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Chapter 27

SAMUEL WELLER MAKES A PILGRIMAGETO DORKING, AND BEHOLDS1 HISMOTHER-IN-LAWhere still remaining an interval2 of two days before the timeagreed upon for the departure of the Pickwickians toDingley Dell, Mr. Weller sat himself down in a back roomat the George and Vulture, after eating an early dinner, to muse3 onthe best way of disposing of his time. It was a remarkably4 fine day;and he had not turned the matter over in his mind ten minutes,when he was suddenly stricken filial and affectionate; and itoccurred to him so strongly that he ought to go down and see hisfather, and pay his duty to his mother-in-law, that he was lost inastonishment at his own remissness5 in never thinking of thismoral obligation before. Anxious to atone6 for his past neglectwithout another hour’s delay, he straightway walked upstairs toMr. Pickwick, and requested leave of absence for this laudablepurpose.

  ‘Certainly, Sam, certainly,’ said Mr. Pickwick, his eyesglistening with delight at this manifestation7 of filial feeling on thepart of his attendant; ‘certainly, Sam.’

  Mr. Weller made a grateful bow.

  ‘I am very glad to see that you have so high a sense of yourduties as a son, Sam,’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘I always had, sir,’ replied Mr. Weller.

  ‘That’s a very gratifying reflection, Sam,’ said Mr. Pickwickapprovingly.

  ‘Wery, sir,’ replied Mr. Weller; ‘if ever I wanted anythin’ o’ myfather, I always asked for it in a wery ’spectful and obligin’

  manner. If he didn’t give it me, I took it, for fear I should be led todo anythin’ wrong, through not havin’ it. I saved him a world o’

  trouble this vay, sir.’

  ‘That’s not precisely8 what I meant, Sam,’ said Mr. Pickwick,shaking his head, with a slight smile.

  ‘All good feelin’, sir―the wery best intentions, as the gen’l’m’nsaid ven he run away from his wife ’cos she seemed unhappy withhim,’ replied Mr. Weller.

  ‘You may go, Sam,’ said Mr. Pickwick.

  ‘Thank’ee, sir,’ replied Mr. Weller; and having made his bestbow, and put on his best clothes, Sam planted himself on the topof the Arundel coach, and journeyed on to Dorking.

  The Marquis of Granby, in Mrs. Weller’s time, was quite amodel of a roadside public-house of the better class―just largeenough to be convenient, and small enough to be snug9. On theopposite side of the road was a large sign-board on a high post,representing the head and shoulders of a gentleman with anapoplectic countenance10, in a red coat with deep blue facings, and atouch of the same blue over his three-cornered hat, for a sky. Overthat again were a pair of flags; beneath the last button of his coatwere a couple of cannon11; and the whole formed an expressive12 andundoubted likeness13 of the Marquis of Granby of glorious memory.

  The bar window displayed a choice collection of geraniumplants, and a well-dusted row of spirit phials. The open shuttersbore a variety of golden inscriptions14, eulogistic15 of good beds andneat wines; and the choice group of countrymen and hostlerslounging about the stable door and horse-trough, affordedpresumptive proof of the excellent quality of the ale and spiritswhich were sold within. Sam Weller paused, when he dismountedfrom the coach, to note all these little indications of a thrivingbusiness, with the eye of an experienced traveller; and havingdone so, stepped in at once, highly satisfied with everything hehad observed.

  ‘Now, then!’ said a shrill16 female voice the instant Sam thrust hishead in at the door, ‘what do you want, young man?’

  Sam looked round in the direction whence the voice proceeded.

  It came from a rather stout17 lady of comfortable appearance, whowas seated beside the fireplace in the bar, blowing the fire to makethe kettle boil for tea. She was not alone; for on the other side ofthe fireplace, sitting bolt upright in a high-backed chair, was aman in threadbare black clothes, with a back almost as long andstiff as that of the chair itself, who caught Sam’s most particularand especial attention at once.

  He was a prim-faced, red-nosed man, with a long, thincountenance, and a semi-rattlesnake sort of eye―rather sharp, butdecidedly bad. He wore very short trousers, and black cottonstockings, which, like the rest of his apparel, were particularlyrusty. His looks were starched18, but his white neckerchief was not,and its long limp ends straggled over his closely-buttonedwaistcoat in a very uncouth20 and unpicturesque fashion. A pair ofold, worn, beaver21 gloves, a broad-brimmed hat, and a faded greenumbrella, with plenty of whalebone sticking through the bottom,as if to counterbalance the want of a handle at the top, lay on achair beside him; and, being disposed in a very tidy and carefulmanner, seemed to imply that the red-nosed man, whoever hewas, had no intention of going away in a hurry.

  To do the red-nosed man justice, he would have been very farfrom wise if he had entertained any such intention; for, to judgefrom all appearances, he must have been possessed22 of a mostdesirable circle of acquaintance, if he could have reasonablyexpected to be more comfortable anywhere else. The fire wasblazing brightly under the influence of the bellows23, and the kettlewas singing gaily24 under the influence of both. A small tray of tea-things was arranged on the table; a plate of hot buttered toast wasgently simmering before the fire; and the red-nosed man himselfwas busily engaged in converting a large slice of bread into thesame agreeable edible25, through the instrumentality of a long brasstoasting-fork. Beside him stood a glass of reeking26 hot pine-applerum-and-water, with a slice of lemon in it; and every time the red-nosed man stopped to bring the round of toast to his eye, with theview of ascertaining27 how it got on, he imbibed28 a drop or two of thehot pine-apple rum-and-water, and smiled upon the rather stoutlady, as she blew the fire.

