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首页 » 双语小说 » Big Breasts and Wide Hips 丰乳肥臀 » Introduction
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No writer in recent memory has contributed more to the imagination of historical space inChina or a reevaluation of Chinese society, past and present, than Mo Yan, whose RedSorghum changed the literary landscape when it was published in 1987, 1 and was the firstChinese film to reap critical and box-office rewards in the West. 2 In the process of probingChina’s myths, official and popular, and some of the darker corners of Chinese society, MoYan has become the most controversial writer in China; loved by readers in many countries,he is the bane of China’s official establishment, which has stopped the sale of more than oneof his novels, only to relent when they are acclaimed2 outside the countryBorn in 1955 into a peasant family in northern China, where a hardscrabble existence wasthe norm, Mo Yan received little formal schooling3 before being sent out into the fields to tendlivestock and then into factories during the disastrous4 decade of the Cultural Revolution(1966-1976). His hometown, in quasi-fictional5 Northeast Gaomi County, is the setting forvirtually all his novels; the stories he heard as a child from his grandfather and other relativesstoked his fertile imagination, and have found an outlet6 in a series of big, lusty, and alwayscontroversial novels, the earliest of which, in a delicious quirk7 of irony8, were written whileMo Yan was serving as an officer in the People’s Liberation Army.
Mo Yan styles himself as a writer of realist, often historical fiction, which is certainly true,as far as it goes. Like the Latin American creators of magic realism (whose works Mo Yanhas read and enjoyed, but, he insists, have exerted no influence on his own writing), hestretches the boundaries of “realism” and “historicism” in new, and frequently maligned,directions. Official histories and recorded “facts” are of little interest to this writer, whoroutinely blends folk beliefs, bizarre animal imagery, and a variety of imaginative narrativetechniques with historical realities — national and local, official and popular — to createunique and uniquely satisfying literature, writing of such universally engaging themes andvisceral imagery that it easily crosses national borders.
Following the success of Red Sorghum1, a fictional autobiography10 of three generations ofGaomi Township freedom fighters during the War of Resistance against Japan (1937-1945),Mo Yan wrote (in less than a month) a political, if not polemical, novel in the wake of a 1987incident that pitted impoverished11 garlic farmers against the mendacity of corrupt12 officials.
And yet the unmistakable rage that permeates13 the pages of The Garlic Ballads14 (1988; 1995) istempered by traces of satire15, which will blossom in later works, and a lacerating parody16 ofofficial discourse17. Viewed by the government as likely to stir up emotions during the vastpopular demonstrations18 in 1989 that led to the Tiananmen massacre19, the novel was pulledfrom the shelves for several months. That the peasant uprising was crushed, both in the realworld and in Mo Yan’s novel, surely gave the leaders of China little comfort as they facedstudents, workers, and ordinary citizens in the square where a million frenzied20 citizens oncehailed the vision of Chairman Mao.
Mo Yan’s next offering was Thirteen Steps (1989), a heavily sardonic21 novel whose insane,caged protagonist22 begs for chalk from his listeners to write out a series of bizarre tales andmiraculous happenings; in the process, the reader is caught up in the role of mediator23. Innarrative terms, it is a tour de force, a tortuous24 journey into the mind of contemporary China.
In a speech given at Denver’s The Tattered25 Cover bookstore in 2000, Mo Yan made thefollowing claim: U I can boast that while many contemporary Chinese writers can producegood books of their own, no one but me could write a novel like The Republic of Wine”
(1992; 2000). 3 Compared by critics to the likes of Lawrence Stern’s Tristram Shandy, 4 thisSwiftian satire chronicles the adventures of a government detective who is sent out toinvestigate claims that residents of a certain provincial26 city are raising children for food, inorder to satisfy the jaded27 palates of local officials. The narrative9, interrupted by increasinglyoutlandish short stories by one of the novel’s least sympathetic characters, graduallyincorporates “Mo Yan” into its unfolding drama, until all the disparate story lines merge28 in adarkly carnivalesque29 ending. Indeed, no other contemporary novelist could have written thissatirical masterpiece, and few could have gotten away with such blatant30 attacks on China’slove affair with exotic foods and predilection31 for excessive consumption, not to mentionegregious exploitation of the peasantry.
