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Part 1 Chapter 1
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THE schoolmaster was leaving the village, and everybody seemed sorry. The miller1 at Cresscombe lent him the small white tilted2 cart and horse to carry his goods to the city of his destination, about twenty miles off, such a vehicle proving of quite sufficient size for the departing teacher's effects. For the schoolhouse had been partly furnished by the managers, and the only cumbersome3 article possessed4 by the master, in addition to the packing-case of books, was a cottage piano that he had bought at an auction5 during the year in which he thought of learning instrumental music. But the enthusiasm having waned6 he had never acquired any skill in playing, and the purchased article had been a perpetual trouble to him ever since in moving house.

The rector had gone away for the day, being a man who disliked the sight of changes. He did not mean to return till the evening, when the new school-teacher would have arrived and settled in, and everything would be smooth again.

The blacksmith, the farm bailiff, and the schoolmaster himself were standing7 in perplexed8 attitudes in the parlour before the instrument. The master had remarked that even if he got it into the cart he should not know what to do with it on his arrival at Christminster, the city he was bound for, since he was only going into temporary lodgings9 just at first.

A little boy of eleven, who had been thoughtfully assisting in the packing, joined the group of men, and as they rubbed their chins he spoke10 up, blushing at the sound of his own voice: "Aunt have got a great fuel-house, and it could be put there, perhaps, till you've found a place to settle in, sir."

"A proper good notion," said the blacksmith.

It was decided11 that a deputation should wait on the boy's aunt-- an old maiden12 resident--and ask her if she would house the piano till Mr. Phillotson should send for it. The smith and the bailiff started to see about the practicability of the suggested shelter, and the boy and the schoolmaster were left standing alone.

"Sorry I am going, Jude?" asked the latter kindly13.

Tears rose into the boy's eyes, for he was not among the regular day scholars, who came unromantically close to the schoolmaster's life, but one who had attended the night school only during the present teacher's term of office. The regular scholars, if the truth must be told, stood at the present moment afar off, like certain historic disciples14, indisposed to any enthusiastic volunteering of aid.

The boy awkwardly opened the book he held in his hand, which Mr. Phillotson had bestowed15 on him as a parting gift, and admitted that he was sorry.

"So am I," said Mr. Phillotson.

"Why do you go, sir?" asked the boy.

"Ah--that would be a long story. You wouldn't understand my reasons, Jude. You will, perhaps, when you are older."

"I think I should now, sir."

"Well--don't speak of this everywhere. You know what a university is, and a university degree? It is the necessary hallmark of a man who wants to do anything in teaching. My scheme, or dream, is to be a university graduate, and then to be ordained16. By going to live at Christminster, or near it, I shall be at headquarters, so to speak, and if my scheme is practicable at all, I consider that being on the spot will afford me a better chance of carrying it out than I should have elsewhere."

The smith and his companion returned. Old Miss Fawley's fuel-house was dry, and eminently17 practicable; and she seemed willing to give the instrument standing-room there. It was accordingly left in the school till the evening, when more hands would be available for removing it; and the schoolmaster gave a final glance round.

The boy Jude assisted in loading some small articles, and at nine o'clock Mr. Phillotson mounted beside his box of books and other IMPEDIMENTA, and bade his friends good-bye.

"I shan't forget you, Jude," he said, smiling, as the cart moved off. "Be a good boy, remember; and be kind to animals and birds, and read all you can. And if ever you come to Christminster remember you hunt me out for old acquaintance' sake."

The cart creaked across the green, and disappeared round the corner by the rectory-house. The boy returned to the draw-well at the edge of the greensward, where he had left his buckets when he went to help his patron and teacher in the loading. There was a quiver in his lip now and after opening the well-cover to begin lowering the bucket he paused and leant with his forehead and arms against the framework, his face wearing the fixity of a thoughtful child's who has felt the pricks18 of life somewhat before his time. The well into which he was looking was as ancient as the village itself, and from his present position appeared as a long circular perspective ending in a shining disk of quivering water at a distance of a hundred feet down. There was a lining19 of green moss20 near the top, and nearer still the hart's-tongue fern.

He said to himself, in the melodramatic tones of a whimsical boy, that the schoolmaster had drawn21 at that well scores of times on a morning like this, and would never draw there any more. "I've seen him look down into it, when he was tired with his drawing, just as I do now, and when he rested a bit before carrying the buckets home! But he was too clever to bide22 here any longer-- a small sleepy place like this!"