  Sam was so lost in the contemplation of this comfortable scene,that he suffered the first inquiry29 of the rather stout lady to passunheeded. It was not until it had been twice repeated, each time ina shriller tone, that he became conscious of the impropriety of hisbehaviour.

  ‘Governor in?’ inquired Sam, in reply to the question.

  ‘No, he isn’t,’ replied Mrs. Weller; for the rather stout lady wasno other than the quondam relict and sole executrix of the dead-and-gone Mr. Clarke; ‘no, he isn’t, and I don’t expect him, either.’

  ‘I suppose he’s drivin’ up to-day?’ said Sam.

  ‘He may be, or he may not,’ replied Mrs. Weller, buttering theround of toast which the red-nosed man had just finished. ‘I don’tknow, and, what’s more, I don’t care.―Ask a blessin’, Mr.


  The red-nosed man did as he was desired, and instantlycommenced on the toast with fierce voracity30.

  The appearance of the red-nosed man had induced Sam, at firstsight, to more than half suspect that he was the deputy-shepherdof whom his estimable parent had spoken. The moment he sawhim eat, all doubt on the subject was removed, and he perceived atonce that if he purposed to take up his temporary quarters wherehe was, he must make his footing good without delay. He thereforecommenced proceedings31 by putting his arm over the half-door ofthe bar, coolly unbolting it, and leisurely32 walking in.

  ‘Mother-in-law,’ said Sam, ‘how are you?’

  ‘Why, I do believe he is a Weller!’ said Mrs. W., raising her eyesto Sam’s face, with no very gratified expression of countenance.

  ‘I rayther think he is,’ said the imperturbable33 Sam; ‘and I hopethis here reverend gen’l’m’n ‘ll excuse me saying that I wish I wasthe Weller as owns you, mother-in-law.’

  This was a double-barrelled compliment. It implied that Mrs.

  Weller was a most agreeable female, and also that Mr. Stigginshad a clerical appearance. It made a visible impression at once;and Sam followed up his advantage by kissing his mother-in-law.

  ‘Get along with you!’ said Mrs. Weller, pushing him away. ‘Forshame, young man!’ said the gentleman with the red nose.

  ‘No offence, sir, no offence,’ replied Sam; ‘you’re wery right,though; it ain’t the right sort o’ thing, ven mothers-in-law is youngand good-looking, is it, sir?’

  ‘It’s all vanity,’ said Mr. Stiggins.

  ‘Ah, so it is,’ said Mrs. Weller, setting her cap to rights.

  Sam thought it was, too, but he held his peace.

  The deputy-shepherd seemed by no means best pleased withSam’s arrival; and when the first effervescence of the complimenthad subsided34, even Mrs. Weller looked as if she could have sparedhim without the smallest inconvenience. However, there he was;and as he couldn’t be decently turned out, they all three sat downto tea.

  ‘And how’s father?’ said Sam.

  At this inquiry, Mrs. Weller raised her hands, and turned up hereyes, as if the subject were too painful to be alluded35 to.

  Mr. Stiggins groaned37.

  ‘What’s the matter with that ’ere gen’l’m’n?’ inquired Sam.

  ‘He’s shocked at the way your father goes on in,’ replied Mrs.


  ‘Oh, he is, is he?’ said Sam.

  ‘And with too good reason,’ added Mrs. Weller gravely.

  Mr. Stiggins took up a fresh piece of toast, and groaned heavily.

  ‘He is a dreadful reprobate,’ said Mrs. Weller.

  ‘A man of wrath38!’ exclaimed Mr. Stiggins. He took a large semi-circular bite out of the toast, and groaned again.

  Sam felt very strongly disposed to give the reverend Mr.

  Stiggins something to groan36 for, but he repressed his inclination,and merely asked, ‘What’s the old ’un up to now?’

  ‘Up to, indeed!’ said Mrs. Weller, ‘Oh, he has a hard heart.

  Night after night does this excellent man―don’t frown, Mr.

  Stiggins; I will say you are an excellent man―come and sit here,for hours together, and it has not the least effect upon him.’

  ‘Well, that is odd,’ said Sam; ‘it ’ud have a wery considerableeffect upon me, if I wos in his place; I know that.’

  ‘The fact is, my young friend,’ said Mr. Stiggins solemnly, ‘hehas an obderrate bosom39. Oh, my young friend, who else couldhave resisted the pleading of sixteen of our fairest sisters, andwithstood their exhortations40 to subscribe41 to our noble society forproviding the infant negroes in the West Indies with flannelwaistcoats and moral pocket-handkerchiefs?’

  ‘What’s a moral pocket-ankercher?’ said Sam; ‘I never see oneo’ them articles o’ furniter.’

  ‘Those which combine amusement With instruction, my youngfriend,’ replied Mr. Stiggins, ‘blending select tales with wood-cuts.’