As the new millennium32 approached, Mo Yan once again undertook to inscribe33 hisidiosyncratic interpretation34 of China’s modern history, this time incorporating nearly all of thetwentieth century, a bloody35 century in China by any standard. Had he been a writer of lesserrenown, one bereft36 of the standing37, talent, and international visibility that served as aprotective shield, he might well not have been able to withstand the withering38 criticism thatfollowed the 1996 publication of his biggest novel to date (nearly a half million words in theoriginal version, a “book as thick as a brick,” in his own words), Big Breasts and Wide Hips39.
This novel, with its eroticism and, in the eyes of some, inaccurate40 portrayal41 of modernChina’s political landscape, would have sparked considerable controversy42 had it simplyappeared in the bookstores. But when, after its serialized publication (1995) in a major literarymagazine, Dajia, it was awarded the first Dajia Prize of 100,000 renminbi (roughly $12,000),the outcry from conservative critics was immediate43 and shrill44. The judges for thisnongovernmental prize had the following to say about a novel that its supporters have called a“somber historical epic”:
Big Breasts and Wide Hips is a sumptuous45 literary feast with a simple, straightforward46 title. In it, withundaunted perseverance47 and passion, Mo Yan has narrated48 the historical evolution of Chinese society in awork that covers nearly the entire twentieth century…. It is a literary masterpiece in the author’s distinctivestyle.
The judges took note of the author’s skillful alternation of first-and third-person narrationand his use of flashback and other deft50 writing techniques. As for the arresting title, Mo Yanwrote in a 1995 essay that the “creative urge came from his deep admiration51 for his motherand … the inspiration [for] the title was derived52 from his experience of seeing an ancientstone sculpture of a female figure with protruding53 breasts and buttocks.” 5 That did not still hiscritics, for whom concerns over his evocation54 of the female anatomy55 were of lesserconsequence than his treatment of China’s modern history.
While the novel opens on the eve of the Sino-Japanese War (1936), with the birth of thecentral male character, Shangguan Jintong, and his twin sister, the narration49 actually begins intime (chapter 2) at the turn of the century, in the wake of the failed Boxer56 Rebellion, in whichtroops from eight foreign nations crushed an indigenous57, anti-foreign rebellion and solidifiedtheir presence in China. As in Mo Yan’s earlier novel, Red Sorghum, the central, and in manyways defining, events occur during the eight years of war with Japan, all on Chinese soil. ForMo Yan, the earlier decades, while not peaceful by any means, are notable for personal, ratherthan national, events. It is the time of Mother’s childhood, marriage, and the birth of her firstseven children — all daughters and all by men other than her sterile58 husband. The nationalimplications become clear when Mother’s only son, Jintong, arrives, the offspring of SwedishMalory, the alien “Other.”
The bulk of the novel then takes the reader through six turbulent decades, from the Sino-Japanese War, in which two defending factions59 (Mao’s Communists and Chiang Kai-shek’sNationalists) fought one another almost as much as they fought, and usually succumbed60 to,the Japanese. It is here that Mo Yan has particularly angered his critics, in that he has createdheroes and turncoats that defy conventional views, resulting in a “sycophantic, shamelesswork that turns history upside down, fabricates lies, and glorifies61 the Japanese fascists62 and theLandlord Restoration Corps63 [groups of landed individuals who went over to Nationalist-controlled areas after the War when their land was redistributed by the Communists],” in thewords of one critic. Of the several male figures in the novel, excluding the foreigner, whose“potency64” cannot save him and stigmatizes65 his offspring, one is a patriot-turned-collaborator,another is a leader of Nationalist forces, and two are Communists (a commander and asoldier); all marry one or more of Mother’s daughters, but only one, the Nationalist, earnsMother’s praise: “He’s a bastard,” she says, “but he’s also a man worthy66 of the name. In dayspast, a man like that would come around once every eight or ten years. I’m afraid we’ve seenthe last of his kind.”