A tear rolled from his eye into the depths of the well. The morning was a little foggy, and the boy's breathing unfurled itself as a thicker fog upon the still and heavy air. His thoughts were interrupted by a sudden outcry:

"Bring on that water, will ye, you idle young harlican!"

It came from an old woman who had emerged from her door towards the garden gate of a green-thatched cottage not far off. The boy quickly waved a signal of assent23, drew the water with what was a great effort for one of his stature24, landed and emptied the big bucket into his own pair of smaller ones, and pausing a moment for breath, started with them across the patch of clammy greensward whereon the well stood-- nearly in the centre of the little village, or rather hamlet of Marygreen.

It was as old-fashioned as it was small, and it rested in the lap of an undulating upland adjoining the North Wessex downs. Old as it was, however, the well-shaft was probably the only relic25 of the local history that remained absolutely unchanged. Many of the thatched and dormered dwelling-houses had been pulled down of late years, and many trees felled on the green. Above all, the original church, hump-backed, wood-turreted, and quaintly26 hipped27, had been taken down, and either cracked up into heaps of road-metal in the lane, or utilized28 as pig-sty walls, garden seats, guard-stones to fences, and rockeries in the flower-beds of the neighbourhood. In place of it a tall new building of modern Gothic design, unfamiliar29 to English eyes, had been erected30 on a new piece of ground by a certain obliterator31 of historic records who had run down from London and back in a day. The site whereon so long had stood the ancient temple to the Christian32 divinities was not even recorded on the green and level grass-plot that had immemorially been the churchyard, the obliterated33 graves being commemorated34 by eighteen-penny castiron crosses warranted to last five years.

 

小学老师就要离开村子,人人都显得不大好受。水芹峪开磨坊的把他的白篷小货车连马都借给他,帮他把一应物件运到大约二十英里外他要去的城市。车身容积绰绰有余,老师路上不必担心。校舍家具原来由董事会配置了一部分;老师自己除了书籍,只有一种笨重东西,那是架竖式钢琴,是他当年一时心血来潮想学钢琴,在拍卖会上买到手的,以后那股热劲儿慢慢过去了,一点弹琴技巧也没学好,而每逢搬家,买来的这件东西始终成了他的累赘。

教区长素来不愿意看到变动,所以整天都到外边去了。他总要到晚上才回来,因为那时新教师多半已经到校,诸事安排停当,一切也就平静如常。

铁匠、庄头和老师站在小接待室里的钢琴前面,一筹莫展的样子。老师已经表示过,就算能把它弄到车上,到了他要去的基督堂那个城市,他还是不知道拿它怎么办,因为他初来乍到,只能临时找个地方住住。

一个十一岁的男孩子正帮着扎东西,挺有心事的样子,这时走到大人这边来,趁他们摸着下巴颏的时候,大声说:“姑婆有个好大的柴房哪,你找到地方放它之前,也许能寄放在那里头吧。”他因为说话声音大,脸红了。

“这主意倒真不赖呢。”铁匠说。

于是他们决定派代表去找孩子的姑婆(住在本村的一位老姑娘),跟她商量商量,好不好把钢琴在柴房里先放放,以后费乐生先生再派人来拿。铁匠和庄头马上去看存放的地方合适不合适,孩子和老师就留在那儿站着。

“裘德,我要走啦,你心里不大好受吧?”老师亲切地问他。

孩子立刻眼泪汪汪的,因为他本来不过是在眼下这位老师任职期间上上夜校,算不得是个正规生,而只有正规生才理所当然地跟老师的生活接触密切。如果一定说真话的话,正规生这会儿都站得远远的,就像某些名垂史册的使徒那样袖手旁观,无动于衷,谁也不肯主动过来,热心帮忙。

孩子慢腾腾地翻开费乐生先生当做临别纪念送给他的那本书,承认他心里不好受。

“我也是啊。”费乐生先生说。

“先生,你干吗走呀?”