  ‘Oh, I know,’ said Sam; ‘them as hangs up in the linen-drapers’

  shops, with beggars’ petitions and all that ’ere upon ‘em?’

  Mr. Stiggins began a third round of toast, and nodded assent43.

  ‘And he wouldn’t be persuaded by the ladies, wouldn’t he?’ saidSam.

  ‘Sat and smoked his pipe, and said the infant negroes were―what did he say the infant negroes were?’ said Mrs. Weller.

  ‘Little humbugs,’ replied Mr. Stiggins, deeply affected44.

  ‘Said the infant negroes were little humbugs,’ repeated Mrs.

  Weller. And they both groaned at the atrocious conduct of theelder Mr. Weller.

  A great many more iniquities45 of a similar nature might havebeen disclosed, only the toast being all eaten, the tea having gotvery weak, and Sam holding out no indications of meaning to go,Mr. Stiggins suddenly recollected46 that he had a most pressingappointment with the shepherd, and took himself off accordingly.

  The tea-things had been scarcely put away, and the hearthswept up, when the London coach deposited Mr. Weller, senior, atthe door; his legs deposited him in the bar; and his eyes showedhim his son.

  ‘What, Sammy!’ exclaimed the father.

  ‘What, old Nobs!’ ejaculated the son. And they shook handsheartily.

  ‘Wery glad to see you, Sammy,’ said the elder Mr. Weller,‘though how you’ve managed to get over your mother-in-law, is amystery to me. I only vish you’d write me out the receipt, that’sall.’

  ‘Hush!’ said Sam, ‘she’s at home, old feller.’

  ‘She ain’t vithin hearin’,’ replied Mr. Weller; ‘she always goesand blows up, downstairs, for a couple of hours arter tea; so we’lljust give ourselves a damp, Sammy.’

  Saying this, Mr. Weller mixed two glasses of spirits-and-water,and produced a couple of pipes. The father and son sitting downopposite each other; Sam on one side of the fire, in the high-backed chair, and Mr. Weller, senior, on the other, in an easy ditto,they proceeded to enjoy themselves with all due gravity.

  ‘Anybody been here, Sammy?’ asked Mr. Weller, senior, dryly,after a long silence.

  Sam nodded an expressive assent.

  ‘Red-nosed chap?’ inquired Mr. Weller.

  Sam nodded again.

  ‘Amiable man that ’ere, Sammy,’ said Mr. Weller, smokingviolently.

  ‘Seems so,’ observed Sam.

  ‘Good hand at accounts,’ said Mr. Weller. ‘Is he?’ said Sam.

  ‘Borrows eighteenpence on Monday, and comes on Tuesday fora shillin’ to make it up half-a-crown; calls again on Vensday foranother half-crown to make it five shillin’s; and goes on, doubling,till he gets it up to a five pund note in no time, like them sums inthe ’rithmetic book ’bout the nails in the horse’s shoes, Sammy.’

  Sam intimated by a nod that he recollected the problem alludedto by his parent.

  ‘So you vouldn’t subscribe to the flannel42 veskits?’ said Sam,after another interval of smoking.

  ‘Cert’nly not,’ replied Mr. Weller; ‘what’s the good o’ flannelveskits to the young niggers abroad? But I’ll tell you what it is,Sammy,’ said Mr. Weller, lowering his voice, and bending acrossthe fireplace; ‘I’d come down wery handsome towards straitveskits for some people at home.’

  As Mr. Weller said this, he slowly recovered his former position,and winked47 at his first-born, in a profound manner.

  ‘It cert’nly seems a queer start to send out pocket-’ankerchersto people as don’t know the use on ’em,’ observed Sam.

  ‘They’re alvays a-doin’ some gammon of that sort, Sammy,’

  replied his father. ‘T’other Sunday I wos walkin’ up the road, wenwho should I see, a-standin’ at a chapel48 door, with a blue soup-plate in her hand, but your mother-in-law! I werily believe therewas change for a couple o’ suv’rins in it, then, Sammy, all inha’pence; and as the people come out, they rattled49 the pennies init, till you’d ha’ thought that no mortal plate as ever was baked,could ha’ stood the wear and tear. What d’ye think it was all for?’

  ‘For another tea-drinkin’, perhaps,’ said Sam.

  ‘Not a bit on it,’ replied the father; ‘for the shepherd’s water-rate, Sammy.’

  ‘The shepherd’s water-rate!’ said Sam.

  ‘Ay,’ replied Mr. Weller, ‘there was three quarters owin’, andthe shepherd hadn’t paid a farden, not he―perhaps it might be onaccount that the water warn’t o’ much use to him, for it’s werylittle o’ that tap he drinks, Sammy, wery; he knows a trick worth agood half-dozen of that, he does. Hows’ever, it warn’t paid, and sothey cuts the water off. Down goes the shepherd to chapel, givesout as he’s a persecuted50 saint, and says he hopes the heart of theturncock as cut the water off, ‘ll be softened51, and turned in theright vay, but he rayther thinks he’s booked for somethin’

  uncomfortable. Upon this, the women calls a meetin’, sings ahymn, wotes your mother-in-law into the chair, wolunteers acollection next Sunday, and hands it all over to the shepherd. Andif he ain’t got enough out on ’em, Sammy, to make him free of thewater company for life,’ said Mr. Weller, in conclusion, ‘I’m oneDutchman, and you’re another, and that’s all about it.’