Big Breasts and Wide Hips is, of course, fiction, and while it deals with historical events(selectively, to be sure), it is a work that probes and reveals broader aspects of society andhumanity, those that transcend67 or refute specific occurrences or canonized politicalinterpretations of history. Following Japan’s defeat in Asia in 1945, China slipped into abloody civil war between Mao’s and Chiang’s forces, ending in 1949 with a Communistvictory and the creation of the People’s Republic of China. Unfortunately for the Shangguanfamily, as for citizens throughout the country, peace and stability proved to be as elusive68 in“New China” as in the old. The first seventeen years of the People’s Republic witnessed abloody involvement in the Korean War (1950-53), a period of savage69 instances of score-settling and political realignments, the disastrous “Great Leap Forward,” which led to threeyears of famine that claimed millions of lives, and the Cultural Revolution. In defiance70 ofmore standard historical fiction in China, which tends to foreground major historical events,in Mo Yan’s novel they are mere71 backdrops to the lives of Jintong, his surviving sisters, hisnieces and nephews, and, of course, Mother. It is here that the significance of ShangguanJintong’s oedipal tendencies and impotence become apparent. 6 In a relentlessly72 unflatteringportrait of his male protagonist, Mo Yan draws attention to what he sees as a regression of thehuman species and a dilution73 of the Chinese character (echoing sentiments first encounteredin Red Sorghum); in other words, a failed patriarchy. Ultimately, it is the strength of characterof (most, but not all) the women that lends hope to the author’s gloomy vision.
In the post-Mao years (Mao died in 1976), Jintong’s deterioration74 occurs in the context ofnational reforms and an economic boom. Weaned of the breast, finally, he represents, to someat least, a “manifestation of Chinese intellectuals’ anxiety over the country’s potency in themodern world.” 7 Whatever he may symbolize75, he remains76 a member of one of the mostintriguing casts of characters in fiction, in a novel about which Mo Yan himself has said: “Ifyou like, you can skip my other novels [I wouldn’t recommend it — tr.], but you must readBig Breasts and Wide Hips. In it I wrote about history, war, politics, hunger, religion, love,and sex.” 8
Big Breasts and Wide Hips was first published in book form by Writers Publishing House(1996); a Taiwan edition (Hong-fan) appeared later the same year. A shortened edition wasthen published by China Workers Publishing House in 2003. The current translation wasundertaken from a further shortened, computer-generated manuscript supplied by the author.
Some changes and rearrangements were effected during the translation and editing process, allwith the approval of the author. As translator, I have been uncommonly77 fortunate to havebeen aided along the way by the author, by my frequent co-translator, Sylvia Li-chun Lin, 9and by our publisher and editor, Dick Seaver.


1 sorghum eFJys     
  • We can grow sorghum or maize on this plot.这块地可以种高粱或玉米。
  • They made sorghum into pig feed.他们把高粱做成了猪饲料。
2 acclaimed 90ebf966469bbbcc8cacff5bee4678fe     
  • They acclaimed him as the best writer of the year. 他们称赞他为当年的最佳作者。
  • Confuscius is acclaimed as a great thinker. 孔子被赞誉为伟大的思想家。
3 schooling AjAzM6     
  • A child's access to schooling varies greatly from area to area.孩子获得学校教育的机会因地区不同而大相径庭。
  • Backward children need a special kind of schooling.天赋差的孩子需要特殊的教育。
4 disastrous 2ujx0     