“哎——这可说来话长啦。裘德呀,你这会儿还不懂我走的道理,等你再大点,你就明白啦。”

“先生,我觉着我这会儿就懂。”

“好吧,不过你可别到处说就是啦。你懂大学是怎么回事儿吗?大学学位是怎么回事儿吗?谁要是打算在教书方面干出点名堂,缺了这个资历可不行。我的计划,也可以说我的理想吧,就是当上个大学生,以后就到教会担任圣职。住在基督堂,要么住在它附近,可以说,我就算到了最高学府啦。要是我的计划真能行得通的话,我觉得人住在当地比在别处实现计划的机会总要多得多呢。”

铁匠和他的同伴回来了。福来老小姐的柴房挺干燥,是个顶刮刮的合适地方。看意思她愿意给钢琴一隅存身之地。这一来就可以把钢琴留在学校里直到晚上,因为那时候搬它的人手就多了。老师又朝四周围看了看。

裘德帮着把小件袋上车。九点钟费乐先生上了车,坐在书籍和行李旁边,向各位朋友道别。

“裘德,我忘不川尔。”马车开走的时候,他笑着说。“别忘了,要做个好孩子;对动物跟鸟儿心要好;你能读到的书都要读。有朝一日,你到了基督堂,看在老交情分儿上,可别忘了想方设法找到我。”

货车吱吱嘎嘎地驶过草地,绕过教区长住宅的拐角就消失了。孩子回到草地边上汲水井那儿,刚才他为帮自己的恩人和老师装车,把水桶撂在那儿。他这会儿嘴唇有点颤,打开井盖,开始要放桶,不过又停住了,脑门和胳臂都靠在井架上,脸上流露出呆呆的神情,这种神情只有他那样爱想事的孩子在小小年纪过早感到人生坎坷时才会有。他往下看的那眼井的历史和村子一样古老,在他这个位置可以看得到井里像是一串串一圈圈透视画,一直到了一百英尺深处,最后形成一个波动不息的闪光的亮盘子。靠近井上端处有层青苔,再往上长着荷叶蕨。

他自言自语,声调里含有富于奇想的孩子才有的感伤味儿:“老师以前不就是这样天天早上打几十遍水吗?以后可再不会啦。我瞧见过他就是跟我一样,打累了,先不把水拎回去,一边休息会儿,一边往底下瞧。不过他人可聪明啦,怎么肯在这儿呆下去呢——这么个死气沉沉的地方啊。”

他的一滴眼泪落到井底。早晨有点雾濛濛的,他哈出来的气,好似更浓的雾,叠在了平静而沉滞的空气上面。猛然间,一声喊叫把他的心思打断了。

“你这个小懒鬼呀,你倒是把水送回来呀!”

喊叫的是个老太婆,她人已经从不远地方对着园子栅栏门的草房门里探出身子来了。孩子赶紧打个手势,表示就来,于是硬凭他那身量使得出来的最大力气,把水桶提上来,先放在地上,然后倒进自己带来的小点的水桶里,又歇了歇,透了口气,就拎着它们穿过水井所在的那片湿漉漉的草地——它大致位于村子(不如说位于马利格林的零落的村户人家)的中央。