  Mr. Weller smoked for some minutes in silence, and thenresumed―‘The worst o’ these here shepherds is, my boy, that theyreg’larly turns the heads of all the young ladies, about here. Lordbless their little hearts, they thinks it’s all right, and don’t know nobetter; but they’re the wictims o’ gammon, Samivel, they’re thewictims o’ gammon.’

  ‘I s’pose they are,’ said Sam.

  ‘Nothin’ else,’ said Mr. Weller, shaking his head gravely; ‘andwot aggrawates me, Samivel, is to see ’em a-wastin’ all their timeand labour in making clothes for copper-coloured people as don’twant ’em, and taking no notice of flesh-coloured Christians52 as do.

  If I’d my vay, Samivel, I’d just stick some o’ these here lazyshepherds behind a heavy wheelbarrow, and run ’em up and downa fourteen-inch-wide plank53 all day. That ’ud shake the nonsenseout of ’em, if anythin’ vould.’

  Mr. Weller, having delivered this gentle recipe with strongemphasis, eked54 out by a variety of nods and contortions55 of the eye,emptied his glass at a draught56, and knocked the ashes out of hispipe, with native dignity.

  He was engaged in this operation, when a shrill voice was heardin the passage.

  ‘Here’s your dear relation, Sammy,’ said Mr. Weller; and Mrs.

  W. hurried into the room.

  ‘Oh, you’ve come back, have you!’ said Mrs. Weller.

  ‘Yes, my dear,’ replied Mr. Weller, filling a fresh pipe.

  ‘Has Mr. Stiggins been back?’ said Mrs. Weller.

  ‘No, my dear, he hasn’t,’ replied Mr. Weller, lighting57 the pipe bythe ingenious process of holding to the bowl thereof, between thetongs, a red-hot coal from the adjacent fire; and what’s more, mydear, I shall manage to surwive it, if he don’t come back at all.’

  ‘Ugh, you wretch58!’ said Mrs. Weller.

  ‘Thank’ee, my love,’ said Mr. Weller. ‘Come, come, father,’ saidSam, ‘none o’ these little lovin’s afore strangers. Here’s thereverend gen’l’m’n a-comin’ in now.’ At this announcement, Mrs.

  Weller hastily wiped off the tears which she had just begun toforce on; and Mr. W. drew his chair sullenly59 into the chimney-corner.

  Mr. Stiggins was easily prevailed on to take another glass of thehot pine-apple rum-and-water, and a second, and a third, and thento refresh himself with a slight supper, previous to beginningagain. He sat on the same side as Mr. Weller, senior; and everytime he could contrive60 to do so, unseen by his wife, that gentlemanindicated to his son the hidden emotions of his bosom, by shakinghis fist over the deputy-shepherd’s head; a process which affordedhis son the most unmingled delight and satisfaction, the moreespecially as Mr. Stiggins went on, quietly drinking the hot pine-apple rum-and-water, wholly unconscious of what was goingforward.

  The major part of the conversation was confined to Mrs. Wellerand the reverend Mr. Stiggins; and the topics principallydescanted on, were the virtues61 of the shepherd, the worthiness62 ofhis flock, and the high crimes and misdemeanours of everybodybeside―dissertations which the elder Mr. Weller occasionallyinterrupted by half-suppressed references to a gentleman of thename of Walker, and other running commentaries of the samekind.

  At length Mr. Stiggins, with several most indubitable symptomsof having quite as much pine-apple rum-and-water about him ashe could comfortably accommodate, took his hat, and his leave;and Sam was, immediately afterwards, shown to bed by his father.

  The respectable old gentleman wrung63 his hand fervently64, andseemed disposed to address some observation to his son; but onMrs. Weller advancing towards him, he appeared to relinquishthat intention, and abruptly65 bade him good-night.

  Sam was up betimes next day, and having partaken of a hastybreakfast, prepared to return to London. He had scarcely set footwithout the house, when his father stood before him.

  ‘Goin’, Sammy?’ inquired Mr. Weller.

  ‘Off at once,’ replied Sam.

  ‘I vish you could muffle66 that ’ere Stiggins, and take him vithyou,’ said Mr. Weller.

  ‘I am ashamed on you!’ said Sam reproachfully; ‘what do you lethim show his red nose in the Markis o’ Granby at all, for?’

  Mr. Weller the elder fixed67 on his son an earnest look, andreplied, ‘’Cause I’m a married man, Samivel, ’cause I’m a marriedman. Ven you’re a married man, Samivel, you’ll understand agood many things as you don’t understand now; but vether it’sworth while goin’ through so much, to learn so little, as thecharity-boy said ven he got to the end of the alphabet, is a mattero’ taste. I rayther think it isn’t.’

  ‘Well,’ said Sam, ‘good-bye.’

  ‘Tar19, tar, Sammy,’ replied his father.

  ‘I’ve only got to say this here,’ said Sam, stopping short, ‘that if Iwas the properiator o’ the Markis o’ Granby, and that ’ere Stigginscame and made toast in my bar, I’d―’

  ‘What?’ interposed Mr. Weller, with great anxiety. ‘What?’

