冷漠,不易激动。
  • Edward was a model of good temper and his equanimity imperturbable.爱德华是个典型的好性子,他总是沉着镇定。
122 veracity AHwyC     
  • I can testify to this man's veracity and good character.我可以作证,此人诚实可靠品德良好。
  • There is no reason to doubt the veracity of the evidence.没有理由怀疑证据的真实性。
123 vigour lhtwr     
  • She is full of vigour and enthusiasm.她有热情,有朝气。
  • At 40,he was in his prime and full of vigour.他40岁时正年富力强。
124 hopping hopping     
n. 跳跃 动词hop的现在分词形式
  • The clubs in town are really hopping. 城里的俱乐部真够热闹的。
  • I'm hopping over to Paris for the weekend. 我要去巴黎度周末。
125 expressive shwz4     
  • Black English can be more expressive than standard English.黑人所使用的英语可能比正式英语更有表现力。
  • He had a mobile,expressive,animated face.他有一张多变的,富于表情的,生动活泼的脸。
126 darting darting     
v.投掷,投射( dart的现在分词 );向前冲,飞奔
  • Swallows were darting through the clouds. 燕子穿云急飞。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Swallows were darting through the air. 燕子在空中掠过。 来自辞典例句
127 orb Lmmzhy     
  • The blue heaven,holding its one golden orb,poured down a crystal wash of warm light.蓝蓝的天空托着金色的太阳,洒下一片水晶般明亮温暖的光辉。
  • It is an emanation from the distant orb of immortal light.它是从远处那个发出不灭之光的天体上放射出来的。
128 effervescing 2cc2b95946cb24c315b6254191f0d7a6     
v.冒气泡,起泡沫( effervesce的现在分词 )
  • I was full and effervescing with joy of creation. 由于创作的乐趣,我感到满足和欢欣。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • That hot spring was effervescing with bubbles. 温泉正冒着泡泡。 来自《简明英汉词典》
129 perspiration c3UzD     
  • It is so hot that my clothes are wet with perspiration.天太热了,我的衣服被汗水湿透了。
  • The perspiration was running down my back.汗从我背上淌下来。
130 exulting 2f8f310798e5e8c1b9dd92ff6395ba84     
vi. 欢欣鼓舞,狂喜
  • He leaned back, exulting at the success of his plan. 他向后一靠,为自己计划成功而得意扬扬。
  • Jones was exulting in the consciousness of his integrity. 琼斯意识到自己的忠贞十分高兴。
131 sage sCUz2     
  • I was grateful for the old man's sage advice.我很感激那位老人贤明的忠告。
  • The sage is the instructor of a hundred ages.这位哲人是百代之师。
132 regiment JATzZ     
  • As he hated army life,he decide to desert his regiment.因为他嫌恶军队生活,所以他决心背弃自己所在的那个团。
  • They reformed a division into a regiment.他们将一个师整编成为一个团。
133 shuffler 837d264b25c46e6ed448cf1a808e477b     
n.曳步而行者; 洗牌者; 轮到洗牌的人; 做事漫不经心者
  • The gruff ruffian's ruffled cuff is scuffed in the scuffle with the shuffler. 在与洗牌者的混战中,粗暴暴徒的皱袖口被磨破。 来自互联网
134 intoxicated 350bfb35af86e3867ed55bb2af85135f     
  • She was intoxicated with success. 她为成功所陶醉。
  • They became deeply intoxicated and totally disoriented. 他们酩酊大醉,东南西北全然不辨。
135 jocose H3Fx7     
  • Dr. Daniel was a gleg man of a jocose nature.丹尼尔大夫是一位天生诙谐而反应机敏的人。
  • His comic dialogues are jocose and jocular,thought-provoking.他的小品诙谐,逗乐,发人深省。
136 exquisite zhez1     
  • I was admiring the exquisite workmanship in the mosaic.我当时正在欣赏镶嵌画的精致做工。