那个村子不单地盘小,外边样式也老旧,坐落在毗连北维塞克斯郡丘陵地的一片时起时伏的高地的一个洼子里。不过老归老,旧归旧,那眼井的井身总还是当地历史上唯一一件万古如斯的陈迹。近些年,好多屋顶开天窗的草房都拆掉了,公共草地上好多树也砍伐了。特别值得一提的是,原来那座风格独特的教堂,驼峰屋顶、木构塔楼。形状古怪的斜脊,无不拆得一千二净,拆下来的东西全都敲碎了,一堆堆的,不是给小巷当铺路石,就是给猪圈砌围墙,做园子里的椅凳,当路边隔篱的护脚石,要么是给街坊的花坛堆了假山。取老教堂而代之的是某位历史遗迹摧毁者在新址上,按英国人看不惯的现代哥特式风格设计,鸠工建起的一座高大的新建筑,为此他曾天天从伦敦到马利格林打个来回。原来久已耸立的供奉基督教神祗的圣殿的原址,哪怕是在历经沧桑的教堂墓地改成的青葱平整的草坪上,也休想找到半点痕迹。剩下的只是在荡然无存的坟墓前树过的十八个便士一个、保用五年的铸铁十字架,聊供凭吊而已。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 miller ZD6xf     
n.磨坊主
参考例句:
  • Every miller draws water to his own mill.磨坊主都往自己磨里注水。
  • The skilful miller killed millions of lions with his ski.技术娴熟的磨坊主用雪橇杀死了上百万头狮子。
2 tilted 3gtzE5     
v. 倾斜的
参考例句:
  • Suddenly the boat tilted to one side. 小船突然倾向一侧。
  • She tilted her chin at him defiantly. 她向他翘起下巴表示挑衅。
3 cumbersome Mnizj     
adj.笨重的,不便携带的
参考例句:
  • Although the machine looks cumbersome,it is actually easy to use.尽管这台机器看上去很笨重,操作起来却很容易。
  • The furniture is too cumbersome to move.家具太笨,搬起来很不方便。
4 possessed xuyyQ     
adj.疯狂的;拥有的,占有的
参考例句:
  • He flew out of the room like a man possessed.他像着了魔似地猛然冲出房门。
  • He behaved like someone possessed.他行为举止像是魔怔了。
5 auction 3uVzy     
n.拍卖;拍卖会;vt.拍卖
参考例句:
  • They've put the contents of their house up for auction.他们把房子里的东西全都拿去拍卖了。
  • They bought a new minibus with the proceeds from the auction.他们用拍卖得来的钱买了一辆新面包车。
6 waned 8caaa77f3543242d84956fa53609f27c     
v.衰落( wane的过去式和过去分词 );(月)亏;变小;变暗淡
参考例句:
  • However,my enthusiasm waned.The time I spent at exercises gradually diminished. 然而,我的热情减退了。我在做操上花的时间逐渐减少了。 来自《用法词典》
  • The bicycle craze has waned. 自行车热已冷下去了。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
7 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
8 perplexed A3Rz0     
adj.不知所措的
参考例句:
  • The farmer felt the cow,went away,returned,sorely perplexed,always afraid of being cheated.那农民摸摸那头牛,走了又回来,犹豫不决,总怕上当受骗。
  • The child was perplexed by the intricate plot of the story.这孩子被那头绪纷繁的故事弄得迷惑不解。
9 lodgings f12f6c99e9a4f01e5e08b1197f095e6e     
n. 出租的房舍, 寄宿舍
参考例句:
  • When he reached his lodgings the sun had set. 他到达公寓房间时,太阳已下山了。
  • I'm on the hunt for lodgings. 我正在寻找住所。
10 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
11 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
12 maiden yRpz7     
n.少女,处女;adj.未婚的,纯洁的,无经验的
参考例句:
  • The prince fell in love with a fair young maiden.王子爱上了一位年轻美丽的少女。
  • The aircraft makes its maiden flight tomorrow.这架飞机明天首航。
13 kindly tpUzhQ     
adj.和蔼的,温和的,爽快的;adv.温和地,亲切地
参考例句:
  • Her neighbours spoke of her as kindly and hospitable.她的邻居都说她和蔼可亲、热情好客。
  • A shadow passed over the kindly face of the old woman.一道阴影掠过老太太慈祥的面孔。
14 disciples e24b5e52634d7118146b7b4e56748cac     
n.信徒( disciple的名词复数 );门徒;耶稣的信徒;(尤指)耶稣十二门徒之一
参考例句:
  • Judas was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus. 犹大是耶稣十二门徒之一。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • "The names of the first two disciples were --" “最初的两个门徒的名字是——” 来自英汉文学 - 汤姆历险
15 bestowed 12e1d67c73811aa19bdfe3ae4a8c2c28     
赠给,授予( bestow的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • It was a title bestowed upon him by the king. 那是国王赐给他的头衔。
  • He considered himself unworthy of the honour they had bestowed on him. 他认为自己不配得到大家赋予他的荣誉。
16 ordained 629f6c8a1f6bf34be2caf3a3959a61f1     
v.任命(某人)为牧师( ordain的过去式和过去分词 );授予(某人)圣职;(上帝、法律等)命令;判定
参考例句:
  • He was ordained in 1984. 他在一九八四年被任命为牧师。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He was ordained priest. 他被任命为牧师。 来自辞典例句
17 eminently c442c1e3a4b0ad4160feece6feb0aabf     
adv.突出地;显著地;不寻常地
参考例句:
  • She seems eminently suitable for the job. 她看来非常适合这个工作。