  ‘Pison his rum-and-water,’ said Sam.

  ‘No!’ said Mr. Weller, shaking his son eagerly by the hand,‘would you raly, Sammy-would you, though?’

  ‘I would,’ said Sam. ‘I wouldn’t be too hard upon him at first. I’ddrop him in the water-butt, and put the lid on; and if I found hewas insensible to kindness, I’d try the other persvasion.’

  The elder Mr. Weller bestowed68 a look of deep, unspeakableadmiration on his son, and, having once more grasped his hand,walked slowly away, revolving69 in his mind the numerousreflections to which his advice had given rise.

  Sam looked after him, until he turned a corner of the road; andthen set forward on his walk to London. He meditated70 at first, onthe probable consequences of his own advice, and the likelihood ofhis father’s adopting it. He dismissed the subject from his mind,however, with the consolatory71 reflection that time alone wouldshow; and this is the reflection we would impress upon the reader.


1 beholds f506ef99b71fdc543862c35b5d46fd71     
v.看,注视( behold的第三人称单数 );瞧;看呀;(叙述中用于引出某人意外的出现)哎哟
  • He who beholds the gods against their will, shall atone for it by a heavy penalty. 谁违背神的意志看见了神,就要受到重罚以赎罪。 来自辞典例句
  • All mankind has gazed on it; Man beholds it from afar. 25?所行的,万人都看见;世人都从远处观看。 来自互联网
2 interval 85kxY     
  • The interval between the two trees measures 40 feet.这两棵树的间隔是40英尺。
  • There was a long interval before he anwsered the telephone.隔了好久他才回了电话。
3 muse v6CzM     
  • His muse had deserted him,and he could no longer write.他已无灵感,不能再写作了。
  • Many of the papers muse on the fate of the President.很多报纸都在揣测总统的命运。
4 remarkably EkPzTW     
  • I thought she was remarkably restrained in the circumstances. 我认为她在那种情况下非常克制。
  • He made a remarkably swift recovery. 他康复得相当快。
5 remissness 94a5c1e07e3061396c3001fea7c8cd1d     
6 atone EeKyT     
  • He promised to atone for his crime.他承诺要赎自己的罪。
  • Blood must atone for blood.血债要用血来还。
7 manifestation 0RCz6     
  • Her smile is a manifestation of joy.她的微笑是她快乐的表现。
  • What we call mass is only another manifestation of energy.我们称之为质量的东西只是能量的另一种表现形态。
8 precisely zlWzUb     
  • It's precisely that sort of slick sales-talk that I mistrust.我不相信的正是那种油腔滑调的推销宣传。
  • The man adjusted very precisely.那个人调得很准。
9 snug 3TvzG     
  • He showed us into a snug little sitting room.他领我们走进了一间温暖而舒适的小客厅。
  • She had a small but snug home.她有个小小的但很舒适的家。
10 countenance iztxc     
  • At the sight of this photograph he changed his countenance.他一看见这张照片脸色就变了。
  • I made a fierce countenance as if I would eat him alive.我脸色恶狠狠地,仿佛要把他活生生地吞下去。
11 cannon 3T8yc     
  • The soldiers fired the cannon.士兵们开炮。
  • The cannon thundered in the hills.大炮在山间轰鸣。
12 expressive shwz4     
  • Black English can be more expressive than standard English.黑人所使用的英语可能比正式英语更有表现力。
  • He had a mobile,expressive,animated face.他有一张多变的,富于表情的,生动活泼的脸。
13 likeness P1txX     
  • I think the painter has produced a very true likeness.我认为这位画家画得非常逼真。
  • She treasured the painted likeness of her son.她珍藏她儿子的画像。
14 inscriptions b8d4b5ef527bf3ba015eea52570c9325     
(作者)题词( inscription的名词复数 ); 献词; 碑文; 证劵持有人的登记
  • Centuries of wind and rain had worn away the inscriptions on the gravestones. 几个世纪的风雨已磨损了墓碑上的碑文。
  • The inscriptions on the stone tablet have become blurred with the passage of time. 年代久了,石碑上的字迹已经模糊了。
15 eulogistic bndxk     
  • This is a formal eulogistic composition.这是一篇正式的颂扬性文章。
  • One is the eulogistic word freedom,and the other is the opprobrious word chance. 一个是表示褒义的词“自由”,另一个是表示贬义的词“偶然”。
16 shrill EEize     
  • Whistles began to shrill outside the barn.哨声开始在谷仓外面尖叫。
  • The shrill ringing of a bell broke up the card game on the cutter.刺耳的铃声打散了小汽艇的牌局。
17 stout PGuzF     
  • He cut a stout stick to help him walk.他砍了一根结实的枝条用来拄着走路。
  • The stout old man waddled across the road.那肥胖的老人一跩一跩地穿过马路。