  • The heavy rainstorm caused a disastrous flood.暴雨成灾。
  • Her investment had disastrous consequences.She lost everything she owned.她的投资结果很惨,血本无归。
5 fictional ckEx0     
  • The names of the shops are entirely fictional.那些商店的名字完全是虚构的。
  • The two authors represent the opposite poles of fictional genius.这两位作者代表了天才小说家两个极端。
6 outlet ZJFxG     
  • The outlet of a water pipe was blocked.水管的出水口堵住了。
  • Running is a good outlet for his energy.跑步是他发泄过剩精力的好方法。
7 quirk 00KzV     
  • He had a strange quirk of addressing his wife as Mrs Smith.他很怪,把自己的妻子称作史密斯夫人。
  • The most annoying quirk of his is wearing a cap all the time.他最令人感到厌恶的怪癖就是无论何时都戴著帽子。
8 irony P4WyZ     
  • She said to him with slight irony.她略带嘲讽地对他说。
  • In her voice we could sense a certain tinge of irony.从她的声音里我们可以感到某种讥讽的意味。
9 narrative CFmxS     
  • He was a writer of great narrative power.他是一位颇有记述能力的作家。
  • Neither author was very strong on narrative.两个作者都不是很善于讲故事。
10 autobiography ZOOyX     
  • He published his autobiography last autumn.他去年秋天出版了自己的自传。
  • His life story is recounted in two fascinating volumes of autobiography.这两卷引人入胜的自传小说详述了他的生平。
11 impoverished 1qnzcL     
adj.穷困的,无力的,用尽了的v.使(某人)贫穷( impoverish的过去式和过去分词 );使(某物)贫瘠或恶化
  • the impoverished areas of the city 这个城市的贫民区
  • They were impoverished by a prolonged spell of unemployment. 他们因长期失业而一贫如洗。 来自《简明英汉词典》
12 corrupt 4zTxn     
  • The newspaper alleged the mayor's corrupt practices.那家报纸断言市长有舞弊行为。
  • This judge is corrupt.这个法官贪污。
13 permeates 290eb451e7da5dcf5bb4b8041c3d79fa     
弥漫( permeate的第三人称单数 ); 遍布; 渗入; 渗透
  • Studies show that water vapor quickly permeates plastic packaging material. 研究证明水蒸汽能迅速渗入塑料封装材料。
  • Democracy permeates the whole country. 民主主义(的思想)普及全国。
14 ballads 95577d817acb2df7c85c48b13aa69676     
民歌,民谣,特别指叙述故事的歌( ballad的名词复数 ); 讴
  • She belted out ballads and hillbilly songs one after another all evening. 她整晚一个接一个地大唱民谣和乡村小调。
  • She taught him to read and even to sing two or three little ballads,accompanying him on her old piano. 她教他读书,还教他唱两三首民谣,弹着她的旧钢琴为他伴奏。
15 satire BCtzM     
  • The movie is a clever satire on the advertising industry.那部影片是关于广告业的一部巧妙的讽刺作品。
  • Satire is often a form of protest against injustice.讽刺往往是一种对不公正的抗议形式。
16 parody N46zV     
  • The parody was just a form of teasing.那个拙劣的模仿只是一种揶揄。
  • North Korea looks like a grotesque parody of Mao's centrally controlled China,precisely the sort of system that Beijing has left behind.朝鲜看上去像是毛时代中央集权的中国的怪诞模仿,其体制恰恰是北京方面已经抛弃的。
17 discourse 2lGz0     
  • We'll discourse on the subject tonight.我们今晚要谈论这个问题。
  • He fell into discourse with the customers who were drinking at the counter.他和站在柜台旁的酒客谈了起来。
18 demonstrations 0922be6a2a3be4bdbebd28c620ab8f2d     
证明( demonstration的名词复数 ); 表明; 表达; 游行示威
  • Lectures will be interspersed with practical demonstrations. 讲课中将不时插入实际示范。
  • The new military government has banned strikes and demonstrations. 新的军人政府禁止罢工和示威活动。
19 massacre i71zk     
  • There was a terrible massacre of villagers here during the war.在战争中,这里的村民惨遭屠杀。
  • If we forget the massacre,the massacre will happen again!忘记了大屠杀,大屠杀就有可能再次发生!
20 frenzied LQVzt     
  • Will this push him too far and lead to a frenzied attack? 这会不会逼他太甚,导致他进行疯狂的进攻?
  • Two teenagers carried out a frenzied attack on a local shopkeeper. 两名十几岁的少年对当地的一个店主进行了疯狂的袭击。
21 sardonic jYyxL     
  • She gave him a sardonic smile.她朝他讥讽地笑了一笑。
  • There was a sardonic expression on her face.她脸上有一种嘲讽的表情。
22 protagonist mBVyN     
  • The protagonist reforms in the end and avoids his proper punishment.戏剧主角最后改过自新并避免了他应受的惩罚。
  • He is the model for the protagonist in the play.剧本中的主人公就是以他为模特儿创作的!