  • I still remember the exquisite pleasure I experienced in Bali.我依然记得在巴厘岛所经历的那种剧烈的快感。
137 repose KVGxQ     
  • Don't disturb her repose.不要打扰她休息。
  • Her mouth seemed always to be smiling,even in repose.她的嘴角似乎总是挂着微笑,即使在睡眠时也是这样。
138 oblivious Y0Byc     
  • Mother has become quite oblivious after the illness.这次病后,妈妈变得特别健忘。
  • He was quite oblivious of the danger.他完全没有察觉到危险。
139 inclination Gkwyj     
  • She greeted us with a slight inclination of the head.她微微点头向我们致意。
  • I did not feel the slightest inclination to hurry.我没有丝毫着急的意思。
140 amazement 7zlzBK     
  • All those around him looked at him with amazement.周围的人都对他投射出惊异的眼光。
  • He looked at me in blank amazement.他带着迷茫惊诧的神情望着我。
141 inquiries 86a54c7f2b27c02acf9fcb16a31c4b57     
n.调查( inquiry的名词复数 );疑问;探究;打听
  • He was released on bail pending further inquiries. 他获得保释,等候进一步调查。
  • I have failed to reach them by postal inquiries. 我未能通过邮政查询与他们取得联系。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
142 immediate aapxh     
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
143 inspection y6TxG     
  • On random inspection the meat was found to be bad.经抽查,发现肉变质了。
  • The soldiers lined up for their daily inspection by their officers.士兵们列队接受军官的日常检阅。
144 retraced 321f3e113f2767b1b567ca8360d9c6b9     
v.折回( retrace的过去式和过去分词 );回忆;回顾;追溯
  • We retraced our steps to where we started. 我们折回我们出发的地方。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We retraced our route in an attempt to get back on the right path. 我们折返,想回到正确的路上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
145 abiding uzMzxC     
  • He had an abiding love of the English countryside.他永远热爱英国的乡村。
  • He has a genuine and abiding love of the craft.他对这门手艺有着真挚持久的热爱。
146 dexterity hlXzs     
  • You need manual dexterity to be good at video games.玩好电子游戏手要灵巧。
  • I'm your inferior in manual dexterity.论手巧,我不如你。
147 defensive buszxy     
  • Their questions about the money put her on the defensive.他们问到钱的问题,使她警觉起来。
  • The Government hastily organized defensive measures against the raids.政府急忙布置了防卫措施抵御空袭。
148 surmised b42dd4710fe89732a842341fc04537f6     
v.臆测,推断( surmise的过去式和过去分词 );揣测;猜想
  • From the looks on their faces, I surmised that they had had an argument. 看他们的脸色,我猜想他们之间发生了争执。
  • From his letter I surmised that he was unhappy. 我从他的信中推测他并不快乐。 来自《简明英汉词典》
149 depicted f657dbe7a96d326c889c083bf5fcaf24     
描绘,描画( depict的过去式和过去分词 ); 描述
  • Other animals were depicted on the periphery of the group. 其他动物在群像的外围加以修饰。
  • They depicted the thrilling situation to us in great detail. 他们向我们详细地描述了那激动人心的场面。
150 killing kpBziQ     
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
151 follower gjXxP     
  • He is a faithful follower of his home football team.他是他家乡足球队的忠实拥护者。
  • Alexander is a pious follower of the faith.亚历山大是个虔诚的信徒。
152 procure A1GzN     
  • Can you procure some specimens for me?你能替我弄到一些标本吗?