18 starched 1adcdf50723145c17c3fb6015bbe818c     
adj.浆硬的,硬挺的,拘泥刻板的v.把(衣服、床单等)浆一浆( starch的过去式和过去分词 )
  • My clothes are not starched enough. 我的衣服浆得不够硬。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • The ruffles on his white shirt were starched and clean. 白衬衫的褶边浆过了,很干净。 来自辞典例句
19 tar 1qOwD     
  • The roof was covered with tar.屋顶涂抹了一层沥青。
  • We use tar to make roads.我们用沥青铺路。
20 uncouth DHryn     
  • She may embarrass you with her uncouth behavior.她的粗野行为可能会让你尴尬。
  • His nephew is an uncouth young man.他的侄子是一个粗野的年轻人。
21 beaver uuZzU     
  • The hat is made of beaver.这顶帽子是海狸毛皮制的。
  • A beaver is an animals with big front teeth.海狸是一种长着大门牙的动物。
22 possessed xuyyQ     
  • He flew out of the room like a man possessed.他像着了魔似地猛然冲出房门。
  • He behaved like someone possessed.他行为举止像是魔怔了。
23 bellows Ly5zLV     
n.风箱;发出吼叫声,咆哮(尤指因痛苦)( bellow的名词复数 );(愤怒地)说出(某事),大叫v.发出吼叫声,咆哮(尤指因痛苦)( bellow的第三人称单数 );(愤怒地)说出(某事),大叫
  • His job is to blow the bellows for the blacksmith. 他的工作是给铁匠拉风箱。 来自辞典例句
  • You could, I suppose, compare me to a blacksmith's bellows. 我想,你可能把我比作铁匠的风箱。 来自辞典例句
24 gaily lfPzC     
  • The children sing gaily.孩子们欢唱着。
  • She waved goodbye very gaily.她欢快地挥手告别。
25 edible Uqdxx     
  • Edible wild herbs kept us from dying of starvation.我们靠着野菜才没被饿死。
  • This kind of mushroom is edible,but that kind is not.这种蘑菇吃得,那种吃不得。
26 reeking 31102d5a8b9377cf0b0942c887792736     
v.发出浓烈的臭气( reek的现在分词 );散发臭气;发出难闻的气味 (of sth);明显带有(令人不快或生疑的跡象)
  • I won't have you reeking with sweat in my bed! 我就不许你混身臭汗,臭烘烘的上我的炕! 来自汉英文学 - 骆驼祥子
  • This is a novel reeking with sentimentalism. 这是一本充满着感伤主义的小说。 来自辞典例句
27 ascertaining e416513cdf74aa5e4277c1fc28aab393     
v.弄清,确定,查明( ascertain的现在分词 )
  • I was ascertaining whether the cellar stretched out in front or behind. 我当时是要弄清楚地下室是朝前还是朝后延伸的。 来自辞典例句
  • The design and ascertaining of permanent-magnet-biased magnetic bearing parameter are detailed introduced. 并对永磁偏置磁悬浮轴承参数的设计和确定进行了详细介绍。 来自互联网
28 imbibed fc2ca43ab5401c1fa27faa9c098ccc0d     
v.吸收( imbibe的过去式和过去分词 );喝;吸取;吸气
  • They imbibed the local cider before walking home to dinner. 他们在走回家吃饭之前喝了本地的苹果酒。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Hester Prynne imbibed this spirit. 海丝特 - 白兰汲取了这一精神。 来自英汉文学 - 红字
29 inquiry nbgzF     
  • Many parents have been pressing for an inquiry into the problem.许多家长迫切要求调查这个问题。
  • The field of inquiry has narrowed down to five persons.调查的范围已经缩小到只剩5个人了。
30 voracity JhbwI     
  • Their voracity is legendary and even the most hardened warriors cannot repress a shiver if one speaks about them. 他们的贪食是传奇性的,甚至强壮的战士也会因为提起他们而无法抑制的颤抖。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He ate with the voracity of a starving man. 他饿鬼似的贪婪地吃着。 来自互联网
31 proceedings Wk2zvX     
  • He was released on bail pending committal proceedings. 他交保获释正在候审。
  • to initiate legal proceedings against sb 对某人提起诉讼
32 leisurely 51Txb     
  • We walked in a leisurely manner,looking in all the windows.我们慢悠悠地走着,看遍所有的橱窗。
  • He had a leisurely breakfast and drove cheerfully to work.他从容的吃了早餐,高兴的开车去工作。
33 imperturbable dcQzG     
  • Thomas,of course,was cool and aloof and imperturbable.当然,托马斯沉着、冷漠,不易激动。
  • Edward was a model of good temper and his equanimity imperturbable.爱德华是个典型的好性子,他总是沉着镇定。
34 subsided 1bda21cef31764468020a8c83598cc0d     
v.(土地)下陷(因在地下采矿)( subside的过去式和过去分词 );减弱;下降至较低或正常水平;一下子坐在椅子等上
  • After the heavy rains part of the road subsided. 大雨过后,部分公路塌陷了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • By evening the storm had subsided and all was quiet again. 傍晚, 暴风雨已经过去,四周开始沉寂下来。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
35 alluded 69f7a8b0f2e374aaf5d0965af46948e7     
提及,暗指( allude的过去式和过去分词 )
  • In your remarks you alluded to a certain sinister design. 在你的谈话中,你提到了某个阴谋。
  • She also alluded to her rival's past marital troubles. 她还影射了对手过去的婚姻问题。