23 mediator uCkxk     
  • He always takes the role of a mediator in any dispute.他总是在争论中充当调停人的角色。
  • He will appear in the role of mediator.他将出演调停者。
24 tortuous 7J2za     
  • We have travelled a tortuous road.我们走过了曲折的道路。
  • They walked through the tortuous streets of the old city.他们步行穿过老城区中心弯弯曲曲的街道。
25 tattered bgSzkG     
  • Her tattered clothes in no way detracted from her beauty.她的破衣烂衫丝毫没有影响她的美貌。
  • Their tattered clothing and broken furniture indicated their poverty.他们褴褛的衣服和破烂的家具显出他们的贫穷。
26 provincial Nt8ye     
  • City dwellers think country folk have provincial attitudes.城里人以为乡下人思想迂腐。
  • Two leading cadres came down from the provincial capital yesterday.昨天从省里下来了两位领导干部。
27 jaded fqnzXN     
  • I felt terribly jaded after working all weekend. 整个周末工作之后我感到疲惫不堪。
  • Here is a dish that will revive jaded palates. 这道菜简直可以恢复迟钝的味觉。 来自《简明英汉词典》
28 merge qCpxF     
  • I can merge my two small businesses into a large one.我可以将我的两家小商店合并为一家大商行。
  • The directors have decided to merge the two small firms together.董事们已决定把这两家小商号归并起来。
29 carnivalesque c172a7ce74907488431e631011b2b582     
  • Chapter Four expounds the pervasive carnivalesque atmosphere which obscures patriarchal borders and nourishes freedom and harmony. 第四章探讨小说中孕育自由与和谐的狂欢化精神。
30 blatant ENCzP     
  • I cannot believe that so blatant a comedy can hoodwink anybody.我无法相信这么显眼的一出喜剧能够欺骗谁。
  • His treatment of his secretary was a blatant example of managerial arrogance.他管理的傲慢作风在他对待秘书的态度上表露无遗。
31 predilection 61Dz9     
  • He has a predilection for rich food.他偏好油腻的食物。
  • Charles has always had a predilection for red-haired women.查尔斯对红头发女人一直有偏爱。
32 millennium x7DzO     
  • The whole world was counting down to the new millennium.全世界都在倒计时迎接新千年的到来。
  • We waited as the clock ticked away the last few seconds of the old millennium.我们静候着时钟滴答走过千年的最后几秒钟。
33 inscribe H4qyN     
  • Will you inscribe your name in the book?能否请你在这本书上签名?
  • I told the jeweler to inscribe the ring with my name.我叫珠宝商把我的名字刻在那只戒指上。
34 interpretation P5jxQ     
  • His statement admits of one interpretation only.他的话只有一种解释。
  • Analysis and interpretation is a very personal thing.分析与说明是个很主观的事情。
35 bloody kWHza     
  • He got a bloody nose in the fight.他在打斗中被打得鼻子流血。
  • He is a bloody fool.他是一个十足的笨蛋。
36 bereft ndjy9     
  • The place seemed to be utterly bereft of human life.这个地方似乎根本没有人烟。
  • She was bereft of happiness.她失去了幸福。
37 standing 2hCzgo     
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
38 withering 8b1e725193ea9294ced015cd87181307     
  • She gave him a withering look. 她极其蔑视地看了他一眼。
  • The grass is gradually dried-up and withering and pallen leaves. 草渐渐干枯、枯萎并落叶。
39 hips f8c80f9a170ee6ab52ed1e87054f32d4     
abbr.high impact polystyrene 高冲击强度聚苯乙烯,耐冲性聚苯乙烯n.臀部( hip的名词复数 );[建筑学]屋脊;臀围(尺寸);臀部…的
  • She stood with her hands on her hips. 她双手叉腰站着。
  • They wiggled their hips to the sound of pop music. 他们随着流行音乐的声音摇晃着臀部。 来自《简明英汉词典》
40 inaccurate D9qx7     
  • The book is both inaccurate and exaggerated.这本书不但不准确,而且夸大其词。
  • She never knows the right time because her watch is inaccurate.她从来不知道准确的时间因为她的表不准。
41 portrayal IPlxy     
  • His novel is a vivid portrayal of life in a mining community.他的小说生动地描绘了矿区的生活。
  • The portrayal of the characters in the novel is lifelike.该书中的人物写得有血有肉。
42 controversy 6Z9y0     