  • I'll try my best to procure you that original French novel.我将尽全力给你搞到那本原版法国小说。
153 trench VJHzP     
  • The soldiers recaptured their trench.兵士夺回了战壕。
  • The troops received orders to trench the outpost.部队接到命令在前哨周围筑壕加强防卫。
154 secluded wj8zWX     
adj.与世隔绝的;隐退的;偏僻的v.使隔开,使隐退( seclude的过去式和过去分词)
  • Some people like to strip themselves naked while they have a swim in a secluded place. 一些人当他们在隐蔽的地方游泳时,喜欢把衣服脱光。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • This charming cottage dates back to the 15th century and is as pretty as a picture, with its thatched roof and secluded garden. 这所美丽的村舍是15世纪时的建筑,有茅草房顶和宁静的花园,漂亮极了,简直和画上一样。 来自《简明英汉词典》
155 secrecy NZbxH     
  • All the researchers on the project are sworn to secrecy.该项目的所有研究人员都按要求起誓保守秘密。
  • Complete secrecy surrounded the meeting.会议在绝对机密的环境中进行。
156 devoutly b33f384e23a3148a94d9de5213bd205f     
  • She was a devoutly Catholic. 她是一个虔诚地天主教徒。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • This was not a boast, but a hope, at once bold and devoutly humble. 这不是夸夸其谈,而是一个即大胆而又诚心、谦虚的希望。 来自辞典例句
157 sufficiently 0htzMB     
  • It turned out he had not insured the house sufficiently.原来他没有给房屋投足保险。
  • The new policy was sufficiently elastic to accommodate both views.新政策充分灵活地适用两种观点。
158 heroism 5dyx0     
  • He received a medal for his heroism.他由于英勇而获得一枚奖章。
  • Stories of his heroism resounded through the country.他的英雄故事传遍全国。
159 invincible 9xMyc     
  • This football team was once reputed to be invincible.这支足球队曾被誉为无敌的劲旅。
  • The workers are invincible as long as they hold together.只要工人团结一致,他们就是不可战胜的。
160 fervently 8tmzPw     
  • "Oh, I am glad!'she said fervently. “哦,我真高兴!”她热烈地说道。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • O my dear, my dear, will you bless me as fervently to-morrow?' 啊,我亲爱的,亲爱的,你明天也愿这样热烈地为我祝福么?” 来自英汉文学 - 双城记
161 meditations f4b300324e129a004479aa8f4c41e44a     
默想( meditation的名词复数 ); 默念; 沉思; 冥想
  • Each sentence seems a quarry of rich meditations. 每一句话似乎都给人以许多冥思默想。
  • I'm sorry to interrupt your meditations. 我很抱歉,打断你思考问题了。
162 custody Qntzd     
  • He spent a week in custody on remand awaiting sentence.等候判决期间他被还押候审一个星期。
  • He was taken into custody immediately after the robbery.抢劫案发生后,他立即被押了起来。
163 duel 2rmxa     
  • The two teams are locked in a duel for first place.两个队为争夺第一名打得难解难分。
  • Duroy was forced to challenge his disparager to duel.杜洛瓦不得不向诋毁他的人提出决斗。
164 ruminate iCwzc     
  • It is worth while to ruminate over his remarks.他的话值得玩味。
  • The cow began to ruminate after eating up grass.牛吃完草后开始反刍。
165 muffled fnmzel     
adj.(声音)被隔的;听不太清的;(衣服)裹严的;蒙住的v.压抑,捂住( muffle的过去式和过去分词 );用厚厚的衣帽包着(自己)
  • muffled voices from the next room 从隔壁房间里传来的沉闷声音
  • There was a muffled explosion somewhere on their right. 在他们的右面什么地方有一声沉闷的爆炸声。 来自《简明英汉词典》
166 agitated dzgzc2     
  • His answers were all mixed up,so agitated was he.他是那样心神不定,回答全乱了。
  • She was agitated because her train was an hour late.她乘坐的火车晚点一个小时,她十分焦虑。
167 ammunition GwVzz     
  • A few of the jeeps had run out of ammunition.几辆吉普车上的弹药已经用光了。
  • They have expended all their ammunition.他们把弹药用光。
168 presumption XQcxl     
  • Please pardon my presumption in writing to you.请原谅我很冒昧地写信给你。
  • I don't think that's a false presumption.我认为那并不是错误的推测。
169 utterance dKczL     
  • This utterance of his was greeted with bursts of uproarious laughter.他的讲话引起阵阵哄然大笑。