36 groan LfXxU     
  • The wounded man uttered a groan.那个受伤的人发出呻吟。
  • The people groan under the burden of taxes.人民在重税下痛苦呻吟。
37 groaned 1a076da0ddbd778a674301b2b29dff71     
v.呻吟( groan的过去式和过去分词 );发牢骚;抱怨;受苦
  • He groaned in anguish. 他痛苦地呻吟。
  • The cart groaned under the weight of the piano. 大车在钢琴的重压下嘎吱作响。 来自《简明英汉词典》
38 wrath nVNzv     
  • His silence marked his wrath. 他的沉默表明了他的愤怒。
  • The wrath of the people is now aroused. 人们被激怒了。
39 bosom Lt9zW     
  • She drew a little book from her bosom.她从怀里取出一本小册子。
  • A dark jealousy stirred in his bosom.他内心生出一阵恶毒的嫉妒。
40 exhortations 9577ef75756bcf570c277c2b56282cc7     
n.敦促( exhortation的名词复数 );极力推荐;(正式的)演讲;(宗教仪式中的)劝诫
  • The monuments of men's ancestors were the most impressive exhortations. 先辈们的丰碑最能奋勉人心的。 来自辞典例句
  • Men has free choice. Otherwise counsels, exhortations, commands, prohibitions, rewards and punishments would be in vain. 人具有自由意志。否则,劝告、赞扬、命令、禁规、奖赏和惩罚都将是徒劳的。 来自辞典例句
41 subscribe 6Hozu     
  • I heartily subscribe to that sentiment.我十分赞同那个观点。
  • The magazine is trying to get more readers to subscribe.该杂志正大力发展新订户。
42 flannel S7dyQ     
  • She always wears a grey flannel trousers.她总是穿一条灰色法兰绒长裤。
  • She was looking luscious in a flannel shirt.她穿着法兰绒裙子,看上去楚楚动人。
43 assent Hv6zL     
  • I cannot assent to what you ask.我不能应允你的要求。
  • The new bill passed by Parliament has received Royal Assent.议会所通过的新方案已获国王批准。
44 affected TzUzg0     
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
45 iniquities 64116d334f7ffbcd1b5716b03314bda3     
n.邪恶( iniquity的名词复数 );极不公正
  • The preacher asked God to forgive us our sins and wash away our iniquities. 牧师乞求上帝赦免我们的罪过,涤荡我们的罪孽。 来自辞典例句
  • If thou, Lord shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? 3主―耶和华啊,你若究察罪孽,谁能站得住呢? 来自互联网
46 recollected 38b448634cd20e21c8e5752d2b820002     
adj.冷静的;镇定的;被回忆起的;沉思默想的v.记起,想起( recollect的过去式和过去分词 )
  • I recollected that she had red hair. 我记得她有一头红发。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • His efforts, the Duke recollected many years later, were distinctly half-hearted. 据公爵许多年之后的回忆,他当时明显只是敷衍了事。 来自辞典例句
47 winked af6ada503978fa80fce7e5d109333278     
v.使眼色( wink的过去式和过去分词 );递眼色(表示友好或高兴等);(指光)闪烁;闪亮
  • He winked at her and she knew he was thinking the same thing that she was. 他冲她眨了眨眼,她便知道他的想法和她一样。
  • He winked his eyes at her and left the classroom. 他向她眨巴一下眼睛走出了教室。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
48 chapel UXNzg     
  • The nimble hero,skipped into a chapel that stood near.敏捷的英雄跳进近旁的一座小教堂里。
  • She was on the peak that Sunday afternoon when she played in chapel.那个星期天的下午,她在小教堂的演出,可以说是登峰造极。
49 rattled b4606e4247aadf3467575ffedf66305b     
  • The truck jolted and rattled over the rough ground. 卡车嘎吱嘎吱地在凹凸不平的地面上颠簸而行。
  • Every time a bus went past, the windows rattled. 每逢公共汽车经过这里,窗户都格格作响。
50 persecuted 2daa49e8c0ac1d04bf9c3650a3d486f3     
(尤指宗教或政治信仰的)迫害(~sb. for sth.)( persecute的过去式和过去分词 ); 烦扰,困扰或骚扰某人
  • Throughout history, people have been persecuted for their religious beliefs. 人们因宗教信仰而受迫害的情况贯穿了整个历史。
  • Members of these sects are ruthlessly persecuted and suppressed. 这些教派的成员遭到了残酷的迫害和镇压。
51 softened 19151c4e3297eb1618bed6a05d92b4fe     
(使)变软( soften的过去式和过去分词 ); 缓解打击; 缓和; 安慰
  • His smile softened slightly. 他的微笑稍柔和了些。
  • The ice cream softened and began to melt. 冰淇淋开始变软并开始融化。
52 Christians 28e6e30f94480962cc721493f76ca6c6     
n.基督教徒( Christian的名词复数 )
  • Christians of all denominations attended the conference. 基督教所有教派的人都出席了这次会议。
  • His novel about Jesus caused a furore among Christians. 他关于耶稣的小说激起了基督教徒的公愤。
53 plank p2CzA     
  • The plank was set against the wall.木板靠着墙壁。
  • They intend to win the next election on the plank of developing trade.他们想以发展贸易的纲领来赢得下次选举。
54 eked 03a15cf7ce58927523fae8738e8533d0     
v.(靠节省用量)使…的供应持久( eke的过去式和过去分词 );节约使用;竭力维持生计;勉强度日