  • That is a fact beyond controversy.那是一个无可争论的事实。
  • We ran the risk of becoming the butt of every controversy.我们要冒使自己在所有的纷争中都成为众矢之的的风险。
43 immediate aapxh     
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
44 shrill EEize     
  • Whistles began to shrill outside the barn.哨声开始在谷仓外面尖叫。
  • The shrill ringing of a bell broke up the card game on the cutter.刺耳的铃声打散了小汽艇的牌局。
45 sumptuous Rqqyl     
  • The guests turned up dressed in sumptuous evening gowns.客人们身着华丽的夜礼服出现了。
  • We were ushered into a sumptuous dining hall.我们被领进一个豪华的餐厅。
46 straightforward fFfyA     
  • A straightforward talk is better than a flowery speech.巧言不如直说。
  • I must insist on your giving me a straightforward answer.我一定要你给我一个直截了当的回答。
47 perseverance oMaxH     
  • It may take some perseverance to find the right people.要找到合适的人也许需要有点锲而不舍的精神。
  • Perseverance leads to success.有恒心就能胜利。
48 narrated 41d1c5fe7dace3e43c38e40bfeb85fe5     
v.故事( narrate的过去式和过去分词 )
  • Some of the story was narrated in the film. 该电影叙述了这个故事的部分情节。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Defoe skilfully narrated the adventures of Robinson Crusoe on his desert island. 笛福生动地叙述了鲁滨逊·克鲁索在荒岛上的冒险故事。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
49 narration tFvxS     
  • The richness of his novel comes from his narration of it.他小说的丰富多采得益于他的叙述。
  • Narration should become a basic approach to preschool education.叙事应是幼儿教育的基本途径。
50 deft g98yn     
adj.灵巧的,熟练的(a deft hand 能手)
  • The pianist has deft fingers.钢琴家有灵巧的双手。
  • This bird,sharp of eye and deft of beak,can accurately peck the flying insects in the air.这只鸟眼疾嘴快,能准确地把空中的飞虫啄住。
51 admiration afpyA     
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他对风景之美赞不绝口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我们对金牌获得者极为敬佩。
52 derived 6cddb7353e699051a384686b6b3ff1e2     
vi.起源;由来;衍生;导出v.得到( derive的过去式和过去分词 );(从…中)得到获得;源于;(从…中)提取
  • Many English words are derived from Latin and Greek. 英语很多词源出于拉丁文和希腊文。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father. 他对文学的爱好是受他父亲的影响。 来自《简明英汉词典》
53 protruding e7480908ef1e5355b3418870e3d0812f     
v.(使某物)伸出,(使某物)突出( protrude的现在分词 );凸
  • He hung his coat on a nail protruding from the wall. 他把上衣挂在凸出墙面的一根钉子上。
  • There is a protruding shelf over a fireplace. 壁炉上方有个突出的架子。 来自辞典例句
54 evocation 76028cce06648ea53476af246c8bd772     
n. 引起,唤起 n. <古> 召唤,招魂
  • Against this brilliant evocation of airlessness we may put Whitman's view of the poet. 我们从他这段批评诗人无生气的精采论述中,可以看出惠特曼对于诗人的看法。
  • It prefers evocation spells and illusions to help it disguise It'self. 他更喜欢塑能系法术和可以辅助伪装自己的幻术。
55 anatomy Cwgzh     
  • He found out a great deal about the anatomy of animals.在动物解剖学方面,他有过许多发现。
  • The hurricane's anatomy was powerful and complex.对飓风的剖析是一项庞大而复杂的工作。
56 boxer sxKzdR     
  • The boxer gave his opponent a punch on the nose.这个拳击手朝他对手的鼻子上猛击一拳。
  • He moved lightly on his toes like a boxer.他像拳击手一样踮着脚轻盈移动。
57 indigenous YbBzt     
  • Each country has its own indigenous cultural tradition.每个国家都有自己本土的文化传统。
  • Indians were the indigenous inhabitants of America.印第安人是美洲的土著居民。
58 sterile orNyQ     
  • This top fits over the bottle and keeps the teat sterile.这个盖子严实地盖在奶瓶上,保持奶嘴无菌。
  • The farmers turned the sterile land into high fields.农民们把不毛之地变成了高产田。
59 factions 4b94ab431d5bc8729c89bd040e9ab892     
组织中的小派别,派系( faction的名词复数 )