  • It was an eminently respectable boarding school. 这是所非常好的寄宿学校。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 pricks 20f8a636f609ce805ce271cee734ba10     
刺痛( prick的名词复数 ); 刺孔; 刺痕; 植物的刺
参考例句:
  • My skin pricks sometimes. 我的皮肤有时感到刺痛。
  • You must obey the rule. It is useless for you to kick against the pricks. 你必须遵守规定,对抗对你是无益的。
19 lining kpgzTO     
n.衬里,衬料
参考例句:
  • The lining of my coat is torn.我的外套衬里破了。
  • Moss makes an attractive lining to wire baskets.用苔藓垫在铁丝篮里很漂亮。
20 moss X6QzA     
n.苔,藓,地衣
参考例句:
  • Moss grows on a rock.苔藓生在石头上。
  • He was found asleep on a pillow of leaves and moss.有人看见他枕着树叶和苔藓睡着了。
21 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
22 bide VWTzo     
v.忍耐;等候;住
参考例句:
  • We'll have to bide our time until the rain stops.我们必须等到雨停。
  • Bide here for a while. 请在这儿等一会儿。
23 assent Hv6zL     
v.批准,认可;n.批准,认可
参考例句:
  • I cannot assent to what you ask.我不能应允你的要求。
  • The new bill passed by Parliament has received Royal Assent.议会所通过的新方案已获国王批准。
24 stature ruLw8     
n.(高度)水平,(高度)境界,身高,身材
参考例句:
  • He is five feet five inches in stature.他身高5英尺5英寸。
  • The dress models are tall of stature.时装模特儿的身材都较高。
25 relic 4V2xd     
n.神圣的遗物,遗迹,纪念物
参考例句:
  • This stone axe is a relic of ancient times.这石斧是古代的遗物。
  • He found himself thinking of the man as a relic from the past.他把这个男人看成是过去时代的人物。
26 quaintly 7kzz9p     
adv.古怪离奇地
参考例句:
  • "I don't see what that's got to do with it,'said the drummer quaintly. “我看不出这和你的事有什么联系,"杜洛埃说道,他感到莫名其妙。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • He is quaintly dressed, what a strange one he is. 他一身的奇装异服,真是另类!
27 hipped 468f114ff9cbcc0b0fb286cd446f4e57     
adj.着迷的,忧郁的
参考例句:
  • The dark Blue Ridge Mountains in which I dwell, great-hipped, big-breasted, slumber on the western sky. 黛色的兰岭山,那是我居住的地方,它象臀丰乳高的女郎,依然安睡在浩瀚的天幕之下。 来自辞典例句
  • Mountains in which I dwell, great-hipped, bigbreasted, slumber on the western sky. 黛色的兰岭山,那是我居住的地方,她象风姿绰约的女郎,依然安睡在浩瀚的天幕之下。 来自互联网
28 utilized a24badb66c4d7870fd211f2511461fff     
v.利用,使用( utilize的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • In the19th century waterpower was widely utilized to generate electricity. 在19世纪人们大规模使用水力来发电。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The empty building can be utilized for city storage. 可以利用那栋空建筑物作城市的仓库。 来自《简明英汉词典》
29 unfamiliar uk6w4     
adj.陌生的,不熟悉的
参考例句:
  • I am unfamiliar with the place and the people here.我在这儿人地生疏。
  • The man seemed unfamiliar to me.这人很面生。
30 ERECTED ERECTED     
adj. 直立的,竖立的,笔直的 vt. 使 ... 直立,建立
参考例句:
  • A monument to him was erected in St Paul's Cathedral. 在圣保罗大教堂为他修了一座纪念碑。
  • A monument was erected to the memory of that great scientist. 树立了一块纪念碑纪念那位伟大的科学家。
31 obliterator 37bb7f80a6dfeb5cedec666af8f47cc4     
参考例句:
32 Christian KVByl     
adj.基督教徒的;n.基督教徒
参考例句:
  • They always addressed each other by their Christian name.他们总是以教名互相称呼。
  • His mother is a sincere Christian.他母亲是个虔诚的基督教徒。
33 obliterated 5b21c854b61847047948152f774a0c94     
v.除去( obliterate的过去式和过去分词 );涂去;擦掉;彻底破坏或毁灭
参考例句:
  • The building was completely obliterated by the bomb. 炸弹把那座建筑物彻底摧毁了。
  • He began to drink, drank himself to intoxication, till he slept obliterated. 他一直喝,喝到他快要迷糊地睡着了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
34 commemorated 5095d6b593f459f1eacbc41739a5f72f     
v.纪念,庆祝( commemorate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Lincoln commemorated the soldiers killed in the battle in his address. 林肯在演说中表扬阵亡将士。 来自辞典例句
  • You'll be commemorated for killing a spy, and be specially discharged. 你们每杀一个间谍将会被记录到特殊档案。 来自电影对白


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