  • My voice cleaves to my throat,and sob chokes my utterance.我的噪子哽咽,泣不成声。
170 forefinger pihxt     
  • He pinched the leaf between his thumb and forefinger.他将叶子捏在拇指和食指之间。
  • He held it between the tips of his thumb and forefinger.他用他大拇指和食指尖拿着它。
171 deserted GukzoL     
  • The deserted village was filled with a deathly silence.这个荒废的村庄死一般的寂静。
  • The enemy chieftain was opposed and deserted by his followers.敌人头目众叛亲离。
172 tinge 8q9yO     
  • The maple leaves are tinge with autumn red.枫叶染上了秋天的红色。
  • There was a tinge of sadness in her voice.她声音中流露出一丝忧伤。
173 colossal sbwyJ     
  • There has been a colossal waste of public money.一直存在巨大的公款浪费。
  • Some of the tall buildings in that city are colossal.那座城市里的一些高层建筑很庞大。
174 equanimity Z7Vyz     
  • She went again,and in so doing temporarily recovered her equanimity.她又去看了戏,而且这样一来又暂时恢复了她的平静。
  • The defeat was taken with equanimity by the leadership.领导层坦然地接受了失败。
175 proffered 30a424e11e8c2d520c7372bd6415ad07     
v.提供,贡献,提出( proffer的过去式和过去分词 )
  • She proffered her cheek to kiss. 她伸过自己的面颊让人亲吻。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He rose and proffered a silver box full of cigarettes. 他站起身,伸手递过一个装满香烟的银盒子。 来自辞典例句
176 embarrassment fj9z8     
  • She could have died away with embarrassment.她窘迫得要死。
  • Coughing at a concert can be a real embarrassment.在音乐会上咳嗽真会使人难堪。
177 indifference k8DxO     
  • I was disappointed by his indifference more than somewhat.他的漠不关心使我很失望。
  • He feigned indifference to criticism of his work.他假装毫不在意别人批评他的作品。
178 undo Ok5wj     
  • His pride will undo him some day.他的傲慢总有一天会毁了他。
  • I managed secretly to undo a corner of the parcel.我悄悄地设法解开了包裹的一角。
179 retired Njhzyv     
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
180 belligerents 3b5306a61bca86b0200c7f73ab91c5dd     
n.交战的一方(指国家、集团或个人)( belligerent的名词复数 )
  • At long last an armistice was declared by the belligerents. 交战双方终于宣布停战。 来自辞典例句
  • Yet it remains unclear whether the actual belligerents will accept it. 但真正的交战双方是否会接受还是个未知数。 来自互联网
181 unwillingness 0aca33eefc696aef7800706b9c45297d     
n. 不愿意,不情愿
  • Her unwillingness to answer questions undermined the strength of her position. 她不愿回答问题,这不利于她所处的形势。
  • His apparent unwillingness would disappear if we paid him enough. 如果我们付足了钱,他露出的那副不乐意的神情就会消失。
182 adversary mxrzt     
  • He saw her as his main adversary within the company.他将她视为公司中主要的对手。
  • They will do anything to undermine their adversary's reputation.他们会不择手段地去损害对手的名誉。
183 hostilities 4c7c8120f84e477b36887af736e0eb31     
  • Mexico called for an immediate cessation of hostilities. 墨西哥要求立即停止敌对行动。
  • All the old hostilities resurfaced when they met again. 他们再次碰面时,过去的种种敌意又都冒了出来。
184 inevitably x7axc     
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
185 motive GFzxz     
  • The police could not find a motive for the murder.警察不能找到谋杀的动机。
  • He had some motive in telling this fable.他讲这寓言故事是有用意的。
186 affront pKvy6     
  • Your behaviour is an affront to public decency.你的行为有伤风化。
  • This remark caused affront to many people.这句话得罪了不少人。
187 entreat soexj     
  • Charles Darnay felt it hopeless entreat him further,and his pride was touched besides.查尔斯-达尔内感到再恳求他已是枉然,自尊心也受到了伤害。
  • I entreat you to contribute generously to the building fund.我恳求您慷慨捐助建设基金。


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