  • The gens also lives on in the "factions." 氏族此外还继续存在于“factions〔“帮”〕中。 来自英汉非文学 - 家庭、私有制和国家的起源
  • rival factions within the administration 政府中的对立派别
60 succumbed 625a9b57aef7b895b965fdca2019ba63     
不再抵抗(诱惑、疾病、攻击等)( succumb的过去式和过去分词 ); 屈从; 被压垮; 死
  • The town succumbed after a short siege. 该城被围困不久即告失守。
  • After an artillery bombardment lasting several days the town finally succumbed. 在持续炮轰数日后,该城终于屈服了。
61 glorifies f415d36161de12f24f460e9e91dde5a9     
赞美( glorify的第三人称单数 ); 颂扬; 美化; 使光荣
  • He denies that the movie glorifies violence. 他否认这部影片美化暴力。
  • This magazine in no way glorifies gangs. 这本杂志绝对没有美化混混们。
62 fascists 5fa17f70bcb9821fe1e8183a1b2f4e45     
n.法西斯主义的支持者( fascist的名词复数 )
  • The old man was seized with burning hatred for the fascists. 老人对法西斯主义者充满了仇恨。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Zoya heroically bore the torture that the Fascists inflicted upon her. 卓娅英勇地承受法西斯匪徒加在她身上的酷刑。 来自《简明英汉词典》
63 corps pzzxv     
  • The medical corps were cited for bravery in combat.医疗队由于在战场上的英勇表现而受嘉奖。
  • When the war broke out,he volunteered for the Marine Corps.战争爆发时,他自愿参加了海军陆战队。
64 potency 9Smz8     
n. 效力,潜能
  • Alcohol increases the drug's potency.酒精能增加这种毒品的效力。
  • Sunscreen can lose its potency if left over winter in the bathroom cabinet.如果把防晒霜在盥洗室的壁橱里放一个冬天,就有可能失效。
65 stigmatizes a6ffdf8964e609ae4b6f2dbfd9aa3ea8     
v.使受耻辱,指责,污辱( stigmatize的第三人称单数 )
66 worthy vftwB     
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  • There occurred nothing that was worthy to be mentioned.没有值得一提的事发生。
67 transcend qJbzC     
  • We can't transcend the limitations of the ego.我们无法超越自我的局限性。
  • Everyone knows that the speed of airplanes transcend that of ships.人人都知道飞机的速度快于轮船的速度。
68 elusive d8vyH     
  • Try to catch the elusive charm of the original in translation.翻译时设法把握住原文中难以捉摸的风韵。
  • Interpol have searched all the corners of the earth for the elusive hijackers.国际刑警组织已在世界各地搜查在逃的飞机劫持者。
69 savage ECxzR     
  • The poor man received a savage beating from the thugs.那可怜的人遭到暴徒的痛打。
  • He has a savage temper.他脾气粗暴。
70 defiance RmSzx     
  • He climbed the ladder in defiance of the warning.他无视警告爬上了那架梯子。
  • He slammed the door in a spirit of defiance.他以挑衅性的态度把门砰地一下关上。
71 mere rC1xE     
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
72 relentlessly Rk4zSD     
  • The African sun beat relentlessly down on his aching head. 非洲的太阳无情地照射在他那发痛的头上。
  • He pursued her relentlessly, refusing to take 'no' for an answer. 他锲而不舍地追求她,拒不接受“不”的回答。
73 dilution pmvy9     
  • There is no hard and fast rule about dilution.至于稀释程度,没有严格的规定。
  • He attributed this to a dilution effect of the herbicide.他把这归因于除草剂的稀释效应。
74 deterioration yvvxj     
  • Mental and physical deterioration both occur naturally with age. 随着年龄的增长,心智和体力自然衰退。
  • The car's bodywork was already showing signs of deterioration. 这辆车的车身已经显示出了劣化迹象。
75 symbolize YrvwU     
  • Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life.复活蛋象征新生。
  • Dolphins symbolize the breath of life.海豚象征着生命的气息。
76 remains 1kMzTy     
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
77 uncommonly 9ca651a5ba9c3bff93403147b14d37e2     
adv. 稀罕(极,非常)
  • an uncommonly gifted child 一个天赋异禀的儿童
  • My little Mary was feeling uncommonly empty. 我肚子当时正饿得厉害。


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