  • She eked out the stew to make another meal. 她省出一些钝菜再做一顿饭。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • She eked out her small income by washing clothes for other people. 她替人洗衣以贴补微薄的收入。 来自辞典例句
55 contortions bveznR     
n.扭歪,弯曲;扭曲,弄歪,歪曲( contortion的名词复数 )
  • Trimeris' compound, called T-20, blocks the final structural contortions from taking place. T-20是特里米瑞斯公司生产的化合物。它能阻止分子最终结构折叠的发生。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 癌症与艾滋病
  • The guard was laughing at his contortions. 那个警卫看到他那难受劲儿感到好笑。 来自英汉文学
56 draught 7uyzIH     
  • He emptied his glass at one draught.他将杯中物一饮而尽。
  • It's a pity the room has no north window and you don't get a draught.可惜这房间没北窗,没有过堂风。
57 lighting CpszPL     
  • The gas lamp gradually lost ground to electric lighting.煤气灯逐渐为电灯所代替。
  • The lighting in that restaurant is soft and romantic.那个餐馆照明柔和而且浪漫。
58 wretch EIPyl     
  • You are really an ungrateful wretch to complain instead of thanking him.你不但不谢他,还埋怨他,真不知好歹。
  • The dead husband is not the dishonoured wretch they fancied him.死去的丈夫不是他们所想象的不光彩的坏蛋。
59 sullenly f65ccb557a7ca62164b31df638a88a71     
  • 'so what?" Tom said sullenly. “那又怎么样呢?”汤姆绷着脸说。
  • Emptiness after the paper, I sIt'sullenly in front of the stove. 报看完,想不出能找点什么事做,只好一人坐在火炉旁生气。
60 contrive GpqzY     
  • Can you contrive to be here a little earlier?你能不能早一点来?
  • How could you contrive to make such a mess of things?你怎么把事情弄得一团糟呢?
61 virtues cd5228c842b227ac02d36dd986c5cd53     
美德( virtue的名词复数 ); 德行; 优点; 长处
  • Doctors often extol the virtues of eating less fat. 医生常常宣扬少吃脂肪的好处。
  • She delivered a homily on the virtues of family life. 她进行了一场家庭生活美德方面的说教。
62 worthiness 1c20032c69eae95442cbe437ebb128f8     
  • It'satisfies the spraying robot's function requirement and has practical worthiness. " 运行试验表明,系统工作稳定可靠,满足了喷雾机器人的功能要求,具有实用价值。
  • The judge will evaluate the worthiness of these claims. 法官会评估这些索赔的价值。
63 wrung b11606a7aab3e4f9eebce4222a9397b1     
绞( wring的过去式和过去分词 ); 握紧(尤指别人的手); 把(湿衣服)拧干; 绞掉(水)
  • He has wrung the words from their true meaning. 他曲解这些字的真正意义。
  • He wrung my hand warmly. 他热情地紧握我的手。
64 fervently 8tmzPw     
  • "Oh, I am glad!'she said fervently. “哦,我真高兴!”她热烈地说道。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • O my dear, my dear, will you bless me as fervently to-morrow?' 啊,我亲爱的,亲爱的,你明天也愿这样热烈地为我祝福么?” 来自英汉文学 - 双城记
65 abruptly iINyJ     
  • He gestured abruptly for Virginia to get in the car.他粗鲁地示意弗吉尼亚上车。
  • I was abruptly notified that a half-hour speech was expected of me.我突然被通知要讲半个小时的话。
66 muffle gFjxn     
  • Mother made an effort to muffle her emotions.母亲努力控制自己的感情。
  • I put my hand over my mouth to muffle my words,so only my friend could hear. 我把手挡在嘴上,遮住声音,仅让我的朋友听到。
67 fixed JsKzzj     
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
68 bestowed 12e1d67c73811aa19bdfe3ae4a8c2c28     
赠给,授予( bestow的过去式和过去分词 )
  • It was a title bestowed upon him by the king. 那是国王赐给他的头衔。
  • He considered himself unworthy of the honour they had bestowed on him. 他认为自己不配得到大家赋予他的荣誉。
69 revolving 3jbzvd     
adj.旋转的,轮转式的;循环的v.(使)旋转( revolve的现在分词 );细想
  • The theatre has a revolving stage. 剧院有一个旋转舞台。
  • The company became a revolving-door workplace. 这家公司成了工作的中转站。
70 meditated b9ec4fbda181d662ff4d16ad25198422     
深思,沉思,冥想( meditate的过去式和过去分词 ); 内心策划,考虑
  • He meditated for two days before giving his answer. 他在作出答复之前考虑了两天。
  • She meditated for 2 days before giving her answer. 她考虑了两天才答复。
71 consolatory 8b1ee1eaffd4a9422e114fc0aa80fbcf     
  • Action is consolatory. It is the enemy of thought and the friend of flattering illusions. 行动是可以慰藉的。它是思想的敌人,是幻想的朋友。 来自互联网
  • Action is consolatory. It is the enemy of thought and the friend of glittering illusions. 行动是令人安慰的,它是思想的敌人,是美好幻想的朋友。 来自互联网


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